Journals Neuroscience and Biobehavioral...

Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Mikhail Kissine, Ariane Saint-Denis, Laurent Mottron
Language profiles in autism are variable and atypical, with frequent speech onset delays, but also, in some cases, unusually steep growth of structural language skills. Joint attention is often seen as a major predictor of language in autism, even though low joint attention is a core characteristic of autism, independent of language levels. In this systematic review of 71 studies, we ask whether, in autism, joint attention predicts advanced or only early language skills, and whether it may be independent of language outcomes...
September 6, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Alexandre A Guerin, Tahnee Bridson, Helena M Plapp, Gillinder Bedi
Methamphetamine use typically starts in adolescence, and early onset is associated with worse outcomes. Yet, health, functional, and cognitive outcomes associated with methamphetamine use in young people are not well understood. The aim of this study was to comprehensively assess the evidence on health, functional, and cognitive outcomes in young people (10-25 years-old) who use methamphetamine. Sixty-six studies were included. The strongest association observed was with conduct disorder, with young people who use methamphetamine some 13 times more likely to meet conduct disorder criteria than controls...
September 5, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Jayne Morriss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Michael D Greenfield, Bjorn Merker
Coordinated group displays featuring precise entrainment of rhythmic behavior between neighbors occur not only in human music, dance and drill, but in the acoustic or optical signaling of a number of species of arthropods and anurans. In this review we describe the mechanisms of phase resetting and phase and tempo adjustments that allow the periodic output of signaling individuals to be aligned in synchronized rhythmic group displays. These mechanisms are well described in some of the synchronizing arthropod species, in which conspecific signals reset an individual's endogenous output oscillators in such a way that the joint rhythmic signals are locked in phase...
September 4, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Mahdad Jafarzadeh Esfahani, Soha Farboud, Hong-Viet V Ngo, Jules Schneider, Frederik D Weber, Lucia Talamini, Martin Dresler
Sleep is essential for our physical and mental well-being. During sleep, despite the paucity of overt behavior, our brain remains active and exhibits a wide range of coupled brain oscillations. In particular slow oscillations are characteristic for sleep, however whether they are directly involved in the functions of sleep, or are mere epiphenomena, is not yet fully understood. To disentangle the causality of these relationships, experiments utilizing techniques to detect and manipulate sleep oscillations in real time are essential...
September 1, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Yajun Huang, Na Li, Chengfeng Yang, Yan Lin, Yuxi Wen, Lingjun Zheng, Chao Zhao
Research on the relationships between the gut microbiota and the neurophysiology and behavior of animals has grown exponentially in just a few years. Insect behavior may be controlled by molecular mechanisms that are partially homologous to those in mammals, and swarming insects may be suitable as experiment models in these types of investigations. All core gut bacteria in honeybees can be cultivated in vitro. Certain gut microflora of bees can be genetically engineered or sterilized and colonized. The bee gut bacteria model is established more rapidly and has a higher flux than other sterile animal models...
August 29, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Nilosmita Banerjee, Zhang Chen, Luke Clark, Xavier Noël
BANERJEE, Nilosmita., CHEN, Zhang., CLARK Luke., NOËL Xavier. Behavioural expressions of loss-chasing in gambling: A systematic scoping review NEUROSCI BIOBEHAV REV 152(1) XXX-XXX, 2023. - Loss-chasing, the tendency to continue and/or intensify gambling following losses, is a key clinical symptom in gambling disorder and a central feature endorsed by at-risk problem gamblers. Despite its centrality, loss-chasing has been often operationalised across distinct behavioural expressions. The current systematic scoping review aimed to map the heterogeneous operationalisations of loss-chasing in the literature...
August 28, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Martin Migliaro, Alejandra E Ruiz-Contreras, Andrea Herrera-Solís, Mónica Méndez-Díaz, Oscar E Prospéro-García
This narrative review article summarizes the current state of knowledge regarding the relationship between the endocannabinoid system (ECS) and aggression across multiple vertebrate species. Experimental evidence indicates that acute administration of phytocannabinoids, synthetic cannabinoids, and the pharmacological enhancement of endocannabinoid signaling decreases aggressive behavior in several animal models. However, research on the chronic effects of cannabinoids on animal aggression has yielded inconsistent findings, indicating a need for further investigation...
August 27, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Lei Li, Jing Jiang, Baolin Wu, Jinping Lin, Neil Roberts, John A Sweeney, Qiyong Gong, Zhiyun Jia
Gray matter (GM) abnormalities have been reported in both adults and children/adolescents with histories of childhood maltreatment (CM). As maturational and compensatory changes may occur over the life span, a comparison of effects in youth and adulthood may be informative regarding life-span effects of CM. Voxel-wise meta-analyses of whole-brain voxel-based morphometry (VBM) studies were conducted in all datasets and age-based subgroups respectively, followed by a quantitative meta-analytic comparison of the age-based subgroups...
August 27, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Maria I Perica, Beatriz Luna
Adolescence is a time of significant neurocognitive development. Prolonged maturation of prefrontal cortex (PFC) through adolescence has been found to support improvements in executive function. Changes in excitatory and inhibitory mechanisms of critical period plasticity have been found to be present in the PFC through adolescence, suggesting that environment may have a greater effect on development during this time. Stress is one factor known to affect neurodevelopment increasing risk for psychopathology...
August 27, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Jordan E Theriault, Clare Shaffer, Gerald A Dienel, Christin Y Sander, Jacob M Hooker, Bradford C Dickerson, Lisa Feldman Barrett, Karen S Quigley
In aerobic glycolysis, oxygen is abundant, and yet cells metabolize glucose without using it, decreasing their ATP per glucose yield by 15-fold. During task-based stimulation, aerobic glycolysis occurs in localized brain regions, presenting a puzzle: why produce ATP inefficiently when, all else being equal, evolution should favor the efficient use of metabolic resources? The answer is that all else is not equal. We propose that a tradeoff exists between efficient ATP production and the efficiency with which ATP is spent to transmit information...
August 25, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Aleksandra Koszałka, Klaudia Lustyk, Karolina Pytka
The differences in cognitive processes driven by biological sex are the issues that have gotten growing attention recently. Considering the increasing population suffering from various cognitive impairments and the development of therapeutic strategies, it is essential that we recognize the mechanisms responsible for discrepancies observed in male and female learning and memory functions. In this review, we discuss recent reports from preclinical studies on rodents regarding selected cognitive domains to discuss the state of knowledge on sex-dependent differences and point to challenges encountered during such research...
August 25, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Francesco Pupillo, Rasmus Bruckner
Adaptive decision-making is governed by at least two types of memory processes. On the one hand, learned predictions through integrating multiple experiences, and on the other hand, one-shot episodic memories. These two processes interact, and predictions - particularly prediction errors - influence how episodic memories are encoded. However, studies using computational models disagree on the exact shape of this relationship, with some findings showing an effect of signed prediction errors and others showing an effect of unsigned prediction errors on episodic memory...
August 24, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Liis Themas, Pärtel Lippus, Marika Padrik, Liis Kask, Kairi Kreegipuu
Event-related potentials (ERPs), specifically the Mismatch Response (MMR), holds promise for investigating auditory maturation in children. It has the potential to predict language development and distinguish between language-impaired and typically developing groups. However, summarizing the MMR's developmental trajectory in typically developing children remains challenging despite numerous studies. This pioneering meta-analysis outlines changes in MMR amplitude among typically developing children, while offering methodological best-practices...
August 24, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Dylan J Terstege, Jonathan R Epp
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia, and both the incidence of this disease and its associated cognitive decline disproportionally effect women. While the etiology of AD is unknown, recent work has demonstrated that the balance of excitatory and inhibitory activity across the brain may serve as a strong predictor of cognitive impairments in AD. Across the cortex, the most prominent source of inhibitory signalling is from a class of parvalbumin-expressing interneurons (PV+ ). In this mini-review, the impacts of sex- and age-related factors on the function of PV+ neurons are examined within the context of vulnerability to AD pathology...
August 22, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Javier Ortiz-Tudela, Victoria I Nicholls, Alex Clarke
Despite the recent popularity of predictive processing models of brain function, the term prediction is often instantiated very differently across studies. These differences in definition can substantially change the type of cognitive or neural operation hypothesised and thus have critical implications for the corresponding behavioural and neural correlates during visual perception. Here, we propose a five-dimensional scheme to characterise different parameters of prediction. Namely, flow of information, mnemonic origin, specificity, complexity, and temporal precision...
August 22, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Oded Bein, Camille Gasser, Tarek Amer, Anat Maril, Lila Davachi
Our brains constantly generate predictions about the environment based on prior knowledge. Many of the events we experience are consistent with these predictions, while others might be inconsistent with prior knowledge and thus violate our predictions. To guide future behavior, the memory system must be able to strengthen, transform, or add to existing knowledge based on the accuracy of our predictions. We synthesize recent evidence suggesting that when an event is consistent with our predictions, it leads to neural integration between related memories, which is associated with enhanced associative memory, as well as memory biases...
August 22, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
José Augusto Silva Reis, Giordano Novak Rossi, Flávia de Lima Osório, José Carlos Bouso, Jaime Eduardo Cecílio Hallak, Rafael Guimarães Dos Santos
The recognition of emotions in facial expressions (REFE) is a core construct of social cognition. In the last decades, studies have showed that REFE is altered in major depressive disorder (MDD), but the evidence is conflicting. Thus, we conducted a systematic review of clinical trials involving therapeutic interventions in MDD and any evaluation of REFE to update (2018-2023) and systematically evaluate the evidence derived from controlled clinical trials on the effects of therapeutic strategies to MDD on the REFE...
August 22, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Isabel García-García, Olga Donica, Armand Aaron Cohen, Semira Gonseth Nusslé, Adrian Heini, Sébastien Nusslé, Claude Pichard, Ernst Rietschel, Goranka Tanackovic, Silvio Folli, Bogdan Draganski
Across the lifespan, the human body and brain endure the impact of a plethora of exogenous and endogenous factors that determine the health outcome in old age. The overwhelming inter-individual variance spans between progressive frailty with loss of autonomy to largely preserved physical, cognitive, and social functions. Understanding the mechanisms underlying the diverse aging trajectories can inform future strategies to maintain a healthy body and brain. Here we provide a comprehensive overview of the current literature on lifetime factors governing brain health...
August 19, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Robyn P Thom, Camila Canales, Mary Tresvalles, Christopher J McDougle, Jacob M Hooker, Yachin Chen, Nicole R Zürcher
Williams syndrome (WS) is a genetic disorder affecting multiple organ systems. Cardinal features include cardiovascular disease, distinct facies, and a unique cognitive profile characterized by intellectual disability, hypersociability, and visuospatial weaknesses. Here, we synthesize neuroimaging research in WS with a focus on how the current literature and future work may be leveraged to improve health and quality of life in WS. More than 80 neuroimaging studies in WS have been conducted, the vast majority of which have focused on identifying morphometric brain differences...
August 18, 2023: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
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