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Japanese Circulation Journal

Y Maejima, T Yasu, N Fujiwara, T Ishida, Y Kobayashi, M Kuroki, N Kubo, M Fujii, M Saito
A 64-year-old man was admitted to hospital under the suspicion of unstable angina pectoris. Coronary angiography showed that he has a single coronary artery originating from the right coronary artery (RCA) without significant fixed stenosis. Acetylcholine was superselectively infused into the left main coronary artery (LMCA), and confirmed the coronary vasospastic occlusion associated with chest pain and elevation of the ST-segment in the precordial leads. This is the first report of the induction of a totally occlusive spasm of the LMCA of a patient with a RCA type single coronary artery, and this case suggests that spasm of the aberrant coronary artery is a potential mechanism for sudden death in patients with a single coronary artery...
December 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
A Fujiki, K Nishida, K Mizumaki, H Nagasawa, M Shimono, H Inoue
The net effects of sympathetic and vagal activity on the QT interval and the mode of spontaneous onset of torsade de pointes (TdP) are still unclear in long-QT syndrome. Two patients with long-QT syndrome had syncope while undergoing Holter ECG investigation. The spontaneous onset of TdP in these patients was analyzed with respect to the relation between the RR and QT intervals. Both patients were high-school students (16- and 17-year-old boys) who had been diagnosed as long-QT syndrome and followed up without medical treatment because they had had neither a history of syncope nor arrhythmia induction by treadmill exercise tests...
December 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
K Tanaka, M Kawauchi, Y Murota, A Furuse
The present study reports a case of the successful surgical repair of a ruptured infra-renal mycotic abdominal aorta with Enterobactor cloacae in a 66-year-old man. During the operative procedure, an extra-anatomic bypass was installed before the laparotomy in order to avoid bacterial contamination. A complete resection of the infected aorta, tapering of the arterial stumps, wrapping of the omentum, and ligation of the aorta and arteries with Teflon tapes was carried out. The patient is alive and well 1 year postsurgery...
December 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
K Fuse, M Kodama, Y Aizawa, M Yamaura, Y Tanabe, K Takahashi, K Sakai, T Miida, H Oda, N Higuma
Cytokines have an important role in the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of myocarditis. In this study, subsets of peripheral helper T lymphocytes (Th) in a patient with acute viral myocarditis were analyzed by 3-color flow cytometry. During the clinical course of myocarditis, the Th1/Th2 ratio of peripheral lymphocytes changed. Th1 was dominant in the acute inflammatory phase during which levels of creatine kinase (CK) increased (day 6), then Th2 levels overtook those of Th1 in the recovery phase during which levels of CK decreased (day 13 and 20)...
December 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
M Takei, M Tsuboi, T Usui, T Hanaoka, F Kurogouchi, M Aruga, Y Katagiri, M Owa, K Kubo, K Kiyosawa
Atrial electrical remodeling is thought to be the cause of the maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF). Although the initiation and maintenance of AF is partially associated with autonomic nervous tone, vagally mediated AF does not tend to become permanent. Therefore, the effects of preceding vagal stimulation (VS) on the atrial effective refractory period (ERP) under electrical remodeling conditions were investigated in anesthetized dogs. Atrial ERPs were measured at 5 sites before and after a 7-h period of atrial rapid pacing in the control group...
December 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
M Takayama, Y Ebihara, M Tani
It is known that the tolerance against ischemia-reperfusion and the effects of preconditioning decrease in aged hearts, but the mechanisms responsible for this diminished ischemic tolerance and reduced efficacy of preconditioning remain unknown. To determine the age-related changes in these mechanisms, protein kinase C (PKC) isoform expression and its translocation by phorbol ester were analyzed because PKC is believed to be involved in preconditioning. Immunoblotting and immunostaining analysis were performed with isoform-specific PKC antibodies using cardiomyocytes isolated from young-adult (12-week-old: 12W) and middle-aged (50-week-old: 50W) Fischer 344 rats...
December 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
K Takeuchi, M Nagashima, K Itoh, M Minagawa, M Munakata, I Ichinoseki, K Fukui, F X McGowan, P J del Nido
The cellular mechanisms of abnormal calcium regulation and excitation-contraction coupling in relation to glucose metabolism in the hypertrophied heart are not well understood. The present study evaluated the myocardial mechanics of 6-7-week-old pressure overload hypertrophied rabbit hearts in response to dobutamine by (1) serial echocardiograms in vivo and (2) isolated Langendorff perfusion. Cytosolic Ca2+([Ca2+]i) and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA2) expression were measured by fluorescence spectroscopy and Western immunoblotting, respectively...
December 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
N Ueda, Y Kaji, T Maruyama, E Shimoike, H Ito, T Fujino, Y Niho, M Harada
The effects of subthreshold stimulation (STS) by direct current were investigated in 20 patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT), 27 with atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT) and 3 with idiopathic atrial reentrant tachycardia (IART) STS was delivered to each eligible site for ablation prior to radiofrequency application. STS was defined as 'positive' if it could terminate the tachycardia or disrupt the conduction of accessory pathways without myocardial capture and defined as 'negative' if it could not...
December 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
T Matsumoto, H Horie, K Minai, H Yokohama, H Takashima, N Ohira, T Tsutui, M Takahashi, M Kinoshita
It is unclear whether coronary endothelial function is linked to the pathogenesis of coronary spastic angina (CSA), so the present study examined the coronary vasomotor responses to acetylcholine (ACh) and bradykinin (BK) in 23 patients with CSA, 26 patients with CSA+coronary artery disease (CAD), and 21 control patients. Acetylcholine induced vasospasm of the left coronary artery in all of the patients with CSA, but not in any of the control patients. The changes in dilatation of the left coronary artery in response to bradykinin at doses of 0...
December 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
A Fujiki, H Nagasawa, M Sakabe, K Sakurai, K Nishida, K Mizumaki, H Inoue
The aim of this study was to use fast Fourier transform analysis to clarify the characteristics of human atrial fibrillation (AF) waves with respect to the duration of AF and the effect of class I antiarrhythmic drugs. Twenty-two patients (10 paroxysmal AF, 12 persistent AF) without organic heart disease were studied by conventional electrophysiological methods. Electrograms were recorded from the right atrial free wall during AF and spectral analysis was performed for 35s (16 consecutive 4096-ms epochs with 50% overlap) and the fibrillation cycle length (FCL) was calculated from the peak frequency...
December 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
T Matsui, T Tsutamoto, M Kinoshita
Cardiac sympathetic nervous function is altered in congestive heart failure (CHF) and the uptake and washout rate of cardiac 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) are useful markers for evaluating the severity of it. To assess what parameters predict decreased uptake or increased washout rate of MIBG, the concentrations of neurohumoral factor in both the aorta (Ao) and coronary sinus (CS) were measured, as well as hemodynamic parameters by catheterization, in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). MIBG imaging was performed within 1 week of cardiac catheterization...
December 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
K C Chang, Y C Lin, J Y Chen, H T Chou, J S Hung
The initiation of focal atrial tachycardia (AT) from the superior vena cava (SVC) remains unclear. In 3 patients (2 females, 1 male; aged 57, 66 and 50 years, respectively) with focal AT arising from different parts of the SVC, the AT occurred spontaneously, rather than being induced by electrical stimulation. The cycle length of the tachycardia was highly variable, ranging between 190 and 300 ms in patient 1, 180 and 320ms in patient 2, and 200 and 300ms in patient 3. The clinical or associated arrhythmias were atrial fibrillation (AF) (patients 1, 3) and atrial flutter (AFL) (patients 2, 3)...
December 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
T Yamamoto, T Miyazaki, Y Hirano, K Ishikawa
Stress-induced ST-segment elevation following myocardial infarction (MI) has been correlated with myocardial ischemia, viability and wall motion abnormality, but its mechanism is still unclear, so the present study compared ST-segment elevation and wall motion response during exercise, dobutamine and dipyridamole stresses. Twenty-five patients with their first anterior MI underwent exercise, dobutamine and dipyridamole echocardiography on different days 4-6 weeks after MI. Left ventricular wall motion was analyzed using 5-grade/16-segment model and myocardial ischemia was considered as a worsening of the wall motion score index (WMSI) during the stress test; myocardial viability was defined as a reduction of WMSI during low dose dobutamine...
December 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
H Konagai, J Nitta, A Niwa, Y Satoh, A Nogami, K Aonuma, Y Lesaka, M Hiroe, F Marumo
Spontaneous degeneration of rapid atrial fibrillation (AF) to ventricular fibrillation has been documented in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. However, the importance of rap
December 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
H Sakamoto, M Kondo, M Motohiro, S Usami
The usefulness of glucose-insulin-thallium-201 (GI-Tl) infusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in predicting reversible dysfunction has not been evaluated, so the present study recruited 20 patients with regional ischemic dysfunction for investigation. All patients underwent GI-Tl SPECT, post-stress Tl reinjection imaging and low dose dobutamine echocardiography. The diagnostic accuracy of these 3 techniques in predicting functional recovery was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis...
December 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
M Tsuchihashi, H Tsutsui, M Shihara, H Shigematsu, S Yamamoto, G Koike, S Kono, A Takeshita
A nation-wide survey on the procedures and facilities of coronary revascularization, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) conducted by the Japanese Coronary Intervention Study (JCIS) group during 1997 revealed that PCI is more often used than CABG and is mainly carried out in low-volume facilities without surgical backup. The present study aimed to investigate the temporal changes in the usage of revascularization therapies and facilities from 1997 to 1999. A questionnaire was mailed in 1998 to the delegates of 1,086 PCI and 582 CABG facilities identified by the previous survey, and 89% of PCIs surveyed and 94% of CABGs surveyed reported back...
December 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
M Shihara, H Tsutsui, M Tsuchihashi, H Shigematsu, S Yamamoto, G Koike, S Kono, A Takeshita
Coronary artery disease is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in industrialized countries, including Japan. Increasing numbers of patients have been treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), but there is little information in Japan concerning the use of revascularization therapy and the facilities. The Japanese Coronary Intervention Study (JCIS) Group conducted a nationwide survey on coronary revascularization procedures and facilities during 1997...
December 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
K Akiyama, N Taniyasu, J Hirota, Y Iba, K Maisawa
Gemella morbillorum (G. morbillorum) is part of the commensal flora of the oropharynx and intestinal tract, and on rare occasions causes infective endocarditis. A 55-year-old man with massive aortic regurgitation caused by recurrent infective endocarditis with G. morbillorum had a history of prior endocarditis caused by alpha-hemolytic streptococcus and multiple antibiotic allergies 5 years prior, and was successfully treated by aortic valve replacement. Almost all the reported cases of endocarditis caused by G...
November 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
K Matsuo, T Kurita, M Eguchi, K Nakao, N Komiya, H Kawano, S Isomoto, G Toda, M Hayano, K Yano
A 41-year-old woman with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) underwent the implantation of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), in which the defibrillator electrode was unusually located in the right ventricular (RV) outflow tract. Although fractionated electrograms were demonstrated in the RV apex, which is the usual site for ICD electrodes, normal electrograms were recorded in the RV outflow tract during an electrophysiologic study. An electrode with a screw-in tip was used to fix the implant in the RV outflow tract and obtain successful defibrillation...
November 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
K Yukiiri, K Mizushige, T Ueda, T Nanba, K Tanimoto, Y Wada, Y Takagi, K Ohmori, M Kohno
Cardiac involvement in patients with polymyositis is usually asymptomatic and associated with a mild clinical course. A female patient with muscle weakness and cardiogenic shock, who was diagnosed with polymyositis and fulminant myocarditis, is described. A large amount of methylprednisolone, in addition to intra-aortic balloon pumping and percutaneous cardiopulmonary support, led to the recovery of her cardiac function. However, a massive cerebral embolism occurred and she died. Postmortem histopathological examination showed necroses of muscles and diffuse invasion of mononuclear cells in both the myocardium and the biceps muscle of her arm...
November 2001: Japanese Circulation Journal
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