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ANS. Advances in Nursing Science | Page 2

Tara M Tehan, Amanda E Cornine, Rita K Amoah, Thin Zar Aung, Danny G Willis, Pamela J Grace, Callista Roy, Kathleen A Averka, Donna J Perry
Doctorally prepared nurses must be able to represent the unique nursing perspective within interdisciplinary teams to address contemporary health challenges. This article provides a student exemplar applying the unifying focus of facilitating humanization as described by Willis, Grace, and Roy to science on nature and health. As scientific knowledge becomes more complex, nurses must be skilled in translating information through the nursing lens to support individuals in realizing meaning, choice, quality of life, and healing in living and dying...
January 2019: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Danny G Willis, Danielle M Leone-Sheehan
Fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing have historically served to clarify the substance and structure of the discipline, significantly contributing to nursing's body of knowledge. In this article, we continue the scholarly conversation on patterns of knowing in nursing by advancing spiritual knowing as a pattern of knowing that helps advance nursing's agenda toward universal well-being and critical during this time toward interdisciplinarity. Implications for nursing are explored in relation to enduring and new questions that require our attention related to human beings, their environments, and healing...
January 2019: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Mary Jane Smith, Joyce J Fitzpatrick
Nursing knowledge development continues to face significant challenges, as there is not yet widespread acceptance of the important role of nursing theory in research, education, and professional practice. The purpose of this article is to describe perspectives on person, environment, health from different levels of knowledge development for the discipline of nursing. The authors recommend continued discourse among nurse scholars to advance the discipline of nursing globally.
January 2019: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Pamela G Reed
Nursing is not only a professional practice, it is a scientific practice as well. One aspect of this practice involves development of scientific theory. In this article, I present a philosophical perspective called intermodernism for considering the content, structure, and process of scientific theory. Three types of theory structure are reviewed along with descriptions of the use of models and mechanisms in knowledge development. Practice is championed as a context that informs theory development as well as a context of theory validation and application...
January 2019: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Marlaine C Smith
As we approach the 50th anniversary of the first national symposium on nursing theory development, the need to clarify nursing's disciplinary perspective is just as relevant as it was 50 years ago. The purpose of this article is to regenerate the disciplinary perspective by analyzing the literature on the focus of the discipline of nursing, synthesizing the themes and suggesting areas of knowledge development for the discipline, and imagining ways to move forward in claiming, clarifying, and strengthening the discipline...
January 2019: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
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January 2019: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Laura Burns, Joanne Whitty-Rogers, Cathy MacDonald
Indigenous women experience a higher incidence of maternal complications compared with non-Indigenous women. Despite this, little is known about access to prenatal care for Mi'kmaq women in Nova Scotia. The intent of this study was to gain a more comprehensive understanding of Mi'kmaq women's experiences accessing prenatal care. The findings from this study highlight key implications for nursing practice such as promoting the nurse's role in supporting and advocating for Mi'kmaq women's health and for providing culturally safe care...
December 10, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Tina M Mason, Cindy S Tofthagen
Grieving is a normal reaction to loss; however, not everyone is able to recover from grief and adjust to a life after the loss. "Complicated grief" (CG) is a term used to describe intense and prolonged bereavement after the loss of a loved one that interferes with normal activities accompanied by destructive thoughts and behaviors. In practice and research, the concept of CG varies in definition and instruments used to measure. This concept analysis examines relevant research related to CG experienced by caregivers to provide a clear, comprehensive definition...
December 10, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Lila de Tantillo, Joseph P De Santis
Charged with making decisions to protect and enhance patient well-being, a nurse relies on nursing judgment to render effective patient care. Nursing judgment is the culmination of education, experience, and insight that allows nurses to execute the best action possible on behalf of patients. This concept analysis uses the Walker and Avant method to demonstrate the role of nursing judgment in assessments and interventions, delegation of tasks, and prioritization of care. Nurses, other health care collaborators, and recipients of health care should be aware of the role played by nursing judgment to improve patient care and the health care system...
December 10, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Ahtisham Younas, Karen Parsons
By seeking answers to ontological and epistemological questions, nursing scholars explored the foundations of nursing and articulated the meaning of nursing science from various philosophical perspectives. This ongoing search for advancement and development of nursing aligns with the concept of "normal science" by Thomas Kuhn. Kuhn's science influenced nursing knowledge, resulting in the development of nursing metaparadigm and paradigms. Despite this influence, Kuhn's science's relevance for nursing science received a little scrutinization...
December 10, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
John R Blakeman
Patients' care-seeking behaviors are often based on the symptoms they experience. Prodromal myocardial infarction symptoms are those symptoms that occur prior to a myocardial infarction, and fatigue is common. However, the concept of prodromal myocardial infarction fatigue has not been explored from a multidimensional perspective using a concept analysis approach. The purpose of this concept analysis was to analyze this concept, using Walker and Avant's (2011) concept analysis methodology. A comprehensive literature search revealed 41 records for analysis...
December 10, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Sydney Breneol, Lisa Goldberg, Jean Watson
Advancements in the medical field have resulted in an increased number of children with complex chronic conditions that may depend on technology to sustain or optimize life. Given that nurses provide substantial physical and emotional care for these children and families during their frequent hospitalizations, the development of an authentic caring relationship is imperative. A critical review of the literature examining the experiences and unmet care needs of this population was carried out and analyzed using Watson's Caring Science to explore how nurses can create an authentic caring relationship and environment for children who are technology-dependent and their families...
December 10, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Callista Roy
Some have described that nursing is at a crossroads that necessitates finding ways to balance knowledge development that is philosophical and conceptual/theoretical with the empirical inquiry, particularly of the developing related biologic sciences. This article sets a direction for nursing knowledge development that is domain-driven. The central role of nursing theory in attaining the common goals of nursing is envisioned. Recommendations include that grand theories, middle-range theories, and practice theories in tree-like fashion feed into the common goal of humanization; that all teaching tools in nursing begin with common goals and describe nursing theories as contributing to these goals; that theory-practice alliances are central in filling out the envisioned domain-driven knowledge and integrating this with practice-shaped basic sciences...
December 10, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Barbara Riegel, Tiny Jaarsma, Christopher S Lee, Anna Strömberg
The Middle-Range Theory of Self-Care of Chronic Illness has been used widely since it was first published in 2012. With the goal of theoretical refinement in mind, we evaluated the theory to identify areas where the theory lacked clarity and could be improved. The concept of self-care monitoring was determined to be underdeveloped. We do not yet know how the process of symptom monitoring influences the symptom appraisal process. Also, the manner in which self-care monitoring and self-care management are associated was thought to need refinement...
November 19, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Shela Akbar Ali Hirani, Solina Richter, Bukola Oladunni Salami, Helen Vallianatos
Breastfeeding is the safest mode of infant feeding during disasters and displacement. Although challenges associated with breastfeeding during humanitarian emergencies are global, they are particularly problematic in low- and middle-income countries such as Pakistan. To examine the factors that affect breastfeeding practices of displaced mothers in disaster relief camps, an integrative review of literature was undertaken. The review suggests that the breastfeeding experiences, behaviors, and practices of displaced mothers are shaped by a combination of gender-based, sociocultural, economic, and geopolitical factors...
October 13, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Marianne Snyder
Lesbian women experience discrimination within the health care system that leads many to cautiously navigate a heteronormative system. This metasynthesis offers a richer contextual understanding about lesbian health care experiences. The 4 overarching themes that emerged are: (a) sizing up the provider and the environment, (b) to say or not to say: "paradoxes of disclosure," (c) reactions to provider's assumptions, (d) and acknowledging my partner. Lesbian women perceive their health care experiences based on the nature of the relationship with the provider...
October 13, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Ellinor Tengelin, Pia H Bülow, Ina Berndtsson, Elisabeth Dahlborg Lyckhage
The documents and literature that regulate nursing education are based on certain values and knowledge, and the underlying power in the curriculum raises the question of how health care professionals are molded during the course of their education. Norm criticism is a concept with its roots in critical pedagogy and gender and queer studies, emphasizing the origins as well as the consequences of marginalization, power, and knowledge of what is generally accepted as "normal" and "true." Norm criticism is used in this article to analyze the documents and literature underlying a nursing program in Sweden, which are shown to include a sometimes politically correct rhetoric, but one lacking a firm basis in social justice values...
October 13, 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Kathleen Sitzman, Dorothy H Muller
Human caring has long been considered the primary domain of nurses and the primary function of nursing practice. Results related to the study of a Caring Science, Mindful Practice Massive Open Online Course (MOOC), suggest that Watson's Caring Science tenets are meaningful and useful for professionals who work in disciplines outside of nursing. Further study was needed to explore the degree to which Caring Science might be useful and applicable to the practices of non-nurse professionals. The study that is the focus of this article explored perceived usefulness of Watson's Caring Science for professionals from a wide array of disciplines who teach and work in online settings...
October 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Allie Slemon, Vicky Bungay, Emily Jenkins, Helen Brown
Mental health challenges are a leading health issue, and while nurses should be well positioned to provide care to this client population, nurses are not adequately prepared for this role during their education. This qualitative narrative inquiry explored nursing students' (N = 15) experiences within their mental health practicums. Analyzed through Foucault's concept of micropower, participants' narratives illustrate that students observed nurses holding power over patients, and enacted resistance to this power in a complex interplay of empowerment and disempowerment...
October 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
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