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Journal of Veterinary Medical Education

Wendy Mandese, Xiaoying Feng, Linda Behar-Horenstein
Practice-based clerkships provide a way for students to experience the types of cases, clients, and procedures that they can expect to see in a general practice setting. These clerkships are typically quite different from those offered in teaching hospitals. Forty-seven (65.28%) of the 72 invited veterinary medicine students from three cohorts participated in pre- and post-test surveys designed to compare their expectations to their actual experiences. Students reported significant positive changes in terms of adequate supervision, approachability of practitioner, and comfort level when asking questions, as well as seeing different cases than they see at the teaching hospital...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Michael W Nolan, Marton Balogh, Suzanne Shelly Waltman
Due to limitations in traditional approaches to didactic and clinical learning, professional veterinary medical students face challenges in developing skills and competencies related to clinical practice. The Veterinary Information Network's (VIN) Virtual Clinic (VVC) aims to support learning by using gaming techniques to simulate clinical case management in a low-risk setting. The VVC lets students explore medical scenarios inside a virtual hospital. The purpose of this article is to describe the development and implementation of a learning approach that blends classroom instructor-directed learning with online simulation-based learning, using the VVC...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Jessica L Ward, Sara B Marcketti
Graphic organizers (GOs) are visual and spatial displays, such as tables or charts, which facilitate learning by making conceptual relationships between content more apparent. We hypothesized that study aids in the form of GOs would lead to improved learning outcomes, study efficiency, and student satisfaction compared to traditional outline (OUT) format. A mixed-methods prospective randomized crossover trial was undertaken with veterinary students (n = 31) in an elective cardiology course. All students received identical content presented via weekly in-class lectures...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Ohad Levi, Donna L Shettko, Mark Battles, Peggy L Schmidt, Maria A Fahie, Dominique J Griffon, Paul Gordon-Ross, Dean A Hendrickson
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of playing video games on the performance of basic laparoscopic skills. The study was an experimental pre-test-post-test comparison group design. Fifty-two students (31 from the Western University of Health Sciences College of Veterinary Medicine and 21 from the Colorado State University College of Veterinary Medicine) completing their first or second year of the veterinary curriculum were randomized into two intervention groups. The intervention consisted of playing the video game Marble Mania on a Nintendo Wii...
December 19, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Annemarie G P Stelling, Nicole J J M Mastenbroek, Wim D J Kremer
In search for valid and reliable selection methods that predict applicants' study motivation and academic performance during the 3-year bachelor's program at the Dutch Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (FVM), this study aimed to (1) examine the predictive value of the three FVM selection methods for study motivation and academic performance (i.e., direct admission and weighted lottery based on secondary school grade point average [GPA], and selection based on non-cognitive criteria), and (2) examine whether type and level of study motivation could be of value regarding selection of well-performing students...
December 19, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Brianna Molter, Annie Wayne, Megan K Mueller, Megan Gibeley, Marieke H Rosenbaum
Wellness and work-life balance are prominent concerns in the veterinary profession and data suggest that personal relationship-building with peers and family assist veterinary trainees and veterinarians with wellness. The demographics of veterinary medical trainees (students, interns, and residents) have shifted to a female-dominated cohort and veterinary training overlaps with peak reproductive age for the majority of trainees. Despite a robust body of literature in the human medical profession surrounding pregnancy, parenting, and family planning (PPFP) among human medical students, interns, and residents, no comparable data exist within the United States veterinary medical community...
December 19, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Elizabeth Armitage-Chan, Stephen A May
The nature of professionalism teaching is a current issue in veterinary education, with an individual's identity as a professional having implications for one's values and behaviors, as well as for his or her career satisfaction and psychological well-being. An appropriately formed professional identity imparts competence in making complex decisions-those that involve multiple perspectives and are complicated by contextual challenges. It enables an individual to act in a way that aligns with his or her professional values and priorities, and imparts resilience to situations in which one's actions are dissonant to these personal beliefs...
December 19, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Chantal C M A Duijn, Olle Ten Cate, Wim D J Kremer, Harold G J Bok
Entrustable professional activities (EPAs) are professional tasks that can be entrusted to a student under a given level of supervision once he or she has demonstrated competence in these tasks. The EPA construct was conceived to increase transparency in objectives for clinical workplace learning and to help ensure patient safety and the quality of care. A first step in implementing EPAs in a veterinary curriculum is to identify the core EPAs of the profession. The aim of this study was to develop EPAs for farm animal health...
December 19, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Rony Kalman, Patricia Hedenqvist, J Martje Fentener van Vlissingen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Julie A Williamson, Jennifer T Johnson, Stacy Anderson, Dawn Spangler, Michael Stonerook, John J Dascanio
Timely, specific feedback is the most important feature of simulation-based training, but providing adequate instructor supervision is challenging. Students' ( n = 76) surgical skills were assessed after training using either the traditional (T) method of large-group teaching by multiple instructors or the alternative method of one instructor assigned (A) to a defined group of students. Instructors rotated to a different group of students for each laboratory session. The instructor-to-student ratio and environment remained identical...
December 19, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Özgül Küçükaslan, Serkan Erdoğan, İlhami Bulut
This study aimed to investigate the views of first-year veterinary students in Turkey from six veterinary faculties on their anatomy courses and to evaluate their perceptions of the uses of animals and other teaching alternatives from an ethical perspective. The study sample included a total of 293 veterinary students studying in the provinces of Ankara, Burdur, Diyarbakır, Kars, Konya, and Tekirdağ. The 38-item instrument tool developed by the researchers consisted of three sections and was administered to volunteer student participants...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Elizabeth C Hiebert, Robert W Wills, Patty Lathan
A colorimetric scale has the potential to be very useful as a training tool for students in veterinary training programs. The authors of this report hypothesized that clinically active, graduate level veterinary students would assess mucous membrane color with greater consistency using an image-based system than with traditional word-based techniques. Third- and fourth-year veterinary students were asked to evaluate 10 canine gingival mucosa images and rate them with either an image-based scale designed by the authors or a word-based system...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Anna Suñol, Vicente Aige, Carles Morales, Marta López-Beltran, Alejandro Luján Feliu-Pascual, Jordi Puig
Vertebral fractures and luxations are common causes of neurological emergencies in small-animal patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of three-dimensional printing (3Dp) models on how veterinary students understand and learn to identify canine spinal fractures and to compare 3Dp models to computed tomography (CT) images and three-dimensional CT (3D-CT) reconstructions. Three spinal fracture models were generated by 3Dp. Sixty first-year veterinary students were randomized into three teaching module groups (CT, 3D-CT, or 3Dp) and asked to answer a multiple-choice questionnaire with 12 questions that covered normal spinal anatomy and the identification of vertebral fractures...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Sandra F San Miguel
Mentoring, assessing, and rewarding faculty who have clinical service responsibilities with promotion and tenure can be challenging in many respects. Clinical service responsibilities can limit the time that faculty have available to participate in scholarly activities, especially if the scholarship required for promotion is restricted to traditional research efforts where an individual faculty member is assessed in terms of the number of scientific publications in high-tiered journals with senior authorship and the amount of extramural funding garnered...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Fawzy A Elnady
Plastination is a valuable tool for the teaching of neuroanatomy. However, the high cost of the process and the complexity of sheet plastination for brain slices remains a challenge. This article describes an innovative, simple, and inexpensive method, called the Elnady Technique, to develop brain slices of various domestic animals. The slices are either enveloped in lamination sheets using an electric iron, or enveloped in transparent plastic using an impulse sealer. This fast, effortless process results in realistic, durable, odorless, soft, flexible slices...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Christopher P Ober
Radiographic lesion identification and differential diagnosis list generation can be difficult for veterinary students; thus, a novel means of distributing cases for study could improve students' engagement and learning. The goal of this study was to determine whether using Twitter as an adjunct means of studying diagnostic imaging would improve student outcomes on the final exam for a radiology course. A secondary goal was to determine students' preferred means of accessing additional cases for study. Twitter was used in a third-year veterinary radiology course to provide additional optional radiographic cases that were relevant to the topics covered in the course...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Zarah N Hedge, Frank Bossong, Paul N Gordon-Ross, Suzie J Kovacs
With the recognition of shelter medicine as sub-discipline of veterinary medicine, many veterinary programs are including clinical shelter experiences in their curricula. A concurrent mixed-methods study was designed with the aim to determine the effectiveness of a 4-week clinical shelter medicine program on students' perception of canine and feline surgical proficiency and shelter medicine knowledge as well as gain information on student attitudes toward shelter medicine and interest in pursuing this career path...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Anne Fawcett, Susan Hazel, Teresa Collins, Christopher Degeling, Andrew Fisher, Rafael Freire, Jeni Hood, Jane Johnson, Janice Lloyd, Clive Phillips, Kevin Stafford, Vicky Tzioumis, Paul McGreevy
Animals used for sport, recreation and display are highly visible and can divide community attitudes. The study of animal welfare and ethics (AWE) as part of veterinary education is important because it is the responsibility of veterinarians to use their scientific knowledge and skills to promote animal welfare in the context of community expectations. To explore the attitudes of veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand to AWE, a survey of the current cohort was undertaken. The survey aimed to reveal how veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand rate the importance of five selected AWE topics for Day One Competences in animals used in sport, recreation and display and to establish how veterinary students' priorities were associated with gender and stage of study...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Amanda Hanley, April A Kedrowicz, Sarah Hammond, Elizabeth M Hardie
Collaboration and teamwork are important skills for veterinary professionals that affect relationship development, health and well-being, financial success, and clinical outcomes. This study explores the impact of team communication training on performance and assessment of team functioning during second-year surgery by comparing two different classes. The class of 2017 (control group) received no formal training in team communication before their participation in surgery, and the class of 2018 (treatment group) participated in training offered through a dedicated team communication course...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Michael S Wilkes, Patricia A Conrad, Jenna N Winer
Physicians and veterinarians are increasingly expected to collaborate across disciplines; however, in most cases their education and training remain isolated within their respective professions. Medical and veterinary students are rarely provided with opportunities for inter-professional learning during their coursework and clinical training. One Health serves as an ideal framework for developing problem-focused curricula that promote inter-professional teamwork. One Health issues (e.g., zoonotic diseases, water pollution, toxic waste, impact of climate change, food safety and security) not only engage students across disciplines, but require faculty and senior leadership across various health-related fields to share knowledge and balance perspectives throughout curriculum development and implementation...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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