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Family & Community Health

Angelica M Roncancio, Chakema C Carmack, Kristy K Ward, Sally W Vernon, Becky T Muñoz, Miguel A Cano, Felicity L Cribbs
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series completion among adolescent Hispanic males (35%) is lower than the Healthy People 2020 80% goal. This directed qualitative content analysis identified mothers' beliefs about their sons completing the series. We found that mothers (N = 19) (1) express positive feelings; (2) believe the vaccine has positive effects; (3) identify the father and doctors as supporters and friends as nonsupporters; (4) list health insurance, transportation, and clinic reminders as facilitators; and (5) mention affordability as a barrier to vaccine completion...
April 2019: Family & Community Health
Violeta Nitzinger, Suzanne Held, Bridget Kevane, Yanet Eudave
The primary purposes of this study were to use photovoice with Facebook to explore health perceptions and health needs among promotores living in rural Montana and to build community among geographically dispersed promotores. Seven promotores participated in a photovoice project where they uploaded photographs and shared comments in a private Facebook group. Emergent themes based on the promotores' health perceptions, discussions, and interviews were transcribed and coded. Findings of this study will be used to assess health perceptions and needs of the promotores and Latino community in rural Montana...
April 2019: Family & Community Health
Emmanuel Cohen, Philippe Jean-Luc Gradidge, Lisa K Micklesfield, Shane A Norris
In South African families, a phenomenon of mothers' acceptance of stoutness coexists with their daughters' appreciation for thinness. A sample of N = 615 mother-and-daughter pairs was recruited to conjointly identify the relationships toward body image and body mass index between both groups by assessing body weight satisfaction, body esteem, and eating disorders risk. We observed higher prevalence of obesity in mothers and higher eating disorders risk in daughters, while mother-daughter relationships were identified for body mass index and psychometric dimensions...
April 2019: Family & Community Health
E Thomaseo Burton, Tanganyika Wilder, Bettina M Beech, Marino A Bruce
Caregiver feeding practices have been linked to youth health outcomes. The present study examined associations among caregiver feeding practices and blood pressure in 212 African American adolescents via the Child Feeding Practices Questionnaire. Results revealed a positive association between caregivers' concern about their child's weight and diastolic blood pressure, which was more acute for older adolescent boys. Caregivers' perceived responsibility for the quality and quantity of food their child receives was also associated with lower diastolic blood pressure in older adolescent boys...
April 2019: Family & Community Health
Jongwon Lee, Mauricio Carvallo, Eunice Lee, Jane Chung, Chanam Shin
Cervical cancer is a major cause of death for Vietnamese and Korean American women, yet their screening rates remain low. This study explored factors influencing cervical health behaviors of these populations, using a 2-dimensional model (ie, affect and cognition) of attitude structure approach. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 33 participants. A semantic content analysis was used to identify major codes and themes across the transcripts. Multiple aspects of both negative and positive affect and cognition, which led to 3 different cervical health behaviors (avoidance, ambivalence, and acceptance), emerged from the interviews...
April 2019: Family & Community Health
Trina L Gipson-Jones, LaToya J OʼNeal, Jylana L Sheats, Roland J Thorpe, Bettina M Beech, Marino A Bruce
The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between food security, parental health behaviors, and overweight/obesity among 2- to 5-year-old children in West Tennessee (N = 264). Results from logistic regression models indicate that the association between parental characteristics and child weight status varies by child sex and household food security. These findings highlight the need for more nuanced analysis that can produce results that inform and shape the development of precise health promotion and intervention strategies designed for diverse low-resource populations...
April 2019: Family & Community Health
Julia Roncoroni, Carolyn M Tucker, Whitney Wall, Guillermo Wippold, Julia Ratchford
Rural residents have lower levels of engagement in health-promoting behaviors and treatment adherence than their urban counterparts. This cross-sectional study sought to understand the role of health self-efficacy as a precursor to engagement in health-promoting behaviors and treatment adherence in 273 rural patients. Structural equation model was used to examine whether health self-efficacy predicted engagement in health-promoting behaviors and treatment adherence. Results show that health self-efficacy predicts engagement in health-promoting behaviors and treatment adherence...
April 2019: Family & Community Health
Nomi C Levy-Carrick, Annie Lewis-OʼConnor, Eve Rittenberg, Kiara Manosalvas, Hanni M Stoklosa, David A Silbersweig
Trauma-informed care has emerged as an important model to address the pervasiveness of traumatic experiences across the life cycle and their association with significant adverse medical and psychiatric consequences. To achieve health equity, in which all people have the opportunity for health, it is crucial for physicians to become comfortable with a neurobiopsychosocial understanding of trauma and how to provide optimal trauma-informed care. Given the pervasiveness of trauma exposure, and its impact on individual and community health, this paradigm shift in adult health care delivery systems requires physician engagement at every stage of development and implementation...
April 2019: Family & Community Health
Neveen Shafeek Amin, Nichola Driver
Using data from the 2002-2012 National Health Interview Surveys, this study examines the association between duration of stay in the United States and serious psychological distress (SPD) among Middle Eastern (ME) immigrants and tests whether this association differs by sex. Results show that although ME immigrant women with longer duration are significantly more likely to report SPD than US-born white women, the SPD of ME immigrant men do not significantly differ from that of US-born white men. These findings emphasize the harmful influence of a longer duration of stay in the United States on the SPD of ME immigrant women...
April 2019: Family & Community Health
Katelyn Opichka, Chery Smith, Allen S Levine
Problematic eating behaviors such as overeating and loss of control over consumption can lead to obesity. Problematic eating behaviors among women of differing body mass indexes were explored through focus group methodology, the Palatable Eating Motives Scale (PEMS), and a taste test in a sample of low-income African American women (n = 45). Women who were overweight or obese (W-O/O) reported more problematic eating behaviors including eating in the absence of hunger, frequent overeating, and increased food thoughts than women who were lean or normal weight (W-L/N)...
April 2019: Family & Community Health
Donna-Jean P Brock, Paul A Estabrooks, Jennie L Hill, Morgan L Barlow, Ramine C Alexander, Bryan E Price, Ruby Marshall, Jamie M Zoellner
Guided by a community-based participatory research and systems-based approach, this 3-year mixed-methods case study describes the experiences and capacity development of a Community-Academic Advisory Board (CAB) formed to adapt, implement, and evaluate an evidence-based childhood obesity treatment program in a medically underserved region. The CAB included community, public health, and clinical (n = 9) and academic partners (n = 9). CAB members completed capacity evaluations at 4 points. Partners identified best practices that attributed to the successful execution and continued advancement of project goals...
January 2019: Family & Community Health
Leanne Kosowan, Javier Mignone, Mariette Chartier, Caroline Piotrowski
Experiences during infancy create durable and heritable patterns of social deprivation and illness producing health disparities. This retrospective cohort study of 71 836 infants from Winnipeg, Manitoba, assessed associations between maternal social and economic factors and infant mortality, morbidity, and congenital anomaly. This study found that newborn and postneonatal hospital readmissions are inversely associated with geography. Additionally, social context, including maternal history of child abuse, is associated with infant postneonatal hospital readmissions...
January 2019: Family & Community Health
Candace Forbes Bright, Thometta Cozart, Braden Bagley, Hannah Scott, Jonathan Dennis
Despite the growing emphasis on collaboration in public health, there remains a dearth of literature providing tools for the evaluation of coalitions and councils. This study employed social network gap analysis as an evaluation tool. Survey data collected from the Southeastern Health Equity Council members were used to assess connections among members as a whole, by committee, by state, and by health specialty area. Analysis of how well Southeastern Health Equity Council met the representation outlined in its strategic plan was also conducted...
January 2019: Family & Community Health
Nelson Varas-Díaz, Elba Betancourt-Díaz, Alicia J Lozano, Liming Huang, Lucia DiNapoli, Alexandra Hanlon, Antonia M Villarruel
This randomized controlled trial tested the efficacy of a Web-based intervention to increase sexual communication between parents and adolescents. Parent/adolescent dyads (n = 660) were recruited from communities in the San Juan area and randomly assigned to the Cuídalos sexual communication or physical activity program. Parent assessments were obtained preintervention and at 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up. Parents in the experimental group reported significantly more sexual communication (ie, peer pressure, sexual prevention, protection, risk) over time than parents in the control group...
January 2019: Family & Community Health
Emilia H De Marchis, Jacqueline M Torres, Caroline Fichtenberg, Laura M Gottlieb
This systematic scoping review explores evidence on food insecurity (FI) screening measures, acceptability, and program implementation in health care settings. Validation studies on brief screening tools suggest that instruments exist that adequately measure the construct of FI. Patients and clinicians found FI screening acceptable in a range of clinical settings, though studies are not high quality and rarely reflect substantial patient diversity. Targeted interventions successfully increased screening rates and reduced screening barriers...
January 2019: Family & Community Health
Jean Butel, Kathryn L Braun
Many improvements in health equity are spearheaded by community collaborations working to change policy and social norms. But how can collective efficacy (CE), defined as the willingness and ability of a group to work toward a common good, be increased? Eight articles reporting on interventions aiming to reduce health disparities by improving CE were found for this systematic literature review. All studies showed improvements in CE and most found reduction in disparities, but operationalization of CE varied...
January 2019: Family & Community Health
Ursula Running Bear, Zaneta M Thayer, Calvin D Croy, Carol E Kaufman, Spero M Manson
This study investigated the relationship of American Indian boarding school attendance and chronic physical health. We hypothesized boarding school attendance would be associated with an increased number of chronic physical health problems. We also examined the relationship between boarding school attendance and the 15 chronic health problems that formed the count of the chronic health conditions. American Indian attendees had a greater count of chronic physical health problems compared with nonattendees. Father's attendance was independently associated with chronic physical health problems...
January 2019: Family & Community Health
Yi-Ling Lin, Judith Ortiz, Celeste Boor
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of Medicare Shared Savings Program Accountable Care Organizations (SSP ACOs), along with other factors, on diabetes-related hospitalization rates for rural older adults. Using an early year of the SSP ACO program, we conducted multiple linear regressions to examine the effect of ACO participation on African American and white older adults. In neither model was ACO affiliation found to have a statistically significant impact on diabetes-related hospitalization rates...
October 2018: Family & Community Health
Kenneth J Fawcett, Raymond K Neff, Christina M Freese Decker, Josephine E Faber
Utilizing a nurse/community health worker team model, a Midwest institution's community health care division developed a 12-month managed care program for underserved individuals diagnosed with heart failure and/or diabetes. A study of 277 patients was conducted to determine whether this model could be utilized in rural settings. The program was evaluated using the Institute for Healthcare Improvement's Triple Aim criteria; HEDIS measures and other health indicators quantified each patient's performance. Study participants showed improved outcomes and a reduction in the total cost of care...
October 2018: Family & Community Health
Adam Hege, Lanae Ball, Richard W Christiana, Conner Wallace, Cami Hubbard, Danielle Truesdale, Jennifer Hege, Howard Fleming
Recent evidence highlights health disparities among rural communities. The purpose of this study was to learn from members of 2 Appalachia communities in North Carolina about barriers to health and well-being. Researchers conducted 3 focus groups (n = 24), which were coded and analyzed by a team of researchers to identify themes. Researchers identified 5 themes: (1) poverty/lack of economic opportunity; (2) access to health care and health resources; (3) social/mental health challenges; (4) food insecurity/hunger; and (5) youth/older adults being most vulnerable to health disparities...
October 2018: Family & Community Health
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