journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38695875/artificial-intelligence-improves-resident-detection-of-pediatric-and-young-adult-upper-extremity-fractures
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
John R Zech, Chimere O Ezuma, Shreya Patel, Collin R Edwards, Russell Posner, Erin Hannon, Faith Williams, Sonali V Lala, Zohaib Y Ahmad, Matthew P Moy, Tony T Wong
PURPOSE: We wished to evaluate if an open-source artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm ( https://www.childfx.com ) could improve performance of (1) subspecialized musculoskeletal radiologists, (2) radiology residents, and (3) pediatric residents in detecting pediatric and young adult upper extremity fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A set of evaluation radiographs drawn from throughout the upper extremity (elbow, hand/finger, humerus/shoulder/clavicle, wrist/forearm, and clavicle) from 240 unique patients at a single hospital was constructed (mean age 11...
May 2, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38695874/inter-rater-variability-and-repeatability-in-the-assessment-of-the-tanner-whitehouse-classification-of-hand-radiographs-for-the-estimation-of-bone-age
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jian Geng, Wenshuang Zhang, Yufeng Ge, Ling Wang, Pengju Huang, Yandong Liu, Jia Shi, Fengyun Zhou, Kangkang Ma, Glen M Blake, Gang Xu, Dong Yan, Xiaoguang Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To determine which bones and which grades had the highest inter-rater variability when employing the Tanner-Whitehouse (T-W) method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four radiologists were recruited and trained in the T-W classification of skeletal development. The consistency and skill of the radiologists in determining bone development status were assessed using 20 pediatric hand radiographs of children aged 1 to 18 years old. Four radiologists had a poor concordance rate and were excluded...
May 2, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38683469/does-mri-alter-management-in-patients-60%C3%A2-years-and-older-with-chronic-knee-pain-correlation-with-radiographs-and-clinical-parameters
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Roman Shrestha, Angela H Tulk, Amar S Shah, Skye A Buckner-Petty, Jeremiah R Long, Michael G Fox
OBJECTIVE: To determine if MRI altered management in patients ≥ 60 years old with chronic knee pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients ≥ 60 years old with knee MRI and radiographs within 90 days were included. Exclusion criteria included mass/malignancy, recent trauma, and infection. Standing AP and PA flexion views were evaluated using Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scales...
April 29, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38683468/a-22-year-old-man-with-a-posterior-left-shoulder-mass
#24
EDITORIAL
Joy Li, Stephen P Winter, Rishabh Gattu, Kyle D Perry, Kara Gaetke-Udager, Eman Abdulfatah, Jonathan B McHugh, Kristine E Konopka, Mohamed Abdelmohsen Bedewi, Steven B Soliman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 29, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38679636/histological-and-imaging-features-of-myoepithelial-carcinoma-of-the-bone-and-soft-tissue
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hisaki Aiba, Alberto Righi, Paolo Spinnato, Alessandra Longhi, Giorgio Frega, Ahmed Atherley O'Meally, Ayano Aso, Konstantina Solou, Barbara Dozza, Marco Gambarotti, Toni Ibrahim, Davide Maria Donati, Costantino Errani
OBJECTIVE: To depict histological and imaging features of myoepithelial carcinoma of the bone and soft tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined histological features in 22 patients with myoepithelial carcinoma of the bone (4 patients) and soft tissue (18 patients) at a single institution. Imaging analysis of 15 patients (bone, 3 patients; soft tissue, 12 patients;) with preoperative images involved classifying lytic bone lesions via the modified Lodwick-Madewell classification; the growth patterns of soft tissue lesions were classified as well-defined, focally invasive, or diffusely invasive...
April 29, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38676747/diagnostic-utility-of-3d-mri-sequences-in-the-assessment-of-central-recess-and-foraminal-stenoses-of-the-spine-a-systematic-review
#26
REVIEW
Mika T Nevalainen, Juho Vähä, Lasse Räsänen, Michaela K Bode
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic literature review on the diagnostic utility of 3D MRI sequences in the assessment of central canal, recess and foraminal stenosis in the spine. METHODS: The databases PubMed, MEDLINE (via OVID) and The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, were searched for studies that investigated the diagnostic use of 3D MRI to evaluate stenoses in various parts of the spine in humans. Three reviewers examined the literature and conducted systematic review according to PRISMA 2020 guidelines...
April 27, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38668763/a-32-year-old-man-with-upper-back-pain-following-a-minor-fall
#27
EDITORIAL
Palak Nandolia, Khanak Nandolia, Ravi Hari Phulware, Sonal Saran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38662095/ct-like-images-based-on-t1-weighted-gradient-echo-mri-sequences-for-the-assessment-of-fractures-of-the-hand-and-wrist-compared-to-ct
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
N Hesse, G C Feuerriegel, B Erber, P Reidler, V Gottfried, Y Stohldreier, R Schmitt, O Dietrich, A S Gersing, J E Spiro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of a 3D T1-weighted gradient-echo (3D T1GRE) computed tomography (CT)-like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequence for detecting and assessing wrist and hand fractures compared to conventional CT. METHODS: Subjects with acute wrist or hand fracture in CT underwent additional 3 T MRI including a CT-like 3D T1GRE sequence and were compared to patients without fractures. Two radiologists assessed fracture morphology on both modalities according to the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Osteosynthese (AO) and graded image quality and diagnostic confidence on a 5-point Likert scale...
April 25, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38662094/radiological-diagnosis-of-prevalent-osteoporotic-vertebral-fracture-on-radiographs-an-interim-consensus-from-a-group-of-experts-of-the-essr-osteoporosis-and-metabolism-subcommittee
#29
REVIEW
Yì Xiáng J Wáng, Daniele Diacinti, Maria Pilar Aparisi Gómez, Fernando Ruiz Santiago, Fabio Becce, Alberto Stefano Tagliafico, Mahesh Prakash, Amanda Isaac, Danoob Dalili, James F Griffith, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Alberto Bazzocchi
When a low-energy trauma induces an acute vertebral fracture (VF) with clinical symptoms, a definitive diagnosis of osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF) can be made. Beyond that, a "gold" radiographic standard to distinguish osteoporotic from non-osteoporotic VFs does not exist. Fracture-shaped vertebral deformity (FSVD) is defined as a deformity radiographically indistinguishable from vertebral fracture according to the best of the reading radiologist's knowledge. FSVD is not uncommon among young populations with normal bone strength...
April 25, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38658419/enhanced-bone-assessment-of-the-shoulder-using-zero-echo-time-mri-with-deep-learning-image-reconstruction
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Falko Ensle, Malwina Kaniewska, Maelene Lohezic, Roman Guggenberger
OBJECTIVES: To assess a deep learning-based reconstruction algorithm (DLRecon) in zero echo-time (ZTE) MRI of the shoulder at 1.5 Tesla for improved delineation of osseous findings. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 63 consecutive exams of 52 patients (28 female) undergoing shoulder MRI at 1.5 Tesla in clinical routine were included. Coronal 3D isotropic radial ZTE pulse sequences were acquired in the standard MR shoulder protocol. In addition to standard-of-care (SOC) image reconstruction, the same raw data was reconstructed with a vendor-supplied prototype DLRecon algorithm...
April 24, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38653786/improved-resolution-and-image-quality-of-musculoskeletal-magnetic-resonance-imaging-using-deep-learning-based-denoising-reconstruction-a-prospective-clinical-study
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hung P Do, Carly A Lockard, Dawn Berkeley, Brian Tymkiw, Nathan Dulude, Scott Tashman, Garry Gold, Jordan Gross, Erin Kelly, Charles P Ho
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate a deep learning-based denoising reconstruction (DLR) for improved resolution and image quality in musculoskeletal (MSK) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Images from 137 contrast-weighted sequences in 40 MSK patients were evaluated. Each sequence was performed twice, first with the routine parameters and reconstructed with a routine reconstruction filter (REF), then with higher resolution and reconstructed with DLR, and with three conventional reconstruction filters (NL2, GA43, GA53)...
April 24, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38652296/radiographic-findings-in-patients-suspected-of-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-prevalence-and-reliability
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Linda Christie Andrea, Susanne Wulff Svendsen, Poul Frost, Kate Smidt, John Gelineck, David Høyrup Christiansen, Søren Rasmussen Deutch, Torben Bæk Hansen, Jens Peder Haahr, Annett Dalbøge
OBJECTIVE: Aims were to (i) report prevalence and (ii) evaluate reliability of the radiographic findings in examinations of patients suspected of subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS), performed before a patient's first consultation at orthopaedic department. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined radiographs from 850 patients, age 18 to 63 years, referred to orthopaedic clinic on suspicion of SIS. Prevalence (%) of radiographic findings were registered...
April 23, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38647688/a-32-year-old-man-with-upper-back-pain-following-a-minor-fall
#33
EDITORIAL
Palak Nandolia, Khanak Nandolia, Ravi Hari Phulware, Sonal Saran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38647687/osteoid-osteoma-appearing-after-bony-fracture-in-a-girl-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kei Sakamoto, Osamu Miyazaki, Ayako Imai, Reiko Okamoto, Yoshiyuki Tsutsumi, Mikiko Miyasaka, Atsuhito Seki, Takako Yoshioka, Shunsuke Nosaka
Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a common, benign bone tumor. However, there are no case reports of OO associated with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), or pathological fractures in OO. A 3-year-old girl with OI sustained a complete right tibial diaphyseal fracture. Bony fusion was completed after 4 months of conservative therapy; nevertheless, 18 months later spontaneous pain appeared at the fracture site, without any cause. Plain radiographs showed a newly apparent, rounded area of translucency 1 cm in diameter, just overlapping the previous fracture...
April 22, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38642303/painless-knee-mass-in-a-young-adult-answer
#35
EDITORIAL
K Shirodkar, M Hussein, P Balogh, Christine Azzopardi, R Botchu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38642302/painless-knee-mass-in-a-young-adult-question
#36
EDITORIAL
Kapil Shirodkar, Mohsin Hussein, Petra Balogh, Christine Azzopardi, Rajesh Botchu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38642301/extranodal-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma-of-the-skeletal-muscle
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ettore di Gaeta, Floortje Verspoor, Dilara Savci, Naomi Donner, Mario Maas, Robert Hemke
This case report highlights a case of extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma initially misdiagnosed as myositis, emphasizing the appearance on both MRI and FDG PET images. The patient presented with systemic symptoms and calf muscle swelling, prompting imaging studies that revealed diffuse muscle involvement. Despite negative myositis markers and inconclusive biopsy, post-amputation findings confirmed lymphoma with EBV positivity. The appearance in both MRI and FDG PET complicated the diagnostic process, underscoring the importance of considering lymphoma in cases of muscle-related symptoms to prevent delays in appropriate management...
April 20, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38625623/an-unusual-cystic-presentation-of-pelvic-skeletal-ewing-sarcoma-a-case-series
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Giuseppe Francesco Papalia, Sisith Ariyaratne, Jerome Sison, Guy Morris, Sumathi Vaiyapuri, Vineet Kurisunkal, Rajesh Botchu
Ewing sarcoma (ES) is the second most common primary malignant bone tumour in children and adolescents. About 14.5% of primary malignancies develop in pelvic bones, where they typically have worse prognoses than extremity or acral sarcomas. It usually presents with aggressive features on radiology scans, but may also present with different radiological characteristics. In this series, we describe rare appearances of pelvic skeletal Ewing sarcoma, with large extraosseous cystic component on imaging, defined by the presence of fluid-filled spaces in the extraosseous tumour lesion, which distinguishes it from the solid nature of conventional ES...
April 16, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38619614/primary-intraosseous-papillary-intralymphatic-angioendothelioma-of-the-distal-femoral-epiphysis-a-case-report-with-literature-review
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
J J Pozo-Kreilinger, E M Pena-Burgos, E J Ortiz-Cruz, J M Cordero-García, I Barrientos Ruiz, M Tapia-Viñe, M Peleteiro-Pensado, D Bernabéu-Taboada
INTRODUCTION: Papillary intralymphatic angioendothelioma (PILA) is an exceptionally rare metastasizing soft tissue tumor. It tends to arise in the subcutaneous tissues of distal extremities in children. Only four intraosseous PILA cases have been reported until now in English language literature. CASE REPORT: We present a case of PILA arising in the distal femoral epiphysis of a 50-year-old female patient. It started as a relentless pain in her left knee. A plain radiography revealed a radiolucent area in the left internal femoral condyle...
April 15, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38607418/comparison-of-3t-and-7t-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-direct-visualization-of-finger-flexor-pulley-rupture-an-ex-vivo-study
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Thomas Bayer, Lilly Bächter, Christoph Lutter, Rolf Janka, Michael Uder, Völker Schöffel, Frank W Roemer, Armin M Nagel, Rafael Heiss
OBJECTIVE: To compare image quality and diagnostic performance of 3T and 7T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for direct depiction of finger flexor pulleys A2, A3 and A4 before and after artificial pulley rupture in an ex-vivo model using anatomic preparation as reference. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 30 fingers from 10 human cadavers were examined at 3T and 7T before and after being subjected to iatrogenic pulley rupture. MRI protocols were comparable in duration, both lasting less than 22 min...
April 12, 2024: Skeletal Radiology
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