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Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior

Lennart Reifels, Brian L Mishara, Luc Dargis, Lakshmi Vijayakumar, Michael R Phillips, Jane Pirkis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2019: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Duleeka W Knipe, Michael Eddleston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2019: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Gonzalo Martínez-Alés, Eduardo Jiménez-Sola, Eva Román-Mazuecos, María Pilar Sánchez-Castro, Consuelo de Dios, Beatriz Rodríguez-Vega, María Fe Bravo-Ortiz
OBJECTIVE: According to randomized trials, contact after a suicide attempt lowers relapse risk. However, effectiveness studies based on real clinical data can provide additional external validity. METHOD: We conducted an observational study to determine if an emergency department (ED)-initiated intervention for suicide attempt risk reduction, consisting on scheduling a single added appointment within 7 days after discharge following a suicide attempt, can reduce the risk of relapse...
February 14, 2019: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Elizabeth D Ballard, Jessica L Reed, Joanna Szczepanik, Jennifer W Evans, Julia S Yarrington, Daniel P Dickstein, Matthew K Nock, Allison C Nugent, Carlos A Zarate
OBJECTIVE: A critical need exists to identify objective markers of suicide ideation. One potential suicide risk marker is the Suicide Implicit Association Task (S-IAT), a behavioral task that uses differential reaction times to compare the implicit association between the self and death to the implicit association between the self and life. Individuals with a stronger association between the self and death on the S-IAT are more likely to attempt suicide in the future. To better understand the neural underpinnings of the implicit association between self and either life or death, a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) version of the S-IAT was adapted and piloted in healthy volunteers...
February 13, 2019: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Alejandro Trujillo, Lauren N Forrest, Heather M Claypool, April R Smith
OBJECTIVE: Past work has documented a cross-sectional relationship between eating disorders (ED) and suicidality, but few studies have examined the directionality of this relationship. Informed by the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide (IPTS), this study examines the bidirectional, longitudinal relationship between ED symptoms and two determinants of suicide ideation-thwarted belongingness (TB) and perceived burdensomeness (PB). METHOD: Ninety-two treatment-seeking individuals with ED (94...
February 7, 2019: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Ahmed A L Abdel Hamid, Mohamed Nasreldin, Sherif M Gohar, Alia A Saleh, Mennat-Allah Tarek
OBJECTIVES: Obsessions and suicidal behavior are common among patients with bipolar disorder. The relation between them and their impact on disease severity should be a focus of attention. This study aimed at assessment of the presence of sexual and religious obsessions in patients with bipolar disorder and their relation to suicide ideation. METHODS: Ninety patients diagnosed with bipolar I disorder were recruited consecutively and subdivided into two groups: bipolar disorder with and without sexual/religious obsessions...
February 6, 2019: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Yitzchok D Wagshul
OBJECTIVE: Of the three factors posited by Joiner's interpersonal theory of suicide as necessary before suicide can occur, increased hope has been shown to reduce two (thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness), but, counterintuitively, to increase the 3rd (acquired capability for suicide). A fuller understanding of this phenomenon may lie with Bernardo's locus-of-hope construct-pursuant to which hope may lie not only in one's own plans and capabilities (internal locus-of-hope) but in those of others (external locus-of-hope)-but to date no study has researched the relationship between external locus-of-hope and acquired capability for suicide...
December 18, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Gerd-Dieter Willmund, Julius Heß, Christian Helms, Florian Wertenauer, Anja Seiffert, Almut Nolte, Ulrich Wesemann, Peter L Zimmermann
BACKGROUND: The last 10 years have seen an increase in the number of suicides in the US Armed Forces. Accordingly, the topic of suicides in the German military has received a lot of attention in media and science alike. METHODS: This study retrospectively examined all suicides (N = 107) committed by active, nonretired German military personnel from 2010 to the end of 2014, analyzing archived medical records. In a second step, these data were compared to a representative German Armed Forces survey conducted in 2012 (N = 1,549)...
December 17, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Adrian J Blow, Adam Farero, Dara Ganoczy, Heather Walters, Marcia Valenstein
OBJECTIVE: Members of the U.S. military are at a high suicide risk. While studies have examined predictors of suicide in the U.S. military, more studies are needed which examine protective factors for suicide. Informed by the interpersonal theory of suicide, this study examined the strength of the intimate relationship and its role as a buffer of suicidality in National Guard service members. METHOD: A total of 712 National Guard residing in a Midwestern state, who had all recently returned home from a deployment, took part in this study and completed surveys at 6 and 12 months postdeployment...
December 3, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Sasha M Rojas, Kayla D Skinner, Matthew T Feldner, Demian E Rodante, Soledad Puppo, Patricia Vidjen, Alicia Portela, Leandro N Grendas, Federico M Daray
OBJECTIVE: A suicide attempt is an established risk factor for subsequent suicide attempts and suicide. Nonetheless, the prediction of future suicidal behavior is poor. The lethality of previous suicidal behavior may be informative to better understand future suicide risk among patients hospitalized for suicidal thoughts and behavior. The current study examined whether the lethality of patients' index (most recent suicidal episode at hospitalization), first, and worst suicidal episode predicts the lethality of one's most lethal suicide attempt during a 2-year follow-up period...
November 29, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Julie O'Donnell, Joseph Logan, Robert Bossarte
OBJECTIVE: This study examined trends and correlates of reported post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among young male Veteran suicide decedents, using data from the National Violent Death Reporting System from 2005-2014 on 1,362 male U.S. Veteran suicide decedents aged 18-34 years. METHODS: Prevalence of reported PTSD (i.e., diagnosis/symptoms) was determined by mental health diagnostic fields and narratives and examined by year. Demographic, incident, and precipitating circumstance characteristics correlated with reported PTSD were identified...
November 29, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Jennifer Krafft, E Tish Hicks, Sallie A Mack, Michael E Levin
OBJECTIVE: It is essential to identify modifiable risk factors that can be targeted to reduce suicidal ideation (SI) and behavior in college students. Psychological inflexibility, a pattern of responding to internal experiences in a literal and rigid way, and attempting to control those experiences even when it interferes with valued living, could theoretically lead to SI or increase its intensity. METHOD: Psychological inflexibility and its component processes were tested as a predictor of SI in a longitudinal survey of college students (n = 603, age M = 20...
November 26, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Trine N Sindahl, Louis-Phillippe Côte, Luc Dargis, Brian L Mishara, Torben Bechmann Jensen
OBJECTIVE: To explore: (1) how children contacting a child helpline with suicide ideation differ from children discussing other topics, (2) whether text messaging effectively helps, and (3) which counselor behaviors are most effective. METHOD: Of 6,060 text sessions at the Danish national child helpline, 444 concerned suicidality, of which the 102 sessions that included self-rated, end Session ratings were selected for content analysis. RESULTS: Twenty-six percentage of suicidal children had severe suicidality...
November 23, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Sydney N Waitz-Kudla, Samantha E Daruwala, Claire Houtsma, Michael D Anestis
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between religious affiliation, political beliefs, and lifetime mental health help-seeking behavior in a sample of suicide decedents. We hypothesized that Christian decedents would be less likely to have sought help than non-Christians, and socially conservative individuals would be less likely to have sought help than socially liberal or moderate individuals. METHOD: Smaller samples (N = 147 for political analyses, N = 218 for religion analyses) were drawn from a larger sample of 267 suicide decedents, for whom data were collected from loss survivors...
November 21, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Margaret M Baer, Jessica M LaCroix, Joy C Browne, Helena O Hassen, Kanchana U Perera, Jennifer Weaver, Alyssa Soumoff, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
OBJECTIVE: To examine potential links between facets of impulsivity and emotion dysregulation to components of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and acquired capability) among U.S. military personnel. METHOD: The current study performed secondary data analysis from a randomized control trial testing the efficacy of a cognitive therapy for 134 service members (71.64% male, 68.66% Caucasian; mean age: 30...
November 20, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Mark A Reger, Heather M Gebhardt, Jacob M Lee, Brooke A Ammerman, Raymond P Tucker, Bridget B Matarazzo, Amanda E Wood, David A Ruskin
OBJECTIVE: The Caring Contacts intervention has been implemented with a variety of methodologies. The purpose of this study was to examine high-risk inpatient preferences for the Caring Contacts intervention. METHOD: Veteran psychiatric inpatients (N = 154) completed an anonymous patient preferences survey to obtain feedback on Caring Contact methods such as message wording, preferred correspondent, frequency of contact, duration of the intervention, imagery, and mailing modality...
November 19, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Masoud Kamali, Erika F H Saunders, Shervin Assari, Kelly A Ryan, David F Marshall, Melvin G McInnis
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of mood and anxiety symptoms in relation to personality dimensions and clinical features such as trauma and substance use on suicidal behaviors in a longitudinal sample of individuals with bipolar illness (BP) and healthy controls (HC). METHODS: Mood, personality, and clinical features were assessed in 151 individuals with BP I and 119 HC. Clinical data were collected at baseline and at 2-year follow-up. Personality traits were measured using the NEO PI-R...
November 19, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Anita Lungu, Chelsey R Wilks, Trevor N Coyle, Marsha M Linehan
OBJECTIVE: Both suicide and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) represent major public health concerns, and effective assessment, management, and treatment requires assessment tools that can simultaneously be quick and accurate. This study compared the validity of a self-report measure of suicide attempts and NSSI acts with a gold standard in depth interview. METHOD: Ninety women answered questions about their suicidal behavior history using both a self-report assessment and in-depth interview...
November 19, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Ana F El-Behadli, Danette Beitra, Lucas Zullo, Hayden Mbroh, Sunita M Stewart
OBJECTIVE: The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS) posits two constructs (thwarted belongingness (TB) and perceived burdensomeness (PB)) contribute to suicide ideation. These constructs are typically measured by the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire (INQ); however, available INQ versions have demonstrated poor psychometric properties with youth. This study examined the INQ using Item Response Theory (IRT) to refine and reduce the scale for clinically depressed and suicidal youth...
November 19, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Kym Riley, Suzanne McLaren
OBJECTIVE: Levels of suicidal behavior among gay men are a significant concern. The Interpersonal Theory of Suicide proposes that being unpartnered is a risk factor for suicidal behavior due to thwarted belongingness; however, this has yet to be tested empirically. Recent studies also indicate that the two components of hope, agency and pathways, may be protective against suicidal behavior. The first aim of the current study was to investigate whether thwarted belongingness mediates the relationship between relationship status and suicidal behavior in gay men...
November 18, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
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