journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38772207/elucidating-transport-dynamics-and-regional-division-of-pm-2-5-and-o-3-in-china-using-an-advanced-network-model
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaosong Hou, Xiaoqi Wang, Shuiyuan Cheng, Haoyun Qi, Chuanda Wang, Zijian Huang
Air pollution exhibits significant spatial spillover effects, complicating and challenging regional governance models. This study innovatively applied and optimized a statistics-based complex network method in atmospheric environmental field. The methodology was enhanced through improvements in edge weighting and threshold calculations, leading to the development of an advanced pollutant transport network model. This model integrates pollution, meteorological, and geographical data, thereby comprehensively revealing the dynamic characteristics of PM2...
May 17, 2024: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38772206/microbial-diversity-and-metabolic-pathways-linked-to-benzene-degradation-in-petrochemical-polluted-groundwater
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ruihuan Zhang, Zhencheng Ye, Xue Guo, Yunfeng Yang, Guanghe Li
The rapid advance in shotgun metagenome sequencing has enabled us to identify uncultivated functional microorganisms in polluted environments. While aerobic petrochemical-degrading pathways have been extensively studied, the anaerobic mechanisms remain less explored. Here, we conducted a study at a petrochemical-polluted groundwater site in Henan Province, Central China. A total of twelve groundwater monitoring wells were installed to collect groundwater samples. Benzene appeared to be the predominant pollutant, detected in 10 out of 12 samples, with concentrations ranging from 1...
May 17, 2024: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38761431/fermentation-broth-from-fruit-and-vegetable-waste-works-reducing-the-risk-of-human-bacterial-pathogens-in-soil-by-inhibiting-quorum-sensing
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lin Zhu, Jingpeng Li, Jian Yang, Xiaodi Li, Da Lin, Meizhen Wang
Fermentation broth from fruit and vegetable waste (FFVW) has demonstrated remarkable ability as a soil amendment and in reducing antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) pollution. However, the potential of FFVW to mitigate other microbial contamination such as human bacterial pathogens (HBPs) and virulence factor genes (VFGs), which are closely associated with human health, remains unknown. In this study, metagenomic analysis revealed that FFVW reduced the HBPs with high-risk of ARGs and VFGs including Klebsiella pneumoniae (reduced by 40...
May 15, 2024: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38761430/microplastics-in-human-blood-polymer-types-concentrations-and-characterisation-using-%C3%AE-ftir
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sophie V L Leonard, Catriona R Liddle, Charlotte A Atherall, Emma Chapman, Matthew Watkins, Simon D J Calaminus, Jeanette M Rotchell
Microplastics (MPs) are an everyday part of life, and are now ubiquitous in the environment. Crucially, MPs have not just been found within the environment, but also within human bodies, including the blood. We aimed to provide novel information on the range of MP polymer types present, as well as their size and shape characteristics, in human whole blood from 20 healthy volunteers. Twenty-four polymer types were identified from 18 out of 20 (90 %) donors and quantified in blood, with the majority observed for the first time...
May 14, 2024: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38761427/liquid-crystal-monomers-disrupt-photoreceptor-patterning-of-zebrafish-larvae-via-thyroid-hormone-signaling
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shan He, Jia He, Siying Ma, Kunyu Wei, Fengchang Wu, Jian Xu, Xiaowei Jin, Yuanhui Zhao, Christopher J Martyniuk
Liquid crystal monomers (LCMs) are the raw material for liquid crystal displays, and their use is steadily increasing in electronic products. Recently, LCMs have been reported to be novel endocrine disrupting chemicals, however, the mechanisms underlying their potential for thyroid hormone disruption and visual toxicity are not well understood. In this study, six widely used fluorinated LCMs (FLCMs) were selected to determine putative mechanisms underlying FLCM-induced toxicity to the zebrafish thyroid and visual systems...
May 13, 2024: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38759546/association-of-placental-weight-at-birth-with-maternal-whole-blood-concentration-of-heavy-metals-cadmium-lead-mercury-selenium-and-manganese-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study-jecs
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yasuyuki Kinjo, Eiji Shibata, David J Askew, Rie Tanaka, Reiko Suga, Masayuki Shimono, Toshihide Sakuragi, Seiichi Morokuma, Masanobu Ogawa, Masafumi Sanefuji, Norio Hamada, Masayuki Ochiai, Shouichi Ohga, Mayumi Tsuji, Koichi Kusuhara, Kiyoshi Yoshino
BACKGROUND: Lifelong health is dependent on prenatal growth and development, influenced by the placental intrauterine environment. Charged with dual functions--exchange of oxygen and nutrients as well as a barrier against toxins--the placenta itself is susceptible to environmental exposure to heavy metals. OBJECTIVE: To examine the use of placenta weight as a biomarker for heavy metal exposure using a large Japanese cohort of pregnant women. METHODS: The placenta weight, as a biomarker of exposure to heavy metals (cadmium, lead, and mercury), was investigated using data from the Japan Environment and Children's Study (2011-2014)...
May 13, 2024: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38763096/impact-of-benzo-a-pyrene-pcb153-and-sex-hormones-on-human-esc-derived-thyroid-follicles-using-single-cell-transcriptomics
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marta Nazzari, Mírian Romitti, Anna M Kip, Rick Kamps, Sabine Costagliola, Twan van de Beucken, Lorenzo Moroni, Florian Caiment
INTRODUCTION: Endocrine disruptors are compounds of manmade origin able to interfere with the endocrine system and constitute an important environmental concern. Indeed, detrimental effects on thyroid physiology and functioning have been described. Differences exist in the susceptibility of human sexes to the incidence of thyroid disorders, like autoimmune diseases or cancer. METHODS: To study how different hormonal environments impact the thyroid response to endocrine disruptors, we exposed human embryonic stem cell-derived thyroid organoids to physiological concentrations of sex hormones resembling the serum levels of human females post-ovulation or males of reproductive age for three days...
May 12, 2024: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38761428/elevated-level-of-urinary-tellurium-is-a-potential-risk-for-increase-of-blood-pressure-in-humans-and-mice
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tomoko Misawa, Takumi Kagawa, Nobutaka Ohgami, Akira Tazaki, Shoko Ohnuma, Hisao Naito, Dijie Chen, Yishuo Gu, Takashi Tamura, Kenji Wakai, Kimitoshi Nishiwaki, Masashi Kato
BACKGROUND: People worldwide are routinely exposed to tellurium mainly via dietary ingestion. There has been no study to clarify the contribution of tellurium to blood pressure in humans or animals. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study conducted in a general population of 2592 residents in Japan, the associations of urinary tellurium levels with blood pressure and prevalence of hypertension were investigated. The potential sources of tellurium were also investigated...
May 12, 2024: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38754244/spatial-distribution-of-benthic-taxonomic-and-functional-diversity-in-the-yellow-river-basin-from-ecological-processes-to-associated-determinant-factors
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xu Zhao, Yu Ma, Huiyu Xie, Chang Du, Aibin Zhan, Jian Xu, John P Giesy, Fengchang Wu, Xiaowei Jin
One of the fundamental objectives in ecology is to investigate the ecological processes and associated factors governing the abundance and spatial distribution patterns of biodiversity. However, the reaction of biological communities to environmental degradation remains relatively unknown, even for ecologically crucial communities like macroinvertebrates in aquatic ecosystems. Here, we sampled 117 locations to quantify relative contributions of geographical and environmental factors, including water quality, land use, climate, and hydrological factors, to determine the absolute and relative compositions of macroinvertebrate communities and their spatial distribution in the Yellow River Basin (YRB), the sixth-longest river system on Earth...
May 12, 2024: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38761429/application-of-organoid-technology-in-the-human-health-risk-assessment-of-microplastics-a-review-of-progresses-and-challenges
#10
REVIEW
Jiaoyue Cong, Jin Wu, Yanjun Fang, Jing Wang, Xiaoyan Kong, Lei Wang, Zhenghua Duan
Microplastic (MP) pollution has become a global environmental issue, and increasing concern has been raised about its impact on human health. Current studies on the toxic effects and mechanisms of MPs have mostly been conducted in animal models or in vitro cell cultures, which have limitations regarding inter-species differences or stimulation of cellular functions. Organoid technology derived from human pluripotent or adult stem cells has broader prospects for predicting the potential health risks of MPs to humans...
May 11, 2024: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38754245/associations-of-street-view-greenspace-with-parkinson-s-disease-hospitalizations-in-an-open-cohort-of-elderly-us-medicare-beneficiaries
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jochem O Klompmaker, Daniel Mork, Antonella Zanobetti, Danielle Braun, Steve Hankey, Jaime E Hart, Perry Hystad, Marcia Pescador Jimenez, Francine Laden, Andrew Larkin, Pi-I Debby Lin, Esra Suel, Li Yi, Wenwen Zhang, Scott W Delaney, Peter James
INTRODUCTION: Protective associations of greenspace with Parkinson's disease (PD) have been observed in some studies. Visual exposure to greenspace seems to be important for some of the proposed pathways underlying these associations. However, most studies use overhead-view measures (e.g., satellite imagery, land-classification data) that do not capture street-view greenspace and cannot distinguish between specific greenspace types. We aimed to evaluate associations of street-view greenspace measures with hospitalizations with a PD diagnosis code (PD-involved hospitalization)...
May 11, 2024: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38749121/nasal-filter-reveal-exposure-risks-of-inhalable-particulates-and-heavy-metals-in-urban-women
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wei Guo, Xinyou Zhang, Junhui Yue, Yue Gao, Martin R Tillotson, Xu Zhao
Urban populations, especially women, are vunerable to exposure to airborne pollution, particularly inhalable particulates (PM10 ). Thus, more accurate measurement of PM10 levels and evaluating their health effects is critical for guiding policy to improve human health. Previous studies obtained personal PM10 with time-weighted average by air filter-based sampling (AFS), which ignores individual differences and behavioral patterns. Here, we used nasal filters instead of AFS to obtain actual inhaled PM10 under short-term exposure for urban dwelling women during a severe haze event in Beijing in 2016...
May 11, 2024: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38749120/air-pollution-control-and-carbon-reduction-policies-assessing-effectiveness-in-alleviating-pm-2-5-associated-mortality-in-china
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yong Li, Juan Peng, Maofei Ni, Yun Bai, Qingying Liu, Chuan Li
To confront the challenges posed by air pollution and climate change, China has undertaken significant initiatives to develop strategies that address both issues concurrently. However, the health benefits of these initiatives have not been clearly articulated. In this study, the dynamic changes in health impacts under air pollution and carbon reduction actions in China are evaluated by employing the latest concentration-response models and projected PM2.5 concentrations under future scenarios. From 2020 to 2060, the enforcement of clean air and climate mitigation policies is expected to increase the percentage of the population living with PM2...
May 11, 2024: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38749118/effects-of-chinese-double-carbon-strategy-on-soil-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pollution
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Weiwei Wang, Songchao Chen, Lu Chen, Lingwen Wang, Yang Chao, Zhou Shi, Daohui Lin, Kun Yang
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and carbon dioxide primarily originate from the combustion of fossil fuels and biomass. The implementation of the Chinese "double carbon strategy" is expected to impact the distribution of PAH emissions, consequently influencing the spatial distribution trend of PAHs in surface soil. Therefore, it is crucial to quantitatively evaluate the effectiveness of the Chinese "double carbon strategy" on soil PAH pollution for the purpose of "the reduction of pollution and carbon emissions"...
May 11, 2024: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38749117/a-systematic-review-of-microplastics-emissions-in-kitchens-understanding-the-links-with-diseases-in-daily-life
#15
REVIEW
Yinai Liu, Yu Cao, Huiqi Li, Huanpeng Liu, Liuliu Bi, Qianqian Chen, Renyi Peng
The intensification of microplastics (MPs) pollution has emerged as a formidable environmental challenge, with profound global implications. The pervasive presence of MPs across a multitude of environmental mediums, such as the atmosphere, soil, and oceans, extends to commonplace items, culminating in widespread human ingestion and accumulation via channels like food, water, and air. In the domestic realm, kitchens have become significant epicenters for MPs pollution. A plethora of kitchen utensils, encompassing coated non-stick pans, plastic cutting boards, and disposable utensils, are known to release substantial quantities of MPs particles in everyday use, which can then be ingested alongside food...
May 11, 2024: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38759545/the-triple-exposure-nexus-of-microplastic-particles-plastic-associated-chemicals-and-environmental-pollutants-from-a-human-health-perspective
#16
REVIEW
Andi Alijagic, Damir Suljević, Muhamed Fočak, Jasmina Sulejmanović, Elma Šehović, Eva Särndahl, Magnus Engwall
The presence of microplastics (MPs) is increasing at a dramatic rate globally, posing risks for exposure and subsequent potential adverse effects on human health. Apart from being physical objects, MP particles contain thousands of plastic-associated chemicals (i.e., monomers, chemical additives, and non-intentionally added substances) captured within the polymer matrix. These chemicals are often migrating from MPs and can be found in various environmental matrices and human food chains; increasing the risks for exposure and health effects...
May 10, 2024: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38749122/effects-of-indoor-air-pollution-from-household-solid-fuel-use-on-the-risk-of-gastrointestinal-and-liver-diseases-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-adults
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Danrong Chen, Hongcheng Wei, Yuepei Zhang, Xu Yang, Yifan Xu, Quanquan Guan, Mingzhi Zhang, Bo Hang, Yankai Xia
Solid fuels are widely used in China and increase the concentrations of indoor air pollutants. Nevertheless, there is limited longitudinal evidence linking solid fuel use and Gastrointestinal (GI) and liver diseases. This study aimed to prospectively investigate the association between household solid fuel use and the risk of GI and liver diseases in middle aged and elderly adults. This work was based on the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Longitudinal data incorporate with cross-sectional data were analyzed...
May 10, 2024: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38744044/bioassay-predictive-values-for-chemical-health-risks-in-drinking-water
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tessa E Pronk, Renske P J Hoondert, Stefan A E Kools, Vikas Kumar, Milo L de Baat
Bioanalytical tools can be used for assessment of the chemical quality of drinking water and its sources. For water managers it is important to know the probability that a bioassay response above an established health-based 'effect-based trigger value' (EBT) indeed implies a harmful chemical (mixture) concentration. This study presents and applies a framework, based on Bayes' theorem, to derive such risk probabilities for bioassay responses. These were evaluated under varying (in silico) chemical mixture concentrations relevant to drinking water (sources), with toxicity data for six in vitro assays from the ToxCast database...
May 10, 2024: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38744043/relationship-of-long-term-exposure-to-air-pollutant-mixture-with-metabolic-associated-fatty-liver-disease-and-subtypes-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-the-employed-population-of-southwest-china
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chuanteng Feng, Bo Yang, Zihang Wang, Jiayi Zhang, Yao Fu, Bin Yu, Shu Dong, Hua Ma, Hongyun Liu, Honglian Zeng, Jan D Reinhardt, Shujuan Yang
BACKGROUND: While evidence suggests that PM2.5 is associated with overall prevalence of Metabolic (dysfunction)-Associated Fatty Liver Disease (MAFLD), effects of comprehensive air pollutant mixture on MAFLD and its subtypes remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate individual and joint effects of long-term exposure to comprehensive air pollutant mixture on MAFLD and its subtypes. METHODS: Data of 27,699 participants of the Chinese Cohort of Working Adults were analyzed...
May 10, 2024: Environment International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38735075/sulfonamide-induced-dna-hypomethylation-disturbed-sugar-metabolism-in-rice-oryza-sativa-l
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zexi Shao, Jie Chen, Shuyuan Wang, Wei Wang, Lizhong Zhu
DNA methylation is well-accepted as a bridge to unravel the complex interplay between genome and environmental exposures, and its alteration regulated the cellular metabolic responses towards pollutants. However, the mechanism underlying site-specific aberrant DNA methylation and metabolic disorders under pollutant stresses remained elusive. Herein, the multilevel omics interferences of sulfonamides (i.e., sulfadiazine and sulfamerazine), a group of antibiotics pervasive in farmland soils, towards rice in 14 days of 1 mg/L hydroponic exposure were systematically evaluated...
May 10, 2024: Environment International
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