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Food and Nutrition Bulletin

Mehroosh Tak, Bhavani Shankar, Suneetha Kadiyala
BACKGROUND: Rapid economic growth, urbanization, and globalization have resulted in dietary transformation in India. Triple burden of malnutrition remains a significant concern, with high prevalence of undernutrition, widespread micronutrient deficiencies, and rising obesity. OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the dietary transition in India by analyzing trends in food consumption across time and space. METHODS: Household consumption survey data from 1993 to 2012 are analyzed to examine both national- and state-level trends to investigate how diets have changed and vary across the country...
April 22, 2019: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Eva A Goyena, Corazon V C Barba, Ma Theresa M Talavera, Merlyne M Paunlagui, Agnes C Rola, Nancy A Tandang
BACKGROUND: Despite the nationwide micronutrient powder (MNP) supplementation, the Philippines only saw limited success in reducing the prevalence of anemia-a condition that has remained a public health concern among young children. OBJECTIVE: To assess and explore the acceptability and compliance to MNP and Bigas-Mongo (BigMo) complementary food blend among mothers/caregivers of children aged 6 to 23 months and the promotion of these products by community health workers (CHWs)...
March 13, 2019: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Manuel Ruz, Noel W Solomons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2019: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Halimatou Alaofè, Ibitola Asaolu
BACKGROUND: Double burden of malnutrition (DBM) is an emerging public health concern in urban Benin. However, an understanding of the phenomena in rural areas of the country is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of DBM and to investigate the sociodemographic and dietary characteristics that differentiate DBM from undernourished children only, overweight/obese mothers only, and normal households in Kalalé district. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 426 mother-child pairs: nonpregnant women aged 15 to 49 years and children aged 6 to 59 months...
February 13, 2019: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Peter Goldsmith, Juan Andrade, Margaret Cornelius, Mawuli Asigbee, Philip Atim, Courtney Tamimie
Numerous governments in developing countries institute school lunch programs or school feeding programs as a strategy to address high malnutrition and low education rates among children. In 2005, the Ghanaian government launched the Ghana School Feeding Programme (GSFP). The GSFP policy does not document (1) the actual meal and associated nutrient profile received by the student, (2) the cost of the meal ingredients to the caterer who prepares the food, nor (3) the recipe derivations that may supply an enhanced nutritional profile...
February 8, 2019: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Kristine Caiafa, Kathryn G Dewey, Kim F Michaelsen, Saskia de Pee, Steve Collins, Beatrice Lorge Rogers, Tatyana El-Kour, Shelley Walton, Patrick Webb
BACKGROUND: Food aid is a valuable tool for meeting global nutrition goals, particularly for vulnerable populations of children and reproductive-aged women. On October 21, 2017, the Food Aid Quality Review Project hosted a scientific symposium at the 21st International Congress on Nutrition in Buenos Aires, Argentina, to take stock of what the global community has learned about selected topics in the research literature on food aid used to address malnutrition. OBJECTIVE: This article presents the discussion that took place during the symposium, which was guided by presentations by 6 experts from the field of nutrition, food aid, and humanitarian response...
January 27, 2019: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Sarah H Kehoe, Varsha Dhurde, Shilpa Bhaise, Rashmi Kale, Kalyanaraman Kumaran, Aulo Gelli, R Rengalakshmi, Wendy Lawrence, Ilse Bloom, Sirazul A Sahariah, Ramesh D Potdar, Caroline H D Fall
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient deficiencies have been a serious public health problem among women of reproductive age in low- and middle-income countries including India, adversely affecting maternal and child health and human capital outcomes. Fruit and vegetables are important sources of micronutrients, and consumption of these foods is less than recommendations. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify perceived barriers and facilitators to fruit and vegetable consumption among women of reproductive age living in rural communities in the State of Maharashtra, India...
March 2019: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Matthew R Smith, Ruth DeFries, Ashwini Chhatre, Suparna Ghosh-Jerath, Samuel S Myers
BACKGROUND: India has made important strides in reducing nutritional deficiencies over the past several decades. However, for micronutrients such as zinc, previous studies have suggested a worsening situation, contrary to most other dietary indicators. Adding to this burden, higher carbon dioxide (CO2 ) levels of 550 ppm, projected to potentially occur within decades, could reduce the zinc content of many staple crops. OBJECTIVE: To assess the historical prevalence of inadequate zinc intake, as well as to estimate the future prevalence attributable to rising CO2 ...
March 2019: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Noel W Solomons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Susan C Scrimshaw, Noel W Solomons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Beth Imhoff-Kunsch, Iju Shakya, Salome Aroma Diatalau Namohunu, Anna Pitaboe, Pierre Wong, Becky L Tsang, Karen Codling, Jessica Foley, Helena Pachón
BACKGROUND: Solomon Islands (SI) mandated wheat flour fortification in 2010. Rice is a key staple food in SI, and its fortification may provide an opportunity to deliver additional micronutrients to the population. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether fortified rice (proposed) and fortified wheat flour potentially benefit women of reproductive age (WRA). METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2012-2013 Household Income and Expenditure Survey to quantify food purchases, which served as a proxy for food consumption...
January 3, 2019: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Aziz Zargaraan, Fatemeh Mohammadi-Nasrabadi, Hedayat Hosseini, Yeganeh Salmani, Manochehr Bahmaei, Fatemeh Esfarjani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to explore stakeholders' views about quality and safety of edible oils from farm to industry and propose policy options to address these challenges. METHODS: Semistructured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 11 experts in edible oil industry. Participants were selected through purposive sampling and snowballing. Open-ended interview questions were used to identify the edible oil's challenges from farm to industry...
December 5, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Catherine Latu, Marj Moodie, Jeremaia Coriakula, Gade Waqa, Wendy Snowdon, Colin Bell
INTRODUCTION: Policy interventions can encourage healthier dietary choices and help prevent noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Consequently, governments are seeking to develop and implement food-related policies, but little research on food-related policies is available to guide policy development. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide an in-depth examination of barriers and facilitators to food-related policy development in Fiji. METHOD: Case studies were undertaken on 7 food-related policies that were recommended for action in 2010...
November 28, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Priya Rampal
BACKGROUND: India became self-sufficient in food because of the Green Revolution in the 1960s. However, both the technological innovation and policy support have been biased toward cereals. It is expected that cereals are the major source of proteins in the diet. In recent years, the consumption of cereals is declining in spite of increasing output due to declining preference. Therefore, the country needs to increase production and consumption of pulses to meet the nutritional requirements of the population...
November 27, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Eltony Mugomeri
BACKGROUND: Surveillance of nutrition indicators is critical for informing nutrition policies and programs. The failure by many sub-Saharan countries to maintain functional surveillance systems for maternal and child health (MCH) hampers their capacity to achieve the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals relevant for MCH. The nutrition surveillance system (NSS) for MCH in the southern African country of Lesotho is no exception to this problem despite the country having some of the highest maternal and child mortality ratios globally...
November 26, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Kerry S Flannagan, Manuel Ramirez-Zea, Ana Victoria Roman, Arun K Das, Eduardo Villamor
BACKGROUND: Polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) intake is low throughout Latin America. Improving PUFA status could be an effective intervention against chronic disease, but information on sociodemographic and dietary patterning of PUFA status in the region is limited. OBJECTIVE: To characterize sociodemographic, anthropometric, and dietary predictors of PUFA status biomarkers in adipose tissue among children and their parents from Mesoamerica. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 220 children aged 7 to 12 years and 471 parents from capital cities of Guatemala, El Salvador, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Costa Rica, and Belize, as well as Tuxtla Gutiérrez in Mexico...
November 20, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Kathryn P Derose, Kartika Palar, Hugo Farías, Jayne Adams, Homero Martínez
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity and malnutrition present challenges to HIV management, but little research has been done in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). OBJECTIVE: To assess levels of food insecurity and malnutrition among people living with HIV (PLHIV) across multiple countries in LAC to inform pilot projects and policy. METHODS: Through interinstitutional collaboration, we collected data on sociodemographics, household food security, anthropometry, and commonly consumed foods among adults seeking care at HIV clinics in Bolivia, Honduras, and the Dominican Republic (DR; N = 400) and used the results for pilot projects...
November 19, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Suparna Ghosh-Jerath, Archna Singh, Tanica Lyngdoh, Melina S Magsumbol, Preeti Kamboj, Gail Goldberg
INTRODUCTION: Oraon tribes of India have high levels of undernutrition. Dietary diversification is one of the food-based interventions to ameliorate malnutrition. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the awareness and availability of indigenous foods and estimated dietary intakes and nutritional status with emphasis on indigenous food consumption among women in the Oraon tribal community in Jharkhand, India. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study with a longitudinal component on dietary intake assessment to capture seasonality...
November 14, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Anna Roesler, Lisa G Smithers, Pattanee Winichagoon, Prasit Wangpakapattanawong, Vivienne Moore
BACKGROUND: In Thailand, despite widespread improvements in child nutrition, stunting is still highly prevalent among northern hill tribe children. OBJECTIVE: To understand how villagers and health workers (volunteers and officials) gauge health of children younger than 5 years, whether growth monitoring is salient, and the relationships of villagers with the health system in this remote location. METHODS: Qualitative research was undertaken with 8 hill tribe villages...
November 12, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
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