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Journal of Parasitology

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589611/asp-2017-calendar-year-proposed-budget-and-final-budget-reconciliation
#1
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589610/one-hundred-and-eighth-annual-council-meeting-21-june-2018-the-marriott-canc%C3%A3%C2%BAn-resort-canc%C3%A3%C2%BAn-mexico
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589609/ninety-third-annual-business-meeting-24-june-2018-marriott-canc%C3%A3%C2%BAn-resort-canc%C3%A3%C2%BAn-mexico
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589604/subject-index-for-volume-104-issues-1-6
#4
(no author information available yet)
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December 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589603/editorial-acknowledgments-volume-104-2018
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30571540/author-index-for-volume-104-issues-1-6
#6
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30088785/prolonged-storage-increases-virulence-of-steinernema-entomopathogenic-nematodes-toward-drosophila-larvae
#7
Shruti Yadav, Ioannis Eleftherianos
Entomopathogenic nematodes are excellent organisms for dissecting the molecular basis of parasitism and probing the insect innate immune system. The nematode parasite Steinernema carpocapsae is a potent pathogen of insects that has emerged recently as a model for parasitic infection and anti-nematode immune signaling and response. The nematodes are mutualistically associated with the bacteria Xenorhabdus nematophila, which are also pathogenic to insects. Separation of nematodes from their associated bacteria facilitates mechanistic studies focusing on the impact of the parasites without considering the contribution of their bacterial partners...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30021474/five-new-species-of-the-tapeworm-genus-anthocephalum-rhinebothriidea-anthocephaliidae-parasitizing-a-single-species-of-indo-pacific-stingray-and-a-revised-diagnosis-of-the-genus
#8
Kaylee S Herzog, Kirsten Jensen
Five new species of the elasmobranch tapeworm genus Anthocephalum Linton, 1890 (Rhinebothriidea: Anthocephaliidae Ruhnke, Caira and Cox, 2015 ) are described from the mangrove whipray, Urogymnus granulatus (Macleay) from the Solomon Islands and northern Australia. Anthocephalum blairi n. sp., Anthocephalum gravisi n. sp., Anthocephalum haroldsoni n. sp., Anthocephalum mounseyi n. sp., and Anthocephalum ruhnkei n. sp. differ from one another and their congeners based on quantitative and qualitative features of the scolex and proglottid anatomy...
October 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30019985/persistent-taenia-solium-cysticercosis-in-the-state-of-morelos-mexico-human-and-porcine-seroprevalence
#9
Julio Morales, José Juan Martínez, Nelly Villalobos, Marisela Hernández, Rubén Ramírez, Berenice Salgado-Estrada, Herminio Jiménez, Alfredo Figueroa, Luisa María Sánchez, Eduardo Lazcano, Agnes Fleury, Aline Aluja, Edda Sciutto
Serological tests are needed to estimate the prevalence of Taenia solium cysticercosis in endemic rural areas. The predictive value of serum antibody levels to diagnose porcine cysticercosis and human neurocysticercosis (NC) was herein assessed by ELISA using serum samples from 247 backyard pigs (141 without cysticercosis and 106 with cysticercosis) and 183 human subjects (116 non-NC subjects and 67 NC patients) in central Mexico diagnosed by necropsy and computed tomography, respectively. A sensitivity of 77...
October 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30019983/an-alternative-treatment-against-acanthocephala-prosthenorchis-elegans-in-captive-squirrel-monkeys-saimiri-sciureus-in-mexico
#10
J J José Zárate-Ramos, M A Gómez-Garza, L E Rodríguez-Tovar, J Hernández Escareño, J A Contreras-Lozano
We provide the first report of Acanthocephala ( Prosthenorchis elegans) in Mexican non-human primates. There has been no known treatment against this parasite except for surgical removal, and this has been relatively ineffective because of the small juveniles. We report the presence of P. elegans in a captive breeding colony of squirrel monkeys ( Saimiri sciureus) in Mexico, and we describe a successful treatment protocol. Treatment involved 2 steps: oral administration of the drugs loperamide chlorhydrate (0...
October 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30016200/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-tea-tree-oil-on-the-density-of-demodex-mites-acari-demodicidae-and-ocular-symptoms-in-patients-with-demodectic-blepharitis
#11
Yücel Karakurt, Erhan Zeytun
The objective of this study was to examine the efficacy of 7.5% tea tree oil (TTO) eyelash shampoo on the density of Demodex (Acari: Demodicidae) and ocular symptoms in patients with demodectic blepharitis. A total of 135 patients diagnosed with demodectic blepharitis, following clinical inspection and parasitological examinations, were included in the study. Patients were treated with eyelash shampoo, with or without TTO. Full Demodex reduction was attained in 36% of the patients who used eyelash shampoo with TTO, and the average Demodex count was reduced from 6...
October 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30016191/life-cycle-of-the-parasite-profilicollis-chasmagnathi-acanthocephala-on-the-patagonian-coast-of-argentina-based-on-morphological-and-molecular-data
#12
Eliana Lorenti, Sara M Rodríguez, Florencia Cremonte, Guillermo D'Elía, Julia I Diaz
This study verifies the identity of adult specimens of the parasite Profilicollis chasmagnathi (Acanthocephala, Polymorphidae) recovered from kelp gulls Larus dominicanus (Aves, Laridae), and cystacanths found in crabs Cyrtograpsus altimanus (Crustacea, Decapoda) from the southwestern Atlantic coast. The life cycle of this parasite is elucidated in the intertidal zone of Patagonia, Argentina, based on morphological and molecular data. Preferences by size and sex of the intermediate host and seasonal variation of this parasite are provided, contributing to the knowledge of this host-parasite association...
October 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30011246/helminth-infracommunities-of-the-montezuma-s-frog-lithobates-montezumae-anura-ranidae-in-the-nearctic-neotropical-transition-zone-of-mexico
#13
B Adán-Torres, L García-Prieto, R Mata-López
Thirty specimens of the Montezuma's frog Lithobates montezumae were collected in San Pedro Tlaltizapán, in the Nearctic-Neotropical transition zone of Mexico, in April 2013, in order to establish the helminth infracommunity structure harbored by this amphibian host. A total of 5,493 individual helminths were obtained, representing 6 species (3 trematodes and 3 nematodes). The depauperate structure of the helminth infracommunities established for the studied frogs herein (richness = 2.4; mean abundance = 183...
October 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30011242/first-report-of-gastrointestinal-parasites-from-ansell-s-mole-rat-fukomys-anselli-in-zambia
#14
Heike Lutermann, Voitto Haukisalmi, Kerstin Junker
The endoparasite fauna of Ansell's mole-rat, Fukomys anselli (Burda, Zima, Scharff, Macholán and Kawalika) (Rodentia, Bathyergidae), was studied for the first time near Lusaka, Zambia. We recovered 7 endoparasite taxa including 5 nematodes ( Hexametra sp.; Protospirura numidica Seurat, 1914; Protospirura muricola Gedoelst, 1916; Protospirura sp.; and Mammalakis zambiensis Junker, Lutermann and Mutafchiev, 2017 ); and 2 cestodes ( Inermicapsifer sp. and Rodentolepis cf. microstoma Dujardin, 1845) from 272 individuals sampled between February 2009 and February 2010...
October 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29993314/trichinella-britovi-in-game-meat-linked-to-human-trichinellosis-outbreak-in-serbia
#15
Marko Dmitric, Zoran Debeljak, Dejan Vidanovic, Milanko Sekler, Nikola Vaskovic, Kazimir Matovic, Nedjeljko Karabasil
After a human trichinellosis outbreak in Zlatibor District, Serbia, in 2016, Trichinella larvae were found in wild boar ( Sus scrofa) meat products. One hundred and fourteen people were infected during the outbreak. The larvae were determined to be Trichinella britovi using the polymerase chain reaction method. Trichinella britovi has previously been identified in Serbia, but this is the first case of the species being confirmed in food samples linked to human trichinellosis. The results of the study confirmed that the T...
October 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29990447/phylogenetic-position-of-pseudosellacotyla-lutzi-freitas-1941-digenea-cryptogonimidae-a-parasite-of-hoplias-malabaricus-bloch-in-south-america-through-28s-rdna-sequences-and-new-observations-of-the-ultrastructure-of-their-tegument
#16
Camila S Pantoja, David Iván Hernández-Mena, Gerardo Pérez-Ponce de León, José L Luque
The freshwater fish digenean Pseudosellacotyla lutzi ( Freitas, 1941 ) Yamaguti, 1954 has had an unsettled taxonomic history, and has at various times been classified as a member of Nanophyetidae, Heterophyidae, Microphallidae, Faustulidae, and Cryptogonimidae. Nine individual specimens of the trahira, Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch, 1794), were sampled in the Paraná River basin, Paraná State, Brazil; 22 specimens of P. lutzi were collected. One specimen of P. lutzi was used to obtain a sequence of the domains D1-D3 of the 28S rRNA gene, and to perform a phylogenetic analysis to assess their position and classification within Plagiorchiida...
October 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29990441/parasitological-and-molecular-detection-of-canine-trypanosomiasis-from-riyadh-province-saudi-arabia
#17
Abdullah D Alanazi
Trypanosoma evansi is the most widespread of the pathogenic salivarian trypanosomes; it causes a serious disease called surra that affects domestic animals such as camels, horses, and dogs, and often leads to reduced productivity and economic losses. Therefore, the objectives of the present study were to determine the prevalence rates of trypanosomiasis using 3 parasitological tests (wet blood film, Giemsa staining, and microhematocrit centrifugation technique) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) among stray dogs from Riyadh Province, Saudi Arabia...
October 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29986158/role-of-rats-rattus-norvegicus-in-the-epidemiology-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-grenada-west-indies
#18
Fernando H A Murata, Camila K Cerqueira-Cézar, Oliver C H Kwok, Keshaw Tiwari, Ravindra N Sharma, Chunlei Su, J P Dubey
Rodents are known to be reservoir hosts of Toxoplasma gondii infection for other animals, such as cats and pigs. From February to July 2017, 167 rats ( Rattus norvegicus) were trapped in Grenada, and serum, heart, skeletal muscle, and brain were examined for T. gondii infection by serological examination (modified agglutination test, 1:25) for T. gondii antibodies and for viable parasites by bioassay in mice. Samples of heart, skeletal muscle, and brain of all rats were bioassayed in Swiss Webster (SW) outbred albino mice and interferon gamma gene knockout (KO) mice...
October 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29979639/prevalence-distribution-and-risk-factors-associated-with-macracanthorhynchus-ingens-infections-in-raccoons-from-ontario-canada
#19
Elizabeth A Hartnett, Alexandre N Léveillé, Shannon K French, Katie M Clow, Lenny Shirose, Claire M Jardine
Macracanthorhynchus ingens is an acanthocephalan parasite commonly found in raccoons ( Procyon lotor) in the United States. Little is known, however, about the prevalence and distribution of M. ingens in raccoons in Canada. Our objective was to investigate the prevalence, distribution, and risk factors associated with M. ingens infection in raccoons in southern Ontario, Canada. Raccoon carcasses submitted to the Ontario/Nunavut region of the Canadian Wildlife Health Cooperative for post mortem from June 2016 to January 2017 (n = 380) were examined for the presence of gastrointestinal helminths...
October 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29906217/toxoplasma-gondii-antibodies-in-bulk-tank-milk-samples-of-caprine-dairy-herds
#20
A L Gazzonis, S A Zanzani, K Stradiotto, E Olivieri, L Villa, M T Manfredi
A major public health issue, Toxoplasma gondii infection can affect humans mainly via the consumption of animal products from certain species, including small ruminants. Therefore, a regular monitoring of the infection in ovine and caprine populations is advisable for the control of human and animal toxoplasmosis. Antibody detection in individual and bulk tank milk (BTM) may represent a valid alternative to serological analysis, in that its collection is easy and does not affect animal welfare. Many serological tools for milk analysis have already been validated for several parasites, including Apicomplexa...
October 2018: Journal of Parasitology
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