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Health & Social Work

Sarah Gehlert, Christina Andrews, Teri Browne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2019: Health & Social Work
Ethan J Evans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2019: Health & Social Work
Megan Moore, Kelsey M Conrick, Ashok Reddy, Ann Allen, Craig Jaffe
The perspective of homeless adults on their health care service utilization is not well studied. This article describes a study that used in-depth, semistructured interviews with 18 individuals to highlight the viewpoints of homeless people who are frequent users of the emergency department (ED) about the influence of life events on service utilization. Participants reported high levels of pain and comorbid psychiatric, substance use, and medical conditions. They also reported an identifiable pattern of health care utilization, often centered on a crisis event, influenced by high perceived medical needs, inability to cope after crisis, predisposing vulnerability from social determinants of health, and health care system factors...
March 11, 2019: Health & Social Work
Omar Martinez, Nikki Lopez, Tatyana Woodard, Sheilla Rodriguez-Madera, Larry Icard
Individuals of transgender experience (ITE) in the United States face an elevated risk of HIV infection. Several conditions have been attributed to the high HIV incidence and prevalence within this group, including experiences of discrimination, unemployment, incarceration, stigma, and elevated rates of sexual risk and substance use. In response to these needs, the Gay and Lesbian Latino AIDS Education Initiative and Prevention Point Philadelphia, two local community-based organizations in Philadelphia, developed the Transhealth Information Project (TIP)...
March 11, 2019: Health & Social Work
Derrick Kranke, Shant Barmak, Eugenia Weiss, Aram Dobalian
The contextual factors and individual responses to the labeling of military-connected adolescents as "being in a military family" is an understudied yet important phenomenon. Minimal research construes the experience of being in a military family as a label applied to military-connected populations by people in society. However, social environmental factors associated with school setting among military-connected adolescents being in a military family have common components to the process of self-labeling...
March 4, 2019: Health & Social Work
Scott D Easton, Soonhee Roh, Jooyoung Kong, Yeon-Shim Lee
The present study investigated distal and proximal factors associated with depression among a sample of 479 American Indian (AI) adults in the Midwest. Distal factors included histories of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and other childhood adversities. Proximal factors included levels of health self-efficacy and treatment for alcohol problems. The study also examined the moderating effect of treatment for alcohol problems on the relationship between CSA and depression. In model 1, results indicate that CSA was positively related to depression after controlling for demographic and background variables...
February 27, 2019: Health & Social Work
Tyrone C Cheng, Celia C Lo
This study examined associations between experiencing physical violence and stalking perpetrated by an intimate partner, and the number of health problems women reported. The sample of 2,626 women who survived intimate partner violence (IPV) was extracted from the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey 2010. Results showed associations between greater number of health problems and the following seven factors: injury, fear, poor mental health, advanced age, less education, lower income, and marriage; no association was found between number of health problems and number of incidents of physical violence, stalking, or both (in preceding year)...
February 23, 2019: Health & Social Work
Jeannine Rowe, Victoria M Rizzo, Deanna Guthrie, Matthew R Vail, Suk-Young Kang, Robyn Golden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2019: Health & Social Work
Kelsey Antifaeff
Medical assistance in dying (MAiD) recently became legal in Canada, and social workers have an integral role providing psychosocial care to those considering this end-of-life care option. Research has found that most requests for assisted dying have a psychosocial dimension. Social workers are uniquely equipped to understand the personal and contextual factors informing the choice for MAiD and offer supports. A case example highlights practice opportunities for social workers throughout the MAiD process.
February 23, 2019: Health & Social Work
Nafees Alam, Nicole Rufo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2019: Health & Social Work
Ethan J Evans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2018: Health & Social Work
David R Hodge, Conroy Reynolds
This study examined the relationship between eight dimensions of spirituality (and religion) and people with four different types of disability status: hearing, vision, physical mobility, and emotional or mental disabilities. The overarching aim was to identify specific spiritual-religious profiles within each disability population relative to the general population. To conduct this cross-sectional examination, the authors used nationally representative data from the General Social Survey in the United States...
December 15, 2018: Health & Social Work
Christine M Rine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2018: Health & Social Work
Héctor Ernesto Alcalá, Elinam Dellor
Child adversity has a negative impact on child and adult health. The present study aimed to determine whether adverse family experiences (AFEs) were associated with use of preventive health care (PHC) among children and whether insurance status affected this association. This study examined data from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health (N = 88,849) and included responses for children ages zero to 17 years. Logistic regression models were used to estimate odds of using PHC from AFEs. Results were stratified by insurance status and confounders were accounted for...
December 15, 2018: Health & Social Work
Stephanie P Wladkowski, Cara L Wallace
Hospice provides holistic support for individuals living with terminal illness and to their caregivers during the bereavement period. However, some individuals who enroll in hospice services are decertified as they do not experience a decline in health as quickly as required by current regulations, a practice referred to as a live discharge. The interruption in care can affect the physical and psychosocial care needs for individuals and caregivers and leave hospice clinicians with questions about how to best support them...
December 15, 2018: Health & Social Work
Lisa A Hark, Malika Madhava, Anjithaa Radakrishnan, Catherine Anderson-Quiñones, Debra Robinson, Jennifer Adeghate, Stephen Silva, Tingting Zhan, Tomilade Adepoju, Yatee Dave, Scott J Fudemberg
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a six-month social worker intervention for participants with a glaucoma-related diagnosis in an urban ophthalmic setting (N = 40). The social worker assessed common barriers to eye care, helping participants with transportation, access to low-vision resources, and supportive counseling. The Distress Thermometer, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and a satisfaction survey were administered to determine the effect of the social worker intervention and participants' overall impressions of the social worker...
December 15, 2018: Health & Social Work
Carolina Vélez-Grau, Ana Stefancic, Leopoldo J Cabassa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2018: Health & Social Work
J Camille Hall, Jandel Crutchfield, Aubrey E Jones
Stress is a significant contributor to disease and often worsens pre-existing conditions. Little research to date has focused on stress and coping in black families, particularly black women. The present study examined how self-esteem affects family coping and problem solving among mothers and daughters (N = 119). Results indicate that black mothers had significantly higher amounts of self-esteem than did daughters, potentially signifying that many issues that reduce self-esteem have been resolved for mothers, whereas daughters might still be dealing with issues that lower their self-esteem...
December 15, 2018: Health & Social Work
Gretchen Ely, Rebecca S Rouland Polmanteer, Amelia Caron
The purpose of this article was to examine the average distance traveled to access an abortion procedure, rates of return for the procedure, and whether or not those living in rural zip codes were less likely to return for the abortion compared with residents in urban zip codes, in the context of a 48-hour in-person mandatory waiting period in Tennessee. Findings indicated that over 12 percent of patients who attended the in-person counseling session did not return for the procedure. Moreover, abortion patients in this study traveled an average of 50...
December 15, 2018: Health & Social Work
Derrick Kranke, Jerry Floersch, Aram Dobalian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2018: Health & Social Work
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