Scott N Loewenstein, Andrew Regent-Smith, Anthony LoGiudice, Gwendolyn Hoben, Arnold Lee Dellon
PURPOSE: Ulnar wrist denervation has been a successful treatment for patients with ulnar-sided wrist pain. The purpose of this study was to characterize the articular branches of the dorsal branch of the ulnar nerve (DBUN) and validate a technique for selective peripheral nerve blockade. METHODS: In cadavers, we performed simulated local anesthetic injections using 0.5 mL of 0.5% methylene into the subcutaneous tissue at a point midway between the palpable borders of the pisiform and ulnar styloid...
March 23, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Christopher M Gibbs, Taylor N Combs, Brody K Nelson, Robert A Kaufmann
PURPOSE: A ligament reconstruction method that simultaneously tensions the medial and lateral sides of the elbow and maintains tension with compression plates on the proximal ulna is proposed for the treatment of bidirectional elbow ligament instability. Graft slippage, catastrophic failure, and excessive displacement were evaluated. Biomechanical stability without graft slippage was hypothesized. METHODS: Eight cadaveric ligament reconstruction simulations were created through the dissection of three cadaver arms...
March 23, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Elspeth Jane Rose Hill, Jayme Augusto Bertelli
People with spinal cord injury (SCI) prioritize hand function above all else as a reconstructive goal, yet remain a markedly undertreated population by hand surgeons. This review article provides an overview of the epidemiology of SCI and the unmet clinical need of these patients. Further, this article outlines the natural history of SCI, including the expected spontaneous recovery over time and the expectations of hand function when treated with hand therapy alone. This review aims to equip reconstructive hand surgeons with a sound understanding of the basic principles of SCI and recovery and provide a rationale for when to intervene with surgery...
March 22, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Alex G Lambi, Steven N Popoff, Prosper Benhaim, Mary F Barbe
Dupuytren disease is a benign, progressive fibroproliferative disorder of the hands. To date, only one pharmacotherapy (clostridial collagenase) has been approved for use in Dupuytren disease. There is a great need for additional nonsurgical methods that can be used to either avoid the risks of invasive treatments or help minimize recurrence rates following treatment. A number of nonsurgical modalities have been discussed in the past and continue to appear in discussions among hand surgeons, despite highly variable and often poor or no long-term clinical data...
March 17, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Caroline H Hu, Lucas J Ray, Donald S Bae, Charles A Goldfarb, Michelle A James, Ann E Van Heest
PURPOSE: Transverse deficiency (TD) and symbrachydactyly may be difficult to distinguish due to shared phenotypes and a lack of pathognomonic features. The 2020 Oberg-Manske-Tonkin classification update modified these anomalies to include "with ectodermal elements" for symbrachydactyly and "without ectodermal elements" for TD as a defining differentiating characteristic. The purpose of this investigation was to characterize ectodermal elements and the level of deficiency and to examine whether ectodermal elements versus the level of deficiency was a greater determining factor for Congenital Upper Limb Differences (CoULD) surgeons making the diagnosis...
March 16, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Peter J Apel, Brian A Cripe, Mark W Schmitt, Noah J Orfield, Alicia J Lozano, Alexandra L Hanlon, Anthony E Capito
PURPOSE: Digital amputation is a commonly performed procedure for infection and necrosis in patients with diabetes, peripheral vascular disease (PVD), and on dialysis. There is a lack of data regarding prognosis for revision amputation and mortality following digital amputation in these patients. METHODS: All digital amputations over 10-year period (2008-2018) at a single center were reviewed. There were 484 amputations in 360 patients, among which 358 were performed for trauma (reference sample) and 126 for infection or necrosis (sample of interest)...
March 15, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Lisa Hoogendam, Mark J W van der Oest, Guus M Vermeulen, Reinier Feitz, Steven E R Hovius, J Michiel Zuidam, Harm P Slijper, Ruud W Selles, Robbert M Wouters
PURPOSE: The primary aim of this study was to report complications during the first year after trapeziectomy with Weilby sling using a standardized tool designed by the International Consortium for Health Outcome Measures. The secondary aim was to determine the association of complications and patient-reported outcomes 12 months after surgery. METHODS: We included patients who underwent trapeziectomy with Weilby sling between November 2013 and December 2018. All complications during the first year were scored using the International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement Complications in Hand and Wrist conditions (ICHAW) tool...
March 15, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Yasutaka Oshika, Yasuhiko Takegami, Katsuhiro Tokutake, Hiroki Yokoyama, Takeshi Oguchi, Shiro Imagama
PURPOSE: To identify the incidence and the factors associated with a postoperative ulnar nerve neuropathy in patients who had undergone open reduction and internal fixation for intraarticular distal humerus fractures. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 116 patients who had undergone surgery between January 2011 and December 2020. Age, sex, BMI, mechanism of injury, open or closed fracture, operation time, tourniquet time, and nerve injury at the final examination were collected from medical charts...
March 15, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Yueliang Zhu, Yongqing Xu, Shaoquan Pu, Qian Lv, Xingbo Cai, Yonghui Zhao
PURPOSE: To explore the results of using the mini-ring Ilizarov external fixator for thumb metacarpal lengthening and its compatibility with a simultaneous groin flap. METHODS: From May 2016 to June 2019, 17 adult patients with thumb loss were treated with metacarpal lengthening using a mini-ring Ilizarov device. The device was composed of 2 rings, threaded rods, nuts, and K-wires (diameter, 1.5 mm). Of these patients, 6 also underwent simultaneous groin flap transfer...
March 14, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Amit Agarwal, S D Pandey, Abhinav Khare
Peripheral neuropathy can affect sensory, motor, or autonomic nerves and manifest with a variety of symptoms. Tuberculosis as a major infectious disease that often affects many organs of the body. However, primary involvement of peripheral nerves is unusual. Peripheral neuropathy in patients with tuberculosis often is associated with other comorbidities, such as immunocompromised states, diabetes mellitus, malnutrition, and some antitubercular medications. This report describes the rare finding of peripheral tubercular neuritis with caseating abscesses of right median and radial nerve in a healthy 24-year man...
March 13, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Lauri Nyrhi, Ilari Kuitunen, Ville Ponkilainen, Jarkko Jokihaara, Tuomas T Huttunen, Ville M Mattila
PURPOSE: We aimed to report the incidence of peripheral nerve decompression surgery during pregnancy and 12 months after delivery in Finland from 1999 to 2017. METHODS: Using nationwide data from the Finnish Care Register for Health Care and the Finnish Medical Birth Register, all women of potentially childbearing age (15-49 years) who underwent peripheral nerve decompression surgery or had a pregnancy ending in delivery from January 1, 1999, to December 31, 2017, were included...
March 13, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Carl M Harper, Yuchen Liu, Katharine Hegermiller, Tamara D Rozental
Through an accepted seven-step process outlined by the International Association for Medical Education, we created a high-quality questionnaire that will provide objective evaluation of prospective hand surgery fellows' goals and desires. Utilizing qualitative methodology via semistructured interviews with prospective and current hand surgery fellows from across the United States, we developed a codebook that represented desired themes within a one-year hand surgery fellowship, focusing on numerous topics including the importance of exposure to a specific pathology, curriculum, fellowship size, and location, etc...
March 13, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Thomas M Suszynski, Dominic Coutinho, Robert A Kaufmann
Flexor tendon repair in zone II benefits from early finger motion to prevent stiffness. This article presents a technique that serves to augment a zone II flexor tendon repair with an externalized detensioning suture that can be used following any commonly employed repair method. This simple technique enables early active motion and is suited for patients who are less likely to be compliant after surgery or when the soft-tissue injury to the finger and hand is substantial. Although this technique substantially strengthens the repair, a possible drawback is that the tendon excursion distal to the repair is limited until the externalized suture is removed, which may lead to less motion of the distal interphalangeal than what may have occurred without the detensioning suture...
March 11, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Alexander R Graf, Adil S Ahmed, Dan Thompson, Eric Wagner, Michael Gottschalk, Nina Suh, John G Seiler
PURPOSE: Interest in intramedullary metacarpal fracture fixation (IMFF) with screws is increasing. However, the optimal screw diameter for fracture fixation is not yet established. In theory, larger screws should be more stable, but there is concern about long-term sequelae of larger metacarpal head defects and extensor mechanism injury created during insertion as well as implant cost. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare different diameter screws for IMFF to a popular and more cost-effective alternative of intramedullary wiring...
March 11, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Nicole A Zelenski, Tatsuya Oishi, Alexander Y Shin
Confirming the presence or absence of a functioning nerve root in traumatic brachial plexus injuries is vital in the surgical decision-making process. Intraoperative neuromonitoring can confirm intact rootlets with the use of motor evoked potentials and somatosensory evoked potentials. The purpose of this article is to describe the rationale and details of intraoperative neuromonitoring to provide a basic understanding of its role in decision-making in patients with brachial plexus injuries.
March 11, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Corey W McGee, Karin Burbach, Samantha McIlrath
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the test-retest reliability and precision of Rotterdam Intrinsic Hand Myometer (RIHM) in healthy adults. METHODS: Twenty-nine participants originally recruited via convenience sampling at a Midwestern state fair returned approximately 8 days later for retest. An average of three trials for each of the five intrinsic hand strength measurements were collected using the same technique that was used during initial testing...
March 10, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Evan M Guerrero, Julia C Mastracci, Michael S Gart, Ryan M Garcia, Bryan J Loeffler, R Glenn Gaston
Conventional teaching in the management of partial hand amputations prioritizes residual limb length, often through local, regional, or distant flaps. While multiple options exist to provide durable soft tissue coverage, only a few flaps are thin and pliable enough to match that of the dorsal hand skin. Despite debulking, excessive soft tissues from previous flap reconstructions can interfere with residual limb function, prosthesis fit, and surface electrode recording for myoelectric prostheses. With rapid advances in prosthetic technology and nerve transfer techniques, patients can achieve very high levels of function following prosthetic rehabilitation that rival, or even outpace, traditional soft tissue reconstruction...
March 7, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Neil F Jones, Anthony Ding
There are very few descriptions of tendon transfers designed specifically to address the reconstruction of posterior interosseous nerve palsy (PINP). Unlike a radial nerve palsy (RNP), a patient with a PINP is able to extend their wrist but in radial deviation, because of the preserved innervation of the extensor carpi radialis longus (ECRL). Tendon transfers to restore finger and thumb extension in PINP have been extrapolated from tendon transfers to restore these functions in RNP, specifically using flexor carpi radialis, not flexor carpi ulnaris, so as not to further exacerbate the distinctive radial deviation deformity of the wrist...
March 6, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Shawn Khan, Jonathan Persitz, Jason Shrouder-Henry, Moin Khan, Andrea Chan, Ryan Paul
PURPOSE: It remains unclear whether time-to-surgery for distal radius fractures affects clinical, functional, or radiographic outcomes or health care costs/use. This systematic review investigated the outcomes of early versus delayed surgery for closed, isolated distal radius fractures in adult patients. METHODS: A comprehensive search of MEDLINE, Embase, and CINAHL databases was completed for all original case series, observational studies, and randomized controlled trials reporting clinical outcomes of both early and delayed surgically-treated distal radius fractures from database inception to July 01, 2022...
March 6, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
Monica M Shoji, David N Bernstein, Katherine Hegermiller, Nelson Merchan, Carl M Harper, Tamara D Rozental
PURPOSE: "Grit" is defined as the perseverance and passion for long-term goals. Thus, grittier patients may have a better function after common hand procedures; however, this is not well-documented in the literature. Our purpose was to assess the correlation between grit and self-reported physical function among patients undergoing open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) for distal radius fractures (DRFs). METHODS: Between 2017 and 2020, patients undergoing ORIF for DRFs were identified...
March 4, 2023: Journal of Hand Surgery
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