Won C Bae, Sheronda Statum, Koichi Masuda, Christine B Chung
OBJECTIVE: Cartilage degeneration involves structural, compositional, and biomechanical alterations that may be detected non-invasively using quantitative MRI. The goal of this study was to determine if topographical variation in T1rho values correlates with indentation stiffness and biochemical contents of human patellar cartilage. DESIGN: Cadaveric patellae from unilateral knees of 5 donors with moderate degeneration were imaged at 3-Telsa with spiral chopped magnetization preparation T1rho sequence...
September 23, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
Matthew Kluckman, Steven Nardini, Asish Katta, Jerod McCarrell, Douglas Byerly
The ischial origin of the hamstring musculature is complex. While the conjoint tendon and semimembranosus are commonly discussed and understood by radiologists, there is a lesser-known origin of the semitendinosus along the inferior and medial surface of the ischium in the form of a broad direct muscular connection. This secondary origin is infrequently described in the radiology literature and is a potential pitfall during grading of semitendinosus injuries if the interpreting physician is unaware of its presence...
September 23, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
Clovis Guillois, Sisi Yang, David Biau, Antoine Feydy, Frédérique Larousserie
Chondroblastoma is a rare benign cartilaginous tumor mostly confined to the epiphyses and apophyses. Cases outside the epiphyseal region are exceedingly rare. Extramedullary chondroblastomas are exceptional; to our knowledge, only two cases qualified as "periosteal chondroblastoma" have been described in the literature. We report two cases of metaphyseal periosteal chondroblastoma both located on the inferior surface of the femoral neck. Both cases were paucicellular with an unusual dense sclerotic reaction...
September 21, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
Maribel Torres-Velázquez, Christa M Wille, Samuel A Hurley, Richard Kijowski, Bryan C Heiderscheit, Alan B McMillan
OBJECTIVE: To determine if MRI-based radiomics from hamstring muscles are related to injury and if the features could be used to perform a time to return to sport (RTS) classification. We hypothesize that radiomics from hamstring muscles, especially T2-weighted and diffusion tensor imaging-based features, are related to injury and can be used for RTS classification. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: MRI data from 32 athletes at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that sustained a hamstring strain injury were collected...
September 20, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
Christopher Lui, Rylan Polster, Jennifer Bullen, Zeeshan Baqui, Hakan Ilaslan, Matthew Neill, Claus Simpfendorfer, Faysal Altahawi, Joshua Polster
OBJECTIVE: This study is to determine whether a needle guidance device combining a 3D-printed component with a smartphone would decrease the number of passes and time required to perform a standard CT-guided needle procedure in a phantom study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 3D-printed mechanical guide with built-in apertures for various needle sizes was designed and printed. It was mounted on a smartphone and used to direct commercially available spring-loaded biopsy devices...
September 19, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
Marcelo Bordalo, Andreas Serner, Eduardo Yamashiro, Emad Al-Musa, Mohamed Abdelatif Djadoun, Khalid Al-Khelaifi, Yorck Olaf Schumacher, Abdulaziz Jaham Al-Kuwari, Andrew Massey, Pieter D'Hooghe, Marco Cardinale
OBJECTIVE: To describe imaging-detected musculoskeletal injuries and image-guided interventional procedures during the 2022 FIFA football (soccer) World Cup. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all radiologic examinations performed in a central medical facility for athletes was performed by two board certified musculoskeletal radiologists. Data on muscle, tendon, ligament, cartilage, and bone injuries were collected according to imaging modality and body part...
September 16, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
Shun-Tian Xiao, Hong-Qi Zhang, Yu-Xiang Wang
We reported a case of atypical spinal tuberculosis on the posterior elements of lumbar spine in a 52-year-old female. It was easy to be misdiagnosed as spinal tumor due to its imaging characteristics. We performed puncture biopsy to initially consider tuberculosis, and then the patient was accepted surgical treatment. The intraoperative removed specimen was sent to pathological examination, microbial culture, Xpert MTB/RIF and metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) and then the diagnosis of neural arch tuberculosis was confirmed...
September 15, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
Ali Guermazi, Daichi Hayashi, Mohamed Jarraya, Frank W Roemer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
Eddy D Zandee van Rilland, Shelby R Payne, Tetyana Gorbachova, Kevin G Shea, Seth L Sherman, Robert D Boutin
OBJECTIVE: To compare MRI features of medial and lateral patellar stabilizers in patients with and without patellar instability. METHODS: Retrospective study of 196 patients (mean age, 33.1 ± 18.5 years; 119 women) after diagnosis of patellar instability (cohort-1, acute patellar dislocation; cohort-2, chronic patellar maltracking) or no patellar instability (cohort-3, acute ACL rupture; cohort-4, chronic medial meniscus tear). On MRI, four medial and four lateral stabilizers were evaluated for visibility and injury by three readers independently...
September 14, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
Ehsan Alipour, Majid Chalian, Atefe Pooyan, Arash Azhideh, Firoozeh Shomal Zadeh, Hesamoddin Jahanian
BACKGROUND: The rotator cuff (RC) is a crucial anatomical element within the shoulder joint, facilitating an extensive array of motions while maintaining joint stability. Comprised of the subscapularis, infraspinatus, supraspinatus, and teres minor muscles, the RC plays an integral role in shoulder functionality. RC injuries represent prevalent, incapacitating conditions that impose a substantial impact on approximately 8% of the adult population in the USA. Segmentation of these muscles provides valuable anatomical information for evaluating muscle quality and allows for better treatment planning...
September 12, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
Dhiri Ranjan Pradhan, Sudhir Saxena, Ravi Kant, Mirtunjai Kumar, Sonal Saran
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of shear wave elastography of the tibial nerve as a potential ultrasonographic method for the diagnosis of tibial neuropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 50 subjects each in case (patients with diabetic tibial neuropathy diagnosed on the basis of clinical features and nerve conduction study) and control groups (non-diabetic non-neuropathic healthy volunteers). The exclusion criteria included the presence of type 1 diabetes, a known history of neuropathy from other causes except for type 2 diabetes, or a history of leg or ankle fracture...
September 12, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
Eric Y Chang, Jenny T Bencardino, Cristy N French, Jan Fritz, Chris J Hanrahan, Zaid Jibri, Ara Kassarjian, Kambiz Motamedi, Michael D Ringler, Colin D Strickland, Christin A Tiegs-Heiden, Richard E A Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
Aaron J Marcel, Erin F Alaia, Michael J Alaia, Lee D Katz, Michael J Medvecky, Jack Porrino
OBJECTIVE: Concerns regarding patient safety and image quality have made the use of knee-spanning external fixators in MRI a challenging clinical scenario. The purpose of our study was to poll practicing musculoskeletal radiologists on their personal experiences regarding the use of knee-spanning external fixators in MRI in an effort to consolidate practice trends for the radiologists' benefit. METHODS: A 27-item survey was created to address the institutional use, safety, adverse events, quality, and perspectives of the radiologist related to MRI of an externally fixated knee...
September 11, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
Lawrence Yao, Anahit Petrosyan, Abhijit J Chaudhari, Leon Lenchik, Robert D Boutin
PURPOSE: This study examines clinical, functional, and CT metrics of sarcopenia and all-cause mortality in older adults undergoing outpatient imaging. METHODS: The study included outpatients ≥ 65 years of age undergoing CT or PET/CT at a tertiary care institution. Assessments included screening questionnaires for sarcopenia (SARC-F) and frailty (FRAIL scale), and measurements of grip strength and usual gait speed (6 m course). Skeletal muscle area (SMA), index (SMI, area/height2 ) and density (SMD) were measured on CT at T12 and L3...
September 9, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
Elke Vereecke, Lennart Jans, Nele Herregods, Min Chen, Jacob L Jaremko, Frederiek Laloo, Philippe Carron, Gaëlle Varkas, Manouk de Hooge, Filip Van den Bosch, Dirk Elewaut, Lieve Morbée
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of sacroiliac joint variants in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) using MRI-based synthetic CT images and to evaluate their relationships with the presence of bone marrow edema, as this may potentially complicate diagnosing active sacroiliitis on MRI in patients with suspected axSpA. METHODS: 172 patients were retrospectively included. All patients underwent MRI because of clinical suspicion of sacroiliitis. The diagnosis of axSpA was made by a tertiary hospital rheumatologist...
September 8, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
Juin Kim, Yeo Ju Kim, Hosub Park, Seunghun Lee, Dae Hyun Yoo
Inflammatory myopathies, such as polymyositis and dermatomyositis, are systemic inflammatory disorders that affect skeletal muscles and internal organs. The treatment of inflammatory myopathies usually involves long-term use of high doses of steroids and/or immunosuppressants, making patients susceptible to opportunistic infections. Unfortunately, infections are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with inflammatory myopathies. Musculoskeletal nontuberculous mycobacterial infections are rare...
September 6, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
Gerald Behr, Marlena Kuhn, Joseph H Oved, Maria Luisa Sulis
A 5-month-old infant with bone findings on x-ray presented an apparent contradiction including findings of both diffusely dense bones and rickets in the context of a history and laboratory investigation that suggested leukemia. Next generation gene panel sequencing revealed a TCIRG1 mutation which is consistent with autosomal recessive osteopetrosis. The paradoxical x-ray findings underscore a recently elucidated mechanism for the pathogenesis of a TCIRG mutation. This case highlights the importance of recognizing this radiographic, seeming contradictory, association in the context of a confusing clinical presentation...
September 6, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
Sowmya L Varada, Tony T Wong, Charles A Popkin, Diego Jaramillo
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to understand the role of skeletal maturity in the different patterns of osteochondral and ligamentous injuries after an acute lateral patellar dislocation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two radiologists independently reviewed MRIs of 212 knees performed after an acute lateral patellar dislocation to evaluate the presence of high-grade patellar osteochondral injury, femoral osteochondral injury, and medial patellofemoral ligament injury...
September 5, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
Emily R Finkelstein, Helen Hui-Chou, Natalia Fullerton, Jean Jose
Targeted muscle reinnervation (TMR) was originally developed as a means for increasing intuitive prosthesis control, though later found to play a role in phantom limb pain and neuroma prevention. There is a paucity of literature describing the clinical course of patients with poor TMR surgical outcomes and the value of imaging in the postoperative recovery period. This report will illustrate the potential utility of ultrasound neurography to accurately differentiate TMR surgical outcomes in two patients that received upper extremity amputation and subsequent reconstruction with TMR...
September 4, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
Maila Asadullayeva, Ceylan Altintas Taslicay, Elmire Dervisoglu, Ali Kemal Sivrioglu, Yusuf Iyetin
Many anatomical variations have been described in the menisci, especially in the lateral meniscus. Among these, discoid meniscus is the most common variation. Others are described in the literature as double-layered meniscus, accessory meniscus, ring-shaped meniscus, and hypoplastic meniscus. Also, combined variations associated with ring-shaped meniscus have been described, and they can be confused with fragmented complex tears and cause unnecessary surgery. Increasing awareness of the imaging features of these accompanying combined variations may aid in the recognition and differentiation of this entity from meniscus tears...
September 2, 2023: Skeletal Radiology
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