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Journal of Adolescence

Brandy P Quinn, Marcella D Stark, Allison K Hunter, Alyssa Evans, Katharine A Hennessey
INTRODUCTION: Drawing from positive youth development theory, the research team examined purpose in life among adolescents diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Members of the research team conducted paired interviews about purpose in life with adolescents diagnosed with an ASD and one of each adolescent's parents. Data collection took place in the south-central region of the US. The eight adolescent participants were in middle school, high school, and early college...
April 12, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
Tomiko Yoneda, Megan E Ames, Bonnie J Leadbeater
INTRODUCTION: High levels of sensation seeking and impulsivity in adolescence are typically associated with risky behaviours; limited research has examined the relation of these traits to positive outcomes. Given that adolescence is a sensitive developmental period that can impact success later in life, we adopt the Positive Youth Development Framework to better understand how the development of self-reported sensation seeking and impulsivity may be differentially related to positive markers of early adulthood...
April 9, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
Joris Van Ouytsel, Yu Lu, Koen Ponnet, Michel Walrave, Jeff R Temple
INTRODUCTION: While adolescent sexting, or the sending of sexually explicit images, has been cross-sectionally associated with bullying and cyberbullying, there is a lack of longitudinal studies in this area. To address this gap in the literature, we examined the longitudinal link between sexting and 1) traditional, in-person, bullying victimization and 2) cyberbullying victimization. METHODS: We used data from a longitudinal study of ethnically diverse adolescents recruited from multiple public high schools in southeast Texas...
April 4, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
Catherine B Gittins, Caroline Hunt
INTRODUCTION: Parental behavioural control is believed to be beneficial for young children. However, with increased need for independence during adolescence, parental rules may undermine self-beliefs. METHODS: The current study examined the effect of behavioural control, plus parental support and psychological control, on the self-esteem and self-criticism of 243 Australian adolescents (mean age = 12.08, 52% female) over two years. RESULTS: Behavioural control largely did not predict self-esteem...
April 3, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
Sarah Godsell, Jo White
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent sleep deprivation is a growing public health problem. This qualitative study explores adolescents' perceptions of sleep and sleep behaviour, enhancing the current limited body of qualitative research in this area. METHODS: Thirty three 13-14 year olds (17 boys and 16 girls) from two schools in England participated in focus group discussions. Qualitative thematic analysis was used to identify and examine patterns emerging from the data. RESULTS: Participants understood recommended sleep requirements for their age group and 'sleep hygiene' strategies, yet most reported getting insufficient sleep...
April 3, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
Elizabeth H Weybright, Jonathon J Beckmeyer, Linda L Caldwell, Lisa Wegner, Edward A Smith
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol is the most commonly used substance by South African adolescents. Social norms play a key role in alcohol use, although distinctions are not always made between descriptive and injunctive norms and peer proximity. Additionally, little research identifies factors attenuating social norms, peer proximity, and alcohol use, such as one's ability to resist peer influence. METHODS: The current study investigates the relationship between adolescent alcohol use in 9th Grade and descriptive peer and injunctive friend norms in 8th grade, the moderating role of resistance to peer influence, and sex differences...
March 30, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
Robert W Moeller, Martin Seehuus
INTRODUCTION: Rates of anxiety and depression are increasing among college undergraduates. Existing research has demonstrated a link between social skills and mental health outcomes. This study explores the relationship between verbal social skills (encoding and decoding) and anxiety and depression by measuring the extent to which loneliness mediates these relationships. METHODS: Baseline data from a cross-sequential study exploring college student mental health was used to analyze social skills, loneliness, as well as, depression and anxiety...
March 29, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
Petal Grower, L Monique Ward, Adriene M Beltz
INTRODUCTION: Puberty is a critical biopsychosocial event that has long-term consequences for adolescents' behavior and well-being. Research has shown that developing earlier than one's peers may worsen adolescent girls' body image, in part due to weight redistribution and increases in adiposity resulting from pubertal development. However, research has yet to examine if pubertal timing is associated with girls' body beliefs related to self-objectification, self-sexualization, and positive body image beyond the adolescent years...
March 27, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
Matthew F Lerch, Susan E Thrane
INTRODUCTION: Chronic illness effects one in ten adolescents worldwide. Adolescence involves a desire for autonomy from parental control and the necessity to transition care from parent to child. This review investigates the transition to adolescent self-management of chronic illness treatment behaviors in the context of parent-adolescent relationships. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, CINAHL, and Web of Science was conducted from earliest database records to early June 2017...
March 20, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
Svenja Konowalczyk, F Clemens A Rade, Zena R Mello
INTRODUCTION: Time perspective is defined as thoughts and feelings about the past, present, and future and is theorized to underlie human behavior. Prior research has shown relationships among time perspective and academic achievement, substance use, and risky-driving. In this study, time perspective was extended to sports club membership and physical self-concept among adolescents. METHODS: Time perspective was assessed with a scale that measures positive and negative feelings about the past, present, and future...
March 20, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Deborah Wiebe, Paul Gruenewald, Magdalena Cerdá, Paul Brown, Sidra Goldman-Mellor
INTRODUCTION: We sought to understand the association between youthful self-harm and subsequent chronic disease-related healthcare utilization and whether self-harm reflects unique vulnerability in comparison with severe psychiatric disorders. METHODS: We used a retrospective matched cohort design with statewide, all-payer, individually linked emergency department (ED) data from California, USA. Risk of future ED visits for common chronic conditions in adolescence (headaches, asthma, epilepsy, diabetes, and gastrointestinal disorders, assessed using ICD-9 diagnoses) were compared between three adolescent study groups presenting to an ED in 2010: self-harm patients (n = 5,484), patients with psychiatric complaints but no self-harm (n = 14,235), and patients with other complaints (n = 16,452)...
March 20, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
Xiayun Yin, Zhihua Li, Yanyun Yuan, Zhihang Wang
OBJECTIVE: To study the developmental trajectory of hope among late-adolescents, taking population heterogeneity and the impact of gender and family socioeconomic status (SES) into consideration. METHODS: The study used the Snyder Hope Scale to perform four surveys of a sample of 381 Chinese late-adolescents, both male and female, with a mean age of 17.69 ± 1.12 years, over the course of one year, and employed a growth mixture model to perform data analysis...
March 15, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
Elizabeth A Mumford, Weiwei Liu, Bruce G Taylor
INTRODUCTION: In order to prevent youth and young adult partner abuse, it is necessary to have a better understanding of dating relationship dynamics as the context for potential abusive interactions. METHODS: Youth and young adults (ages 10-18 at baseline) were surveyed along with a matched parent/caregiver. Data, including parent and youth responses (n = 437 youth/parent dyads), are drawn from the nationally representative Survey on Teen Relationships and Intimate Violence (STRiV)...
March 14, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
Leah Kenny, Hamse Koshin, Munshi Sulaiman, Beniamino Cislaghi
INTRODUCTION: Child marriage, formal and informal unions when one or both spouses are under 18, disproportionately affects adolescent girls over boys. It has serious consequences for girls' health, wellbeing, and development. Little is known about the ways in which girls' agency and contextual social norms - unwritten rules of (un)acceptable behaviour in a group - intersect to affect child marriage practices. This paper investigates norms and agency as facilitators and obstacles to adolescent girls' marriage in Somaliland and Puntland...
March 14, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
Tatiana Perrino, Ahnalee Brincks, Tae Kyoung Lee, Kiarabet Quintana, Guillermo Prado
INTRODUCTION: The pervasive use of technology has raised concerns about its association with adolescent mental health, including internalizing symptoms. Existing studies have not always had consistent findings. Longitudinal research with diverse subgroups is needed. METHODS: This study examines the relationship between screen-based sedentary (SBS) behaviors and internalizing symptoms among 370 Hispanic adolescents living in Miami, Florida- United States, who were followed for 2 ½ years and assessed at baseline, 6, 18 and 30 months post-baseline between the years 2010 and 2014...
March 13, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
Kristin M Peviani, Rachel E Kahn, Dominique Maciejewski, Warren K Bickel, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Brooks King-Casas, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a period when impulsive decision making may be especially vulnerable to environmental influences. Impulsive decision making is often assessed using a delay discounting paradigm, which measures the preference for smaller rewards sooner over larger rewards with a delay. Research is needed to clarify the relationship between parents' and adolescents' delay discounting and to identify related environmental processes that might facilitate the intergenerational transmission of delay discounting...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
Sam A Hardy, Jeffrey L Hurst, Joseph Price, Melinda L Denton
INTRODUCTION: This study examines the socialization of conservative attitudes about sex and pornography use in later adolescence. We tested a socialization model whereby we anticipated that parent conservative sex attitudes would more strongly predict teen conservative sex attitudes when more frequent and higher quality parent-teen communication was present. We further hypothesized that teen conservative sex attitudes would mediate relations between parent conservative sex attitudes and teen pornography use over time...
March 8, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
Carmelina Barone, Aiko Yamamoto, Chris G Richardson, Rebecca Zivanovic, Daniel Lin, Steve Mathias
INTRODUCTION: Homeless and precariously housed young people are a complex, vulnerable population frequently perceived as being difficult to engage in health and social services. Although unrecognized deficits in cognitive functioning may adversely affect their ability to access assistance and meaningfully participate in programming, few researchers have examined these deficits. The purpose of this study was to examine the extent of global and domain-specific cognitive impairment of street involved young people...
March 7, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
LaNita S Wright, Paul Branscum, Sarah Maness, Daniel Larson, E Laurette Taylor, Lara Mayeux, Marshall K Cheney
INTRODUCTION: Parents are important decision makers in black churches. The objective of this qualitative study was to identify African American parents' beliefs of the Black Church's role in preventing teen pregnancy and promoting healthy teen relationships. METHODS: Parent members (n = 36) of 27 predominately Black churches in two southwestern US cities participated in semi-structured interviews from February-June 2017. A question path was developed based on literature searches, key informant interviews, and a previous study with local pastors, and questions focused on parents' knowledge/beliefs about 1) sexuality education, 2) the church's role in preventing teen pregnancy, and 3) implementation obstacles...
February 27, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
Tennisha N Riley, Terri N Sullivan, Tiffany S Hinton, Wendy Kliewer
INTRODUCTION: There are potential long-term psychosocial effects of experiencing peer victimization during adolescence, including: internalizing symptoms, externalizing behaviors, and risks behaviors such as substance use. While social-emotional theories of development note associations between deficits in emotion competencies and peer victimization in childhood, these associations are less established among adolescent samples. Identifying which inadequacies in emotional competence place particular adolescents at risk for peer victimization may provide insight into the developmental pathways leading to unfavorable outcomes...
February 27, 2019: Journal of Adolescence
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