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Women & Health

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739603/association-of-body-fat-with-stress-levels-and-dietary-intakes-in-indian-women
#1
Pinal A Patel, Prerna P Patel, Shashi A Chiplonkar, Ashish D Patel, Anuradha V Khadilkar
A cross-sectional study of 605 women (aged 18-50 years) conducted from January 2013 to June 2014 in Gujarat, India assessed stress, dietary intakes and body fat percentage (PBF), and the inter-relationship of PBF with stress, dietary fat, and carbohydrates. The population was categorized according to PBF cutoffs for Asians. A generalized linear regression model adjusted for age was performed to assess the relationship of stress, fat, and carbohydrate intakes with PBF. PBF had a significant positive association with stress level (p = ...
February 11, 2019: Women & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739596/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-self-rated-health-role-of-work-to-family-conflict-in-married-korean-working-women
#2
Hwa-Mi Yang, Jina Choo
Little evidence exists on the role of work-to-family conflict (WFC) in explaining socioeconomic inequality in self-rated health (SRH). We examined the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and SRH and tested the mediating effect of WFC in the association between SES and SRH among married Korean working women. A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the 2014 Korean Longitudinal Survey of Women and Family. Participants were 3,226 women. Three SES indicators were used: income as measured by income-to-needs ratio; education categorized into college vs...
February 11, 2019: Women & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30727853/understanding-physical-activity-behavior-of-chinese-female-college-students-with-without-vulnerable-conditions-a-theory-of-planned-behavior-perspective
#3
Xiaoxia Zhang, Xiangli Gu, Jean Keller, Qiang Chen
Guided by the theory of planned behavior (TPB), this study examined the relationships between three constructs of TPB (attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control [PBC]) and physical activity intention and behavior among Chinese female college students, and evaluated whether the relationships differed between healthy and vulnerable individuals within this population. Participants included 436 female college students (301 healthy and 135 vulnerable; Mean age = 19.24 years; SD = 0.97 years) recruited from five universities in China, and the data collection was completed in Fall 2015...
February 7, 2019: Women & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30727846/the-role-of-women-s-empowerment-and-male-engagement-in-pregnancy-healthcare-seeking-behaviors-in-western-kenya
#4
Fatimah Oluwakemi Bello, Pamela Musoke, Zachary Kwena, George O Owino, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Lynae Darbes, Janet M Turan
We sought to understand whether women's empowerment and male partner engagement were associated with use of antenatal care (ANC). Women presenting for ANC in Nyanza province of Kenya between June 2015 and May 2016, were approached for participation. A total of 137 pregnant women and 96 male partners completed baseline assessments. Women's empowerment was measured using the modified Sexual Relationship Power Scale. ANC use measures included timing of the first ANC visit and number of visits. Male engagement was based on whether a husband reported accompanying his wife to one or more antenatal visits during the pregnancy...
February 7, 2019: Women & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30721115/lower-femoral-neck-bone-mineral-density-bmd-in-elderly-women-not-on-statins
#5
Simbo M Chiadika, Fisayomi O Shobayo, Syed H Naqvi, Smita S Saraykar, Catherine G Ambrose, Nahid J Rianon
Coronary artery disease (CAD) and osteoporosis, the two most frequently occurring chronic diseases of aging populations, share many risk factors including lack of estrogen, smoking, and low physical activity. CAD and low bone mineral density (BMD) are strongly associated. Statins, (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A [HMG-CoA] reductase inhibitors), are used to prevent and treat CAD and have been associated with high BMD. This cross-sectional study examined associations of BMD with statin use and nonuse in elderly women with or without CAD...
February 5, 2019: Women & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714510/-hiv-is-not-an-easily-acceptable-disease-the-role-of-hiv-related-stigma-in-obtaining-cervical-cancer-screening-in-india
#6
Janna R Gordon, Apurva Barve, Vipul Chaudhari, Jayendrakumar K Kosambiya, Ambuj Kumar, Sukesha Gamit, Kristen J Wells
Women living with HIV (WLWH) are at high risk for cervical cancer (CC); however, many WLWH in India do not obtain regular CC screening. Little is known about facilitators and barriers of CC screening in this population. This qualitative study examined the relation of HIV-related stigma to obtaining CC screening among women in Surat, India. Semi-structured individual in-depth interviews were conducted between April 2015 and July 2015 with 25 WLWH at the New Civil Hospital Anti-Retroviral Centre and 15 stakeholders providing health care to WLWH...
February 4, 2019: Women & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714499/hiv-risk-and-testing-behaviors-among-pregnant-women-tested-for-hiv-in-florida-by-site-type-2012
#7
Janelle Taveras, Mary Jo Trepka, Purnima Madhivanan, Erica L Gollub, Jessy G Dévieux, Boubakari Ibrahimou
The numbers of perinatal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections in the United States have continued to decline, but the prevalence of female adults and adolescents living with diagnosed HIV infection continues to rise. Opportunities still exist to prevent mother-to child HIV transmission. The objective of this study was to identify demographics, HIV risk, and testing behaviors among pregnant women and to compare these characteristics by HIV testing site type. Multivariable analyses were conducted to examine demographics, HIV risk, and testing behaviors among 24,836 records of pregnant women publicly tested for HIV in the state of Florida in 2012...
February 4, 2019: Women & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714487/the-use-of-advertising-appeals-in-breast-cancer-detection-messages-a-web-content-analysis
#8
Fanny V Dobrenova, Sonja Grabner-Kräuter, Sandra Diehl, Ralf Terlutter
We explored the use of different advertising appeals in breast cancer detection messages. We analyzed the extent to which emotional appeals were applied in advertisements that promoted two forms of breast cancer detection behaviors: breast self-examination (BSE) and mammographic screening. Findings of a content analysis of 456 breast cancer-related advertisements gathered in February 2016 indicated that textual fear appeals, humor appeals and erotic appeals were more likely to be featured in BSE-promoting advertisements than in breast cancer-related advertisements with other message purposes...
February 4, 2019: Women & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30615591/socio-historical-evolution-of-the-episiotomy-practice-a-literature-review
#9
Christophe Clesse, Joëlle Lighezzolo-Alnot, Sylvie De Lavergne, Sandrine Hamlin, Michèle Scheffler
Episiotomy is an enlargement of the vaginal orifice made by a surgical incision of the perineum. This review aimed to provide a socio-historical retrospective on the practice or episiotomy. Using the criteria from the PRISMA guidelines, the authors conducted a literature review, browsing twenty databases and several papers available in the gray literature. Sixty-four articles, seven reports, and fifteen books were selected. Through this study, four eras with different approaches to episiotomy practice could be identified: 1792-1920, 1920-1980, 1980-1996, and 1996-2018...
January 7, 2019: Women & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30615579/examining-age-as-a-moderating-effect-on-the-relationship-between-alcohol-use-and-viral-suppression-among-women-living-with-hiv
#10
Timothy N Crawford, Lesley M Harris, Paula Peyrani
This study sought to examine if age moderated the effect of alcohol on viral suppression among women living with HIV. A secondary data analysis, using data from the 550 Clinic Women's HIV Cohort Study was completed. Individuals were included if they were HIV positive, sought care in an urban clinic in Kentucky between 2009 and 2012, and had ≥1 year of follow-up. The primary independent variable was current alcohol use; the moderating variable was age (<50 years versus ≥50 years); and the outcome was suppression...
January 7, 2019: Women & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30615577/maternal-socio-demographic-factors-associated-with-low-parity-and-grand-multiparity-in-nigeria
#11
Bola Lukman Solanke
Parity may be categorized as low parity (one or two births), multiparity (three or four births), and grand multiparity (five or more births). In Nigeria, studies have examined factors associated with parity among women. However, these studies have focused on the associated factors of grand multiparity with near exclusion of associated factors of low parity. This study addressed this knowledge gap by examining maternal socio-demographic factors associated with both low parity and grand multiparity in Nigeria...
January 7, 2019: Women & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30615576/bride-price-payment-and-women-s-autonomy-findings-from-qualitative-interviews-from-nigeria
#12
Chitu Womehoma Princewill, Tenzin Wangmo, Ayodele Samuel Jegede, Anita Riecher-Rössler, Bernice Simone Elger
Marriage involving a man and a woman is a universal social institution, but its practices vary among cultures. In Nigeria, a marriage is recognized after gifts are given, and a bride price is paid by the groom's family to the bride's family. Understanding the bride price will reduce the challenges women face in their marital homes. Women's autonomy is important for them to address matters affecting their health. We examined married Ikwerre women's perspectives on bride price and its impact on their autonomy using qualitative methods...
January 7, 2019: Women & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596538/the-impact-of-a-planned-health-educational-program-on-the-compliance-and-knowledge-of-jordanian-pregnant-women-with-anemia
#13
Sanaa Abujilban, Reem Hatamleh, Sahar Al-Shuqerat
Iron deficiency anemia is a major public health problem among pregnant women in developing countries. This study aimed to use a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a health information package in Jordanian anemic pregnant women's knowledge regarding anemia, compliance with iron supplementation, and hemoglobin level. Two hundred pregnant anemic women were recruited and randomly assigned into intervention or control group from April to July 2016. The intervention group received a video presentation of the Health Information Package Program (HIPP), narrated by a midwife, combined with PowerPoint slides to educate women about anemia in pregnancy...
December 31, 2018: Women & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596533/perceived-campus-safety-as-a-mediator-of-the-link-between-gender-and-mental-health-in-a-national-u-s-college-sample
#14
Aubrey L Etopio, Paul Devereux, Marisa Crowder
Men and women tend to have different mental health outcomes. The purpose of this study is to examine the reason for gender differences in college students' mental health. We examined perceived campus safety as an explanation for the relationship between gender and mental health in college students. According to the social structure and psychological distress paradigm, women are objectively disadvantaged, which creates a sense of powerlessness and causes distress. We hypothesized that perceived campus safety would mediate the relationships between gender and psychological distress as well as gender and sleep disturbances...
December 31, 2018: Women & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30543494/overlapping-intimate-partner-violence-and-sex-trading-among-high-risk-women-implications-for-practice
#15
Tina Jiwatram-Negrón, Nabila El-Bassel
Despite research indicating higher than average rates of intimate partner violence (IPV) across groups of vulnerable women, less is known about the prevalence and types of IPV experienced by women who trade sex for money, drugs, shelter or food, a high risk group for poor health and psychosocial outcomes. Using a cross-sectional design and multivariate logistic regression analyses, this study examined the relationship between IPV and sex trading in a convenience sample of 346 HIV-negative, drug-involved women in relationships, recruited during 2005-2010 in New York City...
December 13, 2018: Women & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30481139/identifying-risk-and-protective-factors-related-to-depressive-symptoms-among-northern-plains-american-indian-women-cancer-survivors
#16
Soonhee Roh, Catherine E Burnette, Yeon-Shim Lee, Jarod T Giger, R Turner Goins, Daniel G Petereit, Michael J Lawler, Kyoung Hag Lee
Cancer is the leading cause of death among American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) women, and depressive symptoms have been linked to higher mortality, but research on depressive symptoms among AIAN cancer patients has been scant. The purpose of this exploratory study was, using the Framework of Historical Oppression, Resilience, and Transcendence, to examine risk and protective factors related to depressive symptoms in American Indian (AI) women cancer survivors. We examined the relationships of adverse childhood experiences (ACE), perceived health status, resilience, and social support with depressive symptoms in Northern Plains AI women cancer survivors...
November 27, 2018: Women & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30481138/content-validation-of-a-questionnaire-measuring-basic-perinatal-depression-knowledge
#17
Sarira El-Den, Claire L O'Reilly, David M Gardner, Andrea L Murphy, Timothy F Chen
Perinatal depression (PND) screening is encouraged in healthcare settings. We aimed to develop and content validate a basic PND knowledge questionnaire for use among pharmacists and potentially other primary healthcare professionals (HCPs). A six-item questionnaire was developed. Twenty-five perinatal mental health experts were invited to participate in content validation by completing the questionnaire and assessing its content validity. A content validity index (CVI) score above 0.8 was indicative of content validity...
November 27, 2018: Women & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30481133/the-relationship-between-smoking-and-dysmenorrhea-a-meta-analysis
#18
Ensiyeh Jenabi, Salman Khazaei, Yousef Veisani
Many studies have investigated the potential association between smoking and dysmenorrhea. However, results from such studies have been inconsistent. In this study, we assessed the association between smoking and dysmenorrhea by meta-analysis. We performed a systematic search of the international databases, including PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, EBSCO and Google Scholar by the MeSH heading and/or additional terms to obtain relevant studies published from 1990 until 2017. I2 statistics were used to assess heterogeneity...
November 27, 2018: Women & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30475684/premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-in-arab-women-validation-and-cultural-adaptation-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-premenstrual-screening-tool
#19
Ziyad Mahfoud, Rana Emam, Dana Anchassi, Setarah Omran, Najlaa Alhaj, Samya Al-Abdulla, Ahmed El-Amin, Mena Shehata, Shereene Aly, Nada Al Emadi, Fathyia Al-Meer, Hassen Al-Amin
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is not well-studied in Arab populations. The goal of this study was to validate the Arabic version of the Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool (PSST) using the DSM diagnosis of PMDD as the gold standard. The PSST was translated and culturally adapted using back translation and the approval of the original author. We recruited 194 adult women (between October 2013 and March 2014) from two primary care centers in Doha, Qatar. A psychiatrist determined the diagnosis using the semi-structured Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, and another rater blinded to the diagnosis finalized the Arabic PSST and administered other clinical questionnaires...
November 26, 2018: Women & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29979949/quality-of-life-and-sexual-funct%C3%A4-on-in-obese-women-with-pelvic-floor-dysfunction
#20
Dilek Bilgic, Sule Gokyildiz, Nezihe Kizilkaya Beji, Onay Yalcin, Funda Gungor Ugurlucan
This prospective study was conducted in the urogynecology and gynecology outpatient clinics of Istanbul Faculty of Medicine from December 2014 to March 2015. The objective was to identify the association between obesity and sexual function and quality of life in women with pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD). A total of 387 sexually active women diagnosed with urinary incontinence and/or pelvic organ prolapse were included and categorized as obese (n = 200) or nonobese (n = 187). Mean body mass indexes were 25...
January 2019: Women & Health
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