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Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing

John S Murray
For many years pediatric healthcare experts have debated how much benefit was derived by host nations from the well intentioned efforts of Pediatric Short-Term Medical Missions (STMMs). Most of the literature on STMMs, while limited, has focused on frameworks for the delivery of care. Today the focus of these endeavors is on the ethical implications. The purpose of this article is to describe how the focus of STMMs has changed over the past 15 years from delivery of care frameworks to ethical considerations...
October 15, 2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
Ayfer Ekim
Preschool is an important period for the development of healthy lifestyle behaviors. Parents have a great influence upon a child developing healthy lifestyle behaviors. The purpose of this study was to determine the self-efficacy perceptions of parents related to their preschool children's healthy eating and physical activity behaviors. This study was conducted with a research population of 425 parents of 3- to 6-year-old children. The data collection tools included Demographic Information Form, and The Parental Self-efficacy Questionnaire (PSQ)...
October 15, 2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
Simona Calza, Silvia Rossi, Annamaria Bagnasco, Loredana Sasso
In the literature, there is evidence about the importance of ensuring a Family-Centered approach for foreign patients to provide culturally competent care. The Italian context shows a lack of studies concerning nurses' perceptions regarding factors that influence foreign patients' daily care. In addition, the number of pediatric patients coming to Italian hospitals to be cured has increased dramatically in the last few years. This study aims to investigate the pediatric nurses' perception of the factors influencing nursing care for foreign pediatric patients who have undergone a stem cell transplant (SCT) and their families...
October 9, 2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
Nadya Golfenshtein, Einav Srulovici, Barbara Medoff-Cooper
The stress parenting responsibilities place on parents increases in situations involving pediatric illness, and therefore can potentially interfere with the normal family life. The present review examines sources of parenting stress across a wide spectrum of illnesses, using three illness groups as exemplars: Congenital heart disease, pediatric cancer, and Autism Spectrum Disorder. A systematic review of the literature using PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, and PsycINFO databases yielded 66 observational studies investigating sources of parenting stress in parents of young children with congenital heart defects, cancer, and Autism Spectrum Disorder...
September 14, 2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
E A Glasper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
Nabeel S Al-Yateem, Wegdan Banni Issa, Rachel Rossiter
Pivotal to healthy adulthood is a supportive and nurturing environment that enables successful progression through the developmental tasks of childhood and adolescence. For many children there are events that disrupt this development. Illness, injury, painful medical interventions, and hospitalization have been reported by children and families as causing medical trauma and psychological stress. Frequently pediatric health professionals focus primarily on achieving positive physical treatment outcomes. Creating an environment that will support the developmental tasks of childhood and limit the trauma and distress associated with illness and treatment is also required...
June 2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
Parvaneh Vasli, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri, Leili Borim-Nezhad, AbouAli Vedadhir
This article examines the culture of family-centered care (FCC) in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) using focused ethnography. Data collection strategy was participant observation, fieldwork, and interviews with main actors of the PICU, namely supervisors, nurses, and parents. This study took place in one PICU in a hospital in Tehran, Iran. The results were in the main named as paternalism and were presented as five themes: "non-possessed environment," "separation of the children from their parents," non-interactive communication," "limited participation," and "affection and sympathy combined with superiority...
June 2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
Jocelyne Tourigny, Julie Chartrand
Pediatric care has greatly evolved during the past 30 years, moving from a traditional, medically oriented approach to a more consultative, interactive model. In the literature, the concept of partnership has been explored and presented in various terms, including presence, collaboration, involvement, and participation. The models of partnership that have been proposed have rarely been evaluated, and do not take the unique environment of ambulatory care into account. Based on a literature review, strong clinical experience with families, and previous research with parents and health professionals, both the conceptual and empirical phases of a new model are described...
June 2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
Sharon D Horner, Adama Brown
Most studies of childhood asthma management use data from a single family reporter and fail to capture the parent-child dyadic influences. In this descriptive exploratory study with 183 parent-child dyads, data were collected from both parents and children. Using structural equation modeling, the relationships of parents' and children's asthma knowledge, self-efficacy to manage asthma, and asthma management on the child's quality of life were examined. Direct significant relationships from knowledge to self-efficacy to asthma management were found for each member of the dyad...
June 2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
Dominique Mylod
Breast milk represents optimum infant nutrition. The World Health Organization's recommendation that babies should be exclusively breastfed for a minimum of 6 months (Kramer & Kakuma, 2001) remains unchanged in its second decade (Kramer & Kakuma, 2014), which is acknowledged in industrialized countries by successive policies and guidelines for the promotion and care of breastfeeding in children's wards and departments. The known protective influence of breast milk in preventing the onset of disease in later life is of particular import for any sick infant, but the user voice as represented by Helen Calvert's Twitter campaign @heartmummy#hospitalbreastfeeding has united service user and professional voices to call for improved breastfeeding support in pediatric care...
June 2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
Kenneth D Woodson, Sunny Thakkar, Michelle Burbage, Jessica Kichler, Laura Nabors
The current study assessed factors related to family hardiness in families of children coping with medical procedures related to a chronic illness. Participants were 68 parents of children with chronic illnesses, who were receiving complex medical treatment at a local hospital. Parents completed a scale assessing family hardiness and a semi-structured interview assessing their positive and negative coping strategies and those of their child. A linear regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between several predictors, including child age, number of medical conditions for the child, family income, number of positive and negative parent and child coping strategies, and family hardiness (outcome variable)...
March 2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
Alan Glasper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
Elizabeth A Sloat, Nicole L Letourneau, Justin R Joschko, Erin A Schryer, Jennifer E Colpitts
Research demonstrates that literacy and academic achievement are predicated on the emergent literacy knowledge and skills children acquire from birth up to 4 years of age. Parents are children's first and most important language and literacy teachers, yet not all parents have the capacity to establish an adequate early literacy foundation. Efforts to address this situation have resulted in numerous programs aimed at fostering emergent literacy development. This systematic review evaluates evidence on the effectiveness of parent-mediated interventions that increase the time parents spend reading with young children up to 4 years old...
March 2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
Susan L Wilhelm, Trina M Aguirre, Ann E Koehler, T Kim Rodehorst
Although most Hispanic/Latino-American mothers initiate breastfeeding, duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding remain low. We explored whether a motivational interviewing (MI) intervention could help rural Mexican-American mothers continue breastfeeding. We used a two-group (MI intervention n = 26, attention control [AC] n = 27) repeated measures experimental design. Assessments and interventions occurred at 3 days, 2 weeks, and 6 weeks postpartum (time points when mothers are particularly vulnerable to discontinuing breastfeeding), with a final phone assessment at 6 months postpartum...
March 2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
Laura Nabors, Michelle Burbage, Kenneth D Woodson, Christopher Swoboda
Obesity prevention programs that are delivered in after-school programs are needed as a focus on curriculum can make it difficult to include this health programming during the school day. The current study examined the implementation of 2 pilot programs in different after-school programs for young children. There were 36 children in the intervention groups and 18 children in comparison groups. Children learned about healthy eating and increasing involvement in physical activity. Lessons were based on the Traffic Light Diet...
March 2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
E A Glasper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
Mulatu Biru, Pia Lundqvist, Mitikie Molla, Degu Jerene, Inger Hallström
Family caregivers play a critical role in caring for children living with HIV, however, there is little knowledge about their experiences. The aim of this study was to illuminate the family caregivers' lived experiences of caring for a child when he or she has been diagnosed with HIV and enrolled to antiretroviral treatment. Qualitative interviews with 21 family caregivers of 21 children diagnosed with HIV were analyzed using an inductive design with a hermeneutic phenomenological approach. The caregivers' experience were articulated in 5 subthemes under the main theme of "Surviving overwhelming challenges": "Committed care-giving," "Breaking the family life," "Caring burdens," "Confronting conflicts," and "Living with worry...
2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
Nicole Letourneau, Pam Whitty, Barry Watson, Jennifer Phillips, Justin Joschko, Doris Gillis
Low levels of literacy in early childhood can have lasting effects on children's educational and intellectual development. Many countries have implemented newborn literacy programs designed to teach parents pre-literacy promoting activities to share with their children. We conducted 2 quasi-experimental studies using 1) a pre-test/post-test design and 2) a non-equivalent control group design to examine the effect of newborn literacy programs on parents' self-reported literacy intentions/behaviors, values toward literacy, and parent-child interactions...
2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
Robyn Johnston, Cathrine Fowler, Valerie Wilson, Michelle Kelly
Most families can access a range of health information and advice. Information and advice sources often include nurses, the Internet, social media, books, as well as family and friends. While the immediate aim may be to find information, it can also be to assist with parenting skills, solve parenting problems or as part of decision-making processes about their child's health. These processes are strongly influenced by the parent's level of health literacy. Health literacy describes a person's capacity to obtain and utilize health related information...
2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
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