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Journal of Gerontological Social Work

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August 16, 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Angela K Perone, Ruth E Dunkle, Sheila Feld, Huei-Wern Shen, Min Hee Kim, Garrett T Pace
Little research focuses on the mental health of caregivers (CGs) who stop providing care to their community-dwelling spouse. We examine depressive symptoms of former primary CG spouses who stopped caregiving over a two-year follow-up period when the care recipient (CR): (1) no longer has functional problems; (2) continues having functional problems; or (3) dies. Using data from the Health and Retirement Study (2000-2014), we located 2,370 couples who were both 50+ at baseline and where one partner provided help with ADL and/or IADL limitations but did not do so two years later...
July 29, 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Virpi Timonen, Luciana Lolich
In this article, we examine the social construction of the home care worker from the perspective of various professionals in the elder care sector in Ireland. The research, using the Grounded Theory method, involved focus groups with 31 participants comprising health and social work professionals as well as care agency managers and policy planners. The social construction of the elder care worker is characterised by ambivalence. We connect the concept of ambivalence at the micro level of human relationships to structural factors that are driving the ambivalence...
July 21, 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Samta P Pandya
This article reports a five-year follow-up study in two South Asian cities on the impact of a long-term meditation program in enhancing self-efficacy and resilience of home-based caregivers of older adults with Alzheimer's. Intervention group caregivers (pre-test N = 96; post-test N = 78) reported lower perceived caregiving burden, higher self-efficacy in obtaining respite, responding to disruptive patient behaviors and controlling upsetting thoughts, and greater resilience, post-test, in comparison to the control group (pre-test N = 89; post-test N = 67)...
July 17, 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Hormozi Sakar, Alizadeh-Khoei Mahtab, Sharifi Farshad, Taati Fahimeh, Fatemeh Sadat Mirzadeh, Fakhrzadeh Hossien
Since abuse screening is difficult among the elderly with dementia, detection of elder abuse is a serious issue; meanwhile, the number of available tools to assess elder abuse by caregivers is limited. The aim was to evaluate validity and reliability of the Iranian version Caregiver Abuse Screen (CASE) tool. After the translating process of the tool to the Farsi language for 236 dementia participants ≥60 years old and their informal caregivers' from outpatient' clinics, in a cross-sectional method then the validity, reliability and factorial structure of the CASE was evaluated...
July 17, 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Janine Wiles, Tessa Morgan, Tess Moeke-Maxwell, Stella Black, Hong-Jae Park, Ofa Dewes, Lisa Ann Williams, Merryn Gott
Befriending services may address loneliness and social isolation amongst older people. However social diversity is rarely reported in investigations of befriending services. The views of non-users are also rarely explored. In this research, we explored older adults' experiences of, and attitudes towards, a befriending service, among service users and non-service users, drawing on interviews and focus groups with 76 older adults, 10 volunteer visitors, and 20 service providers. Participants agreed that the befriending service helped alleviate social isolation and loneliness and that supportive services to foster connection are needed...
July 11, 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Qingru Chen, Takashi Amano, Sojung Park, Borin Kim
Little evidence exists regarding the role of Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS) utilization on life satisfaction among older people who are both homebound and low-income. Guided by the personal-environment ( P -E) fit perspective, this study aims to: (1) describe characteristics of older people with homebound and low-income status; (2) investigate how the combination of homebound and low-income status is associated with life satisfaction; and (3) examine whether HCBS utilization moderates the association between homebound and low-income status and life satisfaction...
July 11, 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Kotaro Horie, Chiang Chifa, Hiroko Shimizu, Hideaki Andoh, Atsuko Aoyama
The aim of this study is to identify key challenges to successful community-based integrated team approach to the management of older adults with dementia. A nationwide community-based qualitative research strategy was applied. We purposively recruited 24 health-care providers and 13 family caregivers from selected 8 prefectures among 47 prefectures. Face to face interviews were conducted from May to September 2017. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the qualitative data. Ten themes regarding the challenges were emerged: Ignored wishes, Family caregivers' full responsibilities, Encouragement, Practical and easy-to-understand information, Essential skills of dementia diagnosis and assessment, Gratitude by helping others, Difference between being kind and overly-kind, Legal barrier against information sharing, Coordination between volunteers and clients, and Conflict avoidance in multidisciplinary collaboration...
July 10, 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Allison Gibson, Sarah D Holmes, Noelle L Fields, Virginia E Richardson
Dementia is one of the costliest and most time-consuming diseases among older persons. Although informal caregivers provide the majority of care for persons with dementia, little is known about the self-perceived need for social services of caregivers of persons with dementia within rural areas. This pilot study examined the knowledge, access and intent of the practice-oriented service model of caregivers of persons with dementia in rural communities in the Midwest U.S. After a systematic training, researchers interviewed 11 rural caregivers of persons with dementia (n = 11)...
June 28, 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Joe Strong
Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS) is a condition of the visually impaired, in which hallucinations - or, more appropriately, visions - of geometric patterns, people, and objects appear within the visual field. Most people with CBS are older adults, a function of increased likelihood of visual deterioration in later life, but the condition can occur at any age. Diagnostic criteria vary among professions, but generally includes awareness that the visions are not real, the absence of other accompanying sensory hallucinations, and the absence of dementia or other neurological condition...
June 20, 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Katherina Nikzad-Terhune, Joseph E Gaugler, Joy Jacobs-Lawson
With a projected increase in the prevalence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementias, family caregiving is steadily increasing. Caring for an individual with AD is characterized as a "career," and within this career are a number of key transitions, including the onset of caregiving. Research reveals a number of negative emotional health outcomes for AD caregivers, including depression and role overload, but less research has examined the influence of key transitions on the emotional adaptation of caregivers...
June 5, 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
David Camacho, Yookyong Lee, Anindita Bhattacharya, Laura X Vargas, Laura Kimberly, Ellen Lukens
We sought to investigate the relationship of high life satisfaction with important physical health, mental health, social integration and perceived safety factors among midlife and older Mexican adults. We examined 2,200 midlife and older adults (aged 50-101 years) from the Mexican arm of the Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) and used binary logistic regression models to identify key factors associated with high LSA. Our final logistic regression model revealed self-rated health, affect, interpersonal activities and perceived safety on street to be significantly associated with high life satisfaction...
May 29, 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Nancy J Karlin, Joyce Weil, Maha Ben Salem
Cultural context plays an important role in the experience of aging. The country of Tunisia is of particular interest because limited studies on aging have been done in the past decade. The study examined data collected from Tunisian older adults in an attempt to gain additional information about their experience aging in this culture. The purpose of this study was to identify key information tied to social policy factors that have the potential to impact older adults living in Tunisia. From June to July 2017, semi-structured interviews were completed with 60 older adults covering topics about family history, daily activities, health and health satisfaction, retirement benefits and satisfaction, medical coverage, social support, service availability, feelings of growing older, as well as advice provided to younger adults...
May 5, 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Michelle Putnam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Quichang Cao, Holly I Dabelko-Schoeny
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Clara Berridge
Implementation of passive remote monitoring is advancing faster than our knowledge base about appropriate and ethical use. For all the media and research attention these technologies are getting, there has been very little discussion about how they are positioned to be integrated into health plans, yet their integration is key to how they will be incorporated into social work practice. As coverage of passive remote monitoring technologies expands in Medicaid home and community-based services (HCBS), new policies that support informed decision-making, consenting processes, and regulations for ethical, appropriate use are urgently needed...
April 22, 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Nancy Kusmaul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Michelle Putnam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Anastassios Z Dardas, Allison Williams, Peter Kitchen, Li Wang
Assisted-transport is the most common informal caregiving task and will be in greater demand due to an aging society. One population group that predominantly covers the demands of informal eldercare while working full time in the paid labor force are carer-employees. The developing carer-employee literature addresses: the health risks for carer-employees; employers of carer-employees, and policy/program interventions. Little research focuses on assisted-transport, which impacts health. This study begins to fill the gap by addressing the following objectives: (1) develop a socioeconomic profile of carer-employees performing assisted-transport tasks; (2) identify any gender differences based on the profile, particularly employment and caregiving traits; (3) examine behavioral factors that increase the likelihood of conducting assisted-transport caregiving, and; (4) determine whether carer-employees are more likely to be overwhelmed from assisted-transport caregiving...
March 30, 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Yung Soo Lee, Michelle Putnam, Nancy Morrow-Howell, Megumi Inoue, Jennifer C Greenfield, Huajuan Chen
This study explores the potential to consolidate a broad range of activity items to create more manageable measures that could be used in statistical modeling of multi-activity engagement. We utilized three datasets in the United States: Panel Study of Income Dynamics, Health and Retirement Study, and Midlife in the United States. After identifying activity items, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis were used to empirically explore composite activity measures. Findings suggest that discrete activity items can be consolidated into activity domains; however, activity domains differ across datasets depending on availability of activity items...
February 21, 2019: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
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