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Evaluation & the Health Professions | Page 3

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/29415567/the-clinimetric-properties-of-instruments-measuring-home-hazards-for-older-people-at-risk-of-falling-a-systematic-review
#41
Muhammad Hibatullah Romli, Lynette Mackenzie, Meryl Lovarini, Maw Pin Tan, Lindy Clemson
Home hazards are associated with falls among older people living in the community. However, evaluating home hazards is a complex process as environmental factors vary according to geography, culture, and architectural design. As a result, many health practitioners commonly use nonstandardized assessment methods that may lead to inaccurate findings. Thus, the aim of this systematic review was to identify standardized instruments for evaluating home hazards related to falls and evaluate the clinimetric properties of these instruments for use by health practitioners...
March 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29179561/development-and-validation-of-the-activities-of-daily-living-short-form-for-community-dwelling-korean-stroke-survivors
#42
Ickpyo Hong, Eun-Young Yoo, Abby Swanson Kazley, Danbi Lee, Chih-Ying Li, Timothy A Reistetter
This study developed and validated a short form (SF) using activities of daily living (ADL) outcome measures from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) that can minimize survey administration burden for clinicians. This study utilized secondary data from the 2005 KNHANES with 422 community-dwelling stroke survivors. The KNHANES data were collected from April to June 2005 in South Korea. We created a 7-item SF from the 17 ADL questions in the survey using item response theory (IRT) methodologies...
March 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27899687/reliability-and-validity-of-the-pittsburgh-sleep-quality-index-serbian-translation
#43
Martin B Popević, Aleksandar P S Milovanović, Srdjan Milovanović, Ljudmila Nagorni-Obradović, Dejan Nešić, Marija Velaga
The aim of this study was translating and exploring psychometric properties of Serbian Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in a sample of "good" and "bad" sleepers suffering from depression or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Formal translation and validation were performed on a sample of healthy controls, patients with untreated OSA, and with diagnosed major depressive disorder with evaluation of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct and criterion validity. Controls and OSA subgroups were recruited from a larger sample of commercial drivers...
March 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27856680/linking-existing-instruments-to-develop-an-activity-of-daily-living-item-bank
#44
Chih-Ying Li, Sergio Romero, Heather S Bonilha, Kit N Simpson, Annie N Simpson, Ickpyo Hong, Craig A Velozo
This study examined dimensionality and item-level psychometric properties of an item bank measuring activities of daily living (ADL) across inpatient rehabilitation facilities and community living centers. Common person equating method was used in the retrospective veterans data set. This study examined dimensionality, model fit, local independence, and monotonicity using factor analyses and fit statistics, principal component analysis (PCA), and differential item functioning (DIF) using Rasch analysis. Following the elimination of invalid data, 371 veterans who completed both the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and minimum data set (MDS) within 6 days were retained...
March 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27649714/psychometric-properties-of-the-modified-personal-diabetes-questionnaire-among-chinese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#45
Li Cheng, Doris Y P Leung, Yu-Ning Wu, Janet W H Sit, Miao-Yan Yang, Xiao-Mei Li
This study examined the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Personal Diabetes Questionnaire (C-PDQ). The PDQ was translated into Chinese using a forward and backward translation approach. After being reviewed by an expert panel, the C-PDQ was administered to a convenience sample of 346 adults with Type 2 diabetes. The Chinese version of the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities (C-SDSCA) was also administered. The results of the exploratory factor analysis revealed a one-factor structure for the Diet Knowledge, Decision-Making, and Eating Problems subscales and a two-factor structure for the barriers-related subscales...
March 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30033748/interactive-video-gaming-improves-functional-balance-in-poststroke-individuals-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#46
Vilma Ferreira, Nelson Carvas, Mariana Cunha Artilheiro, José Eduardo Pompeu, Syed Ahmed Hassan, Karina Tamy Kasawara
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of interactive video games on functional balance and mobility in poststroke individuals. The Health Science databases accessed included Medline via PubMed, LILACS, SciELO, and PEDro. The inclusion criteria were as follows: clinical studies evaluating the use of interactive video games as a treatment to improve functional balance and mobility in individuals poststroke and studies published in the Brazilian Portuguese, English, or Spanish language between 2005 and April 2016...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30016884/positive-practice-toward-voluntary-unpaid-blood-donation-among-college-students-in-shandong-china-2013-2017
#47
Shu-Rong Wang
The chronic worldwide shortage of blood for transfusions has become an important public health problem, especially in developing countries. The aim of the current study was to assess the practice of voluntary unpaid blood donation (VUBD) among college students in the past 5 years (2013-2017). The blood donation data of college students from 41 universities were collected. Change trends in the rate of blood donation among college students from 2013 to 2017 were examined. A continuous increasing trend in the rate of VUBD was observed over the past 5 years, from 3...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29788789/measuring-functional-impairment-in-children-and-adolescents-psychometric-properties-of-the-columbia-impairment-scale-cis
#48
Brandon K Attell, Christopher Cappelli, Brigitte Manteuffel, Hongli Li
The role of measuring functional impairment holds an important place in research, clinical practice, and service provision for children and adolescents. Responding to the growing need to measure serious emotional disturbances at the local, state, and national level, the Columbia Impairment Scale (CIS) was developed in the early 1990s and has remained one of the several popular scales for assessing functional impairment. However, despite the growing popularity of the instrument in research and practice, only a few studies to date have specifically examined the psychometric properties of the CIS...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29719988/a-network-analysis-perspective-to-implementation-the-example-of-health-links-to-promote-coordinated-care
#49
Reza Yousefi Nooraie, Sobia Khan, Jennifer Gutberg, G Ross Baker
Although implementation models broadly recognize the importance of social relationships, our knowledge about applying social network analysis (SNA) to formative, process, and outcome evaluations of health system interventions is limited. We explored applications of adopting an SNA lens to inform implementation planning, engagement and execution, and evaluation. We used Health Links, a province-wide program in Canada aiming to improve care coordination among multiple providers of high-needs patients, as an example of a health system intervention...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29719987/strategies-to-avoid-replication-failure-with-evidence-based-prevention-interventions-case-examples-from-the-strengthening-families-program
#50
Karol L Kumpfer, Lawrence M Scheier, Jaynie Brown
Research has found disturbing long-term effects of poor parenting on children's behavioral health including addiction, delinquency, depression/anxiety, and poorer health as adults. Poor parenting practices thus contribute substantially to the health crisis in America. However, skilled, nurturing parents, or caretakers can help youth avoid these developmental problems. A number of family and parenting evidence-based interventions (EBIs) that teach parenting skills are now available for dissemination. Unfortunately, replications of EBIs do not always produce the original positive results...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29669428/perception-of-the-quality-of-physiotherapy-care-provided-to-outpatients-from-the-primary-health-care-in-chile
#51
Priscila Reyes, Fabia Puelle, René Mauricio Barría
We explored outpatient's perceptions on the quality of physiotherapy care provided in three urban primary care centers of Valdivia, Chile, through a descriptive phenomenological study. We collected data from 21 participants through semistructured interviews which were analyzed using the Colaizzi approach. Two main themes emerged: quality related to the professional and structure of the care system. Perceptions about the care received from the physiotherapist are influenced by factors such as communication, the way they treat the patient, and the trust established between patient and professional...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29635950/what-is-lean-management-in-health-care-development-of-an-operational-definition-for-a-cochrane-systematic-review
#52
Thomas Rotter, Christopher Plishka, Adegboyega Lawal, Liz Harrison, Nazmi Sari, Donna Goodridge, Rachel Flynn, James Chan, Michelle Fiander, Bonnie Poksinska, Keith Willoughby, Leigh Kinsman
Industrial improvement approaches such as Lean management are increasingly being adopted in health care. Synthesis is necessary to ensure these approaches are evidence based and requires operationalization of concepts to ensure all relevant studies are included. This article outlines the process utilized to develop an operational definition of Lean in health care. The literature search, screening, data extraction, and data synthesis processes followed the recommendations outlined by the Cochrane Collaboration...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29463121/assessment-of-factors-influencing-communication-in-clinical-pharmacy
#53
Dongning Yao, Liang Jiang, Yuankai Huang, Lei Chen, Yitao Wang, Xiaoyu Xi
This study aimed to identify and assess the factors that influence communication quality between clinical pharmacists and patients using a structural equation model based on the predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling constructs in educational/environmental diagnosis and evaluation-policy, regulatory, and organizational constructs in educational and ecological development model to identify the most effective path to increase their communication quality. A survey was conducted at 253 Class-A tertiary hospitals in China from March to December 2016...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29334770/student-perceptions-of-collaboration-skills-in-an-interprofessional-context-development-and-initial-validation-of-the-self-assessed-collaboration-skills-instrument
#54
Leslie Hinyard, Eileen Toomey, Kathrin Eliot, Anthony Breitbach
An integral component of interprofessional education (IPE) is the development of a collaboration-ready health-care workforce. While collaboration is a fundamental element of IPE, there is no existing measure of collaboration skills that is not context specific. This article describes the development and initial validation of the Self-Assessed Collaboration Skills (SACS) measure. Items were initially drawn from the Collaboration Skills Assessment Tool rubric, an educational assessment tool. The SACS measure was piloted in a sample of students in an introductory IPE course...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29096556/development-and-preliminary-testing-of-the-food-choice-priorities-survey-fcps-assessing-the-importance-of-multiple-factors-on-college-students-food-choices
#55
Melissa J Vilaro, Wenjun Zhou, Sarah E Colby, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Kristin Riggsbee, Melissa D Olfert, Tracey E Barnett, Anne E Mathews
Understanding factors that influence food choice may help improve diet quality. Factors that commonly affect adults' food choices have been described, but measures that identify and assess food choice factors specific to college students are lacking. This study developed and tested the Food Choice Priorities Survey (FCPS) among college students. Thirty-seven undergraduates participated in two focus groups ( n = 19; 11 in the male-only group, 8 in the female-only group) and interviews ( n = 18) regarding typical influences on food choice...
December 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29096555/psychometric-properties-of-the-flourishing-scale-and-measurement-invariance-between-two-samples-of-spanish-university-students
#56
Rocio De la Fuente, Agueda Parra, Inmaculada Sánchez-Queija
The Flourishing Scale (FS), created by Diener et al., is a brief subjective perception measurement which assesses flourishing and provides a single score across 8 items. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the FS. Participants were 1,502 university students from different faculties and fields of knowledge. The results reveal good internal consistency. The single factor structure of the FS was supported by the multigroup confirmatory factor analysis, which also provided evidence of the invariant structure of the scale across two subsamples...
December 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27821548/meeting-the-challenges-of-longitudinal-cluster-based-trials-in-schools-lessons-from-the-chicago-trial-of-positive-action
#57
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kendra M Lewis, David L DuBois, Peter Ji, Joseph Day, Naida Silverthorn, Niloofar Bavarian, Samuel Vuchinich, Alan Acock, Margaret Malloy, Marc Schure, Brian R Flay
We describe challenges in the 6-year longitudinal cluster randomized controlled trial (CRCT) of Positive Action (PA), a social-emotional and character development (SECD) program, conducted in 14 low-income, urban Chicago Public Schools. Challenges pertained to logistics of study planning (school recruitment, retention of schools during the trial, consent rates, assessment of student outcomes, and confidentiality), study design (randomization of a small number of schools), fidelity (implementation of PA and control condition activities), and evaluation (restricted range of outcomes, measurement invariance, statistical power, student mobility, and moderators of program effects)...
December 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27765886/a-factor-analytic-investigation-of-the-person-in-recovery-and-provider-versions-of-the-revised-recovery-self-assessment-rsa-r
#58
Barna Konkolÿ Thege, Elke Ham, Laura C Ball
Recovery is understood as living a life with hope, purpose, autonomy, productivity, and community engagement despite a mental illness. The aim of this study was to provide further information on the psychometric properties of the Person-in-Recovery and Provider versions of the Revised Recovery Self-Assessment (RSA-R), a widely used measure of recovery orientation. Data from 654 individuals were analyzed, 519 of whom were treatment providers (63.6% female), while 135 were inpatients (10.4% female) of a Canadian tertiary-level psychiatric hospital...
December 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27573914/emerging-adulthood-a-time-of-changes-in-psychosocial-well-being
#59
Stéphanie Baggio, Joseph Studer, Katia Iglesias, Jean-Bernard Daeppen, Gerhard Gmel
The principal aim of this study was to investigate the psychosocial well-being of emerging adults using psychological states associated with this transitional phase and classic measures of emerging adulthood. We expected psychological states to be more closely associated with psychological well-being than classic markers of achieved adulthood. Data were collected in the Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors from 4,991 Swiss men aged 18-25 years. The assessment included the Short Form of the Inventory of Dimensions of Emerging Adulthood (IDEA-8), classic markers of achieved adulthood (e...
December 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27468859/the-revised-inventory-of-the-dimensions-of-emerging-adulthood-idea-r-and-substance-use-among-college-students
#60
Jon-Patrick Allem, Steve Sussman, Jennifer B Unger
Transition-to-adulthood themes, or thoughts and feelings about emerging adulthood, have been measured by the Inventory of the Dimensions of Emerging Adulthood (IDEA) and found to be associated with substance use among emerging adults. It has been suggested, however, that the IDEA is lengthy and may not include the most unique and theoretically relevant constructs of emerging adulthood. The Revised Inventory of the Dimensions of Emerging Adulthood (IDEA-R) was developed as an alternative instrument, but research has yet to determine the relationship between the IDEA-R and substance use among emerging adults (ages 18-25 years)...
December 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
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