Harry Burton, David Bodansky, Natan Silver, Jeffrey Yao, Maxim Horwitz
PURPOSE: Osteoporosis and fragility fractures incur substantial costs to quality of life and global health care systems. The current gold standard for quantifying bone density is dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Our hypothesis is that bone density can be accurately predicted with a simpler method using plain radiographs of the hand. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was undertaken in two centers in the United Kingdom, where the second metacarpal cortical percentage (2MCP) scores were calculated from radiographs...
September 22, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Miranda J Rogers, Zhining Ou, Jordan W Clawson, Angela P Presson, Christopher L Stockburger, Nikolas H Kazmers
PURPOSE: Achieving the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) on an outcomes instrument and reporting satisfaction with surgical outcomes are not equivalent. We hypothesized that improvement exceeding the QuickDASH and PROMIS UE CAT MCID is associated with a greater likelihood of reporting satisfaction with ligament reconstruction tendon interposition (LRTI) treatment. Our secondary hypothesis was that a subset of patients failing to meet MCID would still be satisfied. METHODS: Patients ≥ 1 year after LRTI at one academic tertiary institution were included...
September 21, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Dafang Zhang, Brandon E Earp, Philip Blazar
PURPOSE: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to synthesize the available randomized controlled trial data comparing needle fasciotomy and collagenase treatment for single-digit Dupuytren contractures with a minimum of 3-year follow-up and determine whether one treatment is superior regarding contracture correction and functional outcomes. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted by searching four databases for randomized controlled trials investigating the single-digit treatment outcomes for Dupuytren contracture comparing collagenase treatment and needle fasciotomy with a minimum of 3-year follow-up...
September 16, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Daniel Reiser, Per Fischer, Kurt Pettersson, Per Wretenberg, Marcus Sagerfors
PURPOSE: Total wrist arthroplasty (TWA) is an established motion-preserving alternative to arthrodesis in the treatment of wrist arthritis, but post-TWA complications requiring additional surgery remain an issue. A new TWA design has been proposed. The purpose of this study was to report the outcome of a cohort study of 20 patients who underwent surgery using the new TWA design. METHODS: Patients were assessed before surgery and at 1, 2, and 8 years after surgery for visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores, wrist range of motion, hand grip strength, and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs)...
September 15, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Casey M Imbergamo, Natasha F Durant, Aviram M Giladi, Kenneth R Means
PURPOSE: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an established option to improve pain and function for many orthopedic conditions. Our purpose was to obtain patient perspectives regarding CBT for thumb, hand, or wrist pain and function. METHODS: Between March and April 2022, we distributed an electronic survey via email to patients in our institution's health system with a diagnosis of arthritic or non-specific thumb, hand, or wrist pain. The survey included the opening statement "Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a non-medication option to help manage pain and improve function" and up to 13 questions pertaining to patients' experiences and perceptions regarding CBT...
September 12, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Michael J Moses, Christopher Cheng, Joseph F Styron
Numerous eponymous surgical approaches are used in the treatment of upper extremity pathology, especially in the trauma setting. Knowledge of anatomy and planes is critical to maximize visualization, achieve anatomic reduction, and avoid iatrogenic injury to critical neurovascular structures. Understanding the history of these commonly used eponymous upper extremity approaches (Kaplan, Kocher, Boyd, Thompson, and Henry) provides a humanistic perspective of each of these surgeons' narratives, which shaped their description of anatomic approaches that have forever changed the course of hand and upper extremity surgeries, providing greater means and possibilities to treat our patients...
September 9, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Bryan S Crook, Caroline N Park, Eoghan T Hurley, Marc J Richard, Tyler S Pidgeon
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the quality and readability of the information generated by an online artificial intelligence (AI) platform regarding 4 common hand surgeries and to compare AI-generated responses to those provided in the informational articles published by the American Society for Surgery of the Hand (ASSH) HandCare website. METHODS: An open AI model (ChatGPT) was used to answer questions commonly asked by patients on 4 common hand surgeries (carpal tunnel release, cubital tunnel release, trigger finger release, and distal radius fracture fixation)...
September 7, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Yuya Shimamoto, Katsuhiro Tokutake, Yasuhiko Takegami, Yuta Asami, Ken Sato, Hiroki Ueno, Takahiko Nakano, Sei Fujii, Nobuyuki Okui, Shiro Imagama
PURPOSE: When treating distal-third humerus shaft fractures (HSFs) surgically, the optimal approach for plating is controversial. We conducted a retrospective multicenter study to investigate and compare the clinical outcomes of anterior and posterior plating in distal-third HSFs and the incidence of complications including iatrogenic radial nerve palsy. METHODS: We identified 116 patients from our multicenter trauma database who were diagnosed as having distal-third HSFs and who underwent surgical treatment, including intramedullary nailing between 2011 and 2020...
September 7, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Stephanie Delma, Yagiz Ozdag, Shahid Manzar, Jad El Koussaify, Brian K Foster, Anil Akoon, C Liam Dwyer, Joel C Klena, Louis C Grandizio
PURPOSE: Occupational radiation exposure can have adverse health consequences for surgeons. The purpose of this study was to determine if utilization of an intraoperative, real-time radiograph counter results in decreased radiation exposure events (REEs) during open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of distal radius fractures (DRFs). METHODS: We reviewed all cases of isolated ORIF DRFs performed at a single center from January 2021 to February 2023. All cases performed on or after January 1, 2022 used an intraoperative radiograph counter, referred to as a "shot-clock" (SC) group...
September 6, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Masanori Matsuura, Kotaro Sato, Kenya Murakami, Gaku Takahashi, Hasegawa Hiroshi, Minoru Doita
PURPOSE: The triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) is composed of dorsal and palmar radioulnar ligaments (RULs). A common injury pattern of the RUL is the avulsion of the ulnar insertion, which can be treated by arthroscopic or open repair. Although the general method of TFCC reconstruction is a tendon graft with a bone tunnel, detailed information regarding the radial attachment of the RUL is unclear. This study aimed to clarify the morphology of the radial attachments of the palmar radioulnar ligament (PRUL), dorsal radioulnar ligament (DRUL), and short radiolunate ligament (SRL) using three-dimensional imaging...
September 6, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Ben S Rhee, Loree K Kalliainen
In 2020, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services issued a historic rule on price transparency that aimed to better inform Americans about their health care costs by requiring hospitals to publicly provide pricing information on their items and services. In this review article, we describe the current gaps in transparency that persist after the implementation of the rule, from incomplete pricing files to noncompliance despite the issuance of monetary penalties by Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services...
September 5, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Bryan Aristega Almeida, Jona Kerluku, Lauren M Shapiro, Robin Kamal, Duretti T Fufa
PURPOSE: As hand and upper extremity outreach trips increase, guidelines for assessing quality of care are being established. The Global Quality in Upper Extremity Surgery and Training investigators have published validated quality measures deemed to be essential for outreach trips to low and middle-income countries (LMICs). The purpose of this study was to assess baseline implementation of these quality measures across nine international hand surgery outreach sites to LMICs. Additionally, we investigated barriers and facilitators to implementing quality measures and documentation of their implementation...
August 30, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Carl M Harper, Zina Model, Grace Xiong, Katherine Hegermiller, Tamara D Rozental
PURPOSE: One factor influencing the management of distal radius fractures is the functional status of the patient. The purpose of this study was to assess the agreement between patient and surgeon assessments of patient activity level in patients sustaining a distal radius fracture. METHODS: Ninety-seven patients were included, with a mean age of 58.5 years (range, 18-92 years). Patients completed the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, a validated survey that provides a score of low, moderate, or high activity levels...
August 26, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Purushottam Nagarkar, Nirbhay S Jain, Meaghan L Barr, Cathy Tang, Dong Lee, Irene Chang, Michael R Delong, Prosper Benhaim
PURPOSE: Dupuytren disease can be managed with an injection of collagenase Clostridium histolyticum enzyme followed by manual manipulation. Although the recommended time from injection to manipulation is 24-72 hours, patient and physician schedules may not accommodate this time frame. Therefore, we sought to study the impact of time from injection to manipulation on outcomes and complications of collagenase injection. METHODS: We performed a review of 309 patients who underwent an injection of collagenase Clostridium histolyticum for Dupuytren disease with manipulation at two, five, or seven days after injection...
August 21, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Marissa E Dearden, Zoe E Belardo, Benjamin Chang, Jennifer M Ty, Ines C Lin, Melissa Hoxha, Apurva S Shah
PURPOSE: This investigation describes the outcomes of pediatric ganglion cysts in a prospective cohort that elected not to undergo cyst aspiration or surgical treatment. Our primary aim was to investigate the rate of spontaneous resolution over time among the subset of patients who did not undergo specific treatments. METHODS: Children (aged ≤18 years) who presented to the clinic with ganglion cysts of the hand or wrist were enrolled in a prospective two-center registry between 2017 and 2021...
August 18, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Elizabeth Norman, Manisha R Mistry, Emily Lalone, Nina Suh
PURPOSE: An emerging imaging modality, four-dimensional computed tomography, can provide dynamic evaluation of carpal motion, which allows for a better understanding of how the carpals work together to achieve range of motion. The objective of this work was to examine kinematic motion of the carpus through a flexion/extension arc of motion using four-dimensional computed tomography. METHODS: A convenience sample of 20 uninjured participants underwent a four-dimensional computed tomography scanning protocol through a complete arc of flexion/extension motion...
August 18, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Yen-Wei Li, Yuan-Kun Tu, Yu-Huan Hsueh
PURPOSE: Contralateral C7 (CC7)-to-median nerve transfer has been commonly used to restore hand function in brachial plexus injury. To shorten the nerve graft, the prespinal route was described and achieved direct coaptation when combined with humeral shortening osteotomy. The limb was positioned at 0° shoulder abduction and neutral head position. Given our concern about donor-site morbidity when harvesting the whole CC7 nerve and tension across the neurorrhaphy site after mobilization, we aimed to describe our modified prespinal route and compare its outcomes and complications with the conventional hemi-CC7 transfer...
August 18, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Tyler John Wilps, Calvin K Chan, Satoshi Yamakawa, Keishi Takaba, Satoshi Takeuchi, Robert A Kaufmann, Richard E Debski
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effect of flexion on valgus carrying angle in the human elbow using a dynamic elbow testing apparatus. METHODS: Active elbow motion was simulated in seven cadaveric upper extremities. Six electromechanical actuators simulated muscle action, while 6 degrees-of-freedom joint motion was measured with an optical tracking system to quantify the kinematics of the ulna with respect to the humerus as the elbow was flexed at the side position...
August 17, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Lauren M Shapiro, Joanne Zhou, Kalpit Shah, Chris Frey, Calvin Chan, Robin N Kamal
PURPOSE: Intra-articular distal radius fractures are common and can be associated with carpal instability. Failure to address articular fragments linked to maintaining carpal stability can lead to radiocarpal subluxation or dislocation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the size of a dorsal osteotomy in the dorsal/volar plane of the lunate facet that leads to dorsal carpal subluxation. METHODS: Dorsal lunate facet fractures were simulated twice in each of nine fresh-frozen cadavers...
August 16, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Helene Retrouvey, Amy Franks, Thom Dunn, Kenneth Novoa, Kyros Ipaktchi, Alexander Lauder
PURPOSE: Clinicians assessing patients with deliberate self-inflicted amputations face a problem of whether or not to replant. The objective of this study was to summarize the literature on this topic and provide recommendations regarding the acute management of patients following self-inflicted amputations in the upper extremity. METHODS: Two reviewers searched four databases using the keywords "Upper extremity," "Amputation," and "Self-Inflicted." The reviewers systematically screened and collected data on publications reporting cases of self-inflicted upper-extremity amputations...
August 15, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
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