Yuichiro Matsui, Akio Minami, Makoto Kondo, Jyunichi Ishikawa, Makoto Motomiya, Daisuke Kawamura, Norimasa Iwasaki
PURPOSE: We developed a semiconstrained total wrist prosthesis that was used in a series of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. We previously reported favorable clinical outcomes for up to 5 years after surgery; however, the longer-term outcomes remain unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of this wrist prosthesis for the treatment of severe wrist rheumatoid arthritis during a minimum 10 years of follow-up. METHODS: From 2010 through 2012, total wrist arthroplasty using the semiconstrained total wrist arthroplasty device was performed in 20 wrists in 20 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (five men and 15 women)...
April 9, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
Kristen Hines, Tamara D Rozental, Peter Murray, Carl M Harper
In the 1960s, the American Society for Surgery of the Hand embarked on an endeavor to improve and standardize the educational experience in hand surgery. By the 1980s, numerous programs existed across the country with the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education formally recognizing orthopedic surgery-based fellowships in 1985 and plastic surgery-based fellowships in 1986. In order to sit for what was then termed the Certificate of Additional Qualification examination, applicants had to demonstrate performance of a specific number of procedures while in practice...
April 8, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
Jorge L Orbay, Brandon Gardner, John J Heifner, Anthony Martin, Deana M Mercer
PURPOSE: The distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) is supported by an array of dynamic and static stabilizers, of which the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) is the most important, and the distal interosseous ligament is next in importance. The distal oblique band (DOB) is an identifiable component of the distal interosseous ligament, found in a subset of the population. Our objective was to determine the contribution of the DOB to DRUJ stability in the presence of a disrupted TFCC. METHODS: Twenty-three above-elbow specimens were prepared by removing the TFCC and the DRUJ joint capsule, preserving the distal interosseous ligament and the pronator quadratus...
April 8, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
Sakura Yamaguchi, Takehiko Takagi, Atsuhito Seki, Shinichiro Takayama
PURPOSE: To evaluate the functional results after opponensplasty using an abductor pollicis brevis rerouting technique in type II and IIIA hypoplastic thumbs. METHODS: Eleven hypoplastic thumbs in nine children with type II and IIIA hypoplastic thumbs were treated with abductor pollicis brevis rerouting. The mean follow-up period was 70 months (range, 12-172 months). We assessed preoperative to postoperative changes in the angles of the first and second metacarpal axes and the longitudinal axis of the first metacarpal and proximal thumb phalanx as well as grip and pinch strengths...
April 5, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
Paula A Pino, Aida K Sarcon, Rou Wan, Wendy Tomhave, Ann E Van Heest, Steven L Moran
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of radial longitudinal deficiency on the function of pollicized digits as determined by the Thumb Grasp and Pinch (T-GAP) assessment. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 25 hands with thumb hypoplasia that underwent index finger pollicization. Patients were followed for an average of 10.4 years. Hands were divided by severity into two groups: no or mild radial longitudinal deficiency (RLD) (Group 1 = 16) and moderate to severe RLD (Group 2 = 9)...
April 4, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
Yagiz Ozdag, Daniel S Hayes, Victoria C Garcia, Jad El Koussaify, Shahid Manzar, Alayna K Vaughan, Daniel E Davis, Louis C Grandizio
PURPOSE: Subacromial decompression (SAD) has historically been described as an essential part of the surgical treatment of rotator cuff disorders. However, investigations throughout the 21st century have increasingly questioned the need for routine SAD during rotator cuff repair (RCR). Our purpose was to assess for changes in the incidence of SAD performed during RCR over a 12-year period. In addition, we aimed to characterize surgeon and practice factors associated with SAD use. METHODS: Records from two large tertiary referral systems in the United States from 2010 to 2021 were reviewed...
April 1, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
Jacob F Oeding, Kyle N Kunze, Caden J Messer, Ayoosh Pareek, Duretti T Fufa, Nicholas Pulos, Peter C Rhee
PURPOSE: To review the existing literature to (1) determine the diagnostic efficacy of artificial intelligence (AI) models for detecting scaphoid and distal radius fractures and (2) compare the efficacy to human clinical experts. METHODS: PubMed, OVID/Medline, and Cochrane libraries were queried for studies investigating the development, validation, and analysis of AI for the detection of scaphoid or distal radius fractures. Data regarding study design, AI model development and architecture, prediction accuracy/area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUROC), and imaging modalities were recorded...
March 27, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
Alexandra N Krez, Kevin A Wu, Kevin M Klifto, Tyler S Pidgeon, Christopher S Klifto, David S Ruch
PURPOSE: As osteoarthritis (OA) of the trapeziometacarpal (TMC) joint leads to a high degree of disease burden with compromises in rudimentary and fine movements of the hand, intra-articular injections may be a desirable treatment option. However, because there are no evidence-based guidelines, the choice of intra-articular injection type is left to the discretion of the individual surgeon in collaboration with the patient. The purpose of our study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis using level I studies to compare outcomes following corticosteroid and alternative methods of intra-articular injections for the management of TMC OA...
March 26, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
Margaret M Fisher, Andrew D Allen, Alexander D Jeffs, Patricia K Wellborn, Di Hu, J Megan M Patterson, Reid W Draeger
PURPOSE: Resection of the radial or ulnar slip of the flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) tendon is a known treatment option for persistent trigger finger. Risk factors for undergoing FDS slip excision are unclear. We hypothesized that patients who underwent A1 pulley release with FDS slip excision secondary to persistent triggering would have a higher comorbidity burden compared to those receiving A1 pulley release alone. METHODS: We identified all adult patients who underwent A1 pulley release with FDS slip excision because of persistent triggering either intraoperatively or postoperatively from 2018 to 2023...
March 18, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
Sergi Barrera-Ochoa, Rita Cavaca, Rita Sapage, Julio Martínez-Garza, Jose Prieto-Mere, Gerardo Mendez-Sanchez
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare clinical and radiologic outcomes of biological ligament reconstruction (BLR) versus nonbiological ligament reconstruction (NBLR) for chronic injuries involving the ulnar collateral ligament of the thumb's metacarpophalangeal joint. METHODS: Forty-two patients who underwent static BLR (n = 24) or NBLR (n = 18) were included in this retrospective analysis. Preoperative, postoperative, and contralateral thumb measurements (clinical evaluation, radiographs, and subjective outcome questionnaires) were compared over a mean of 38 months of follow-up...
March 18, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
James E McCarthy, Pradeep Attaluri, Peter Nicksic
The sensory-collapse test (formerly the scratch-collapse test) is a physical examination finding describing a momentary inhibition of external shoulder rotation following light stimulation of an injured nerve in the ipsilateral limb. Similar to other physical examination tests designed to interrogate nerve compression, such as the Phalen or Tinel tests, its test characteristics demonstrate variation. There remains speculation about the test's existence and anatomic basis. The literature of mammalian reflex physiology was reviewed with an emphasis on the sensory pathways from the upper extremity, the extrapyramidal system, and newly discovered pathways and concepts of nociception...
March 7, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
Kitty Y Wu, Ellen Y Lee, Michelle F Loosbrock, Allen T Bishop, Robert J Spinner, Alexander Y Shin
PURPOSE: Pan-brachial plexus injury patients present a reconstructive challenge. The root analysis score, developed from parsimonious multivariable modeling of 311 pan-brachial plexus injury patients, determines the probability of having a viable C5 nerve based on four categories: positive C5 Tinel test, intact C5 nerve on computed tomography myelogram, lack of hemidiaphragmatic elevation, and absence of midcervical paraspinal fibrillations. METHODS: Root analysis scores were calculated for a separate cohort of patients with pan-brachial plexus injuries...
March 1, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
Charles A Goldfarb, Beltran Torres, Suzanne Steinman, Angela Wang, Carley Vuillermin, Lindley B Wall
PURPOSE: This study seeks to investigate demographics of patients with Madelung deformity in a large, geographically diverse sample and understand patient and caregiver perceptions of the impact of this condition. We hypothesized that patients with untreated Madelung deformity have greater pain and lower function compared to the normal population but are less affected than the chosen control group, namely, patients with proximal radioulnar synostosis (PRUS). METHODS: This retrospective study queried the Congenital Upper Limb Differences (CoULD) Registry, a multicenter registry of patients treated in tertiary care pediatric hospitals...
February 29, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
Keegan M Hones, Kevin A Hao, Taylor R Rakauskas, Sebastian Densley, Hailey Hampton, Jongmin Kim, Thomas W Wright, Harvey Chim
PURPOSE: Although proximal row carpectomy (PRC) has increasingly been shown to have superior features to four-corner fusion (4CF), individual surgeons may remain convinced of the superiority of one procedure based on personal experience and individual biases. Hence, we sought to perform an updated meta-analysis with some of the largest studies to date to compare outcomes and complications between these procedures in the treatment of scapholunate advanced collapse and scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse wrists...
February 27, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
James R Onggo, Nina S H Chua, Jason D Onggo, Kemble K Wang, Eugene T Ek
PURPOSE: Post-traumatic elbow stiffness is a common occurrence resulting in potentially substantial functional limitations in both daily activities and recreational endeavors. In children, this can be particularly difficult given the early stages of childhood and development and the challenges of rehabilitation. Several studies have reported favorable results of elbow contracture releases in children, resulting in improvements in outcomes. This meta-analysis aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of elbow contracture releases in the pediatric population (<18 years), along with subgroup analyses comparing age groups, operative approach, and post-traumatic versus nontraumatic etiologies...
February 26, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
Nathan Heineman, Dang-Huy Do, Junho Ahn, Douglas M Sammer, Daniel M Koehler
PURPOSE: Proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint arthrodesis is a procedure employed to address arthritis, instability, and deformity. Multiple fixation methods are available to maintain stability across the arthrodesis interval, including headless compression screws (HCSs), tension band wiring (TBW), plating, and Kirschner wire constructs. The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical properties of the HCS and TBW techniques. METHODS: Thirty-two nonthumb digits from the paired upper limbs of four fresh frozen cadavers were divided into pairs, matching contralateral digits from the same specimen...
February 26, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
Naoko Koenuma, Katsunori Ikari, Koei Oh, Nahoko Iwakura, Ken Okazaki
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this study was to compare the long-term survival rates of silicone metacarpophalangeal (MCP) arthroplasties between two major implants in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, using implant fracture as an end point. We also evaluated the difference in postoperative function between patients with fractured and intact implants as a secondary objective. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 372 fingers of 133 hands that underwent silicone MCP arthroplasty between January 2000 and June 2019 (mean follow-up, 7...
February 24, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
Nathaniel B Hinckley, Andrew R Boone, David G Deckey, Cara Lai, Jeffery D Hassebrock, Christopher A Dodoo, Kevin J Renfree
PURPOSE: The need to include simultaneous carpal tunnel release (sCTR) with forearm fasciotomy for acute compartment syndrome (ACS) or after vascular repair is unclear. We hypothesized that sCTR is more common when: 1) fasciotomies are performed by orthopedic or plastic surgeons, rather than general or vascular surgeons; 2) ACS occurred because of crush, blunt trauma, or fractures rather than vascular/reperfusion injuries; 3) elevated compartment pressures were documented. We also sought to determine the incidence of delayed CTR when not performed simultaneously...
February 17, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
Bastiaan M Derksen, Wendy Bruinsma, Johan Carel Goslings, Niels W L Schep
Observer reliability studies for fracture classification systems evaluate agreement using Cohen's κ and absolute agreement as outcome measures. Cohen's κ is a chance-corrected measure of agreement and can range between 0 (no agreement) and 1 (perfect agreement). Absolute agreement is the percentage of times observers agree on the matter they have to rate. Some studies report a high-absolute agreement but a relatively low κ value, which is counterintuitive. This phenomenon is referred to as the Kappa Paradox...
February 17, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
Yagiz Ozdag, Jessica L Koshinski, Brendan J Carry, Jerad M Gardner, Victoria C Garcia, C Liam Dwyer, Anil Akoon, Joel C Klena, Louis C Grandizio
PURPOSE: Previous investigations assessing the incidence of amyloidosis detected with biopsy during carpal tunnel release (CTR) have focused on open CTR (OCTR). Prior authors have suggested that biopsy may be more technically challenging during endoscopic carpal tunnel release (ECTR). Our purpose was to compare differences in the incidence of amyloid deposition detected during ECTR versus OCTR. METHODS: We reviewed all primary ECTR and OCTR during which a biopsy for amyloid was obtained between February 2022 and June 2023...
February 15, 2024: Journal of Hand Surgery
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