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Evaluation & the Health Professions

Julie Ann Starr, Mary Beth Holmes, Erin Riley, Brian McDonnell, Laura Driscoll, James Camarinos, Weronika Grabowska, Allen G Harbaugh
Clinical empathy has been studied in a number of health-care disciplines suggesting that higher practitioner empathy leads to improved patient health and wellness and improved patient outcomes. While some aspects of the physical therapist-patient relationship have been described, evidence of quantitative assessment of clinical empathy in physical therapists is scarce. To investigate the level of self-reported clinical empathy in physical therapists and its relationship to practice environment and workplace engagement, the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Health Provider version (JSE-HP) and the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI) were used...
July 22, 2019: Evaluation & the Health Professions
David P Fernandez, Mark D Griffiths
Despite a lack of consensus in the field about how best to conceptualize problematic pornography use, psychometric instruments have nonetheless been developed to assess the construct. The present systematic review aimed to (i) identify psychometric tools that have been developed to assess problematic pornography use; (ii) summarize key characteristics, psychometric properties, and strengths and limitations of instruments for problematic pornography use; (iii) compare the instruments' theoretical conceptualizations of problematic pornography use; and (iv) evaluate each instrument on their ability to assess various core components of addiction...
July 8, 2019: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Maria Matarese, Marco Clari, Maria Grazia De Marinis, Claudio Barbaranelli, Dhurata Ivziku, Michela Piredda, Barbara Riegel
This study developed two instruments, the Self-Care in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Inventory (SC-COPDI) and the COPD-Self-Care Self-Efficacy Scale (SCES), and tested their psychometric properties on a convenience sample of 498 patients from Northern, Central, and Southern Italy. First, the domains and the items of the SC-SCOPDI were generated based on the middle-range theory of self-care of chronic illness, comprising the dimensions of self-care maintenance, self-care monitoring, and self-care management, and the SCES-COPD was developed accordingly...
June 17, 2019: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Neide P Areia, Alex Mitchell, Gabriela Fonseca, Sofia Major, Ana P Relvas
Cancer is a disease that impacts not only the patient but also affects the entire family. Family members experience high levels of distress. Therefore, screening for cancer-specific distress among family members of people with cancer is important but relatively unexplored. This cross-sectional study aims to analyze the psychometric properties of a screening tool for family members of people with cancer. We examined the usefulness of the emotional thermometers burden version (ET-BV) in detecting caregiver emotional distress...
June 16, 2019: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Katherine Hadlandsmyth, Lilian N Dindo, Barbara J St Marie, Roohina Wajid, Jennie L Embree, Nicolas O Noiseux, Toni Tripp-Reimer, M Bridget Zimmerman, Barbara A Rakel
The patient-reported outcomes measurement information system (PROMIS) offers standardized assessment measures of clinically relevant patient-reported outcomes. This study evaluated the reliability and validity of select PROMIS measures with U.S. military veterans following orthopedic surgery. Data for the current study were collected as part of a pilot randomized control trial assessing the efficacy of a 1-day Acceptance and Commitment Therapy workshop on persistent postsurgical pain in at-risk veterans undergoing orthopedic surgery...
June 13, 2019: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Mona Eklund, David Brunt
People with psychiatric disabilities need to be able to express their views about their support, for example, the provision of meaningful activity in supported accommodation. Brief scales may be necessary to avoid strain and discomfort for this group. The aim was to develop a brief version of Perceived Meaning in Activity-Housing (PMA-H) and investigate its factor structure, internal consistency, evidence for convergent and discriminant validity, and any floor or ceiling effects. Two data sets from people with psychiatric disabilities living in congregate supported housing were reanalyzed...
May 6, 2019: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Davide Ausili, Claudio Barbaranelli, Barbara Riegel
Measuring self-care behaviors is crucial in diabetes research worldwide. Having a common measure of self-care represents an unmet need limiting the development of the science. The Self-Care of Diabetes Inventory was developed to address limitations of previous tools that were not theoretically grounded, strong in psychometrics, and clinically validated. However, the generalizability and comparability of the Self-Care of Diabetes Inventory has not been tested across cultures and languages. The aim of this study was to test the invariance of the Self-Care of Diabetes Inventory measurement model between Italy and the United States...
April 1, 2019: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Nabiha Shamsi, Aasma Shaukat, Sofia Halperin-Goldstein, Joshua Colton
Colorectal cancer surveillance intervals by colonoscopy are based on the size and number of polyps removed. Evidence suggests endoscopists' estimation of polyp size is often inaccurate, but the differences by endoscopists' characteristics have not been reported. This study assesses endoscopists' accuracy of measuring polyp illustrations, the effect of endoscopists' characteristics, and the impact of having a measurement reference. Endoscopists in a community-based, gastroenterology practice estimated the size of several illustrations in a booklet...
March 31, 2019: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Nicole Llewellyn, Dorothy R Carter, Deborah DiazGranados, Clara Pelfrey, Latrice Rollins, Eric J Nehl
The Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSA) program sponsors an array of innovative, collaborative research. This study uses complementary bibliometric approaches to assess the scope, influence, and interdisciplinary collaboration of publications supported by single CTSA hubs and those supported by multiple hubs. Authors identified articles acknowledging CTSA support and assessed the disciplinary scope of research areas represented in that publication portfolio, their citation influence, interdisciplinary overlap among research categories, and characteristics of publications supported by multihub collaborations...
March 27, 2019: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Shayna A Rusticus, Derek Wilson, Oscar Casiro, Chris Lovato
The learning environment can be broadly conceptualized as the physical, social, and psychological context in which learning and socialization takes place. While there is now an expectation that health professions education programs should monitor the quality of their learning environment, existing measures have been criticized for lacking a theoretical foundation and sufficient validity evidence. Guided by Moos's learning environment framework, this study developed and preliminarily validated a global measure of the learning environment...
March 4, 2019: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Chung-Ying Lin, Anders Broström, Mark D Griffiths, Amir H Pakpour
The purpose of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the eHealth Literacy Scale (eHEALS) using classical test theory and modern test theory among elderly Iranian individuals with heart failure (HF). Individuals with objectively verified HF ( n = 388, 234 males, mean age = 68.9 ± 3.4) completed the (i) eHEALS, (ii) Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, (iii) Short Form 12, (iv) 9-item European Heart Failure Self-Care Behavior Scale, and (v) 5-item Medication Adherence Report Scale...
February 11, 2019: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Kelly S Lockeman, Alan W Dow, Autumn L Randell
Assessing interprofessional skills poses challenges for health professions educators. While competency frameworks define the skills graduating students should possess, they do not provide guidance for assessment. This brief report explores validity evidence for use of peer assessment to assess learners and provide feedback for improvement. The context was an online learning experience for 477 fourth-year students from medicine, nursing, and pharmacy who worked together on small interprofessional teams to care for a virtual geriatric patient...
January 24, 2019: Evaluation & the Health Professions
M M Kim, A Cheney, A S Black, R J Thorpe, C D Cene, G J Dave, J Schaal, S Vassar, C Ruktanonchai, L Frerichs, T Young, J Jones, J Burke, D Varma, C Striley, L Cottler, A Brown, G Sullivan, G Corbie-Smith
Community-engaged research (CEnR) builds on the strengths of the Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSA) framework to address health in underserved and minority communities. There is a paucity of studies that identify the process from which trust develops in CEnR partnerships. This study responds to the need for empirical investigation of building and maintaining trust from a multistakeholder perspective. We conducted a multi-institutional pilot study using concept mapping with to better understand how trust, a critical outcome of CEnR partnerships, can act as "social capital...
January 6, 2019: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Adrian J Tomyn, Mark A Stokes, Robert A Cummins, Paulo C Dias
The personal well-being index-school children (PWI-SC) is designed as a cross-cultural instrument to measure subjective well-being among high school-aged children. Several published cross-cultural studies have confirmed adequate psychometric performance in terms of reliability, validity, and measurement invariance. This study adds to this literature by applying the Rasch approach to estimate invariant comparison in a cross-cultural context, applied to both Australian and Portuguese high school students. Participants were an age- and gender-matched convenience sample of 1,040 adolescents (520 cases in each group, 51...
January 6, 2019: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Cedric Lefebvre, Brian Hiestand, Casey Glass, David Masneri, Kathleen Hosmer, Meagan Hunt, Nicholas Hartman
Anchor-based, end-of-shift ratings are commonly used to conduct performance assessments of resident physicians. These performance evaluations often include narrative assessments, such as solicited or "free-text" commentary. Although narrative commentary can help to create a more detailed and specific assessment of performance, there are limited data describing the effects of narrative commentary on the global assessment process. This single-group, observational study examined the effect of narrative comments on global performance assessments...
December 26, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Elena Castarlenas, Ester Solé, Santiago Galán, Mélanie Racine, Mark P Jensen, Jordi Miró
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the construct validity and reliability of the Catalan version of the Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ) in a sample of young people with chronic pain. Two hundred twenty-seven young people with chronic pain (age range = 12-24 years, mean age = 17.87 years, SD = 3.08 years) participated in this study. The findings support a one-factor structure of the PSEQ, and the scale demonstrated excellent internal consistency reliability in our sample. In addition, convergent validity was supported by a loading of average variance extracted (AVE) greater than ...
December 26, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Youn-Jung Son, Mi Hwa Won
Heart failure (HF) is the most common cause of frequent hospitalizations and high mortality. Active engagement in self-care behaviors is an essential component of HF disease management. Although the 9-item European Heart Failure Self-care Behaviour Scale (EHFScBS-9) as a commonly used instrument has been validated in different languages, there is no validated tool for addressing self-care behaviors related to HF in Korea. This study aimed to validate the Korean version of the EHFScBS-9. A cross-sectional study was adopted...
December 13, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Ana M Castaño-León, Blanca Navarro-Main, Pedro A Gomez, Angel Gil, M Dolors Soler, Alfonso Lagares, Montserrat Bernabeu, Nicole V Steinbüchel, Ruben G L Real
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is frequently followed by a variety of physical, emotional, and cognitive symptoms, which affect the patient's daily life, their social relations, and their work/educational status. In addition to function measures, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has received increasing attention as an important outcome after TBI, as it may guide rehabilitation and evaluate treatment success. Here, we report on psychometric properties of a Spanish translation of the quality of life after brain injury (QoLIBRI) questionnaire, a disease-specific instrument to assess HRQoL in patients after TBI...
December 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Tasneem Hassem, Lu-Anne Swart, Ashley van Niekerk, Karin Pretorius, Deborah Isobell, Naiema Taliep, Samed Bulbulia, Shahnaaz Suffla, Mohamed Seedat
Dynamic violence and injury prevention interventions located within community settings raise evaluation challenges by virtue of their complex structure, focus, and aims. They try to address many risk factors simultaneously, are often overlapped in their implementation, and their implementation may be phased over time. This article proposes a statistical and analytic framework for evaluating the effectiveness of multilevel, multisystem, multi-component, community-driven, dynamic interventions. The proposed framework builds on meta regression methodology and recently proposed approaches for pooling results from multi-component intervention studies...
December 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Guoshen Wang, Yi Pan, Puja Seth, Ruiguang Song, Lisa Belcher
Missing data create challenges for determining progress made in linking HIV-positive persons to HIV medical care. Statistical methods are not used to address missing program data on linkage. In 2014, 61 health department jurisdictions were funded by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and submitted data on HIV testing, newly diagnosed HIV-positive persons, and linkage to HIV medical care. Missing or unusable data existed in our data set. A new approach using multiple imputation to address missing linkage data was proposed, and results were compared to the current approach that uses data with complete information...
December 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
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