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Cancer Nursing

Ulrica Langegård, Karin Ahlberg, Thomas Björk-Eriksson, Per Fransson, Birgitta Johansson, Emma Ohlsson-Nevo, Petra Witt-Nyström, Katarina Sjövall
BACKGROUND: Symptom management in conjunction with proton beam therapy (PBT) from patient's perspective has not been explored. Such knowledge is essential to optimize the care in this relatively new treatment modality. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the process of symptom management in patients with brain tumor receiving PBT. METHODS: Participants were 22 patients with primary brain tumor who received PBT, recruited in collaboration with a national center for proton therapy and 2 oncology clinics at 2 university hospitals in Sweden...
January 25, 2019: Cancer Nursing
Carrie Smith, Michele Smith, Regina Cunningham, Susan Davis
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of effective antiemetic regimens, patients still experience chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). 5-Hydroxytryptamine 3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonists (RAs) are the mainstay of CINV prevention, and updated antiemetic guidelines include new options. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to highlight advances in CINV management, focusing on new 5-HT3 RA formulations in adults, updated antiemetic guidelines, and the role of nurses...
January 25, 2019: Cancer Nursing
Xiaoyan Huang, Susan Lee, Yan Hu, Hongyun Gao, Margaret OʼConnor
BACKGROUND: A large number of women with breast cancer may have children younger than 18 years. When the mother has breast cancer, children may experience various concerns. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore Chinese children's experience when confronted with maternal breast cancer from the perspectives of both children and their mothers. METHODS: Forty mothers with breast cancer were interviewed individually to talk about the experience of their children...
January 23, 2019: Cancer Nursing
Lynn L White, Marlene Z Cohen, Ann M Berger, Kevin A Kupzyk, Philip J Bierman
BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an intensive treatment that offers the potential for longer life or cure for some types of cancer. Hematopoietic stem cell transplant is associated with decreased quality of life and functional status and distressing symptoms. Self-efficacy for symptom management (SESM) is a person's belief in his/her ability to implement behaviors to manage these symptoms. Presence of SESM can affect symptom distress, healthcare utilization, and posttransplantation outcomes...
January 23, 2019: Cancer Nursing
Hee Yun Lee, Raiza Beltran, Nam Keol Kim, Do Kyung Lee
BACKGROUND: While cervical cancer is considered preventable and the overall Papanicolaou (Pap) test utilization rate has gradually increased in the United States, certain Asian American Pacific Islander (AAPI) women consistently rate lower in Pap test receipt compared with non-Latina whites (NLWs), leading to a higher cervical cancer mortality rate for various AAPI women. Few studies, however, have focused on female AAPI college students' cervical cancer screening behavior in comparison with NLW students...
January 8, 2019: Cancer Nursing
Junga Lee
BACKGROUND: Effects of exercise interventions on patients with breast cancer (BC) have shown benefits regardless of the measured variables, although the type of exercise and its duration during adjuvant therapy are unclear. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of exercise interventions on each measurement, physical fitness, quality of life (QL), fatigue, depression, anxiety, and body compositions and found effective exercise interventions during adjuvant therapy for BC...
December 29, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Fulei Wu, Doris Howell, Qiong Fang, Jing Chen, Changrong Yuan
BACKGROUND: Self-management plays an important role in improving quality of life among patients with breast cancer. Self-management behaviors change with treatment periods, and the trajectory varies in patients with different demographic and psychosocial characteristics. However, the trajectory patterns and the predictive factors have not been fully studied. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the trajectory patterns of self-management behaviors in Chinese patients with breast cancer and their predictive factors...
December 29, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Soo Hyun Kim, Bo Gyeong Lee, Ji Yeon Lee, Sei Joong Kim, Min Hee Hur, Moon Hee Lee, Mi Sook Han
BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy has become the target outcome of many self-management interventions for cancer survivors. However, no measurement is available that can be used to measure cancer-specific self-efficacy in Korea. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to cross-culturally evaluate the reliability and validity of a Korean version of the Cancer Survivors' Self-Efficacy Scale (CSSES-K). METHODS: We translated the original version of the CSSES (11 items) and created a Korean version...
December 29, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Aomei Shen, Ying Wang, Wanmin Qiang
BACKGROUND: Job burnout could negatively affect nursing care provided. However, little is known about burnout and caring behaviors among oncology nurses in China. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to investigate the status of burnout and caring behaviors among oncology nurses in China, to examine the relationship between them, and to identify factors that affect caring behaviors. METHODS: A nationwide multicenter study was performed in 6 public cancer hospitals in June 2016...
December 29, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Jane A Evered
BACKGROUND: Friendship is a complex social phenomenon important to human development, emotional health, and socialization. While making and maintaining peer friends are an emphasized task of adolescent and young adult development, the multidimensional experience of friendship is incompletely defined, particularly in the context of adolescents and young adults with cancer. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the nature of friendship more deeply and completely by breaking down and then rebuilding meaning in this phenomenon...
December 29, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Pok-Ja Oh, Jung-Ran Cho
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy leads to various symptoms and psychological distress, which contribute to a significant decrease in the quality of life of the patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify changes and interrelationships in the fatigue-depression-anxiety symptom cluster and quality of life during the cancer care trajectory in women with breast cancer. METHODS: Fifty women participated in the study and completed questionnaires at 3 different times: prechemotherapy, postchemotherapy, and 6 months after the completion of chemotherapy...
December 29, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Grace A Kanzawa-Lee, Robert Knoerl, David A Williams, Daniel J Clauw, Celia M Bridges, Steven E Harte, Ellen Kolarik, Janet Houghtby, Ellen M Lavoie Smith
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma has been linked to neuropathic pain in noncancer populations, but its relationship with cancer treatment-related neuropathic pain is unknown. OBJECTIVE: This secondary data analysis of a prospective, longitudinal, observational study aimed to explore the relationship of childhood trauma experience with pain severity, pain interference, and neuropathic symptom severity (NSS) 12 months after surgery in women receiving treatment for stage 0 to III breast cancer...
December 29, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Debra Lynch Kelly, Gee Su Yang, Angela R Starkweather, Uma Siangphoe, Paula Alexander-Delpech, Debra E Lyon
BACKGROUND: With a nearly 89% 5-year survival rate for women with early-stage breast cancer, symptoms are a priority. Healthy lifestyle behaviors may be temporally associated with symptoms; however, evidence is lacking. OBJECTIVE: This research examined temporal relationships among healthy lifestyle behaviors and symptoms in women diagnosed with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: This research was part of a study (R01NR012667) approved by the institutional review board...
December 12, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Burcu Cengiz, Zuhal Bahar, Aras Emre Canda
BACKGROUND: Individuals who have undergone stoma surgery take time to adjust to the stoma, and their quality of life is decreasing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of home-based nursing interventions informed by the Health Belief Model on patient care outcomes for individuals having a stoma. METHODS: This pretest, posttest, and semiexperimental design with a control group included adults who underwent a stoma operation in the previous 3 months...
December 12, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Judith A Meiklejohn, Ross Bailie, Jon Adams, Gail Garvey, Christina M Bernardes, Daniel Williamson, Beverly Marcusson, Brian Arley, Jennifer H Martin, Euan T Walpole, Patricia C Valery
BACKGROUND: Disparity in outcomes between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people after cancer diagnosis is multifactorial, including lower cancer screening participation, later diagnosis, reduced access and uptake of cancer treatment, higher rate of comorbidities, and barriers accessing the health system. Little is known about cancer survivorship experiences. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore Indigenous Australian cancer survivor's perspectives of cancer survivorship...
December 12, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Winsome Lam, Fiona Y Wong, Angela E Chan
BACKGROUND: Nurse-patient communication is of the utmost importance to oncology patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the factors influencing the level of satisfaction with nurse-patient communication among oncology patients during their daily routine procedures. METHODS: In this observational study, 25 registered nurses and 94 patients were recruited from an oncology unit. The patients were asked to complete a concern checklist before and after each admission, administration of medication, and wound-dressing procedure...
December 12, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Mahati Chittem, Paul Norman, Peter Harris
BACKGROUND: Nondisclosure of cancer diagnosis continues to be practiced in India, with many family caregivers concealing it from patients in order to protect them from emotional distress. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore Indian primary family caregivers' reasons for, and experiences of, disclosure versus nondisclosure to patients about their cancer diagnosis. METHODS: Indian disclosing (n = 8) and nondisclosing (n = 7) primary family caregivers participated in semistructured interviews exploring their reasons for disclosure versus nondisclosure of cancer diagnosis to their patient...
December 12, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Ruth McCorkle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Cancer Nursing
Pamela S Hinds
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Cancer Nursing
Tze-Fang Wang, Yu-Jie Li, Lee-Chen Chen, Chyuan Chou, Su-Chen Yang
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer is the fifth most common form of cancer in Taiwan in terms of incidence and death rate and results in at least 2700 deaths each year. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to assess the postoperative health-related quality of life (QOL) and care needs of oral cancer patients comprehensively and to evaluate the correlation between health-related QOL and care needs. INTERVENTIONS/METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 126 oral cancer patients who had received surgical treatment within the previous 2 years and were without cognitive impairment...
November 15, 2018: Cancer Nursing
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