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Evaluation & the Health Professions | Page 3

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/29463120/innovations-for-evaluation-research-multiform-protocols-visual-analog-scaling-and-the-retrospective-pretest-posttest-design
#41
Rong Chang, Todd D Little
In this article, we review three innovative methods: multiform protocols, visual analog scaling, and the retrospective pretest-posttest design that can be used in evaluation research. These three techniques have been proposed for decades, but unfortunately, they are still not utilized readily in evaluation research. Our goal is to familiarize researchers with these underutilized research techniques that could reduce personnel effort and costs for data collection while producing better inferences for a study...
June 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29463119/effects-of-exposure-to-the-communities-that-care-prevention-system-on-youth-problem-behaviors-in-a-community-randomized-trial-employing-an-inverse-probability-weighting-approach
#42
Isaac C Rhew, Sabrina Oesterle, Donna Coffman, J David Hawkins
Earlier intention-to-treat (ITT) findings from a community-randomized trial demonstrated effects of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention system on reducing problem behaviors among youth. In ITT analyses, youth were analyzed according to their original study community's randomized condition even if they moved away from the community over the course of follow-up and received little to no exposure to intervention activities. Using inverse probability weights (IPWs), this study estimated effects of CTC in the same randomized trial among youth who remained in their original study communities throughout follow-up...
June 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29409362/why-research-design-and-methods-is-so-crucial-to-understanding-drug-use-abuse-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#43
Lawrence M Scheier
The collection of articles in this special issue both raise the bar and inspire new thinking with regard to both design and methodology concerns that influence drug use/abuse research. Thematically speaking, the articles focus on issues related to missing data, response formats, strategies for data harmonization, propensity scoring methods as an alternative to randomized control trials, integrative data analysis, statistical corrections to reduce bias from attrition, challenges faced from conducting large-scale evaluations, and employing abductive theory of method as an alternative to the more traditional hypothetico-deductive reasoning...
June 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29254369/advancing-the-study-of-adolescent-substance-use-through-the-use-of-integrative-data-analysis
#44
Patrick J Curran, Veronica Cole, Michael Giordano, A R Georgeson, Andrea M Hussong, Daniel J Bauer
A wealth of information is currently known about the epidemiology, etiology, and evaluation of drug and alcohol use across the life span. Despite this corpus of knowledge, much has yet to be learned. Many factors conspire to slow the pace of future advances in the field of substance use including the need for long-term longitudinal studies of often hard-to-reach subjects who are reporting rare and episodic behaviors. One promising option that might help move the field forward is integrative data analysis (IDA)...
June 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29415567/the-clinimetric-properties-of-instruments-measuring-home-hazards-for-older-people-at-risk-of-falling-a-systematic-review
#45
Muhammad Hibatullah Romli, Lynette Mackenzie, Meryl Lovarini, Maw Pin Tan, Lindy Clemson
Home hazards are associated with falls among older people living in the community. However, evaluating home hazards is a complex process as environmental factors vary according to geography, culture, and architectural design. As a result, many health practitioners commonly use nonstandardized assessment methods that may lead to inaccurate findings. Thus, the aim of this systematic review was to identify standardized instruments for evaluating home hazards related to falls and evaluate the clinimetric properties of these instruments for use by health practitioners...
March 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29179561/development-and-validation-of-the-activities-of-daily-living-short-form-for-community-dwelling-korean-stroke-survivors
#46
Ickpyo Hong, Eun-Young Yoo, Abby Swanson Kazley, Danbi Lee, Chih-Ying Li, Timothy A Reistetter
This study developed and validated a short form (SF) using activities of daily living (ADL) outcome measures from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) that can minimize survey administration burden for clinicians. This study utilized secondary data from the 2005 KNHANES with 422 community-dwelling stroke survivors. The KNHANES data were collected from April to June 2005 in South Korea. We created a 7-item SF from the 17 ADL questions in the survey using item response theory (IRT) methodologies...
March 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27899687/reliability-and-validity-of-the-pittsburgh-sleep-quality-index-serbian-translation
#47
Martin B Popević, Aleksandar P S Milovanović, Srdjan Milovanović, Ljudmila Nagorni-Obradović, Dejan Nešić, Marija Velaga
The aim of this study was translating and exploring psychometric properties of Serbian Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in a sample of "good" and "bad" sleepers suffering from depression or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Formal translation and validation were performed on a sample of healthy controls, patients with untreated OSA, and with diagnosed major depressive disorder with evaluation of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct and criterion validity. Controls and OSA subgroups were recruited from a larger sample of commercial drivers...
March 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27856680/linking-existing-instruments-to-develop-an-activity-of-daily-living-item-bank
#48
Chih-Ying Li, Sergio Romero, Heather S Bonilha, Kit N Simpson, Annie N Simpson, Ickpyo Hong, Craig A Velozo
This study examined dimensionality and item-level psychometric properties of an item bank measuring activities of daily living (ADL) across inpatient rehabilitation facilities and community living centers. Common person equating method was used in the retrospective veterans data set. This study examined dimensionality, model fit, local independence, and monotonicity using factor analyses and fit statistics, principal component analysis (PCA), and differential item functioning (DIF) using Rasch analysis. Following the elimination of invalid data, 371 veterans who completed both the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and minimum data set (MDS) within 6 days were retained...
March 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27649714/psychometric-properties-of-the-modified-personal-diabetes-questionnaire-among-chinese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#49
Li Cheng, Doris Y P Leung, Yu-Ning Wu, Janet W H Sit, Miao-Yan Yang, Xiao-Mei Li
This study examined the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Personal Diabetes Questionnaire (C-PDQ). The PDQ was translated into Chinese using a forward and backward translation approach. After being reviewed by an expert panel, the C-PDQ was administered to a convenience sample of 346 adults with Type 2 diabetes. The Chinese version of the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities (C-SDSCA) was also administered. The results of the exploratory factor analysis revealed a one-factor structure for the Diet Knowledge, Decision-Making, and Eating Problems subscales and a two-factor structure for the barriers-related subscales...
March 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30033748/interactive-video-gaming-improves-functional-balance-in-poststroke-individuals-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#50
Vilma Ferreira, Nelson Carvas, Mariana Cunha Artilheiro, José Eduardo Pompeu, Syed Ahmed Hassan, Karina Tamy Kasawara
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of interactive video games on functional balance and mobility in poststroke individuals. The Health Science databases accessed included Medline via PubMed, LILACS, SciELO, and PEDro. The inclusion criteria were as follows: clinical studies evaluating the use of interactive video games as a treatment to improve functional balance and mobility in individuals poststroke and studies published in the Brazilian Portuguese, English, or Spanish language between 2005 and April 2016...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30016884/positive-practice-toward-voluntary-unpaid-blood-donation-among-college-students-in-shandong-china-2013-2017
#51
Shu-Rong Wang
The chronic worldwide shortage of blood for transfusions has become an important public health problem, especially in developing countries. The aim of the current study was to assess the practice of voluntary unpaid blood donation (VUBD) among college students in the past 5 years (2013-2017). The blood donation data of college students from 41 universities were collected. Change trends in the rate of blood donation among college students from 2013 to 2017 were examined. A continuous increasing trend in the rate of VUBD was observed over the past 5 years, from 3...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29788789/measuring-functional-impairment-in-children-and-adolescents-psychometric-properties-of-the-columbia-impairment-scale-cis
#52
Brandon K Attell, Christopher Cappelli, Brigitte Manteuffel, Hongli Li
The role of measuring functional impairment holds an important place in research, clinical practice, and service provision for children and adolescents. Responding to the growing need to measure serious emotional disturbances at the local, state, and national level, the Columbia Impairment Scale (CIS) was developed in the early 1990s and has remained one of the several popular scales for assessing functional impairment. However, despite the growing popularity of the instrument in research and practice, only a few studies to date have specifically examined the psychometric properties of the CIS...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29719988/a-network-analysis-perspective-to-implementation-the-example-of-health-links-to-promote-coordinated-care
#53
Reza Yousefi Nooraie, Sobia Khan, Jennifer Gutberg, G Ross Baker
Although implementation models broadly recognize the importance of social relationships, our knowledge about applying social network analysis (SNA) to formative, process, and outcome evaluations of health system interventions is limited. We explored applications of adopting an SNA lens to inform implementation planning, engagement and execution, and evaluation. We used Health Links, a province-wide program in Canada aiming to improve care coordination among multiple providers of high-needs patients, as an example of a health system intervention...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29719987/strategies-to-avoid-replication-failure-with-evidence-based-prevention-interventions-case-examples-from-the-strengthening-families-program
#54
Karol L Kumpfer, Lawrence M Scheier, Jaynie Brown
Research has found disturbing long-term effects of poor parenting on children's behavioral health including addiction, delinquency, depression/anxiety, and poorer health as adults. Poor parenting practices thus contribute substantially to the health crisis in America. However, skilled, nurturing parents, or caretakers can help youth avoid these developmental problems. A number of family and parenting evidence-based interventions (EBIs) that teach parenting skills are now available for dissemination. Unfortunately, replications of EBIs do not always produce the original positive results...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29669428/perception-of-the-quality-of-physiotherapy-care-provided-to-outpatients-from-the-primary-health-care-in-chile
#55
Priscila Reyes, Fabia Puelle, René Mauricio Barría
We explored outpatient's perceptions on the quality of physiotherapy care provided in three urban primary care centers of Valdivia, Chile, through a descriptive phenomenological study. We collected data from 21 participants through semistructured interviews which were analyzed using the Colaizzi approach. Two main themes emerged: quality related to the professional and structure of the care system. Perceptions about the care received from the physiotherapist are influenced by factors such as communication, the way they treat the patient, and the trust established between patient and professional...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29635950/what-is-lean-management-in-health-care-development-of-an-operational-definition-for-a-cochrane-systematic-review
#56
Thomas Rotter, Christopher Plishka, Adegboyega Lawal, Liz Harrison, Nazmi Sari, Donna Goodridge, Rachel Flynn, James Chan, Michelle Fiander, Bonnie Poksinska, Keith Willoughby, Leigh Kinsman
Industrial improvement approaches such as Lean management are increasingly being adopted in health care. Synthesis is necessary to ensure these approaches are evidence based and requires operationalization of concepts to ensure all relevant studies are included. This article outlines the process utilized to develop an operational definition of Lean in health care. The literature search, screening, data extraction, and data synthesis processes followed the recommendations outlined by the Cochrane Collaboration...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29463121/assessment-of-factors-influencing-communication-in-clinical-pharmacy
#57
Dongning Yao, Liang Jiang, Yuankai Huang, Lei Chen, Yitao Wang, Xiaoyu Xi
This study aimed to identify and assess the factors that influence communication quality between clinical pharmacists and patients using a structural equation model based on the predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling constructs in educational/environmental diagnosis and evaluation-policy, regulatory, and organizational constructs in educational and ecological development model to identify the most effective path to increase their communication quality. A survey was conducted at 253 Class-A tertiary hospitals in China from March to December 2016...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29334770/student-perceptions-of-collaboration-skills-in-an-interprofessional-context-development-and-initial-validation-of-the-self-assessed-collaboration-skills-instrument
#58
Leslie Hinyard, Eileen Toomey, Kathrin Eliot, Anthony Breitbach
An integral component of interprofessional education (IPE) is the development of a collaboration-ready health-care workforce. While collaboration is a fundamental element of IPE, there is no existing measure of collaboration skills that is not context specific. This article describes the development and initial validation of the Self-Assessed Collaboration Skills (SACS) measure. Items were initially drawn from the Collaboration Skills Assessment Tool rubric, an educational assessment tool. The SACS measure was piloted in a sample of students in an introductory IPE course...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29096556/development-and-preliminary-testing-of-the-food-choice-priorities-survey-fcps-assessing-the-importance-of-multiple-factors-on-college-students-food-choices
#59
Melissa J Vilaro, Wenjun Zhou, Sarah E Colby, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Kristin Riggsbee, Melissa D Olfert, Tracey E Barnett, Anne E Mathews
Understanding factors that influence food choice may help improve diet quality. Factors that commonly affect adults' food choices have been described, but measures that identify and assess food choice factors specific to college students are lacking. This study developed and tested the Food Choice Priorities Survey (FCPS) among college students. Thirty-seven undergraduates participated in two focus groups ( n = 19; 11 in the male-only group, 8 in the female-only group) and interviews ( n = 18) regarding typical influences on food choice...
December 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29096555/psychometric-properties-of-the-flourishing-scale-and-measurement-invariance-between-two-samples-of-spanish-university-students
#60
Rocio De la Fuente, Agueda Parra, Inmaculada Sánchez-Queija
The Flourishing Scale (FS), created by Diener et al., is a brief subjective perception measurement which assesses flourishing and provides a single score across 8 items. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the FS. Participants were 1,502 university students from different faculties and fields of knowledge. The results reveal good internal consistency. The single factor structure of the FS was supported by the multigroup confirmatory factor analysis, which also provided evidence of the invariant structure of the scale across two subsamples...
December 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
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