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Journal of Behavioral Medicine

Rachel Aaron, Melanie Noel, Joanne Dudeney, Anna Wilson, Amy Holley, Tonya Palermo
Pain frequently co-occurs with elevated posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS); women are at elevated risk for their co-occurrence. PTSS and pain are associated with poor sleep quality; yet, little research has examined how sleep impacts their co-occurrence. The current study examines the indirect role of sleep on the relationship between PTSS and pain. A community sample of 182 women completed psychometrically-sound questionnaires assessing PTSS, sleep quality, pain characteristics, depression and anxiety symptoms, and anxiety sensitivity...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
John M Ruiz, Christopher R France
The Journal of Behavioral Medicine emerged 40 years ago as a part of a concerted effort to promote a greater understanding of health and illness through the integrated lenses of behavioral and biomedical sciences. The aim of this special series is to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the Journal of Behavioral Medicine through state-of-the-science reviews synthesizing the origins, evolution, current status, and future directions of key aspects of the field. In this introduction, we outline the impetus for this special series and highlight the key themes across the included papers...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Katherine W Dempster, Aiyi Liu, Tonja R Nansel
To examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of general parenting style and diabetes-specific parenting behaviors with depression in youth with type 1 diabetes. Participants (n = 390) completed self-report measures of depression at baseline and 2-year follow-up, general parenting style at baseline, and diabetes-specific parenting (conflict, task involvement, and collaborative involvement) at baseline and every 6 months. Logistic regression examined associations of parenting with depression at baseline and 2-year follow-up...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Sheila Ali, Lucy Adamczyk, Mary Burgess, Trudie Chalder
This mixed-methods study investigated factors associated with fatigue, disability and school attendance in young people with severe CFS/ME. Participants' illness experiences were also explored. Questionnaires were completed at baseline (T1) and approximately 5 months later (T2). There were 51 participants aged between 12 and 25, with a mean age of 18.8 years (SD 3.4). At T1, participants reported severe fatigue and poor social adjustment. Stronger fear avoidance beliefs at T1 were associated with higher fatigue at T2, and with worse social adjustment at T1 and T2...
January 25, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Ashley C Baker, Deborah J Wiebe, Caitlin S Kelly, Ascher Munion, Jonathan E Butner, Michael T Swinyard, Mary Murray, Cynthia A Berg
Early emerging adulthood (ages 18-25) is a time of risk for type 1 diabetes (T1D) when relationships with parents and providers are changing. We examined whether individuals' high-quality relationships with mothers are associated with greater perceptions of patient-centered communication (PCC) with their doctor and whether PCC is associated with better adherence and glycemic control through diabetes-related self-efficacy. Additionally, we tested whether associations of PCC with self-efficacy and diabetes outcomes are stronger among those who had transferred to adult care...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
David W Sosnowski, Wendy Kliewer, Timothy P York, Ananda B Amstadter, Colleen K Jackson-Cook, Marcia A Winter
Robust associations between adverse childhood experiences and shortened telomere length exist, but few studies have examined factors that may moderate this association, particularly with a resilience framework. The present study examined the association between exposure to childhood sexual abuse (and abuse severity) and mean telomere length, and whether social support and optimism moderated this association. The sample included 99 White monozygotic female twins, ranging in age from 35 to 70 (Mage  = 52...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Yaguang Zheng, Susan M Sereika, Lora E Burke, Jeffrey E Olgin, Gregory M Marcus, Kirstin Aschbacher, Geoffrey H Tison, Mark J Pletcher
Self-weighing may promote attainment and maintenance of healthy weight; however, the natural temporal patterns and factors associated with self-weighing behavior are unclear. The aims of this secondary analysis were to (1) identify distinct temporal patterns of self-weighing behaviors; (2) explore factors associated with temporal self-weighing patterns; and (3) examine differences in percent weight changes by patterns of self-weighing over time. We analyzed electronically collected self-weighing data from the Health eHeart Study, an ongoing longitudinal research study coordinated by the University of California, San Francisco...
January 16, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Brendan Maughan-Brown, Abigail Harrison, Omar Galárraga, Caroline Kuo, Philip Smith, Linda-Gail Bekker, Mark N Lurie
Linkage to care from mobile clinics is often poor and inadequately understood. This multimethod study assessed linkage to care and antiretroviral therapy (ART) uptake following ART-referral by a mobile clinic in Cape Town (2015/2016). Clinic record data (N = 86) indicated that 67% linked to care (i.e., attended a clinic) and 42% initiated ART within 3 months. Linkage to care was positively associated with HIV-status disclosure intentions (aOR: 2.99, 95% CI 1.13-7.91), and treatment readiness (aOR: 2.97, 95% CI 1...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Neil Schneiderman, Roger C McIntosh, Michael H Antoni
During the 40 years since the Yale conference on Behavioral Medicine and the founding of the Journal of Behavioral Medicine considerable progress has been made in understanding the role of psychosocial risk and management of physical diseases. We here describe the development of these fundamental concepts from early research on stress through studies of the Type A behavior pattern to more contemporary approaches to the relationship between psychosocial risks and benefits in relation to disease processes. This includes the relationship of psychosocial risk to cancers, cardiovascular diseases (CVD), cardiometabolic disorders, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Human Immune Deficiency Syndrome...
January 10, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Ebele M Umeukeje, Joseph R Merighi, Teri Browne, Marcus Wild, Hafez Alsmaan, Kausik Umanath, Julia B Lewis, Kenneth A Wallston, Kerri L Cavanaugh
In the original publication of the article, the majority of changes stem from misclassification of "medium adherence" when using the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) and not using the correct scoring algorithm for one of the responses when calculating MMAS-8 total scores.
January 8, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Crystal L Park, Eddie M Clark, Emily Schulz, Beverly Rosa Williams, Randi M Williams, Cheryl L Holt
Education has demonstrated consistent links with many aspects of physical health and is theorized to relate to a variety of behavioral and psychosocial antecedents of health that may ultimately account for these associations. However, many of these associations and the extent to which they manifest specifically for African Americans have not been thoroughly tested. We examined associations of education-distinct from income-with established behavioral and psychosocial antecedents of health in a national sample of African Americans...
January 3, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Devon M Price, Jennifer L Howell, Amanda N Gesselman, Stephanie Finneran, Diane M Quinn, Lisa A Eaton
The present study examined how three psychosocial barriers-anticipated HIV stigma, HIV infectiousness-reduction beliefs, and optimism about available HIV treatments-related to HIV testing history and acceptance of an at-home HIV test among men who have sex with men. We also examined the mediating role of a variable that affects medical screening for other health conditions but has not yet been investigated in HIV contexts: the tendency to avoid psychologically threatening information. Volunteers completed a paper and pencil survey and were offered a free at-home HIV test during the 2015 Atlanta Pride Festival in Atlanta, GA...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Matthew J Zawadzki, Stacey B Scott, David M Almeida, Stephanie T Lanza, David E Conroy, Martin J Sliwinski, Jinhyuk Kim, David Marcusson-Clavertz, Robert S Stawski, Paige M Green, Christopher N Sciamanna, Jillian A Johnson, Joshua M Smyth
Although stress is a common experience in everyday life, a clear understanding of how often an individual experiences and reports stress is lacking. Notably, there is little information regarding factors that may influence how frequently stress is reported, including which stress dimension is measured (i.e., stressors-did an event happen, subjective stress-how stressed do you feel, conditional stress-how stressful a stressor was) and the temporal features of that assessment (i.e., time of day, day of study, weekday vs...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Anna Yu Lee, Kim D Reynolds, Alan Stacy, Zhongzheng Niu, Bin Xie
This study builds upon prior research on associations between moods, family functioning, and binge eating, using ecological momentary assessment to examine moderating effects of family functioning on associations between moods and binge eating. This study was conducted among a nonclinical sample of urban adolescents. Family functioning was assessed using five constructs adopted from the FACES-IV measure: 'family cohesion,' 'family flexibility' 'family communication,' 'family satisfaction,' and 'family balance...
December 15, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Alan W Stacy, Liesl A Nydegger, Yusuke Shono
Many people enrolled in drug diversion programs are not receiving evidence-based prevention for HIV or hepatitis. This study translated basic research from cognitive science to increase screening for infection and condom use in this population. A parallel three-condition randomized trial was conducted in a drug diversion sample (N = 358), comparing a memory practice condition with two active control conditions. Outcomes were condom use frequency and testing for infection (hepatitis B/C, HIV). At 3-month follow-up, participants in the memory practice condition were at least twice as likely (OR = 2...
December 15, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Raymond C Nairn, Thomas V Merluzzi
The purpose of this project was to develop a short-term, theory-based intervention for patients with self-reported limited self-efficacy to perform coping behaviors. Cancer patients with low coping self-efficacy were randomly assigned to a treatment (N = 66) or control condition (N = 68). The treatment, Mastery Enhancement Therapy, was based on self-regulation and self-efficacy theories. Measures of coping self-efficacy, functional status, depression, quality of life, and adjustment were administered at baseline, after session two, after the final (fourth) session, and at 3 months post-treatment...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Lindsay S Mayberry, John D Piette, Aaron A Lee, James E Aikens
Adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) often receive self-management support from adult children, siblings or close friends residing outside of their home. However, the role of out-of-home support in patients' self-management and well-being is unclear. Patients (N = 313) with HbA1c > 7.5% were recruited from community primary care clinics for a mobile health intervention trial and identified an out-of-home informal support person, herein called a CarePartner; 38% also had an in-home supporter...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Vicki S Helgeson, Cynthia A Berg, Caitlin S Kelly, Meredith Van Vleet, Melissa Zajdel, Enjin Lee Tracy, Michelle L Litchman
In a study of 199 couples in which one person had type 1 diabetes, we examined how patient appraisal of the diabetes as shared versus individual was associated with collaborative, supportive and unsupportive behavior and whether patient shared illness appraisal was most beneficial for health when it occurred in the context of supportive behavior. We assessed illness appraisal among patients with type 1 diabetes and their partners and had patients complete relationship and health measures. Results showed partners were more likely than patients to hold shared illness appraisals...
December 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Manusheela Pokharel, Katheryn R Christy, Jakob D Jensen, Elizabeth A Giorgi, Kevin K John, Yelena P Wu
Ultraviolet (UV) photos reveal the world in a different light spectrum, including damage that is caused by UV light. In the context of skin cancer control, UV photos have the potential to communicate fear because they reveal underlying skin damage. U.S. adults (N = 2219) were assigned to a 5 (visual: UV skin damage, sun exposure, sunburn, photoaging, and mole removal) × 3 (replication: three examples of each visual condition) × 4 (efficacy: no efficacy, text only, visual, visual + text) randomized controlled trial...
December 6, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Simona Wiesmaierova, Dafina Petrova, Antonio Arrebola Moreno, Andrés Catena, José Antonio Ramírez Hernández, Rocio Garcia-Retamero
Cardiac patients who have social support generally have better prognosis than patients who lack social support. Several theoretical mechanisms have been proposed to explain this protective effect, including the capacity of social support to buffer the negative effects of stress. We tested this buffering effect in a study of patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in Spain. Several days after the cardiac event patients answered a questionnaire measuring stressful events during their lifetime, perceived social support around the time of the cardiac event, and depression symptoms in the past week...
December 6, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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