journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36933814/characterization-of-a-novel-reporter-system-for-beak-and-feather-disease-virus
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mikael Cristofer Sitinjak, Jui-Kai Chen, Meng-Yuan Lee, Hung-Jen Liu, Chi-Young Wang
Beak and feather disease virus (BFDV) belongs to the Circoviridae family, which has a relatively simple replication mechanism. As BFDV lacks a mature cell culture system, a novel mini-replicon system based on the reporter plasmid that contains the origin of replication, which can bind to the Rep protein expressed from another plasmid and thus trigger its replication and induce/increase luminescence was developed. The dual-luciferase assay was used in this system to measure replicative efficiency by comparing relative light units (RLU) of firefly luciferase...
March 16, 2023: Gene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36933813/ectopic-expression-of-pigeonpea-orf147-gene-imparts-partial-sterility-in-cicer-arietinum
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Joorie Bhattacharya, Dumbala Srinivas Reddy, Kalyani Prasad, Rahul B Nitnavare, Pooja Bhatnagar-Mathur, Palakolanu Sudhakar Reddy
Orf147, a cytotoxic peptide, has been found to cause cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) in Cajanus cajanifolius (pigeonpea). In our study, Orf147 was introduced into self-pollinating Cicer arietinum (chickpea) using Agrobacterium-mediated transformation for induction of CMS. The stable integration and expression of the transgene has been assessed through PCR and qRT-PCR analysis. In addition, phenotypic sterility analysis has been performed, considering developmental parameters like flower development, pod formation and flower drop...
March 16, 2023: Gene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36931410/ursolic-acid-inhibits-human-dermal-fibroblasts-hyperproliferation-migration-and-collagen-deposition-induced-by-tgf-%C3%AE-via-regulating-the-smad2-3-pathway
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaoliang Zhou, Hua Ye, Xianlin Wang, Junfeng Sun, Jiajin Tu, Jing Lv
Hypertrophic scar (HS) is a skin condition characterized by excessive fibrosis with disordered collagens from skin fibroblasts, which causes abnormal esthetic and even functional symptoms, thereby affecting millions of people. Ursolic acid (UA) is widely used in skincare and exerts anti-fibrotic effects. The present study aimed to delve into the impact of UA on HS and the mechanism. Fibroblasts (FBs) were incubated with TGF-β to investigate physiological characteristics compared with FBs isolated from normal skin (NSFBs) and hyperplastic scars (HSFBs)...
March 15, 2023: Gene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36931409/microrna-202-5p-dependent-inhibition-of-bcl-2-contributes-to-macrophage-apoptosis-and-atherosclerotic-plaque-formation
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fei Xu, Fang Yao, Yayuan Ning
BACKGROUND: The identification of microRNA (miRNA)-related molecular mechanisms has advanced the development of new therapeutics for atherosclerosis (AS). The roles of miR-202-5p- in the pathogenic mechanisms of AS have not been explored. METHODS: Macrophages were transfected with a series of miR-202-5p mimic/inhibitor, and then assessed for changes in viability, apoptosis, and secretion of inflammatory cytokines. The regulatory mechanism of miR-202-5p was explored through dual-luciferase reporter gene assay...
March 15, 2023: Gene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36924649/erratum-to-whole-genome-re-sequencing-and-transcriptome-reveal-an-alteration-in-hormone-signal-transduction-in-a-more-branching-mutant-of-apple-gene-818-2022-146214
#5
Hongjuan Ge, Guofang Li, Shuwei Wan, Aihong Zhao, Yue Huang, Rongqun Ma, Ruifen Zhang, Yongjun Song, Guangli Sha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2023: Gene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36918048/foremost-report-of-the-whole-genome-of-spirabiliibacterium-mucosae-from-india-and-comparative-genomics-of-the-novel-genus-spirabiliibacterium
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Subbaiyan Anbazhagan, Murugesan Ananda Chitra, Rajendran Ramya, Ramaswamy Sridhar, Gopal Dhinakar Raj
Several Pasteurella like organisms isolated from various avian species were recently reclassified into new genus based on whole genome sequence analysis. One such Pasteurella like organism, Bisgaard taxon 14 was classified as Spirabiliibacterium mucosae. In the present study, a Gram-negative organism was isolated from ailing pigeons with respiratory infection from a farm in Tamil Nadu, India and the organism was misidentified as Burkholderia mallei by Vitek 2 compact system based on biochemical characterization...
March 12, 2023: Gene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36918047/haplotype-based-association-study-for-production-and-reproduction-traits-in-multigenerational-vrindavani-population
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sheikh Firdous Ahmad, Akansha Singh, Munish Gangwar, Subodh Kumar, Triveni Dutt, Amit Kumar
Haplotype-based association analysis promises to reveal important information regarding the effect of genetic variants on economic traits of interest. The present study aimed to evaluate the haplotype structure of Vrindavani cattle and explore the association of haplotypes with (re)production traits of economic interest. Genotyping array data of medium density (Bovine50KSNP BeadChip) on 96 randomly selected Vrindavani cows was used in the present study. Genotypes were called in GenomeStudio program while quality control was undertaken in PLINK using standard thresholds...
March 12, 2023: Gene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36914143/association-between-the-methylation-of-cpg-islands-in-jak-stat-pathway-related-genes-and-colorectal-cancer
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jiesheng Rong, Rui Pu, Hongru Sun, Yupeng Liu, Tian Tian, Haoran Bi, Tingting Xia, Lei Zhang, Yuanyuan Zhang, Yashuang Zhao, Lin Zhu
BACKGROUND: Aberrant promoter methylation of CpG islands plays an important role in carcinogenesis. However, the association between the DNA methylation of JAK-STAT pathway-related genes in peripheral blood leukocytes and colorectal cancer (CRC) susceptibility remains unclear. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of 403 patients with CRC and 419 cancer free controls, and the DNA methylation levels of JAK2, STAT1, STAT3, and SOCS3 in peripheral blood samples from all subjects were assessed using a methylation-sensitive high-resolution melting (MS-HRM) analysis...
March 11, 2023: Gene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36914142/new-advancements-in-crispr-based-gene-therapy-of-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#9
REVIEW
Atieh Eslahi, Farzaneh Alizadeh, Amir Avan, Gordon A Ferns, Meysam Moghbeli, Mohammad Reza Abbaszadegan, Majid Mojarrad
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is caused by the dystrophin gene mutations and is one of the most common and lethal human hereditary disorders. A novel therapeutic approach using CRISPR technology has gained attention in the treatment of DMD. Gene replacement strategies are being proposed as a promising therapeutic option to compensate the loss of function mutations. Although, the large size of the dystrophin gene and the limitations of the existing gene replacement approach, could mean the gene delivery of shortened versions of dystrophin such as midystrophin and microdystrophins...
March 11, 2023: Gene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36907277/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-nano-encapsulated-lactoferrin-on-the-expression-of-bak-and-bax-genes-in-gastric-cancer-cell-line-ags-and-study-of-the-molecular-docking-of-lactoferrin-with-these-proteins
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fatemeh Moradian, Sedigheh Mohammadzadeh
lactoferrin (Lf) is a glycoprotein with various biological activities, including antibacterial, antiviral, anti-cancer, etc. In the present study, the effect of different concentrations of nano-encapsulated lactoferrin (NE-Lf) on the expression of Bax and Bak genes was evaluated in stomach cancer cell line AGS using real-time PCR technique and cytotoxicity of NE-Lf on the growth cells as well as the molecular mechanism of these two genes and their proteins in the apoptosis pathway and the relationship between lactoferrin and these proteins were investigated by bioinformatics studies...
March 10, 2023: Gene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36907276/genomic-and-metabolic-properties-of-staphylococcus-gallinarum-fcw1-mcc4687-isolated-from-naturally-fermented-coconut-water-towards-gras-assessment
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
C T Dhanya Raj, Surabhi Kandaswamy, Mangesh V Suryavanshi, KesavaPriyan Ramasamy, Raju Rajasabapathy, Rathinam Arthur James
Staphylococcus gallinarum FCW1 was isolated from naturally fermented coconut-water and identified by biochemical and molecular methods. Probiotic characterization and safety assessment were conducted through a series of in vitro tests. A high survival rate was observed when the strain was tested for resistance to bile, lysozyme, simulated gastric and intestinal fluid, phenol, and different temperature and salt concentrations. The strain showed antagonism against some pathogens, was susceptible to all antibiotics tested except penicillin, and showed no hemolytic and DNase activity...
March 10, 2023: Gene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36905948/correlation-of-rs35753505-polymorphism-in-neuregulin-1-gene-with-psychopathology-and-intelligence-of-people-with-schizophrenia
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Atefeh Moradkhani, Abduladheem Turki Jalil, Marwan Mahmood Saleh, Elmira Vanaki, Hossein Daghagh, Behrouz Daghighazar, Zahra Akbarpour, Hossein Ghahramani Almanghadim
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Schizophrenia is one of the most severe psychiatric disorders. About 0.5 to 1% of the world's population suffers from this non-Mendelian disorder. Environmental and genetic factors seem to be involved in this disorder. In this article, we investigate the alleles and genotypic correlation of mononucleotide rs35753505 polymorphism of Neuregulin 1 (NRG1), one of the selected genes of schizophrenia, with psychopathology and intelligence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 102 independent and 98 healthy patients participated in this study...
March 9, 2023: Gene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36898514/transcriptome-analysis-of-taraxacum-kok-saghyz-reveals-the-role-of-exogenous-methyl-jasmonate-in-regulating-rubber-biosynthesis-and-drought-tolerance
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gaoquan Dong, Hainan Wang, Jiyan Qi, Yadong Leng, Jun Huang, Hao Zhang, Jie Yan
Taraxacum kok-saghyz has been identified as one of the most promising alternative rubber crops, with laticifer cells that produce high-quality rubber. To uncover the underlying molecular mechanisms regulating natural rubber biosynthesis under MeJA induction, a reference transcriptome was constructed from nine samples of T. kok-saghyz. MeJA treatment was applied for 0 h (control), 6 h, and 24 h. A total of 7452 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in response to MeJA stress, relative to the control...
March 8, 2023: Gene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36898513/nrxn3-mutations-cause-developmental-delay-movement-disorder-and-behavioral-problems-crispr-edited-cells-based-wes-results
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Neda Kamal, Hossein Jafari Khamirani, Mahintaj Dara, Mehdi Dianatpour
NRXN3geneencodesneurexin-III which is a Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule (NCAM) with important synaptic functions in the brain. Neurexin-III deficiency could affect synapse development, synaptic signaling and neurotransmitter release. Hitherto, there is no related disorder in the OMIM due to NRXN3 mutation. In this study, two unrelated Iranian families with homozygous (NM_001330195.2:c.3995G>A, p.Arg1332His) and compound heterozygous (NM_001330195.2:c.4442G>A, p.Arg1481Gln; c.3142+3A>G) variants in theNRXN3gene were detected for the first time...
March 8, 2023: Gene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36898512/a-1-kb-human-cdca8-promoter-directs-the-spermatogonia-specific-luciferase-expression-in-adult-testis
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yueren Wu, Sicong Zeng, Congxiu Miao, Huixia Wu, Xiaoming Xu, Liansheng Chen, Guangxiu Lu Resource, Ge Lin Resource, Can Dai
Cell division cycle associated 8 (CDCA8) is a component of the chromosomal passenger complex and plays an essential role in mitosis, meiosis, cancer growth, and undifferentiated state of embryonic stem cells. However, its expression and role in adult tissues remain largely uncharacterized. Here, we studied the CDCA8 transcription in adult tissues by generating a transgenic mouse model, in which the luciferase was driven by a 1-kb human CDCA8 promoter. Our previous study showed that this 1-kb promoter was active enough to dictate reporter expression faithfully reflecting endogenous CDCA8 expression...
March 8, 2023: Gene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36898511/methylation-analysis-of-histone-4-related-gene-hist1h4f-and-its-effect-on-gene-expression-in-bladder-cancer
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nuray Varol, ─░brahim Keles, Handan Yildiz, Cem Karaosmanoglu, Mustafa Karalar, Kursad Zengin, Hasmet Sarici, Cigdem Tokyol
Recently, aberrant DNA methylation of the HIST1H4F gene (encodes Histone 4 protein) has been shown in many types of cancer, which may serve as a promising biomarker for early cancer diagnosis. However, the correlation between DNA methylation of the HIST1H4F gene and its role in gene expression is unclear in bladder cancer. Therefore, the first objective of this study is to explore the DNA methylation pattern of the HIST1H4F gene and then further elucidate its effects on HIST1H4F mRNA expression in bladder cancer...
March 8, 2023: Gene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36898510/goat-myod1-mrna-expression-indel-and-cnv-detection-and-their-associations-with-growth-traits
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hongying Ren, Zhenyu Wei, Xin Li, Qian Wang, Hong Chen, Xianyong Lan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2023: Gene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36893875/the-conservation-and-diversity-of-the-exons-encoding-the-glycine-and-arginine-rich-domain-of-the-fibrillarin-gene-in-vertebrates-with-special-focus-on-reptiles-and-birds
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yi-Chun Wang, Chien-Ping Chang, Yu-Chuan Lai, Chi-Ho Chan, Shan-Chia Ou, Sue-Hong Wang, Chuan Li
The nucleolar rRNA 2'-O-methyltransferase fibrillarin (FBL) contains a highly conserved methyltransferase domain at the C-terminus and a diverse glycine arginine-rich (GAR) domain at the N-terminus in eukaryotes. We found that a nine-exon configuration of fbl and exon 2-3 encoded GAR domain are conserved and specific in vertebrates. All internal exons except exon 2 and 3 are of the same lengths in different vertebrate lineages. The lengths of exon 2 and 3 vary in different vertebrate species but the ones with longer exon 2 usually have shorter exon 3 complementarily, limiting lengths of the GAR domain within a certain range...
March 7, 2023: Gene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36893874/downregulation-of-a-ct10-regulator-of-kinase-crk-promotes-the-formation-of-diapause-embryos-in-the-brine-shrimp-artemia
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zhi-Jun Yan, Wen-Tao Wu, Lian-Ying Xu, Ning Bi, Fan Yang, Wei-Jun Yang, Jin-Shu Yang
To survive under harsh environments, embryonic development of Artemia was arrested at the gastrula stage and released as the diapause embryo. Cell cycle and metabolism were highly suppressed in this state of quiescence. However, cellular mechanisms underlying diapause remain largely unclear. In this study, we found that the expression level of a CT10 regulator of kinase-encoding gene (Ar-Crk) in diapause embryos was significantly lower than non-diapause embryos at the early embryogenetic stage of Artemia. Knockdown of Ar-Crk by RNA interference induced formation of diapause embryos, while the control group produced nauplii...
March 7, 2023: Gene
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36893873/understanding-the-molecular-response-of-non-mammalian-toll-like-receptor-22-tlr22-in-amphibious-air-breathing-catfish-clarias-magur-hamilton-1822-to-bacterial-infection-or-ligand-stimulation-through-molecular-cloning-and-expression-profiling
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anutosh Paria, Chinmayee Muduli, Gaurav Rathore
Toll-like receptor (TLR) 22 is a non-mammalian TLR, which is identified initially as a functional substitute of mammalian TLR3 in recognizing cell surface long dsRNA in teleosts. To understand the pathogen surveillance role played by TLR22 in an air-breathing catfish model the full-length cDNA of TLR22 was identified in Clarias magur and found to be consisted of 3597 nucleotides encoding for 966 amino acids. In the deduced amino acid sequence of C. magur TLR22 (CmTLR22) key signature domains such as one signal peptide, 13 LRRs, one transmembrane domain, one LRR_CT domain and an intracellular TIR domain could be identified...
March 7, 2023: Gene
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