journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38972074/predictors-of-burnout-secondary-traumatic-stress-and-compassion-satisfaction-among-practitioners-in-norwegian-child-advocacy-centers
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mathilde Endsjø, Maria Louison Vang, Tine K Jensen, Ane-Marthe Solheim Skar
BACKGROUND: Practitioners at Child Advocacy Centers (CACs) are frequently exposed to indirect trauma through their job, yet there is a lack of knowledge on how this affects them emotionally. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the levels of burnout, secondary traumatic stress (STS), and compassion satisfaction among practitioners at Norwegian CACs, and possible individual or work-related predictors. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: An electronic cross-sectional survey was sent to practitioners at Norwegian CACs...
July 6, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38971702/-i-got-to-say-two-or-three-lines-a-systematic-review-of-children-s-participation-in-child-protective-services
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Karmen Toros, Asgeir Falch-Eriksen
BACKGROUND: Although children's right to participate in decisions that influence their lives is widely recognized, it is rarely present in the assessment and decision-making processes in child protective services (CPS). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to examine children's views and experiences of participating in CPS cases of child abuse and neglect and to identify the gap in scientific knowledge. METHODS: The systematic review follows the PRISMA statement and includes 13 peer-reviewed articles published in several academic journals from 2016 to 2023 reporting primary research with abused and neglected children registered in CPS...
July 5, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38970861/maternal-adverse-childhood-experiences-child-resilience-factors-and-child-mental-health-problems-a-multi-wave-study
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jessica Turgeon, Nicole Racine, Sheila McDonald, Suzanne Tough, Sheri Madigan
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that maternal ACEs have intergenerational consequences for offspring mental health. However, very few studies have investigated moderators of this association. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this longitudinal study was to examine whether child resilience factors moderated the association between maternal ACEs prior to age 18, and child-reported symptoms of anxiety, depression, hyperactivity, and inattention. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: The current study used data from 910 mother-child dyads...
July 5, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38970860/maternal-victimization-and-neglected-offspring-child-marriage-ipv-and-depression-symptoms-among-salar-muslim-women
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaoyuan Han, Clifton R Emery, Weiyi Xie, Chengjun Ma
BACKGROUND: Child neglect is prevalent in western rural China, yet there is limited research among ethnic minority communities. The Salar, a Turkic-Muslim ethnic minority residing primarily in western China, also face this specific problem. The group is deeply influenced by ethnicity, Islam and Chinese Confucianism, which in turn makes women vulnerable to child marriage and IPV. These victimizations, coupled with various life stressors, further complicate the challenges of providing adequate care for their children...
July 5, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38970859/violence-against-parents-perpetrated-by-adolescent-siblings-of-individuals-with-intellectual-disability-in-south-korea
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Eunkyung Kim, Jaeyop Kim, Shinmyung Sung, Sunwon Park
BACKGROUND: Few studies have focused on the daily hassles among adolescent siblings living with individuals with intellectual disability (IwID) and the resulting conflicts between family members. The pathway from stress (hassles) to adolescents' violent acts has been largely ignored. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the link between hassles (independent variable) and violence against parents (dependent variable), with aggression as a mediator and social support as a moderator...
July 5, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38970858/hospital-admissions-and-community-health-service-contacts-for-mental-illness-following-self-reported-child-maltreatment-results-from-the-childhood-adversity-and-lifetime-morbidity-calm-study
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mike Trott, Claudia Bull, Jake Moses Najman, Urska Arnautovska, Dan Siskind, Nicola Warren, Steve Kisely
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment (CM) includes neglect, and several types of abuse, including physical, emotional, and sexual. CM has been associated with a wide range of mental illnesses. Literature examining these illnesses in mid-life is scarce, and the impact of these illnesses on mental health service use is currently unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between self-reported CM and subsequent hospital admissions for mental illnesses, and/or community mental health service contacts...
July 5, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38968759/are-you-a-cop-identifying-suspicion-in-online-chat-operations-with-online-groomers
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tatiana R Ringenberg, Kathryn C Seigfried-Spellar, Julia Rayz
BACKGROUND: The increase in online enticement has led to law enforcement agencies engaging in more proactive policing through undercover chat sting operations. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify the topics and communication strategies triggering suspicion in chats between law enforcement officers and offenders and why those topics do not result in suspicion in victim-offender conversations. METHODS: We conducted a thematic analysis identifying: (1) how LEOs trigger suspicion, (2) how offenders communicate suspicion, (3) how LEOs attempt recovery from suspicion, and (4) how these triggers were present but did not trigger suspicion in victim-offender chats...
July 4, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38968758/eeg-responses-to-infant-faces-in-young-adults-can-be-influenced-by-the-quality-of-early-care-experiences-with-caregivers
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Micol Gemignani, Simona de Falco
BACKGROUND: The quality of early experiences with caregivers affects individual adjustment and can modulate adults' responses to salient social stimuli, like infant faces. However, in the framework of Interpersonal Acceptance-Rejection Theory (IPARTheory), no research to date has examined whether early experiences of acceptance or rejection from caregivers are associated with individual differences in the electrophysiological (EEG) responses to infant faces. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations between the perceived quality of care during childhood and the behavioral and EEG responses to infant and adult faces in non-parent young adults...
July 4, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38968757/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-aggression-in-adulthood-the-moderating-role-of-positive-childhood-experiences
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Telma Catarina Almeida, Jorge Cardoso, Ana Francisca Matos, Ana Murça, Olga Cunha
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have a significant impact on a person's psychological development and predispose them to various harmful consequences in adulthood, such as different forms of aggression. Contrarily, positive childhood experiences (PCEs) operate as protective factors, buffering against the adverse effects of ACEs and promoting adaptive behaviors and psychological well-being. However, the role of PCEs in the relationship between ACEs and aggression remains relatively unexplored...
July 4, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38964011/family-structure-and-children-s-risk-of-child-protective-services-re-reports
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
S L Shipe, K Guastaferro, L Ayer, J Y Lee, C M Connell
BACKGROUND: Single parent families are at higher risk of re-report to Child Protective Services (CPS) than two-parent families. Yet, how single-family homes differ in risk from two-parent families remains under researched. OBJECTIVE: To identify heterogenous patterns of child and caregiver factors among CPS-involved families and the subsequent risk for CPS re-report based on child and family characteristics (i.e., sociodemographic information, family structure, and risk indicators)...
July 3, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38964010/childhood-poverty-and-foster-care-placement-implications-for-practice-and-policy
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Darejan Dvalishvili, Melissa Jonson-Reid, Brett Drake
BACKGROUND: About 6 % of US children enter foster care (FC) at some point before age 18. Children living in poverty enter more frequently than non-poor children. Still, it is less clear if specific dimensions of poverty place a child at risk of FC entry. OBJECTIVE: This study aids our understanding of the relationships between poverty and FC entry. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Data were drawn from a large linked administrative data study following low-income and/or children with maltreatment reports at baseline and followed them through 2010 (n = 9382)...
July 3, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38960808/-we-can-be-a-family-again-but-different-than-before-a-single-case-study-on-therapeutic-interventions-that-initiated-a-recovery-process-in-a-family-after-the-disclosure-of-sibling-sexual-behavior
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aletta Simons, Martine Noordegraaf, Tine van Regenmortel
Disclosures of sibling sexual behavior (SSB) usually affect all family members but there remains, however, a paucity in studies on therapeutical family interventions and how they can initiate changes in families. This study was designed to explore relational impacts of SSB disclosures, goals for therapy and interventions that helped a family initiate the recovery process after a SSB disclosure. A single case study design was used to analyze a family's long-term therapy process. Data on this N = 1 study comprised 18 interviews with involved therapists, five interviews with involved family members, therapy files, and notes on family sessions...
July 2, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38955052/linkages-between-childhood-emotional-maltreatment-and-adulthood-marital-attitudes-among-rural-first-generation-college-students-in-china-a-latent-profile-analysis-and-multigroup-comparisons
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Liujun Wu, Zheru Dai, Xudong Yang, Jiayi Tang, Juan Fang, Jiahui Huang, Yawen Zheng, Yanlong Liu, Li Chen
BACKGROUND: Although there is a wealth of evidence indicating the enduring consequences of childhood emotional maltreatment (CEM) on social and relational functioning across life stages, little known about how CEM affects marital attitudes in emerging adulthood, particularly among rural first-generation college students (rural FGCS) at the critical stage of developing romantic relationships. OBJECTIVE: To explore whether differential patterns of CEM existed among rural FGCS in China during emerging adulthood...
July 1, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38955051/effects-of-early-institutionalization-involving-psychosocial-deprivation-on-cognitive-functioning-60%C3%A2-years-later-findings-of-the-lifestories-project
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hannah Sand, Fabio Sticca, Flavia M Wehrle, Dominique A Eichelberger, Heidi Simoni, Oskar G Jenni, Patricia Lannen
BACKGROUND: Institutionalization involving psychosocial deprivation affects child development negatively. However, there are few longitudinal studies, and no prospective study has yet examined the consequences of institutionalization in late adulthood. OBJECTIVE: Investigating effects of psychosocial deprivation on cognitive functioning 60 years later. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: A population-based survey of institutionalized infants and toddlers was conducted in Switzerland from 1958 to 1961 (n = 387; Mage  = 0...
July 1, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38943769/interprofessional-perspectives-on-aces-results-from-a-statewide-interprofessional-training-program
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mark Benton, Rachel Dicke, Julie M Kapp
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are pervasive and well-recognized as having lasting deleterious effects on the physical and mental health of those who experience them, particularly with accumulated exposure. OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to identify the perspectives of interprofessional health providers on their personal and professional experiences with ACEs, ACEs screening, how to work with people with ACEs, and make recommendations for the field...
June 28, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38936145/silent-suffering-the-hidden-challenges-confronting-unaccompanied-refugee-children-through-the-eyes-of-social-workers
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sara Taha, Manal Anabtawi, Tamara Al Wreidat
BACKGROUND: Unaccompanied refugee children are one of the most vulnerable categories within the refugee population. They face inexhaustible risks from the start of their journey until its conclusion; being exposed to various forms of violence, assault, and exploitation during the transit phase. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to discern the challenges faced by unaccompanied refugee children in Jordan, as perceived by social workers. Additionally, to uncover the role of the social work profession in helping these children in confronting and alleviating these challenges...
June 26, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38936144/the-combined-effects-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-neighborhood-quality-on-child-health-and-well-being
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Melissa S Jones, Hannah Dixon Everett, John P Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Many studies have investigated the effects of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on the health, development, and well-being of children and adolescents. However, most studies have failed to examine whether childhood adversity and ecological factors interact to influence relevant health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We used pooled data from the 2018-19 National Survey of Children's Health (n = 24,817) to assess the relationship between ACEs, neighborhood quality, and three domains of adolescent health and well-being: mental health (i...
June 26, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38926006/adverse-childhood-experiences-aces-resilience-and-outcomes-in-older-adulthood-a-scoping-review
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kelsey M Haczkewicz, Sheza Shahid, Heather A Finnegan, Caroline Moninn, Courtney D Cameron, Natasha L Gallant
BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated a dose-response relationship between exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and adverse outcomes in adulthood. Despite widely known associations, previous reviews have primarily focused on outcomes in younger and middle-aged adults exposed to ACEs to the exclusion of older adults and do not consider the potential role of resilience for understanding outcomes in older adulthood. OBJECTIVE: The present scoping review aimed to examine the extent and nature of existing literature on the influence of ACEs and resilience on the cognitive, physical, mental, and social health outcomes among older adults...
June 26, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38926007/public-perception-of-individuals-who-commit-child-sexual-abuse-material-offences-exploring-the-impact-of-demographic-variables-and-cross-national-differences
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Eva Langvik, Tale R Størdal, Chad M Steel, Lisbet F Christiansen, Anne Iversen
BACKGROUND: Lay perceptions of persons who download and distribute Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) is an underexplored subject. There is a need for understanding the factors that influence perceptions as the public perceptions have implications for endorsement of sex offender rehabilitation that in turn can influence the availability of treatment programs and stigma for help-seeking. OBJECTIVE: To explore public perceptions of individuals that commit child sexual abuse offences, to compare the results to those obtained in a large US sample, and to explore associations between demographic variables, general perceptions and endorsement of imprisonment and treatment for individuals that commit CSAM offences...
June 25, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38925011/testing-a-hybrid-risk-assessment-model-predicting-csam-offender-risk-from-digital-forensic-artifacts
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kathryn C Seigfried-Spellar, Marcus K Rogers, Nina L Matulis, Jacob S Heasley
BACKGROUND: Recent research argues for a formalized hybrid risk assessment model that combines the current online child sex abuse risk measures with digital forensics artifacts. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a feasibility study as an initial step toward formalizing the hybrid risk assessment model by identifying high-level digital forensic artifacts that have the potential to be valid and reliable indicators of risk, with a focus on CPORT Items 5, 6, and 7. DATA: Law enforcement investigators from a High Tech Crime Unit (HTCU) randomly selected seven closed cases; selection criteria included: male offender over 18, mobile device, child sexual abuse material (CSAM) offense, and 2019-2023 index offense...
June 25, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
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