Journals International Journal of Artif...

International Journal of Artificial Organs
Suresh Sankarasubbaiyan, Kamal D Shah, Vikram Vuppula, Vivekanand Jha
Hemodialysis is the commonest kidney replacement therapy (KRT) globally and rapidly growing in developing countries, while in developed countries it is reaching a plateau. The penetration of hemodialysis (HD) varies widely among countries and is largely influenced by socioeconomics, healthcare financing, particularly by government, local infrastructure, healthcare workforce, health system characteristics, and affordability of the population. Biomedical equipment, consumables, disposables, and labor are major cost drivers of KRT...
August 28, 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Phillip Weeks, Kelly Dunton, Brian Gulbis, Marwan Jumean, Lisa Janowiak, Igor Banjac, Rajko Radovancevic, Igor Gregoric, Biswajit Kar
After the initiation of veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (V-A ECMO) for hemodynamic support, patients often require vasopressor and inotropic medications to support their blood pressure and cardiac contractility. The vasoactive-inotropic score (VIS) is a standardized calculation of vasopressor and inotrope equivalence, which uses coefficients for each medication to calculate a total value. This study evaluated the association between the 30-day survival of patients receiving V-A ECMO support and the VIS calculated 24 h after ECMO cannulation (VIS24)...
August 25, 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Karlijn Verkerk, Lara Ca Pladet, Christiaan L Meuwese, Dirk W Donker, Lennie Pg Derde, Olaf L Cremer
Infectious complications are common during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and may negatively impact outcomes. However, there is considerable variation in the reported rates of incidence, which hampers the use of infections as a quality benchmark for ECMO centers. To assess the contributing role of poor interrater agreement, three independent raters reviewed medical records from all intensive care unit (ICU) patients who received ECMO for >24 h in our tertiary center between October 2019 and October 2021 for suspected episodes of infection, which were rated based on their date of onset and presumed site/diagnosis...
August 19, 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Gonzalo Ramírez-Guerrero, Thiago Reis, Matteo Marcello, Massimo de Cal, Claudio Ronco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Andrzej Breborowicz
BACKGROUND: Treatment of anemia in peritoneal dialysis patients often requires intravenous iron supplementation. Iron diffuses into the peritoneal cavity and is injurious to the peritoneum. We studied how intermittent exposure to iron changes the properties of the senescent peritoneal mesothelial cells (MC). METHODS: Replicative senescence was induced in MC in control medium (Con) or in control medium with intermittent exposure to iron isomaltoside 15 µg/dL (Con-IIS)...
August 11, 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Fernanda Albuquerque da Silva, Marcia Tereza Silva Martins, Gabriel Brayan Gutiérrez-Peredo, Angiolina Campos Kraychete, Carolina Cartaxo Penalva, Marcelo Barreto Lopes, Cacia Mendes Matos, Antonio Alberto Lopes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Some studies on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients report a longer survival, albeit with poorer health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and more depression symptoms in women than in men. Whether these gender differences vary with age is uncertain. We tested the associations of gender with mortality, depression symptoms, and HRQoL in MHD patients of different age groups. METHODS: We used data from 1504 adult MHD patients enrolled in the PROHEMO, a prospective cohort in Salvador, Brazil...
July 9, 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Jose Lopez, Justin Mark, Waseem Wahood, Nader Lamaa, Mauricio Danckers
BACKGROUND: The newer Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD), the HeartMate 3 (HM3), was initially approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2017. We aimed to describe the temporal trends of in-hospital stroke and mortality among patients who underwent LVAD placement between 2017 and 2019. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample was queried from 2017 to 2019 to identify all adults with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) who underwent LVAD implantation using the International Classification of Diseases 10th Revision codes...
June 30, 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Kun Zhang, Chunxia Liu, Heling Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Although continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is common, unplanned interruptions often limit its usefulness. Unplanned interruption refers to the forced interruption of blood purification treatment, the failure to complete blood purification treatment goals or the failure to meet blood purification schedule times. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of haematocrit and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) on the incidence of unplanned interruptions in critical patients with CRRT...
June 27, 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Soner Yavas, Umit Kervan, Mehmet Karahan, Sinan Sabit Kocabeyoglu, Dogan Emre Sert, Ozgur Ersoy, Burcu Demirkan, Ahmet Temizhan, Mehmet Ali Ozatik
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to compare the results of patients who had moderate or severe tricuspid insufficiency (TI) at the time of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation that did not undergo intervention. METHODS: Between October 2013 and December 2019, 144 patients who did not undergo tricuspid valve repair (TVR) during LVAD implantation in our department were included in the study. The patients were divided into two groups according to the TI grade; Group 1: 106 patients (73...
June 19, 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
John Kenneth Leypoldt, Mauro Pietribiasi, Malgorzata Debowska, Monika Wieliczko, Malgorzata Twardowska-Kawalec, Jolanta Malyszko, Jacek Waniewski
BACKGROUND: The hydrogen ion (H+ ) mobilisation model has been previously shown to accurately describe blood bicarbonate (HCO3 ) kinetics during haemodialysis (HD) when the dialysate bicarbonate concentration ([HCO3 ]) is constant throughout the treatment. This study evaluated the ability of the H+ mobilization model to describe blood HCO3 kinetics during HD treatments with a time-dependent dialysate [HCO3 ]. METHODS: Data from a recent clinical study where blood [HCO3 ] was measured at the beginning of and every hour during 4-h treatments in 20 chronic, thrice-weekly HD patients with a constant (Treatment A), decreasing (Treatment B) and increasing (Treatment C) dialysate [HCO3 ] were evaluated...
June 8, 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Emmanuel Tasos, Joao Sequeira, Paul Lincoln, Stephen Pettit, Sai Bhagra
Patients with implantable left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are at risk of ventricular arrhythmias but these may be hemodynamically tolerated. An electrocardiogram (ECG) is essential to determine whether an LVAD-supported patient is experiencing a ventricular arrhythmia. Access to 12 lead ECG is predominantly in healthcare facilities. Implantable LVAD also cause significant electromagnetic interference leading to artefacts on ECG. We report a patient on Heartmate 3 LVAD with a diagnostic quality 6 lead ECG obtained with an AliveCor device during an episode of sustained palpitations...
June 6, 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Mirac Berke Topcu Ersöz, Emre Mumcu, Esra Nur Avukat, Canan Akay, Suat Pat, Demet Erdönmez
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the anti-adherent activity of nano-coatings deposited by Thermionic Vacuum Arc plasma on C. albicans ATCC 10231 biofilm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 80 disc-shaped (2 × 10 mm) polymethymethacrylate samples were prepared and divided into four groups with 10 samples in each group (Control, ZnO, SnO2 , Ag) ( n  = 10). Using thermionic vacuum arc plasma, they were coated with ZnO, SnO2 , and Ag...
June 2, 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Zhen Hu, Junnan Xu, Yanyan Gong, Chenfu Gan, Tin Jiang, Xiaoling Wu, Yanyun Jiang, Tiantian Xiong, Jiayu Deng, Yiqun Zhong, Menglin Zou, Laimin Luo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate non-anticoagulant factors that affect blood coagulation in the extracorporeal circulation (ECC) circuit of regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) protocol for hemodialysis (HD). METHOD: The clinical characteristics of patients undergoing an individualized RCA protocol for HD between February 2021 and March 2022 were collected; Coagulation scores, pressures in various parts of the ECC circuit, the incidence of coagulation, and citrate concentrations in the ECC circuit during treatment were determined, and non-anticoagulant factors affecting coagulation in the ECC circuit were analyzed...
June 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Bo Soo Kim, Steven P Keller, Jeffrey M Dodd-O
When COVID-19 ARDS abolishes pulmonary function, VV-ECMO can provide gas exchange. If oxygenation remains insufficient despite maximal VV-ECMO support, the addition of esmolol has been proposed. Conflict exists, however, as to the oxygenation level which should trigger beta-blocker initiation. We evaluated the effect of esmolol therapy on oxygenation and oxygen delivery in patients with negligible native lung function and various degrees of hypoxemia despite maximal VV-ECMO support. We found that, in COVID-19 patients with negligible pulmonary gas exchange, the generalized use of esmolol administration to raise arterial oxygenation by slowing heart rate and thereby match native cardiac output to maximal attainable VV ECMO flows actually reduces systemic oxygen delivery in many cases...
June 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Massimo Capoccia, Dirk M Maybauer, Joseph M Brewer, Marc O Maybauer
We sought to review the role of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for the management of burn and smoke inhalation injury in the adult patient population. Therefore, we conducted a systematic search of the literature according to specific combination of key words to ascertain the effectiveness of this support strategy. A total of 26 articles were filtered out of 269 and considered suitable for this study. The PICOS approach and PRISMA flow chart were followed for the purposes of our review. Although there is growing evidence supporting the role of ECMO as an option for burn injury in the adult patient population, this strategy should be considered if a likely successful outcome is expected...
June 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Xu Mei, Qiubo Jiang, Nana Huan, Haidong He, Liudi Zhang
The incidence of clinical complication gastrointestinal bleeding has been proved as consequence of von Willebrand factor (VWF) damage after mechanical circulatory support in clinic. Many studies have been conducted to evaluate VWF damage, of which the most studied influencing factors are mechanical factors such as shear stress. However, in addition to mechanical factors, VWF damage may also be affected by interface factors. To address this issue, a roller pump circulation platform was established to investigate the effect of material surface micron-scale structures distribution on VWF damage in flow state...
June 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Massimo de Cal, Anna Lorenzin, Benedetta Risino, Fiammetta Zanetti, Giulia Fanton, Loredana Fallico, Mario Rassu, Silvia De Rosa, Claudio Ronco, Monica Zanella
Sepsis is one of the major causes of death worldwide. In its physiopathological process, a broad spectrum of pro and antiinflammatory mediators plays a strategic role, leading to a sepsis induced state of immunoparalysis. The rationale behind the employment of extracorporeal purification techniques as a complement to therapy for sepsis is based on their ability to remove the mediators involved. Until now, attention was focused on the immunomodulation allowed by purification therapies. However, the focus of studies on the application possibilities that these techniques offer as a supplement to antimicrobial therapy and resuscitation of critically ill patients must be extended...
June 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Xiaoguang Zhang, Tengfei Pan
Acellular scaffold is mainly composed of collagen, which is sensitive to temperature. The denaturation of collagen, whether immediately or lately after implantation will lead to profound influence on the micro-structure, biological activities of acellular scaffold, and tissue repairing process. However, the in situ thermal stability of acellular scaffold had rarely been investigated previously. In this study, the thermal stability of two acellular scaffolds, acellular bovine pericardium (S1) and acellular bovine dermis (S2), were investigated by in situ dura repairing experiments...
May 22, 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Changjun Mu, Akihiro C Yamashita
Considering the increasing clinical need for continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), further improvement in therapeutic efficacy has become an important focus for researchers. Here, we designed nine CRRT filters with various combinations of hollow fiber packing density ( PD ) and housing shape (effective hollow fiber length ( L ) and inner housing diameter ( D ) ratio ( L / D ratio)) to evaluate the clearance of middle molecular uremic toxins (MMs) via simulation of an in vitro continuous veno-venous hemodialysis treatment model...
May 3, 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Susumu Ookawara, Kiyonori Ito, Yuichiro Ueda, Saori Minato, Shohei Kaneko, Momoko Hirata, Taisuke Kitano, Haruhisa Miyazawa, Keiji Hirai, Yoshiyuki Morishita
INTRODUCTION: Hepato-splanchnic circulation influences the oxygenation of abdominal organs and is important in preventing a reduction in intradialytic blood volume. However, the association between changes in intradialytic hepato-splanchnic circulation and clinical factors remain unknown. METHODS: We enrolled 91 hemodialysis (HD) patients (20 with intradialytic hypotension (IDH) and 71 without IDH). During HD, hepatic regional oxygen saturation (rSO2 ), a marker of hepatic oxygenation reflecting hepato-splanchnic circulation and oxygenation, was monitored...
May 2023: International Journal of Artificial Organs
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