Kennedy Kwami Edem Kukuia, Frederick Boakye Burns, Kevin Kofi Adutwum-Ofosu, Frimpong Appiah, Seth Kwabena Amponsah, Richard Begyinah, Awo Efua Koomson, Ferka Yaw Takyi, Thomas Amatey Tagoe, Patrick Amoateng
Iron supplementation previously demonstrated antidepressant-like effects in post-partum rats. The present study evaluates the possible synergistic antidepressant effect of sub-therapeutic dose of iron co-administered with citalopram or imipramine in female Institute of Cancer Research mice. Depression-like symptoms were induced in the forced swim (FST), tail suspension (TST), and open space swim (OSST) tests while open field test (OFT) was used to assess locomotor activity. Mice (n=8) received iron (0.8- 7...
March 20, 2023: Neuroscience
Zetian Li, Hanani Abdul Manan, Hanna Heitmann, Veronica Witte, Kerstin Wirkner, Steffi Riedel-Heller, Arno Villringer, Thomas Hummel
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between olfactory sulcus (OS) depth and olfactory function considering age and gender and to provide normative data on OS depth in a population with normal olfactory function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: OS depth was obtained using T1 magnetic resonance imaging scans. Participants (mean age ± sd = 57 ± 16 years, ranging from 20-80 years) were screened for olfactory function using the Sniffin' Sticks Screening 12 test...
March 17, 2023: Neuroscience
Uyen T D Bui, Amy L Milton
Reconsolidation results in the restabilisation, and thus persistence, of a memory made labile by retrieval, and interfering with this process is thought to enable modification or weakening of the original trace. As such, reconsolidation-blockade has been a focus of research aiming to target the maladaptive memories underlying mental health disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder and drug addiction. Current first-line therapies are not effective for all patients, and a substantial proportion of those for whom therapies are effective later relapse...
March 16, 2023: Neuroscience
Luana Barreto Meichtry, Guilherme Silva da Silva, Larissa Londero, Mustafa Munir Mustafa Dahleh, Vandreza Cardoso Bortolotto, Stífani Machado Araujo, Elize Aparecida Musachio, Dariane Trivisiol da Silva, Tatiana Emanuelli, Murilo Ricardo Sigal Carriço, Rafael Roehrs, Gustavo Petri Guerra, Marina Prigol
Given the importance of understanding the disorders caused by trans fatty acids (TFAs), this study sought to add different concentrations hydrogenated vegetable fat (HVF) to the diet of Drosophila melanogaster during the developmental period and evaluate the effects on neurobehavioral parameters. Longevity, hatching rate, and behavioral functions were assessed, such as negative geotaxis, forced swimming, light/dark, mating, and aggressiveness. The fatty acids (FAs) present in the heads of the flies were quantified as well as serotonin (5HT) and dopamine (DA) levels...
March 16, 2023: Neuroscience
Fatemeh Tabassi Mofrad, Niels O Schiller
According to the correlated transmitter-receptor based structure of the inferior parietal cortex (IPC), this brain area is divided into three clusters, namely, the caudal, the middle and the rostral. Nevertheless, in associating different cognitive functions to the IPC, previous studies considered this part of the cortex as a whole and thus inconsistent results have been reported. Using multiband EPI, we investigated the connectivity profile of the middle IPC while forty-five participants performed a task requiring cognitive control...
March 15, 2023: Neuroscience
Yipeng Ren, Yadong Liu, Xiaolin Zhao, Weiyu Hu, Zhenni Wei, Zihan Tang, Jiahao Luo, Mengyi Li, Kaige Guo, Yan Wu, Juan Yang
Previous studies revealed that high long-term hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity measured by the hair cortisol concentrations predicts lower acute stress cortisol response and reported the influences of hair cortisol on brain activity during acute stress exposure. However, considering that long-term HPA axis activity has a close relationship with the brain's resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC), the current study aimed to explore the role of RSFC between limbic and salience network in this relationship...
March 14, 2023: Neuroscience
Gen Li, Xin Li, Ziyang Li, Xuanxiang Luo, Li Jing, Di Guo, Kai Guan, Feng Yuan, Bin Pan
The effects of traditional treatments for peripheral nerve injury (PNI) are not ideal, which has prompted the identification of new therapeutic strategies. As unique glial cells in the peripheral nervous system, Schwann cells (SCs) play an important role in the repair of PNI. Recent studies have demonstrated that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in the regulation of nerve repair after PNI. In this study, we used microarray technology to detect mRNA and lncRNA expression profiles at different time points after PNI and identified lncRNA Sox2ot-miR-9-Cthrc1 as a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) for further investigation...
March 14, 2023: Neuroscience
Yi Ran Wang, Geneviève Lefebvre, Maude Picard, Audrey Lamoureux-Andrichuk, Marie Chantal Ferland, Jean-Marc Therrien-Blanchet, Arnaud Boré, Jonathan Tremblay, Maxime Descoteaux, François Champoux, Hugo Théoret
Physical activity (PA) has been shown to benefit various cognitive functions and promote neuroplasticity. Whereas the effects of PA on brain anatomy and function have been well documented in older individuals, data are scarce in young adults. Whether high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) achieved through regular PA are associated with significant structural and functional changes in this age group remains largely unknown. In the present study, twenty young adults that engaged in at least 8 hours per week of aerobic exercise during the last 5 years were compared to twenty sedentary controls on measures of cortical excitability, white matter microstructure, cortical thickness and metabolite concentration...
March 13, 2023: Neuroscience
Tatsunori Watanabe, Xiaoxiao Chen, Keisuke Yunoki, Takuya Matsumoto, Takayuki Horinouchi, Kanami Ito, Haruki Ishida, Toru Sunagawa, Tatsuya Mima, Hikari Kirimoto
Transcranial static magnetic stimulation (tSMS) is known to influence behavioral and neural activities. However, although the left and right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) are associated with different cognitive functions, there remains a lack of knowledge on a difference in the effects of tSMS on cognitive performance and related brain activity between left and right DLPFC stimulations. To address this knowledge gap, we examined how differently tSMS over the left and right DLPFC altered working memory performance and electroencephalographic oscillatory responses using a 2-back task, in which subjects monitor a sequence of stimuli and decide whether a presented stimulus matches the stimulus presented 2 trials previously...
March 10, 2023: Neuroscience
Shuming Zhang, Fenrong Chen, Pengyu Li, Ke Xu, Chengxiang Liu, Bowen Geng, Ruiqing Piao, Peng Liu
Abdominal pain in Crohn's disease (CD) has been known to be associated with changes in the central nervous system. The periaqueductal gray (PAG) plays a well-established role in pain processing. However, the role of PAG-related network and the effect of pain on the network in CD remain unclear.Resting-state functional magnetic imaging (fMRI) data were collected from 24 CD patients in remission with abdominal pain, 24 CD patients without abdominal pain and 28 healthy controls (HCs). Using the subregions of PAG (dorsomedial (dmPAG), dorsolateral (dlPAG), lateral (lPAG) and ventrolateral (vlPAG)) as seeds, the seed-based FC maps were calculated and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed to investigate the differences among the three groups...
March 8, 2023: Neuroscience
Joe Arthurs, Jordan Pauli, Richard D Palmiter
Many threats activate parabrachial neurons expressing calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRPPBN ) which transmit alarm signals to forebrain regions. Most CGRPPBN neurons also express tachykinin 1 (Tac1), but there are also Tac1-expressing neurons in the PBN that do not express CGRP (Tac1+;CGRP- neurons). Chemogenetic or optogenetic activation of all Tac1PBN neurons in mice elicited many physiological/behavioral responses resembling the activation of CGRPPBN neurons, e.g., anorexia, jumping on a hot plate, avoidance of photostimulation; however, two key responses opposed activation of CGRPPBN neurons...
March 8, 2023: Neuroscience
Kang Ji-He, Guo Xu-Dong, Wang Yi-Dian, Kang Xue-Wen
N-acetylserotonin (NAS) is a chemical intermediate in melatonin biosynthesis. NAS and its derivative N-(2-(5-hydroxy-1H-indol-3-yl) ethyl)-2-oxopiperidine-3-carboxamide (HIOC) are potential therapeutic agents for traumatic brain injury, autoimmune encephalomyelitis, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, and other diseases. Evidence shows that NAS and its derivative HIOC have neuroprotective properties, and can exert neuroprotective effects by inhibiting oxidative stress, anti-apoptosis, regulating autophagy dysfunction, and anti-inflammatory...
March 7, 2023: Neuroscience
Natalia Molinero, Alejandro Antón, Félix Hernández, Jesús Ávila, Begoña Bartolomé, M Victoria Moreno-Arribas
Gut microbiota represents a diverse and dynamic population of microorganisms harbouring the gastrointestinal tract, which influences host health and disease. Bacterial colonization of the gastrointestinal tract begins at birth and changes throughout life, with age being one of the conditioning factors for its vitality. Aging is also a primary risk factor for most neurodegenerative diseases. Among them, Alzheimeŕs disease (AD) is probably the one where its association with a state of dysbiosis of the gut microbiota has been most studied...
March 7, 2023: Neuroscience
Long Li, Shanbo Ma, Jin Wang, Yuhan Chen, Feiyan Wang, Meiling Zheng, Kun Zhang, Shan Miao, Xiaopeng Shi
An absence of reward in chronic stress may impair the reward circuit in the brain, resulting in major depressive disorder (MDD). In a part of chronically stressed individuals, MDD is not present, i.e., there is resilience, implying endogenous anti-depressive mechanisms in the brain. We studied social defeat model mice and analyzed the mRNA maps of the hippocampus from a control group and social defeat (SD)-susceptible and SD-resilient mice using high-throughput sequencing techniques. It was found that the immune response was associated with depression...
March 7, 2023: Neuroscience
Esraa A Kandil, Noha F Abdelkader, Bahia M El-Sayeh, Samira Saleh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2023: Neuroscience
Kaitlyn M Roman, Maria A Briscione, Yuping Donsante, Jordan Ingram, Xueliang Fan, Douglas Bernhard, Simone A Campbell, Anthony M Downs, David Gutman, Tejas A Sardar, Sofia Q Bonno, Diane J Sutcliffe, H A Jinnah, Ellen J Hess
Although the mechanisms underlying dystonia are largely unknown, dystonia is often associated with abnormal dopamine neurotransmission. DOPA-responsive dystonia (DRD) is a prototype disorder for understanding dopamine dysfunction in dystonia because it is caused by mutations in genes necessary for the synthesis of dopamine and alleviated by the indirect-acting dopamine agonist l-DOPA. Although adaptations in striatal dopamine receptor-mediated intracellular signaling have been studied extensively in models of Parkinson's disease, another movement disorders associated with dopamine deficiency, little is known about dopaminergic adaptations in dystonia...
March 3, 2023: Neuroscience
Mingtong Liu, Guanhua Huang, Ke Zhao, Xiaolan Fu
Time estimation is fundamental for human survival. There have been increasing studies suggesting that distributed brain regions, such as the basal ganglia, cerebellum and the parietal cortex, may contribute to a dedicated neural mechanism of time estimation. However, evidence on the specific function of the subcortical and cortical brain regions and the interplay of them is scare. In this work, we explored how the subcortical and cortical networks function in time estimation during a time reproduction task using fMRI...
March 3, 2023: Neuroscience
Gustavo Balbinot, Josué Haubrich
Targeting reconsolidation with propranolol, a blocker of β-adrenergic receptors (β-ARs), emerged as a potential treatment for maladaptive memories such as those involved in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Reconsolidation targeting treatments for PTSD are becoming a common practice in the clinic and it is important to unveil any side effects upon 'non-targeted' memories. While previous studies have focused on propranolol's effects on the reconsolidation of emotional/distressful memories, the present study asked whether propranolol is involved in the reconsolidation of recognition memories - by assessing its effects on distinct memory components and the role of the dorsal hippocampus...
February 27, 2023: Neuroscience
Warren G Darling, Joshua Yem
We accurately sense locations of objects touching various points on the body and, if they are irritants, make accurate rapid movements to remove them. Such movements require accurate proprioception of orientation and motion of the reaching limb and of the target. However, it is unknown whether acuity of these sensations is similar for different points on the body. We investigated accuracy of comfortable speed reaching movements of the right index-tip by 10 subjects (5 females) to touch 12 different body locations with and without vision with the body part stationary in different locations and moving in different directions...
February 23, 2023: Neuroscience
Wuping Sun, Yue Hao, Rongzhen Li, Idy Hiu Ting Ho, Songbin Wu, Nan Li, Xiyuan Ba, Jie Wang, Donglin Xiong, Changyu Jiang, Lizu Xiao, Xiaodong Liu
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy is one of the most common side effects of anticancer therapy. It is anticipated that chemotherapies with different mechanisms of action may affect somatosensory neurons differently. This study aimed to explore similar and differential etiologies of oxaliplatin- and paclitaxel-induced neuropathy by comparing the transcriptomes of dorsal root ganglia (DRGs). We retrieved our previously published transcriptome data of DRGs extracted from vehicle-, oxaliplatin- and paclitaxel-treated rats (GSE160543), to analyze in parallel the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and Gene ontology (GO) terms enrichment...
February 21, 2023: Neuroscience
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