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Journal of Hand Surgery

Haley F M Augustine, Christopher J Coroneos, Matthew Choi, James R Bain
PURPOSE: Brachial plexus birth injury (BPBI) may result in permanent functional deficits. Brachial plexus birth injury involving the suprascapular nerve (SSN) is conventionally treated using accessory nerve transfer or excision and nerve grafting. This study analyzed shoulder function in patients with BPBI undergoing dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) to SSN transfer. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all infants referred to the McMaster University Children's Hospital for BPBI between 1999 and 2012...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
Seok Woo Hong, Young Hak Roh, Hyun Sik Gong, Goo Hyun Baek
Avascular necrosis (AVN) is relatively uncommon in the carpal bones, although it most frequently involves the lunate and scaphoid. The trapezoid has abundant vascular channels from a rich network of dorsal and palmar vessels, and only a few cases of AVN have been reported in adults who sustained a traumatic insult. We present a rare case of idiopathic AVN of the trapezoid in an adolescent presenting with refractory pain at the second metacarpal base. Over a period of 36 months, follow-up symptom evaluations and serial magnetic resonance images showed prominent gradual improvement, consistent with spontaneous resolution...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
Namrata Grampurohit, Mary Slavin, Pengsheng Ni, Scott Kozin, Alan Jette, MaryJane Mulcahey
PURPOSE: The Cerebral Palsy Profile of Health and Function (CP-PRO) Computerized Adaptive Tests (CAT) are quality of life measures developed specifically for use in children with cerebral palsy. This study examined the ability of the upper-extremity (UE) CP-PRO CAT to detect change in function after UE surgery compared with the Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument (PODCI), ABILHAND-Kids, and Box and Blocks test. METHODS: From 2009 to 2013, children with cerebral palsy who had UE musculoskeletal surgery completed the UE CP-PRO CAT, PODCI-UE, ABILHAND-Kids, and Box and Blocks tests before surgery (97 children) and at 3 postoperative intervals: 6 months (80 children), 12 months (73 children), and 24 months (52 children)...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
Justin C Haghverdian, Jin-Wen Y Hsu, Neil G Harness
PURPOSE: Osteotomy of the distal radius for a fracture malunion is a challenging procedure. The purpose of this study was to review a series of osteotomies to determine the type and risk of complications. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed, including all Kaiser Permanente Southern California patients who were aged 18 years or older between January 1, 2007, and September 25, 2015, and underwent osteotomy for an extra-articular distal radius fracture malunion...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
David J Graham, Harry D S Clitherow, Harvinder P Singh, Elizabeth C Clarke, Belinda J Smith, Michael A Tonkin
PURPOSE: To quantify the amount and pattern of finger range of motion loss at the metacarpophalangeal (MCP), proximal interphalangeal (PIP), and distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints with a simulated extensor tendon adhesion at the level of the proximal phalanx or metacarpal. METHODS: In 10 cadaveric specimens, traction sutures were placed in the forearm extensor digitorum communis and flexor digitorum profundus tendons of the middle and ring fingers. Active motion was simulated by suspending weights from the traction sutures via pulleys...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
Matthew S Jorgensen, W Andrew Oldenburg, Peter M Murray
Mycotic aneurysms, especially those of the upper extremity, are rarely reported in literature. These aneurysms are caused by bacterial endocarditis and, therefore, are more commonly seen in patients who are in an immunocompromised state, including those requiring bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy for bladder cancer. Owing to the inevitable rupture of mycotic aneurysms, the standard treatment is surgical repair with appropriate secondary antibiotics. We present a unique case of a mycotic ulnar artery aneurysm following BCG therapy and repetitive hand trauma in a patient with bladder cancer that was successfully repaired with microsurgical techniques and secondary antibiotics...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
Sarah N Pierrie, R Glenn Gaston, Bryan J Loeffler
Targeted muscle reinnervation (TMR) is a surgical technique that improves modern myoelectric prosthesis functionality and plays an important role in the prevention and treatment of painful postamputation neuromas. Originally described for transhumeral amputations and shoulder disarticulations, the technique is being adapted for treatment of transtibial, transfemoral, transradial, and partial hand amputees. We describe a new technique for forearm TMR following transradial amputation with an emphasis on selecting nerve transfer patterns, managing sensory nerves, improving terminal soft tissue coverage, and employing pattern recognition technology...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
Dan A Zlotolow, Sara L Low, Ines C Lin, Chris Williamson, Brian Tinsley, Scott H Kozin
PURPOSE: The results of spinal accessory to suprascapular nerve transfers have been less reliable than other nerve transfers in the upper limb, possibly owing to compression of the nerve by the suprascapular ligament. The posterior approach has been advocated to allow for release of the ligament. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a ligament release is possible from the anterior approach. METHODS: Nine fresh-frozen cadavers were dissected to determine whether the ligament could be approached and released from the anterior approach...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
David N Bernstein, Jeff R Houck, Warren C Hammert
PURPOSE: This study aimed to (1) determine the correlation of Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Physical Function (PF) with PROMIS Upper Extremity (UE) and compare the correlations of PF and UE with PROMIS Pain Interference (PI) and PROMIS Depression; (2) compare the ability of PF and UE to capture health outcomes across the spectrum in patients seeking hand care; and (3) compare the time to completion for PROMIS PF to that for PROMIS UE. METHODS: Patients presenting to a hand clinic between October, 2015 and October, 2017 were asked to complete PROMIS PF, UE, PI, and Depression computerized adaptive tests...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
Tetsuhiko Mimura, Hiroshi Yamazaki, Masanori Hayashi, Hiroyuki Kato
We report the rare case of an intraosseous epidermoid cyst of the distal radius associated with an acute infection in a 79-year-old woman.
January 30, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
James Ross Bailey, John Holbrook
Osteoid osteomas are typically benign osteoblastic bone tumors. Patients often present in their twenties with progressively increasing pain that is worse at night and relieved with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These lesions rarely occur in the hand or wrist; however, when those are involved, the proximal phalanx is the most common location and the index finger is the most commonly affected digit. Lesions affecting the distal phalanges are least likely to occur and the thumb is least likely to be affected...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
David C Lobb, Brent R DeGeorge, A Bobby Chhabra
Owing to its osteoinductive and osteoconductive properties and the presence of osteogenic cells, freshly harvested autologous bone graft is the gold standard for skeletal reconstruction where there is inadequate native bone. Whereas these characteristics are difficult to replicate, engineered, commercially available bone graft substitutes aim to achieve a comparable osseoregenerative profile. This work furnishes the reader with an understanding of the predominant classes of bone graft substitutes available for reconstruction of upper extremity bone defects following trauma or oncological surgery...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
Yukitoshi Kaizawa, Jacinta Leyden, Anthony W Behn, U Serdar Tulu, Austin Franklin, Zhen Wang, Geoffrey Abrams, James Chang, Paige M Fox
PURPOSE: Poor healing of the tendon-bone interface (TBI) after rotator cuff (RTC) tears leads to high rates of recurrent tear following repair. Previously, we demonstrated that an injectable, thermoresponsive, type I collagen-rich, decellularized human tendon-derived hydrogel (tHG) improved healing in an acute rat Achilles tendon injury model. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether tHG enhances the biomechanical properties of the regenerated TBI in a rat model of chronic RTC injury and repair...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
Kagan Ozer
Pilon fractures of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint are challenging injuries that can lead to arthritis, limited motion, and pain. Internal fixation is often difficult owing to comminution and inadequate bony support. External fixation requires a compliant patient and may result in pin-track infection, stiffness, and malunion. In this report, I describe a simple surgical technique of immediate bridge plating of the PIP joint with bone grafting followed by plate removal and joint release. This approach maintains the alignment, restores the articular congruity without the risk of pin-track infection, and allows immediate return to activities of daily living until fracture healing is completed...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
Bernard F Hearon, Lisa M Frantz
Ulnar nerve anterior transmuscular transposition is a well-accepted surgical technique for the treatment of ulnar nerve entrapment or subluxation at the elbow. The procedure, which addresses both compression and traction forces on the nerve, may be performed with the patient in the lateral decubitus position, allowing direct access to and excellent visualization of the ulnar nerve through an incision on the posteromedial aspect of the elbow. This report reviews the surgical indications and contraindications, pertinent anatomy, patient positioning rationale and method, surgical technique, postoperative management, and potential complications for this ulnar nerve transposition procedure...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
Takehiko Takagi, Masahiko Watanabe
Injuries to the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) of the thumb are common and require prompt attention. Diagnostic findings and treatment options differ in acute and chronic injuries of the UCL. Pain and weakness of pinch and grip occur with chronic UCL instability. Various surgical techniques have been described for the treatment of chronic ligament insufficiency at the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint of the thumb. These include refashioning of the ligament from capsular remnants, dynamic tendon transfers, tendon advancement, free tendon grafts, and MCP joint fusion...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
Stefanie Peggy Kuhnel, Aaron T Bigham, Robert Y McMurtry, Kenneth J Faber, Graham J W King, Ruby Grewal
PURPOSE: To determine the reliability of a new radiographic index evaluating sagittal radiocarpal alignment, the capitate-to-axis-of-radius distance (CARD). A secondary purpose was to validate this index by comparing values between normal wrists and those with distal radial fractures (DRFs) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: The CARD is defined as the perpendicular distance from the center of the capitate head to the axis of the radius. Inter- and intraobserver reliability was tested...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
Yuji Tomori, Takuya Sawaizumi, Mitsuhiko Nanno, Shinro Takai
PURPOSE: To determine clinical outcomes of Preiser disease treated with closing radial wedge osteotomy (CRWO). METHODS: Seven patients with Preiser disease underwent CRWO. Two wrists had stage 2 disease, 3 had stage 3, 2 had stage 4 (Herbert-Lanzetta classification). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed that 4 wrists had stage 1 and 3 had stage 2 indicating complete and incomplete necrosis, respectively (Kalainov criteria), before surgery. Two wrists had concomitant Kienböck disease...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
Rikesh A Gandhi, Christopher J DeFrancesco, Apurva S Shah
PURPOSE: Shoulder dystocia is the strongest known risk factor for brachial plexus birth palsy (BPBP). Fractures of the clavicle are known to occur in the setting of shoulder dystocia. It remains unknown whether a clavicle fracture that occurs during a birth delivery with shoulder dystocia increases the risk of BPBP or, alternatively, is protective. The purpose of this study was to use a large, national database to determine whether a clavicle fracture in the setting of shoulder dystocia is associated with an increased or decreased risk of BPBP...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
Henry M Fox, Austin R Thompson, Omar F Nazir, Adam J Mirarchi
Distal radius fractures are common upper extremity injuries requiring surgical treatment. In the context of management with a volar locking plate (VLP), a number of described techniques assist with restoration of individual anatomical parameters such as radial length, volar tilt, and articular congruity. We present a surgical technique that utilizes a large tenaculum bone clamp to provide an efficacious reduction in several planes. With anteroposterior compression, the clamp enables volar translation of the distal fracture fragment...
January 16, 2019: Journal of Hand Surgery
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