Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Natural Products

Guihong Yu, Qiuying Wang, Shan Liu, Xiaomin Zhang, Qian Che, Guojian Zhang, Tianjiao Zhu, Qianqun Gu, Dehai Li
Two new polyketides modified with a rare methylsulfonyl group, 3-methoxy-6-methyl-5-(methylsulfonyl)benzene-1,2,4-triol (1) and neosartoryone A (2), along with a biogenetically related compound (3), were isolated from Neosartorya udagawae HDN13-313 cultivated with the DNA methyltransferase inhibitor 5-azacytidine. The methylsulfonyl group of 1 and 2 was proven to be derived from DMSO, which was used as the solvent to dissolve 5-azacytidine. This is the first report of a fungus that can achieve a sulfonylation-like modification of natural products utilizing DMSO as a sulfur source...
February 20, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Nunzio Cardullo, Giorgia Catinella, Giuseppe Floresta, Vera Muccilli, Sergio Rosselli, Antonio Rescifina, Maurizio Bruno, Corrado Tringali
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an important metabolic disorder for which there is an urgent need for new antidiabetic drugs. α-Glucosidase inhibition is an established protocol for T2DM therapy. Because hyperglycemia causes oxidative tissue damage, the development of agents with both α-glucosidase inhibition and antioxidant activity from natural or natural-derived polyphenols such derivatives of rosmarinic acid (RA) represents an attractive therapeutic option. We report a study on amides 1-10 derived from RA and their evaluation for yeast α-glucosidase inhibition and antioxidant activity (DPPH and ORAC tests)...
February 20, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Hong-Tao Li, Hao Zhou, Rong-Ting Duan, Hong-Yu Li, Lin-Huan Tang, Xue-Qiong Yang, Ya-Bin Yang, Zhong-Tao Ding
Co-culturing the endophytic fungus Phoma sp. YUD17001 from Gastrodia elata with Armillaria sp. in liquid nutrient medium resulted in the production of five new secondary metabolites, including two phenolic compounds, phexandiols A and B (1 and 2), three aliphatic ester derivatives, phomesters A-C (3-5), and a known fatty acid (6). The structures and absolute configurations of these compounds were elucidated by the interpretation of data from detailed spectroscopic analysis, Mosher's method, and electronic circular dichroism spectra, together with consideration of the biogenetic origins...
February 20, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Julio C Pardo-Novoa, Héctor M Arreaga-González, Sinuhé Galván-Gómez, Gabriela Rodríguez-García, Rosa E Del Río, Carlos M Cerda-García-Rojas, Pedro Joseph-Nathan, Mario A Gómez-Hurtado
A biomimetic transformation of p-menthene glucosides into aromatic monoterpenoids that alluded to mechanisms for essential oil metabolism, which lines up with the precepts of molecular economy, is described. Acid treatment of (-)-(3 S,4 S,6 R)-3,6-dihydroxy-1-menthene 3- O-β-d-glucopyranoside (1) and (-)-(3 S,4 R,5 R,6 S)-3,5,6-trihydroxy-1-menthene 3- O-β-d-glucopyranoside (2), from Ageratina glabrata, yielded p-cymene (7) and carvacrol (9). The stable oxidized intermediates (+)-(3 S,4 S,6 R)-3,6-dihydroxy-1-menthene (3), (+)-(1 S,4 S,6 R)-1,6-dihydroxy-2-menthene (4), (+)-(1 R,4 S,6 R)-1,6-dihydroxy-2-menthene (5), (+)-(4 S,6 R)-yabunikkeol (6), (+)-(4 S)-carvotanacetone (8), (+)-(1 S,4 S,5 R,6 R)-1,5,6-trihydroxy-2-menthene (15), (+)-(1 R,4 S,5 R,6 R)-1,5,6-trihydroxy-2-menthene (16), and the new (+)-(4 S,5 R,6 S)-1(7),2-menthadiene (17) permitted establishment of the reaction mechanisms...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Sil Kim, Jae Sik Yu, Ji Young Lee, Sang Un Choi, Jeongmi Lee, Ki Hyun Kim
Withania somnifera, commonly known as "Indian ginseng" or "ashwagandha", is popular as a functional food because of its diverse purported therapeutic efficacies including invigorating, improvement of cognitive ability, and stress release activities. Chemical investigation of the MeOH extract of W. somnifera roots combined with LC/MS-based analysis resulted in the identification of six new withanolides, withasilolides A-F (1-6), as well as seven known compounds (7-13). The structures of the new compounds were established by application of spectroscopic methods, including 1D and 2D NMR, HRMS, and ECD measurements...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Jean-Félix Dallery, Géraldine Le Goff, Emilie Adelin, Bogdan I Iorga, Sandrine Pigné, Richard J O'Connell, Jamal Ouazzani
Colletotrichum higginsianum is the causal agent of crucifer anthracnose disease, responsible for important economic losses in Brassica crops. A mutant lacking the CclA subunit of the COMPASS complex was expected to undergo chromatin decondensation and the activation of cryptic secondary metabolite biosynthetic gene clusters. Liquid-state fermentation of the Δ cclA mutant coupled with in situ solid-phase extraction led to the production of three families of compounds, namely, colletorin and colletochlorin derivatives with two new representatives, colletorin D (1) and colletorin D acid (2), the diterpenoid α-pyrone higginsianin family with two new analogues, higginsianin C (3) and 13- epi-higginsianin C (4), and sclerosporide (5) coupling a sclerosporin moiety with dimethoxy inositol...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Somin Park, Jihee Cho, Hongjun Jeon, Sang Hyun Sung, Seunghee Lee, Sanghee Kim
The expedient synthesis of alphitolic acid (1) as well as its natural C-3-epimer and 2- O-ester derivatives was accomplished in a few steps from the readily commercially available betulin (9). A Rubottom oxidation delivered an α-hydroxy group in a stereo- and chemoselective manner. The diastereoselective reduction of the α-hydroxy ketone was key to accessing the 1,2-diol moiety of this class of natural products. Our concise and stereoselective synthetic protocol allowed the gram-scale synthesis of these natural products, which will facilitate future biological evaluations...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Jian-Wei Tang, Hou-Chao Xu, Wei-Guang Wang, Kun Hu, Yuan-Fei Zhou, Rong Chen, Xiao-Nian Li, Xue Du, Han-Dong Sun, Pema-Tenzin Puno
The enantiomers (+)- and (-)-alternarilactone A (1), the first examples of dibenzo-α-pyrones bearing a diepoxy-cage-like moiety, were isolated from the endophytic fungus Alternaria sp. hh930. The deficiency in 1 H-1 H COSY and HMBC correlations caused by the highly oxidized caged system of 1 and the deceptive and ambiguous signals such as "W" couplings in NMR data increased the risk of structure misassignment of 1. By performing a quantum chemical calculation of the NMR chemical shifts together with a DP4+ probability analysis and single-crystal X-ray crystallographic experiment, their structures were unambiguously determined, and their absolute configurations were determined by ECD calculations...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Kota Inose, Kazuaki Tanaka, Takeshi Yamada, Hiroyuki Koshino, Masaru Hashimoto
Peribysins O (1), P (3), and Q (4) were isolated from Periconia macrospinosa KT3863. The relative configuration of the 6,7-epoxide of 1 was elucidated by performing quantitative NOE experiments. The structure of 2, which is a tautomer of 1 present in CDCl3 solutions in 5% abundance, was also fully characterized by NMR analysis. Their absolute configurations were independently determined by the modified Mosher's method (for 1 and 3), the electronic circular dichroism (ECD) exciton coupling theory after conversion into dibenzoate 9 (for 3), and theoretical ECD calculations (for 1, 3, and 4)...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Jiayi Huang, Ka H Wong, Stephanie V Tay, Aida Serra, Siu Kuan Sze, James P Tam
Astragalus membranaceus root, Huang Qi in Chinese, is a popular medicinal herb traditionally used to regulate blood glucose. Herein, the identification and characterization of two families of cysteine-rich peptides (CRPs), designated α- and β-astratides, from A. membranaceus roots are reported. Proteomic analysis showed that α-astratide aM1 and β-astratide bM1 belong to two distinct CRP families. The six-cysteine-containing and proline-rich α-astratide aM1 displayed high sequence identity to Pea Albumin 1 Subunit b (PA1b), while the eight-cysteine-containing β-astratide bM1 showed sequence similarity to plant defensins...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Yongjian Qiao, Jiayan Yan, Jia Jia, Jiao Xue, Xudong Qu, Yunfeng Hu, Zixin Deng, Hongkai Bi, Dongqing Zhu
Armeniaspirols (1-3) are potent antibiotics against Gram-positive pathogens. Through a biosynthetic investigation, we identified four enzymes involved in the structural modification of 1-3. Manipulation of their activity led to the generation of 4-6 and nine novel analogues, 7-15. Bioactivity assessments revealed that the pyrrole chloro group and the methyl group are important for the antimicrobial activities of armeniaspirols, which lays the foundation for future structure optimization and mechanism of action studies of armeniaspirols...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Jioji N Tabudravu, Léonie Pellissier, Alan James Smith, Karolina Subko, Caroline Autréau, Klaus Feussner, David Hardy, Daniel Butler, Richard Kidd, Edward J Milton, Hai Deng, Rainer Ebel, Marika Salonna, Carmela Gissi, Federica Montesanto, Sharon M Kelly, Bruce F Milne, Gabriela Cimpan, Marcel Jaspars
In order to accelerate the isolation and characterization of structurally new or novel secondary metabolites, it is crucial to develop efficient strategies that prioritize samples with greatest promise early in the workflow so that resources can be utilized in a more efficient and cost-effective manner. We have developed a metrics-based prioritization approach using exact LC-HRMS, which uses data for 24 618 marine natural products held in the PharmaSea database. Each sample was evaluated and allocated a metric score by a software algorithm based on the ratio of new masses over the total (sample novelty), ratio of known masses over the total (chemical novelty), number of peaks above a defined peak area threshold (sample complexity), and peak area (sample diversity)...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Corey M Griffith, Abigail Feceu, Cynthia K Larive, David B C Martin
Malylglutamate, a newly identified metabolite in earthworms, was synthesized using a traditional peptide coupling approach for assembling the amide from protected malate and glutamate precursors. The proposed structure (1) and a diastereomer were synthesized, but their NMR spectra did not match the natural sample. Further analysis of the natural sample using HMBC spectroscopy suggested an alternative attachment of the malyl moiety, and β-malylglutamate (2) diastereomers were synthesized, L,L-2 and D,D-2. NMR spectra were an excellent match with the natural sample, and chiral-phase chromatography was employed to identify (-)-β-l-malyl-l-glutamate (2) as the isomer native to Eisenia fetida...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Sunghoon Hwang, Yejin Yun, Won Hoon Choi, Seung Bum Kim, Jongheon Shin, Min Jae Lee, Dong-Chan Oh
Five new tripeptides, acidiphilamides A-E (1-5), were discovered along with two previously reported compounds, l-isoleucinamide (6) and l-valinamide (7), from Streptacidiphilus rugosus AM-16, an acidophilic actinobacterial strain isolated from acidic forest soil. The structures of 1-5 were elucidated as modified tripeptides bearing phenylalaninol or methioninol fragments with C3 -C5 acyl chains based mainly on NMR and mass spectroscopic data. The absolute configurations of the amine units were established by advanced Marfey's method and GITC (2,3,4,6-tetra- O-acetyl-β-d-glucopyranosyl isothiocyanate) derivatization followed by LC/MS analysis...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Noemi D Paguigan, José Rivera-Chávez, Justin J Stempin, Mario Augustinović, Aleksandra I Noras, Huzefa A Raja, Daniel A Todd, Kathleen D Triplett, Cynthia Day, Mario Figueroa, Pamela R Hall, Nadja B Cech, Nicholas H Oberlies
Current treatment options for bacterial infections are dependent on antibiotics that inhibit microbial growth and viability. These approaches result in the evolution of drug-resistant strains of bacteria. An anti-infective strategy that is less likely to lead to the development of resistance is the disruption of quorum sensing mechanisms, which are involved in promoting virulence. The goal of this study was to identify fungal metabolites effective as quorum sensing inhibitors. Three new prenylated diresorcinols (1-3), along with two known compounds, (4 R) -regiolone and decarboxycitrinone, were isolated from a freshwater fungus (Helotiales sp...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Peixia Wang, Chunfeng Xie, Lijun An, Xueyuan Yang, Yaru Xi, Shuo Yuan, Chenyue Zhang, Muhetaer Tuerhong, Da-Qing Jin, Dongho Lee, Jie Zhang, Yasushi Ohizumi, Jing Xu, Yuanqiang Guo
Two ingenane- (1 and 2), two ent-atisane- (3 and 4), two ent-kaurane- (5 and 6), two ent-abietane- (7 and 8), and one ent-isopimarane-type (9) diterpenoid and 12 known analogues have been isolated from the methanolic extract of the stems of Euphorbia royleana. Their structures, including absolute configurations, were determined by extensive spectroscopic methods and ECD data analysis. The nitric oxide inhibitory activities of those diterpenoids were examined biologically in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated BV-2 cells, with compounds 1, 2, 5-7, 10, and 12 having IC50 values lower than 40 μM...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Pan Luo, Yanfang Cheng, Zhiyong Yin, Chanjuan Li, Jun Xu, Qiong Gu
Twelve new guaianolide-type sesquiterpenoids (1-12) and five known guaianolide derivatives (13-17) were isolated from an aqueous ethanol extract of the aerial parts of Chrysanthemum indicum. Their structures were determined through spectroscopic data analysis. The absolute configurations of the new compounds were assigned by X-ray crystallography and electronic circular dichroism. Compound 5 shows multiple cytotoxic activities against four human naso-pharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cell lines (CNE1, CNE2, SUNE-1, and HONE-1) and one human intestinal epithelial cell line (HT-29) with IC50 values of 4...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Bai Bai, Shao-Xia Ye, De-Po Yang, Long-Ping Zhu, Gui-Hua Tang, Yun-Yun Chen, George Qian Li, Zhi-Min Zhao
Chloraserrtone A (1), a new sesquiterpenoid dimer with two lindenane-type sesquiterpenoid monomers bridged by two six-membered rings, was obtained from Chloranthus serratus. A combination of UV, IR, NMR, HRESIMS, and X-ray diffraction data were used to elucidate the structure of 1. Compound 1 represents the first lindenane-type sesquiterpenoid dimer with extremely unique C-15-C-15', C-4-C-6', and C-6-C-11' linkages to form two six-membered rings between the monomeric units. A plausible biosynthesis toward chloraserrtone A is proposed...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Wei Li, Ya-Qi Tang, Shi-Xin Chen, Gui-Hua Tang, Li-She Gan, Chan Li, Yong Rao, Zhi-Shu Huang, Sheng Yin
Euphorhelipanes A (1) and B (2), two Euphorbia diterpenoids with a new 4-(5,5-dimethylheptan-2-yl)-2,7-dimethylbicyclo[4.3.0]nonane skeleton, were isolated from a 95% ethanol extract of the whole plants of Euphorbia helioscopia. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic data analysis, quantum chemical calculations, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. Compounds 1 and 2 represent the first examples of Euphorbia diterpenoids with a 5/6 fused carbon ring system, and their plausible biosynthetic pathways originating from jatrophanes are proposed...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Fei Cao, Zhi-Hui Meng, Xing Mu, Yu-Fei Yue, Hua-Jie Zhu
Investigation of the marine-derived fungus Pleosporales sp. CF09-1 cultured in modified PDB medium led to the isolation of six new azaphilone derivatives, pleosporalones B and C (1 and 2) and pleosporalones E-H (4-7), and one known analogue (3). The absolute configurations of C-2' and C-3' in 3 were assigned by a vibrational circular dichroism method. The C-11 relative configurations for the pair of C-11 epimers (4 and 5) were established by comparing the magnitude of the computed 13 C NMR chemical shifts (Δδcalcd ) with the experimental 13 C NMR values (Δδexp ) for the epimers...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Natural Products
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"