Koichi Sakakibara, Sarah McIvor Murray, Ethan Godwills Arima, Caesar Ojuka, Itziar Familiar-Lopez
INTRODUCTION: Pregnant adolescents face multiple adverse experiences that vary by context due to pregnancy-related stigma. We explored experiences of pregnancy-related stigma and psychosocial issues among adolescents living in rural eastern Uganda. METHODS: We conducted in-depth semi-structured interviews with 15 adolescents (15-19 years old) who were pregnant (>3 months) or had recently given birth (<3 months) at Tororo District Hospital in Uganda. All interviews were translated from Dhopadhola to English...
June 17, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
Olivia N Kachingwe, Katelyn D Reynolds, Lenora Blakely, Kirsten Stoebenau, Elizabeth M Aparicio
INTRODUCTION: Parent-child sexual health communication reduces sexual risk behaviors among youth, which in turn lowers the transmission rate of HIV and sexually transmitted infections. Despite being a known protective factor, gender differences persist with mothers being more likely to discuss sexual health with their children than fathers. Although individual characteristics, interpersonal familial factors and societal norms (e.g., communication self-efficacy, parent-child closeness, and cultural and gender norms) are associated with Black parents' likelihood to communicate about sex with their children, the current study seeks to explore which of these factors found among Black mother-child or father-son dyads extend to Black father-daughter dyads and how this phenomenon (i...
June 17, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
Yuqi Yan, Jingyue Zhang, Nan Lu
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood experiences have long-lasting effects on the self-esteem of adolescents. However, the extrinsic mechanism linking them to self-esteem, which is more modifiable, has rarely been examined. Therefore, this study examined the mediating roles of family, school, and peer social capital and the moderating role of gender in the association between adverse childhood experiences and adolescent self-esteem. METHODS: This study involved a cross-sectional survey of first- and second-grade students in the only high school in Wusu, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China...
June 13, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
Naomi C Z Andrews, Molly Dawes
INTRODUCTION: The current investigation's central goal was to elucidate the complex features of peer teasing episodes that individuals use to interpret teasing as harmful versus playful. METHOD: In 2022-2023, we used semistructured interviews to gather retrospective reports of K-12 peer teasing experiences from a sample of 27 students from a university in southern Ontario, Canada (18-25 years old, 63% female, 78% White). RESULTS: Content analysis revealed the multifaceted nature of teasing, with participants defining teasing as harmful, playful, or including elements of both harm and pleasure...
June 7, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
Orlanda Ruthven, Anupam Sharma, Bishwajit Mukherjee, Shamayita Das, Aparajita Gogoi, Madhu Joshi, Sohini Paul
BACKGROUND: In the context of rural Bihar where few women work outside the home, what scope do adolescent girls and young women have to transition into wage work and careers? While the mobility of girls is still widely restricted to secure their marriageability, the spread of higher schooling and the internet has inflated aspirations and levelled them out across boys, girls and social classes. METHODS: The present study drew on 45 focus group discussions and 73 in-depth interviews among adolescent girls and young women and related stakeholders to develop 32 cases of transitioning girls across four districts of rural Bihar in India...
June 6, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
Yue Zhou, Xuelian Zhang, Jian Gong, Tingwei Wang, Linlin Gong, Kaida Li, Yanni Wang
BACKGROUND: This study aims to develop an artificial neural network (ANN) prediction model incorporating random forest (RF) screening ability for predicting the risk of depression in adolescents and identifies key risk factors to provide a new approach for primary care screening of depression among adolescents. METHODS: The data were from a large cross-sectional study conducted in China from July to September 2021, enrolling 8635 adolescents aged 10-17 with their parents...
June 4, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
Timothy I Lawrence, Thomas Wojciechowski, Michael Fitzgerald, Stephen T Watson
OBJECTIVES: Experiencing physical sibling abuse is a form of family violence that is common but understudied. While it is often perceived as a normative aspect of sibling relationships, there are apparent behavioral consequences. The current study aims to advance the literature by utilizing the displaced aggression model and I3 theory to longitudinally examine trait anger as a pathway linking physical sibling abuse to bullying perpetration. METHODS: Using data from the Bullying, Sexual, and Dating Violence Trajectories from Early to Late Adolescence in the Midwestern United States, 2008-2013, adolescents (n = 851, M = 14...
June 2, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
He Xiao, Jian Mao, Jiarong Chen, Junfeng Wei, Jiajie He, Yangang Nie
INTRODUCTION: In the transition to the postpandemic era, adolescents are working to shift their focus back to school. However, the prevalence of academic procrastination is reflective of that the aftereffects of the pandemic are persisting. Literature documents the increases in the negative parenting behaviors and internet use of adolescents during the pandemic. The excessive internet use has to do with adolescents' self-regulatory capabilities and self-regulation is profoundly shaped by parents' parenting practices...
May 29, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
Mengmeng Zhang, Xiantong Yang, Tosin Yinka Akintunde
BACKGROUND: Academic cyberloafing refers to students' engagement in non-learning-related online activities during online courses, which can negatively affect their academic performance. Prior studies investigated cyberloafing primarily in the workplace, neglecting core behaviors and interactions among academic cyberloafing in educational contexts. AIMS: This study employed network analysis to capture academic cyberloafing as an interactive behavior network to explore the core behavioral patterns of academic cyberloafing and the interactions between these behaviors...
May 28, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
Linda Nguyen, Susan M Jack, Hanae Davis, Samantha Bellefeuille, Dana Arafeh, Briano Di Rezze, Marjolijn Ketelaar, Jan Willem Gorter
INTRODUCTION: In families of children with a neurodisability, siblings have unique experiences that can shape their identity. There is limited information about the developmental process of how siblings form their identity. This study aims to understand the identity construction of young siblings who have a sibling with a neurodisability. METHODS: As part of a patient-oriented research program, we engaged with our Sibling Youth Advisory Council in Canada. In this qualitative case study, data from semi-structured interviews augmented by photo elicitation and graphic elicitation of relational maps were analyzed using reflexive thematic analysis...
May 26, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
Junmei Xiong, Xuebing Fang, Jiawei Wang, Weiwei Xie, Meiqi Liu, Gengfeng Niu
INTRODUCTION: Family cumulative risk (FCR) is predominantly regarded as an antecedent for adolescent mental health, as the prevailing perspective continues to emphasize the influential role of parents, despite recognizing the child's influence. To identify the interplay between family adversity (FCR, process-related FCR, and sociodemographic-related FCR), life satisfaction (LS), and anxiety and depression (AD), this study examined the cascade effects among these constructs. METHOD: Participants (N = 707; 52...
May 23, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
Carmen Paniagua, Inmaculada Sánchez-Queija, Carmen Moreno, Francisco Rivera
INTRODUCTION: There is a gap in the literature on the romantic relationships of adopted adolescents. To address this issue, the present study has three aims: (1) to explore differences between adopted and non-adopted adolescents in terms of their involvement in and the length of their romantic relationships; (2) to explore the quality of these relationships; and (3) to analyze associations between affective relationships and well-being in both groups. METHOD: The sample comprised 276 adopted (64...
May 20, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
Xin Liu, Mengxi Zhai, Jiayu Li, Dan Liu, Liang Yuan, Huihao Wang, Bin Yu, Hong Yan
BACKGROUND: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) may experience high levels of sexual minority stigma (SMS) and depressive symptoms (DS) over the world and in China. However, there is a lack of studies investigating the longitudinal effects of SMS on DS of YMSM, especially focusing on YMSM and separating the between-person and within-person effects. This study aimed to fill the said gaps. METHODS: Study data were derived from a prospective cohort of 349 YMSM from central China (Wuhan, Changsha, Nanchang), the baseline survey was started in 2017 with one follow-up visit every year...
May 20, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
Laura Havers, Kamaldeep Bhui, Ruichong Shuai, Peter Fonagy, Mina Fazel, Craig Morgan, Daisy Fancourt, Paul McCrone, Melanie Smuk, Georgina M Hosang, Sania Shakoor
BACKGROUND: Adolescents exposed to adversity show higher levels of depression and anxiety, with the strongest links seen in socially/societally disadvantaged individuals (e.g., females, low socioeconomic status [SES]), as well as neurodivergent individuals. The intersection of these characteristics may be important for the differential distribution of adversity and mental health problems, though limited findings pertain to the extent to which intersectional effects moderate this association...
May 20, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
Lu Dong, Ryan A Brown, Alina I Palimaru, Elizabeth J D'Amico, Daniel L Dickerson, David J Klein, Carrie L Johnson, Wendy M Troxel
BACKGROUND: Urban American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) adolescents are vulnerable to sleep and other health-related disparities due to numerous social drivers, including historical trauma and relocation to urban areas. This study aims to identify strategies to increase protective factors and culturally tailor sleep health interventions for this population. METHODS: Using community-based participatory research, the NAYSHAW study conducted in-depth interviews with urban AI/AN adolescents aged 12-19 years to understand critical components needed for developing a culturally sensitive sleep health intervention...
May 16, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
Sung Hee Hong, Jiyeon Lee, Grace H Chung
INTRODUCTION: Patterns of biethnic adolescents' perceived biethnic acceptance across families, peers, and school contexts were examined during the transition from elementary to middle school in South Korea. We also examined how the transition patterns were related to their psychological outcomes during this period. METHODS: Utilizing 2-wave data (2017 and 2019) from the Panel Survey of Korean Multicultural Youth Adjustment, a latent transition analysis was conducted...
May 16, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
Jiaping Yang
INTRODUCTION: Childhood maltreatment, peer victimization, and borderline personality traits have all been shown to be linked to suicidal risk. However, there remains a need to illuminate the possible direct and indirect pathways among them from a developmental perspective that could serve as intervention targets. This study thus aimed to investigate the direct and indirect relationships among developmental trajectories of childhood maltreatment, peer victimization, borderline personality feature, and suicidal risk in adolescents...
May 12, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
Peng Xiao, Xiyan Jin, Shaowei Sun, Andrew Madden
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated gender differences in the reading behaviors of Chinese middle school students, and whether gender stereotypes relating to choices of reading matter are supported. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach was adopted. Three thousand nine hundred and fifteen middle school (Grade 7) students completed a questionnaire designed to assess reading behaviors. Independent sample t-test and chi-square analyses were employed to examine gender differences in reading behaviors...
May 8, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
Tasha Wainstein, David Yeung, Lauren Jennings, Alison M Elliott
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has demonstrated that children lacking knowledge about genetic disorders may have harmful attitudes toward people with disabilities, but disability awareness can successfully modify these attitudes. We explored adolescents' implicit and explicit attitudes toward peers with genetic conditions to determine whether improved genetics/genomics literacy can mitigate the impact of ableism in this population. METHODS: English-speaking adolescents (10-18 years) from British Columbia were invited to complete a Disability Attitudes Implicit Association Test (DA-IAT) and participate in a semi-structured focus group centering on a fictionalized vignette about an adolescent with Down syndrome...
May 6, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
Kaitlyn Burnell, Shedrick L Garrett, Benjamin W Nelson, Mitchell J Prinstein, Eva H Telzer
INTRODUCTION: Concerns abound on how digital technology such as smartphone use may impair adolescent sleep. Although these linkages are supported in cross-sectional studies, research involving intensive longitudinal assessments and objective measures has called into question the robustness of associations. METHODS: In this study, a sample of ethnically diverse U.S. adolescents (N = 71; Mage  = 16.49; 56% girls) wore Fitbit devices and submitted screenshots of their smartphone screen time, pickups, and notifications over a 14-day period in 2021...
May 3, 2024: Journal of Adolescence
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