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Applied Microbiology

M A Hood, W S Bishop, F W Bishop, S P Meyers, T Whelan
Selected microbial parameters were monitored in sediments from a pristine and an oil-field salt marsh. Although numbers of hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria and fungi were significantly greater in the oil field, the values did not show a strong correlation with levels of hydrocarbons (r = 0.43 and r = 0.49, respectively). However, a high correlation was noted between ratios of hydrocarbonoclastic and total aerobic heterotrophic bacteria and levels of hydrocarbons as well as the relative concentration of hydrocarbons (ratio of hydrocarbons to chloroform extractables) (r = 0...
December 1975: Applied Microbiology
S C Porter
A rapid procedure for wort fermentation with Saccharomyces carlsbergensis at 12 C is described. Fermentation time was reduced from 7 to 4 days with normal inoculum by shaking. Increasing the inoculation to 5 to 10 times normal and shaking resulted in complete fermentation in 3 days. Maximum yeast population was reached rapidly with the large inocula, but fermentation proceeded at approximately the same rate when inoculations in excess of four times the normal were used. Similar results were obtained with both small-scale (100 ml) and microbrew (2...
December 1975: Applied Microbiology
Y W Han, A W Anderson
Candida utilis, Aureobasidium pullulans, and Trichoderma viride were grown on pretreated ryegrass straw. The pretreatment consisted of hydrolysis of straw with 0.5 N H(2)SO(4) (water-substrate, 3:1) at 121 C, 100 C, and room temperature and adjustment of the hydrolysate to pH 4.5 to 5.0 with 5 N NH(4)OH. The 121 C pretreatment yielded a material containing 30% sugar and 2.3% N. The fermentation was carried on semisolid substrate (moisture level, 75%) in rotating jars for 2 to 3 days at room temperature. The organisms grew rapidly during the period from 18 to 42 h of incubation...
December 1975: Applied Microbiology
T Ruiz-Argueso, A Rodriguez-Navarro
Two main groups of bacteria, classified as Gluconobacter and Lactobacillus, are present in ripening honey. A third bacterial group, classified as Zymomonas, and several types of yeast are occasionally isolated. Both in natural honey and in synthetic syrup the bacterial population decreases in the course of the ripening process. Lactobacillus and Gluconobacter disappear after minimum moisture (about 18%) is reached, but the former does so sooner than the latter. The presence of these bacteria in different parts of the bee has been also investigated...
December 1975: Applied Microbiology
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 206 in vol. 30.].
December 1975: Applied Microbiology
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 787 in vol. 30.].
December 1975: Applied Microbiology
H P Fleming, J L Etchells, R N Costilow
We reported earlier that Pediococcus cerevisiae FBB-61 inhibited Lactobacillus plantarum FBB-67 in mixed species inoculation used for the fermentation of brined cucumbers. Herein, 16 isolates of the Pediococcus genus from various sources were tested for inhibitory activity against L. plantarum and other microorganisms by a seeded-agar screening technique. Only two of the 16 isolates gave consistent and distinctive zones of inhibition, and both were isolated from fermenting cucumber brines on separate occasions...
December 1975: Applied Microbiology
J R Songer, D T Braymen, R G Mathis
A simple convenient pipetting station is described that eliminates the need for mouth pipetting. Necessary components, fabrication procedures, and operating techniques are given.
November 1975: Applied Microbiology
W J Eisler, D A Lebuis
A dual channel temperature recorder is described which can measure temperatures linearly over a range of 0 to 80 C. The sensitivity can be adjusted so that any temperature span, as small as 3 degrees , will cover recorder full scale, and temperatures can be read to 0.1 degrees . The recorder provides two independent, permanent records of temperature variations which can be related directly to the time of day.
November 1975: Applied Microbiology
K Ohmiya, Y Sato
Proteolytic activity in the extract from the cells of Streptococcus cremoris increased in the presence of casein, lactose, glucose, and CaCl(2) in the media but was negligibly detectable in the extract of the cells harvested from the culture containing succinate or citrate. The intracellular proteinase from S. cremoris harvested from tomato medium was purified 150-fold in this experiment. The enzyme had a molecular weight of 140,000, optimum pH at 6.5 to 7.0, and maximum activity at 30 C. The proteinase was activated by Ca and inhibited by Zn, Cu, Hg, Fe, ethylenediaminetetraacetate, and sodium lauryl sulfate...
November 1975: Applied Microbiology
D K O'toole
The percentage of moisture loss was least from plates incubated in plastic bags, sealed jars, or in a humid chamber. There was a stacking effect noted in plates incubated in plastic bags and sealed jars.
October 1975: Applied Microbiology
R B Sheldon, C W Boylen
A diatom-dominated population of epiphytic algae was studied in an oligotrophic lake to determine the factors which limit epiphyte growth and to measure their contribution to primary productivity. Algae were collected from plants growing at four sites in Lake George, N.Y., during the spring, summer, and fall of 1974. Samples were taken from 3 m, corresponding to the depth at which macrophytes were most productive. Algae exhibited an optimum temperature for HCO(3) uptake at 30 C, although the summer littoral lake temperature ranged from 18 to 25 C...
October 1975: Applied Microbiology
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 615 in vol. 29.].
September 1975: Applied Microbiology
T J Chai, R E Levin
Weakly gram-positive pleomorphic rods isolated from the slime on the storage pen surfaces of fishing trawlers were found to produce extensive capsular material and intensely mucoid colonies. The isolates studied produced highly pleomorphic club-shaped cells indicative of coryneforms. Their DNA base composition ranged from 64.2 to 68.2 mol% guanine plus cytosine on the basis of melting point determinations.
September 1975: Applied Microbiology
B H Lee, T H Blackburn
Strain M7, a thermophilic, anaerobic, terminally sporing bacterium (0.6 by 4.0 mum) was isolated from manure. It degraded filter paper in 1 to 2 days at 60 C in a minimal cellulose medium but was stimulated by yeast extract. It fermented a wide variety of sugars but produced cellulase only in cellulose or carboxymethyl-cellulose media. Cellulase synthesis not only was probably repressed by 0.4% glucose and 0.3% cellobiose, but also cellulase activity appeared to be inhibited by these sugars at these concentrations...
September 1975: Applied Microbiology
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 807 in vol. 29.].
August 1975: Applied Microbiology
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 646 in vol. 29.].
August 1975: Applied Microbiology
G J Stanlake, J B Clark
The aromatic petroleum distillates present in a commercial preparation of malathion insecticide had a greater effect on viability of pure cultures of soil bacteria than did the malathion, whereas neither component had an effect on the population of the natural soil community.
August 1975: Applied Microbiology
L L Slyter
An artifical rumen continuous culture with pH control, automated input of water-soluble and water-insoluble substrates, controlled mixing of contents, and a collection system for gas is described.
August 1975: Applied Microbiology
J M Tiedje
[C]ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA) was shown to be slowly biodegraded to CO(2) in soils and sediments under aerobic conditions and by microorganisms in mixed liquid culture. EDTA chelates of Cu, Cd, Zn, Mn, Ca, and Fe added to soil were equally degraded, while Ni-EDTA was degraded more slowly.
August 1975: Applied Microbiology
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