Eva Oberle, Xuejun Ryan Ji, Maram Alkawaja, Tonje M Molyneux, Salima Kerai, Kimberly C Thomson, Martin Guhn, Kimberly A Schonert-Reichl, Anne M Gadermann
INTRODUCTION: This study examined profiles of social connectedness among early adolescents in grade 7 before the COVID-19 pandemic was declared (Winter 2020), and in grade 8 during the second Wave of the pandemic (Winter 2021). METHOD: Linked data from 1753 early adolescents (49% female) from British Columbia, Canada who completed the Middle Years Development Instrument survey in grades 7 and 8 were used. Participants reported on life satisfaction, depressive symptoms, and connectedness with peers and adults at home, school and in the community...
September 22, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Francesca Scafuto, Silvia Ghiroldi, Nitamo Federico Montecucco, Francesco De Vincenzo, Rossella Mattea Quinto, Fabio Presaghi, Luca Iani
OBJECTIVES: The Gaia program is a 12-week mindfulness intervention based on cultivating body, emotional, and ecological self-awareness, which has been shown to be effective in reducing children's and adolescents' internalizing problems at school. This paper presents the results of a cluster randomized controlled trial aimed at assessing the effectiveness of this program on improving psychological well-being, subjective well-being, and psychological distress in early adolescents. METHODS: A sample of 195 early adolescent students (boys, n = 99; girls, n = 96) with a mean age of 11...
September 22, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Ugo Pace, Caterina Buzzai, Alessia Passanisi
INTRODUCTION: Several studies on the predisposition to be subjected to vaccination have shown that vaccine hesitation is a global phenomenon influenced by a lack of knowledge and awareness, as well as perceived risks and benefits. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating role of right-wing authoritarianism in the relationship between magical thinking and positive attitudes toward COVID-19 vaccines (i.e. trust of vaccine benefits, worries over unforeseen future effects, concerns about commercial profits, preference for natural immunity)...
September 20, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Rabeeh Azarmehr, Ava J Reck, Linhao Zhang, Assaf Oshri
INTRODUCTION: Exposure to childhood maltreatment may undermine the crucial developmental task of identity formation in adolescence, placing them at risk for developing negative affect. The current study investigated whether COVID-19-related stress intensified the indirect link between child maltreatment and adolescents' negative affect through identity confusion. METHOD: Using multidimensional assessments of child maltreatment (threat vs. deprivation), the study included a sample of 124 adolescents (Mage  = 12...
September 18, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Hanjing Gao, Qianwen Liu, Zhenhong Wang
INTRODUCTION: The present study sought to investigate whether the relationship between childhood trauma, childhood socioeconomic (SES), and adolescents' altruism were mediated by their life history strategies and different adverse childhood experiences may function diversely on altruism, with two waves of data collected 6 months apart in a longitudinal design among Chinese adolescents. METHODS: A total of 658 adolescents (Mage  = 13.51, SD = 0...
September 18, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Amy L Gentzler, Jeffrey L Hughes, Matty Johnston, Jacob E Alderson
INTRODUCTION: Despite extensive research on social media and risks for mental health, not enough is known about individual differences in these risks. METHODS: The present study, with data collected from 2018 to 2020, investigated the association between social media use (total and for specific platforms) and depressive symptoms in a sample of 237 American adolescents (Mage  = 15.10; SD = 0.49; 51.1% girls and 48.5% boys). We investigated several moderators: gender, self-esteem, personality, and negative reactions to social media...
September 12, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Natalie Spadafora, Anthony A Volk
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent bullying is a complicated behavior that is difficult to prevent. Understanding factors that predict bullying during adolescence can help us minimize such behavior. Classroom incivility is a low-level antisocial behavior that has been discussed in the literature as being a potential predictor of bullying in adolescence. Therefore, the goal of the present study was to examine the longitudinal link between classroom incivility and bullying. METHODS: Data for the current study was collected using quantitative surveys at two-time points, three years apart (November 2019 and November 2022) in southern Ontario, Canada...
September 11, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Yanxi Liu, Xiaohong Yu, Fusen An, Yiji Wang
INTRODUCTION: Given that literature has examined the relation between school bullying and self-efficacy, findings have been mixed. This meta-analysis aimed to clarify whether school bullying is associated with adolescents' self-efficacy, a key component of social information processing essential for the evaluation of potential behavioral responses. We further examined moderators associated with heterogeneity in the above relation, including participant roles, types of school bullying, types of self-efficacy, and demographic factors (e...
September 10, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
B Vermote, B Soenens, M Vansteenkiste, J Coenye, K Verschueren, W Beyers
INTRODUCTION: Late adolescents differ in the degree to which they are thoroughly engaged in the study choice process and in the degree to which their choices are autonomous in nature. This study examined the unique and interactive roles of (a) parental involvement in the study choice process and (b) late adolescents' sense of having an authentic inner compass (AIC) in predicting their study choice decision-making. METHOD: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted among 331 12th-grade adolescents from the Flemish part of Belgium (68...
September 10, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Liron Lamash, Yael Fogel, Liat Hen-Herbst
INTRODUCTION: High-quality social interactions with peers could protect adolescents' mental health, resilience, and well-being. Assessing their social interaction skills (SIS) is essential to enhancing them. However, few instruments provide information about SIS in in-person and social media environments. The SIS Questionnaire (SISQ) was developed to fill this gap, spotlighting adolescents' viewpoints on SIS in both environments. This study aimed to describe the SISQ development and psychometric properties, differences in adolescents' SIS in both environments, and relationships between the adolescents' SIS and subjective well-being...
September 10, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Xiao-Yan Chen, Xuliang Shi, Chao Li, Fang Fan
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies on associations between social support and quality of life (QoL) have usually employed a variable-centered approach, without considering individual variances in time-varying changes in social support. This study explores trajectories of social support and whether depressive symptoms mediate associations between social support trajectories and QoL 10 years after an earthquake. METHODS: Seven hundred and forty-four Chinese adolescents exposed to the Wenchuan earthquake were surveyed on social support at 6-, 18-, and 24-months and depressive symptoms at 30-months postearthquake (T30m )...
September 6, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Noam Haviv, Lea Itzik
INTRODUCTION: Disparities in evaluating readiness to change and recidivism risk across diverse cultural groups can profoundly affect rehabilitation program efficacy. This study examines readiness to change and recidivism risk disparities between Israeli-Arabs and Israeli-Jews entering a re-entry program by the Prisoner Rehabilitation Authority postrelease. METHOD: The University of Rhode Island Change Assessment Scale questionnaire gauged readiness to change, whereas the Ohio Youth Assessment System-Residential tool assessed recidivism risk...
September 3, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Manuel Gámez-Guadix, Estíbaliz Mateos-Pérez, Miguel A Alcázar, Jone Martínez-Bacaicoa, Sebastian Wachs
INTRODUCTION: Online grooming is the process by which an adult manipulates a minor by using information and communication technologies to interact sexually with that minor. The objective of this study was to analyze the stability of online grooming victimization among minors and its relationship with demographic variables (e.g., gender, age, and sexual orientation), emotions of shame and guilt, and depression and anxiety symptoms. METHODS: The participants were 746 adolescents aged 12-14 years when the study started (Mage = 13...
September 3, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Julia Moon, Betsy Centeno, José A De León, Zena R Mello
INTRODUCTION: Increasing racial/ethnic diversity in the United States calls for methodological approaches that capture participants who identify with multiple racial/ethnic groups. Existing approaches are oriented toward large samples (N > 500); yet, we do not know how effective these approaches are with more common smaller convenience samples. We explored how several approaches were associated with the sample distribution of racial/ethnic groups and ethnic identity using a small convenience sample...
September 3, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Melissa R Schick, Akshiti A Todi, Tessa Nalven, Nichea S Spillane
INTRODUCTION: Positive psychological characteristics have been found to be associated with discrimination and school outcomes separately; however, no work has examined these associations together or in North American Indigenous (NAI) populations. NAI adolescents experience high rates of racial discrimination. Because discrimination has a detrimental impact on academic outcomes it is critical to identify factors that could buffer this impact. The purpose of this study was to examine the indirect effect of racial discrimination on three distinct school outcomes (i...
September 1, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Jojanneke M Bijsterbosch, Birgit Hasenack, Bregje van Rooijen, Lot C Sternheim, Paul A Boelen, H Chris Dijkerman, Anouk Keizer
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a period marked by important physical and social changes, which often leads to an increase of body dissatisfaction. Recent studies have shown an association between interoception and body dissatisfaction in female adolescents. One variable that may contribute to the association between interoceptive awareness and body dissatisfaction is intolerance of uncertainty (IU). This study aims to investigate multiple facets of interoceptive awareness, IU, and their relations with body dissatisfaction in adolescent girls...
September 1, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Annabelle L Atkin, Lydia HaRim Ahn, Jacqueline Yi
INTRODUCTION: Although research on racial-ethnic socialization with Asian American families examines academic and psychological outcomes, less is known about whether messages from mothers and fathers are related to their adolescent's Asian American sociopolitical values and family cohesion. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data were collected from 308 Asian American adolescents, ages 14-18, in the United States in 2021 (Mage  = 16.83; standard deviation = 1...
August 29, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Kai Wang, Shebe Siwei Xu, Zongchao Liu, Wen Wang, Jiayi Hee, Kun Tang
INTRODUCTION: Although the importance of sexuality education has been recognized, Chinese rural students have limited access to sexual and reproductive information. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a standardized comprehensive sexuality education curriculum package featuring cartoon animation on sexuality-related knowledge and skills, attitudes, and practices of primary school students. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study recruited 1725 students in grades 4-6 (aged 9-13) from eight primary schools sampled as school clusters in 2020 in China...
August 29, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Christine Emuka, Juliana E Karras
INTRODUCTION: Black immigrant-origin (I-O) youth's well-being is at risk as the systemic mistreatment of Black people within the United States can be intensified by migration-related experiences (e.g., isolationism, xenophobia). These experiences were heightened by the sociopolitical events of 2020 that increased the salience of racism and xenophobia. The current study centered how Black I-O youth's negotiation of their bicultural socialization experiences impacted the ways in which they processed various social situations/contexts...
August 28, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
Beatrice Bobba, Jochem Thijs, Elisabetta Crocetti
INTRODUCTION: Ethnic prejudice poses a great challenge to the cohesion of current multicultural societies. Prior research has found that media portrayals of immigration-related issues might skew individual attitudes and feelings toward ethnic minorities. While these studies have focused on negative representations of ethnic minorities, less is known about the effects of media reports of unfortunate events affecting the victims of war, as in the case of the Ukrainian group in the Russia-Ukraine war...
August 16, 2023: Journal of Adolescence
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