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Acta Medica Indonesiana

Imelda Maria Loho, Lianda Siregar, Agus Sudiro Waspodo, Irsan Hasan
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide. This is due to the heterogeneity of the tumor biology and lack of curative treatment options. The most significant prognostic factor is detection at early stage and thus, surveillance strategies are of high importance. High-risk patients should undergo ultrasound and tumor marker tests at six-month interval in order to detect HCC at the earlier stage. However, in real-life practice, ultrasound has several limitations and the adherence to HCC surveillance is suboptimal due to various provider, patient, and health-care system factors...
October 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Felix Firyanto Widjaja, Kemal Fariz Kalista, Juferdy Kurniawan
BACKGROUND: nowadays, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is applied widely as an alternative therapy of resection in patient with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Moreover, in single nodule with size of less than 2 cm, RFA can be the primary treatment. Although resection is the main treatment and one of the curative treatments in nodule meeting Milan criteria, it needs consideritation of the surgery risk stratification. This report was aimed to search evidence of RFA compared with RFA in term of survival in patient with HCC single nodule size of more than 5 cm...
October 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Guntur Darmawan, Laniyati Hamijoyo, Amaylia Oehadian, Ria Bandiara, Lisda Amalia
A 38-year-old woman presented with general weakness and vaginal bleeding. One month prior, she had been diagnosed with Evans syndrome (haemolytic anemia with positive Coombs test and thrombocytopenia) and was given oral steroid as maintenance therapy. Her serology examination was negative for hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Her obstetrical history was marked by miscarriage in second pregnancy and preeclampsia in third pregnancy. She used hormonal contraceptives until 5 months prior to admission...
October 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Laras Budiyani, Dyah Purnamasari, Marcellus Simadibrata, Murdani Abdullah
Insulin resistance is the disturbance of glucose regulation characterized by higher insulin level. In clinical context, insulin resistance can manifest as abnormalities that are related with cardiovascular event risk, known as metabolic syndrome. Several studies had reported that insulin resistance was associated with erosive esophagitis in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
October 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Hendra Gunawan, Awalia Awalia, Joewono Soeroso
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic excacerbative autoimmune disease with wide clinical spectrum. Gastrointestinal manifestasion is a frequent clinical manifestasion seen in SLE. Management with glucocorticoid and non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) can mask the gastrointestinal symptoms in patient with SLE. One of the etiologies of gastrointestinal manifestations in SLE is acute appendicitis. Patients with acute appendicitis usually have abdominal pain as its chief complaint. The pathophysiology of acute appendicitis can occur primarily from SLE and secondary from other causes eg: infection, inflammation, etc...
October 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Alphonsus N Onyiriuka, Promise Monday, Chinwe A Oguejiofor
In general, information on blood pressure changes in diabetic ketoacidosis in paediatric population is very scarce. Our aim was to report a case of severe DKA in an adolescent girl who unexpectedly had hypertension rather than hypotension.A 17-year-old girl presented in our Children's Emergency Unit with complaints of excessive eating for 6 weeks, excessive urination for 2 weeks, fever for 1 week, vomiting for 4 days, difficulty with breathing for one day and unresponsiveness to calls for 3 hours. She had moderated to severe dehydration but no hypotension...
October 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Anandhara Indriani Khumaedi, Dyah Purnamasari, Ika P Wijaya, Yuniarti Soeroso, Siti Marhamah
BACKGROUND: periodontitis is a major cause of chronic infection in diabetic patients. Diabetic patients have four-fold risk of having cardiovascular disease. Chronic inflammation caused by periodontitis, a non-traditional cardiovascular risk factor is widely known to play a major role in atherogenesis. Among non-diabetics, an association has been found between periodontitis and arterial stiffness, but in diabetic patients the result is inconsistent. No study has investigated either the proportion of periodontitis or its correlation with arterial stiffness in type 2 diabetes population in Indonesia...
October 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Zulkhair Ali, Ida Kusrini, Alwi Shahab, Irsan Saleh
BACKGROUND: diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of blood dialysis worldwide and a major etiology of End-Stage Renal Disease cases in Indonesia. Previous studies showed a relevant link between A1166C polymorphism of Angiotensin II Type-1 Receptor (AT1R) gene and glomerular hyper-filtration as a part of pathogenesis of DN. The aim of this study was to elaborate the association between A1166C AT1R polymorphism and susceptibility of individual with type-2 diabetes to DN in Malay Indonesian population...
October 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
A Makbul Aman, Haerani Rasyid, Syakib Bakri, Ilham J Patellongi
BACKGROUND: the familial nature of type 2 diabetes is manifested by the presence of insulin resistance in non-diabetic first degree relatives. Most of these studies have been performed in middle-aged and there is only few published studies in young age individuals and adolescents. This study aimed to determine the relationship between parents history of type-2 diabetes with metabolic syndrome component and insulin resistance in adolescent non-diabetic subjects. METHODS: this was a cross sectional study comparing the metabolic profile, risk of metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance in non-diabetic male adolescents (17-24 years old) whose one or both parents were with type-2 diabetes...
October 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Tirza Z Tamin, Nyoman Murdana, Yupitri Pitoyo, Eka D Safitri
BACKGROUND: obesity and osteoarthritis have strong inter-relationship with multi-factorial mechanism that caused pain and leads to decreased quality of life. Exercise has been identified as prevention and management against obesity and joint pain. This systematic review aims to assess the effect between exercises compared to diet group for chronic pain management, physical and mental function in obese patients with chronic musculoskeletal problem. METHODS: we performed a systematic search of Randomized Control Trial studies from Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); MEDLINE; EBSCO; SCIENCEDIRECT (Elsevier); SCOPUS, grey literature, trial registry, ongoing study for published studies, and from the ClinicalTrial...
October 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Noorwati Sutandyo, Eddy Suratman
BACKGROUND: the increasing incidence of lung cancer in female patients has been observed in Indonesia. Lung cancer in female might have different biology process than male, but it has never been evaluated in Indonesia. This study aimed to know characteristics and survival of female patients with non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) in Dharmais National Cancer Centre Hospital. METHODS: a retrospective cohort study was performed among NSCLC female patients in Dharmais Cancer Hospital (DCH) between January 2005 and December 2015...
October 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Partini Pudjiastuti Trihono, Lia Rhodia, Mulya Rahma Karyanti
BACKGROUND: Each kidney injury may develop into chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end stage renal disease (ESRD) that associates with high mortality and socio-economic burden. There is limited data about clinical characteristics of children having CKD in developing countries, espesially in Indonesia. OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical profiles and characteristics of kidney diseases in adolescents aged 15-18 years. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional study which used data from National Basic Health Survey (Riskesdas) 2013...
October 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Robert Sinto, Suhendro Suwarto, Djoko Widodo
BACKGROUND: lactate clearance and central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) are two methods for determining tissue oxygenation adequacy. There is a controversy regarding method better associates with and predicts sepsis and septic shock patients' mortality. This study address the association of achieving one or two targets of microcirculatory resuscitation endpoints and early mortality in sepsis and septic shock. METHODS: a cohort study was conducted in adult sepsis and septic shock patients in Intensive Care Unit, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Indonesia...
October 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Dyah Purnamasari
Based on data from the Indonesian Ministry of Health Information Center, the estimated population of Indonesia in 2016 was approximately 258,704,986 people, consisted of 129,988,690 men and 128,716,296 women. This number of Indonesian population represents young population since the proportion of population aged 0-14 years is more than that aged >14 years. Meanwhile, the proportion of population aged 50 years and above is significantly reduced, which is thought to be due to high mortality rate in the middle-aged population...
October 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Iris Rengganis
Low adult vaccination coverage in Indonesia may contribute to a recent outbreak of diphtheria in Indonesia. Although well known as a pediatric vaccine, diphtheria vaccination should be administered as booster to adolescence and adults for longer prevention. Adult vaccine differs from pediatric vaccine but have similar protection. Additionally, there is special recommendation to vaccinate pregnant women and elderly people aged 65 years or more.
July 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Denita Biyanda Utami, Ardi Findyartini
BACKGROUND: diabetes has become a major public health concern with an estimated 180 million cases worldwide. Nutritional changes are one of the key aspects in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Previous studies have suggested an association between vegetarian diets and improvements in glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus, however the relationship is not well established. The aim of this report is to perform a critical appraisal to analyze whether plant-based diet reduces the HbA1c level compared to conventional diet...
July 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Hikmat Permana, Guntur Darmawan, Ervita Ritonga, Maya Kusumawati, Miftahurachman Miftahurachman, Nanny Natalia Soetedjo
Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare solid tumor with an incidence of 0.5 to 2 cases per million per year. It affects women more commonly than men with a ratio of 1.5:1. Ectopic ACC are considered to be extremely rare with no exact incidence data yet. We report an interesting case of hepatic ACC in a young woman with clinical signs of virilization.A-21-year old Sundanese woman visited our endocrine clinic with progressive hirsutism over the face, body, and extremities starting 14 years previously. She had irregular, heavy periods when she was 7 years old...
July 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Wardhana Wardhana, Achmad Rudijanto
Uric acid as the final result of purine bases metabolism. In high level condition, uric acid enters the cell and act as oxidant, and acts as independent risk factor and predicts the incident of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It may directly inactivate or through oxidative reaction that lower the nitric oxide (NO) level. Lower NO level will reduce insulin uptake in tissues and reduce in GLUT4 translocation in cell that will effect the blood glucose level. The High level of uric acid or hyperuricemia makes oxidative stress by inducing the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) which interferes the insulin signalling pathway,creates inflammatory  state that reduced the insulin sensitivity,blood glucose uptake and metabolism, also reducing the insulin production from pancreatic islet cells...
July 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Anti Dharmayanti, Dalima Astrawinata
A 31-year-old patient came to visit the outpatient clinic at the hospital for his routine twice-weekly hemodialyis (HD) session. During HD, the patient suddenly developed a fever with shivering. At that time, a diagnosis of catheter-related blood stream infection (CR-BSI) was developed, HD catheter or the catheter double lumen (CDL) was uninstalled and the patient was hospitalized. Results of culture withdrawn through the tip of catheter lumen and peripheral blood revealed identical microorganism, i.e. the Enterobacter cloacae...
July 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Gan Wee Leng, Ruslinda Mustafar, Lydia Kamaruzaman, Rozita Mohd, Rizna Abdul Cader, Kong Wei Yen, Pau Kiew Bing
Managing primary or even secondary glomerulonephritis remains a challenge to many nephrologists. In primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) with heavy proteinuria, renin aldosterone system blockade and high dose of oral prednisolone is the mainstay of treatment. Other immunosuppressive medications like Cyclophosphamide, Cyclosporine A and Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) are warranted if a complete remission is not achieved.  We illustrate a case of 21 year old gentleman with primary FSGS that was difficult to achieve remission despite on high dose steroid and oral Cyclophosphamide...
July 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
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