journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38852432/practitioner-perspectives-on-the-nature-causes-and-the-impact-of-poor-mental-health-and-emotional-wellbeing-on-children-and-young-people-in-contact-with-children-s-social-care-a-qualitative-study
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
A Balogun-Katung, B Artis, H Alderson, E Brown, E Kaner, J Rankin, R Lingam, R McGovern
BACKGROUND: Children and young people (CYP) who are in contact with social care are at higher risk of developing mental health difficulties compared to the general population. This has been attributed to their experience of significant childhood adversity. With an increased likelihood of experiencing poorer health outcomes which can persist into adulthood, it is crucial that key factors for their positive mental health development are identified. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with the poor mental health of CYP in contact with social care from the perspective of practitioners working in children's social care and mental health...
June 8, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38852431/the-time-sensitive-and-dose-responsive-association-between-parental-corporal-punishment-and-sleep-disturbances-in-preschoolers-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zijing Wang, Yijia Tang, Monica Ordway, Naixue Cui, Tingyu Rong, Yujiao Deng, Wen Li, Jieqiong Liu, Min Zhao, Fan Jiang, Guanghai Wang
BACKGROUND: To examine whether parental corporal punishment is associated with increased risk of concurrent and later sleep disturbances among preschoolers, and whether the association is time-sensitive or dose-responsive. METHODS: This 3-year prospective cohort study used data from the Shanghai Children's Health, Education and Lifestyle Evaluation, Preschool(SCHEDULE-P). Participants were newly enrolled preschoolers in November 2016(wave 1) and followed up in April 2018(wave 2) and April 2019(wave 3)...
June 8, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38852430/discovering-sources-of-resilience-among-homeless-lgbtq-youth-in-out-of-home-care-in-israel-an-ecological-framework
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nofar Mazursky
BACKGROUND: LGBTQ+ youth in out-of-home care experience multiple stressors due to being a minority group, in out-of-home care, and rejected by their families. Therefore, they tend to be vulnerable. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to explore the sources of the resilience of homeless LGBTQ+ youth in out-of-home care in the Israeli context. The research question was: What are the experiences, perceptions, and constructions of "resilience" among LGBTQ+ youth who aged out of out-of-home care for homeless LGBTQ+ youth in Israel? METHODS: The study employed a critical constructivist grounded theory approach...
June 8, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38850752/online-sexual-abuse-of-children-with-disabilities-analyzing-reports-of-social-workers-case-files-in-israel
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Efrat Lusky-Weisrose, Bella Klebanov, Gal Friedman-Hauser, Ilan Avitan, Carmit Katz
BACKGROUND: Online child sexual abuse (OCSA) is a growing social concern. However, its manifestations among children with disabilities (CWDs), who face an increased risk of sexual abuse, remain largely unexamined. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to fill this gap by examining professionals' perspectives of the OCSA of CWDs through their work at the 105 Hotline, an Israeli national call center that accepts queries and reports of the cyber victimization of minors. METHODS: A mixed methods research design was employed...
June 7, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38850751/global-prevalence-of-violence-against-children-and-adolescents-during-covid-19-a-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Li Niu, Yan Li, Ruhai Bai, José A Pagán, Donglan Zhang, Angela Diaz
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that children and adolescents are at an increased risk of experiencing violence during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, there is limited knowledge about the prevalence of violence against children and adolescents across different regions in the world. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the pooled prevalence of violence against children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic and explore how geographical and methodological factors explain the variation across studies...
June 7, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38850750/relations-between-maternal-parenting-styles-and-callous-unemotional-behavior-in-chinese-children-a-longitudinal-study
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jingjing Zhu, Shiyao Zou, Yan Li
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on maternal parenting styles and children's callous-unemotional behavior (CU behavior) have focused on the West, and few studies have examined the longitudinal relationship between maternal parenting styles and CU behavior using Chinese preschoolers as subjects. OBJECTIVE: Through a 1.5-year longitudinal lens, this study probed the relations between maternal parenting styles and CU behavior in the Chinese cultural setting. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were N = 492 Chinese young children (Mage = 52...
June 7, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38850749/coping-motives-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-child-maltreatment-and-substance-use-problems-in-south-african-adolescents
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ayesha Assim, Debra Kaminer, Lee Hogarth, Bella Magner-Parsons, Soraya Seedat
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that adults with a history of child maltreatment (CM) engage in substance misuse driven by 'coping motives': maladaptive beliefs that substances help them cope with negative emotions. However, the specificity of this risk pathway is under-researched in younger and non-Western cohorts. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine whether coping motives play a distinct role compared to other motives for substance use in mediating the relationship between CM and problematic alcohol and marijuana use in a sample of South African adolescents...
June 7, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38850747/predictors-of-the-rate-and-course-of-reactive-attachment-disorder-and-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorder-symptoms-in-foster-children-during-the-first-year-of-placement
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Janin Zimmermann, Josephine Kliewer-Neumann, Ina Bovenschen, Katrin Lang, Sandra Gabler, Katja Nowacki, Gottfried Spangler
BACKGROUND: Due to adverse care experiences, foster children are at risk for developing symptoms of reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED). OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the factors influencing rate and course of RAD and DSED symptoms during the first year of placement in long-term foster care. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: The sample consisted of 55 foster children aged 1 to 6 years. Measurements were taken at placement as well as 6 and 12 months after placement...
June 7, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38850746/resilience-as-a-moderator-of-the-relationship-between-stress-and-different-symptom-dimensions-of-depression-in-adolescents-with-a-history-of-childhood-maltreatment-a-multi-wave-longitudinal-study
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Junyi Wang, Tingting Wang, Yuqin Cheng
BACKGROUND: Although childhood maltreatment is a key risk factor for the development of psychopathology including depression in later life, not all children who have been maltreated subsequently become depressed. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine the potentially moderating influence of resilience on the relationship between daily stress and different symptom dimensions of depression in adolescents with a history of childhood maltreatment. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: A sample of students (n = 999) aged 12-16 years from middle schools with a history of childhood maltreatment participated in this study...
June 7, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38866661/infant-rates-of-child-protective-services-contact-and-termination-of-parental-rights-by-first-nations-status-from-1998-to-2019-an-example-of-intergenerational-transmission-of-colonial-harm
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kathleen S Kenny, Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Kayla Frank, Lindey Courchene, Mary Burton, Cheryle Dreaver, Michael Champagne, Marlyn Bennett, Cathy Rocke, Marni Brownell, Marcia Anderson, Marcelo L Urquia
BACKGROUND: Rates of child removal by child protective services (CPS) in Manitoba are the highest in Canada with a profoundly disproportionate impact on First Nations families. Despite infants constituting the highest proportion of children affected, no research has examined population-level rates of infant contact with CPS. OBJECTIVE: We examined the incidence of infant contact with different levels of CPS, including termination of parental rights (TPR), according to First Nations status...
June 6, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38850748/investigating-the-impact-of-out-of-home-care-on-early-childhood-development
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Krystal Lanais, Emmanuel Gnanamanickam, Miriam Maclean, Leonie Segal
BACKGROUND: Early childhood development is influential for life course capability. Children exposed to child maltreatment and at high risk of harm may be removed for their safety, but the effect on child development is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To assess developmental vulnerability at school commencement across five developmental domains to ascertain whether removal of children with substantiated maltreatment to foster/kinship care is likely protective, or not, of developmental vulnerabilities...
June 6, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38823333/childhood-emotional-abuse-and-depression-symptoms-among-chinese-adolescents-the-sequential-masking-effect-of-ruminative-thinking-and-deliberate-rumination
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tengxu Yu, Jinsheng Hu, Jiayin Zhao
BACKGROUND: This study delves into the relationship between childhood trauma and adolescent depression symptoms, specifically examining the distinct roles of ruminative thinking and deliberate rumination in mediating this connection. The focus is on exploring whether these cognitive processes, namely ruminative thinking and deliberate rumination, operate differently and sequentially in mediating the impact of childhood emotional abuse (CEA) on the development of depression symptoms among Chinese adolescents...
May 31, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38823332/lifetime-victimization-experiences-depressiveness-suicidality-and-feelings-of-loneliness-in-youth-in-care
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Olivia Lucia Marie Emmerich, Birgit Wagner, Nina Heinrichs, Betteke Maria van Noort
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated the damaging effects of poly-victimization on the mental health of children and adolescents. However, few studies have been conducted in high-risk youth in care (Y-IC) samples. OBJECTIVE: The study examines the frequency of lifetime victimization and the association of poly-victimization and victimization types on depressiveness, suicidality, and feelings of loneliness among Y-IC. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: 164 participants aged 14 and 21 years (M = 17...
May 31, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38820955/childhood-trauma-exposure-age-and-self-compassion-as-predictors-of-later-life-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-american-indian-adults
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jade Michael Larsen, Reece Kothe, Peter J Helm, Mikayla Bullman, Neha A John-Henderson
BACKGROUND: Although previous research has established a relationship between childhood trauma and later-life anxiety and depression symptoms in American Indian samples, less is known about protective factors that may reduce the strength of this relationship. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate in a sample of American Indian adults, whether age moderates the relationship between self-compassion and poor mental health associated with childhood trauma...
May 30, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38820954/childhood-sexual-abuse-and-cholesterol-risk-testing-body-mass-index-as-a-mediator-across-gender-in-a-national-sample-of-adults
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michael Fitzgerald, Haley Hall
BACKGROUND: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with health problems, including cardiometabolic outcomes. Findings directly linking CSA to cholesterol levels are mixed, and identifying mediating pathways is the next logical step. Body mass index (BMI) is one possible mediator, given its association with both CSA and cardiometabolic outcomes. Gendered effects of CSA indicates that BMI may operate differently in men and women. OBJECTIVE: We tested BMI as a mediator linking CSA to high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) using a multiple group structural equation model stratified across gender to test the indirect effects...
May 30, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38816302/cost-effectiveness-of-interventions-to-prevent-the-occurrence-and-the-associated-economic-impacts-of-child-maltreatment-a-systematic-review
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dai Quy Le, Long Khanh-Dao Le, Phuong Hong Le, Marie Bee Hui Yap, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is a pressing public health concern that poses long-lasting health and economic impacts on children and society. While several preventive interventions have demonstrated their effectiveness in reducing the occurrence of child maltreatment and its associated economic impacts, the cost-effectiveness of such interventions remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide a comprehensive overview and a narrative synthesis of the available economic evidence on child maltreatment preventive interventions in both high-income and low-middle-income countries...
May 29, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38816301/an-empirical-analysis-of-sibling-sexual-abuse-examining-offender-victim-and-event-characteristics-in-national-incident-based-reporting-system-nibrs-data-2018-2022
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jessie L Krienert, Jeffrey A Walsh, Kimberly A Ingold
BACKGROUND: Sibling sexual abuse (SSA) is a pervasive form of intrafamilial sexual violence. A review of existing literature underscores ongoing challenges to comprehensive understanding of this offense due to definitional inconsistencies, small sample sizes, data constraints, methodological shortcomings including reporting practices, and a dearth of empirical scrutiny. Previous studies have relied on retrospective, non-representative, clinical, or homogeneous samples. OBJECTIVE: The present work updates knowledge on SSA addressing several persistent limitations in previous studies and offering contemporary victim, offender, and incident-based profiles to promote avenues for future risk assessment, prevention, and intervention strategies...
May 29, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38815491/criminal-outcomes-among-infants-placed-in-out-of-home-care-a-longitudinal-nationwide-cohort-study
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hilma Forsman, Lars Brännström
BACKGROUND: Infant placements into out-of-home care have garnered increased research and societal attention, yet the long-term outcomes of this vulnerable group are virtually unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the association between infant placement and criminal offences across the life course, contrasting with general population peers and children placed at later developmental periods. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: The study includes 622,940 individuals born in Sweden between 1975 and 1981, among whom around 0...
May 29, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38797118/multi-level-factors-associated-with-psychological-resilience-in-the-face-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-among-chinese-early-adolescents
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mengyuan Yuan, Yuheng He, Fan Wang, Xue Wen, Yingying Tong, Dongxue Zhu, Gengfu Wang, Puyu Su
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are pervasive and exert enduring negative effects on health throughout one's life. A better understanding of resilience among adolescents with ACEs exposure is crucial to enhance their mental health; however, comprehensive and multifaceted analyses of its associated factors are limited. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate multi-level correlates of psychological resilience in Chinese early adolescents exposed to ACEs...
May 25, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38797117/the-longitudinal-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-childhood-socioeconomic-status-and-lung-function-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lei Yang, Junhao Zheng, Yanan Luo
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), childhood socioeconomic status (SES) with lung function among general Chinese middle-aged and older adults. METHODS: Participants at baseline were 9052 individuals aged 45 years old and above from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), a population-based cohort of Chinese adults. Analyses were conducted with data from three waves (2011, 2013, and 2015)...
May 25, 2024: Child Abuse & Neglect
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