Fabrício Emanuel Soares de Oliveira, Maria Christina L Oliveira, Daniella Reis Barbosa Martelli, Samuel Trezena, Cristina Andrade Sampaio, Enrico A Colosimo, Eduardo A Oliveira, Hercílio Martelli Júnior
INTRODUCTION: Current evidence suggests the potential heightened vulnerability of smokers to severe coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outcomes. AIMS: This study aimed to analyze the clinical outcomes and mortality related to tobacco use in a cohort of hospitalized Brazilian COVID-19 patients. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study analyzed adults hospitalized for COVID-19 in Brazil using the SIVEP-Gripe database (official data reported by public and private healthcare facilities for monitoring severe acute respiratory syndrome cases in Brazil)...
May 25, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
Haijing Ma, Hongying Daisy Dai
OBJECTIVES: Previous youth tobacco research has identified multiple factors relating to intentions to quit vaping and quit attempts among current e-cigarette users in adolescents. The pathways in the complex associations with vaping cessation behaviors remain unclear. METHODS: Using data from the 2022 National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS) (grades 6-12), structural equation models (SEMs) are developed to examine the associations of social environment, vaping risk perceptions, e-cigarette marketing, vaping characteristics, and demographics with two outcome measures - intentions to quit vaping and past year quit attempts among current e-cigarette users...
May 24, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
Raymond Wu, Luke Clark
People often use justifications to make desirable choices, but little is known about these justificatory thoughts in gambling. We conducted an exploratory Study 1 (n = 101) and a confirmatory Study 2 (n = 154) using online surveys, recruiting gamblers with prior and current experience of trying to reduce their gambling. Using justifications recognized in the domains of eating and consumer behavior (e.g., prior use of effort, feelings of achievement), we examined whether justifications were associated with problem gambling severity, and whether they explained additional variance above trait impulsivity and cognitive distortions...
May 23, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
Víctor J Villanueva-Blasco, Dalila Eslava, Leticia Olave, Marta Torrens
The present systematic review aims to identify electronic interventions for addressing substance use and understand their effectiveness in primary care settings. A systematic search was carried out in the Web of Science, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and Cochrane Library. The search included the keywords "electronic intervention", "substance use", "primary care" and synonyms. To determine the quality and recommendation of the analyzed interventions, the efficacy results reported by the studies were considered, as well as the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT) assessment and the GRADE Evidence Assessment...
May 23, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
Takashi Yoshioka, Ryuhei So, Satoshi Funada, Shiori Tsutsumi, Tomoki Nakaya, Ryo Okubo, Tetsuji Minami, Takahiro Tabuchi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Night-shift work disturbs sleep and is associated with poor health conditions among workers. We aimed to investigate the association between night-shift work and gambling among workers and the association between night-shift work and problem gambling in working and gambling participants. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from an online survey conducted between February 6 and 27, 2023 in Japan. A total of 21,134 workers participated in this study, including 9,739 respondents who had gambled in the past year...
May 23, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
Amber Copeland, Tom Stafford, Matt Field
BACKGROUND: Devaluation of alcohol leads to reductions in alcohol choice and consumption; however, the cognitive mechanisms that underpin this relationship are not well-understood. In this study we applied a computational model of value-based decision-making (VBDM) to decisions made about alcohol and alcohol-unrelated cues following experimental manipulation of alcohol value. METHOD: Using a pre-registered within-subject design, thirty-six regular alcohol consumers (≥14 UK units per week) completed a two-alternative forced choice task where they chose between two alcohol images (in one block) or two soft drink images (in a different block) after watching videos that emphasised the positive (alcohol value), and separately, the negative (alcohol devalue) consequences of alcohol...
May 19, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
Dale S Mantey, LaTrice Montgomery, Baojiang Chen, Onyinye Omega-Njemnobi, Melissa B Harrell
OBJECTIVE: To characterize and compare transitions in blunt smoking behaviors among a diverse cohort of youth and young adults observed between Spring 2019 and Fall 2021. METHODS: We analyzed n = 14,152 observations (i.e., completed surveys) provided by n = 2,610 youth and young adults over six (6) waves from Spring 2019 to Fall 2021 via the Texas Adolescent Tobacco and Marketing Surveillance (TATAMS) system. Participants were recruited in age-cohorts, reflecting 16...
May 18, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
Brendan E Walsh, Charles A Manzler, Emily T Noyes, Robert C Schlauch
Theoretical and empirical models of alcohol use and misuse indicate that abstinence self-efficacy (ASE) predicts improvements in treatment outcomes among individuals with alcohol use disorder (AUD). More recently, studies have begun examining daily fluctuations in ASE to better understand in-the-moment determinants of drinking behaviors. With the goal of assessing how ASE is implicated in maintenance (rather than changing) of hazardous drinking patterns, the current study examined daily reciprocal relations between ASE and drinking among individuals with AUD...
May 18, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
Paige N Brinzo, Silvia S Martins
OBJECTIVES: Previous reports have described variations in opioid overdose mortalities among different race/ethnicity groups. We have analyzed racial/ethnicity trends in opioid and polysubstance opioid overdose mortalities in adolescents and young adults to further characterize differences and potential sub-epidemics within this specific population. METHODS: We used mortality data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-Ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (WONDER) Multiple Cause of Death file from 1999 to 2020...
May 16, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
Maya Vijayaraghavan, Holly Elser, Kevin Delucchi, Janice Y Tsoh, Kara Lynch, Sheri D Weiser, Elise D Riley
BACKGROUND: Recent insights into substance use cessation suggest that outcomes short of long-term abstinence are clinically meaningful and may offer more realistic incremental goals, particularly for highly vulnerable individuals. With the goal of informing tobacco treatment programs, we examined distinct patterns of cigarette smoking and their association with the ongoing use of other substances in women who experience housing instability. METHODS: We recruited participants from a longitudinal study of women experiencing housing instability...
May 16, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
Ashlynn M Ruleman, Stephanie L Clendennen, Baojiang Chen, Melissa B Harrell
OBJECTIVE: This study examines differences in reasons for e-cigarette, cigarette, and cannabis use across exclusive, dual, co-, and poly co-users. METHODS: Participants were 645 young adults who reported past 30-day (P30D) use of e-cigarettes, cigarettes, or cannabis at wave 14 (Fall, 2021) of the Texas Adolescent Tobacco Marketing and Surveillance System (TATAMS). Exclusive users reported P30D use of one product, dual users reported P30D use of e-cigarettes and cigarettes, co-users reported use of cannabis and one tobacco product, and poly co-users reported P30D use of all three products...
May 15, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
Alexander L Wallace, Kelly E Courtney, Natasha E Wade, Neal Doran, Everett L Delfel, Rachel Baca, Laura E Hatz, Courtney Thompson, Gianna Andrade, Joanna Jacobus
INTRODUCTION: Cannabis and nicotine/tobacco products (NTP) are commonly co-used in adolescence and young adulthood; however, limited research has been done on predictive health behaviors to co-use. The current study is a preliminary investigation into the relationships of modifiable health behaviors on cannabis and NTP co-use in adolescents and young adults. METHOD: 221 participants (ages 16-22) were characterized into cannabis use only (N = 55), NTP use only (N = 20), cannabis and NTP co-use (used cannabis and NTP; N = 96) and control (no use; N = 50) groups based on past 30-day use...
May 14, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
Xia Zheng, Wenbo Li, Ruobing Li, Meng Yang, Hsien-Chang Lin
INTRODUCTION: Social media are important venues for youth's exposure to e-cigarette content. This study examined how exposure to user-generated e-cigarette content (i.e., content created and shared by individual social media users) is associated with vulnerabilities to e-cigarette use among youth non-users. METHODS: We pooled data from the 2021 and 2022 National Youth Tobacco Survey. Youth who have never used e-cigarettes were included. Weighted linear and logistic regressions were conducted to examine how exposure to user-generated e-cigarette content (from real-life friends, online-only friends, and celebrities/influencers) on social media was associated with e-cigarette use vulnerabilities measured by perceived norms, perceived risk, and susceptibility of use, controlling for demographics, advertising exposure, and mental health conditions...
May 13, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
Jichao Jia, Wei Tong, Xiaoyue Wang, Xiaoyi Fang
Problematic internet use (PIU) and depression usually co-occur and are common among college students. According to network theory, it may be attributed to the interplay of symptoms that connect these two mental health problems. However, most studies have failed to examine complex and subtle connections at the symptom level and have not clarified how PIU and depression symptoms are intercorrelated, which symptoms serve as the source of comorbidity (i.e., the central symptoms), and whether such a comorbidity mechanism would change with higher grades...
May 10, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
Elizabeth M Upton, Joseph LaRocca, Abby E Rudolph, April M Young, Jennifer R Havens
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have shown that individuals and their peers often have similar substance use behaviors, but the mechanisms driving these similarities - particularly in rural settings, are not well understood. The primary objectives of this analysis are to (1) identify factors that contribute to relationship turnover and maintenance within a rural network of persons who use drugs (PWUD), (2) determine whether assimilation and/or homophily shape participants use of injection drugs, heroin, and stimulants (methamphetamine and cocaine), and (3) assess the extent that these mechanisms influence networks ties and/or behaviors and whether these effects vary across time...
May 9, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
Joshua B Grubbs, Alex J Connolly, Christopher G Floyd, Hyoun S Kim, Shane W Kraus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
Christopher Whitlock, Claire Chang, Regina Onishchenko, Madgean Joassaint, Emily Madlambayan, Lauren Oshman, Christopher J Frank
PURPOSE: Rates of cannabis use during pregnancy are highest for adolescents and young adults (AYAs). This study aims to understand AYA perspectives regarding the medical and legal consequences of prenatal and parental cannabis use. METHODS: This study delivered five open-ended survey questions regarding prenatal cannabis use in May/June 2022 via a text message polling platform to the MyVoice cohort, a cohort of AYA aged 14-24 throughout the United States recruited from social media to target national benchmarks set by the American Community Survey...
May 7, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
Campbell Ince, Lucy Albertella, Chang Liu, Jeggan Tiego, Leonardo F Fontenelle, Samuel R Chamberlain, Murat Yücel, Kristian Rotaru
Modern internet pornography allows users to harness sexual novelty in numerous ways, which can be used to overcome desensitisation through increasing volume of use (quantitative tolerance), progressing to more stimulating genres (qualitative escalation), skipping between stimuli (tab-jumping), delaying orgasm ('edging'), and engaging in pornographic binges. However, existing research has not yet evaluated how these potentially reciprocal consumption patterns relate to problematic pornography use (PPU). To this end, we recruited two independent samples of male pornography users (N1  = 1,356, Mage  = 36...
May 2, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
Francisco J López-Fernández, Laura Mezquita, Verónica Vidal-Arenas, Yanina Michelini, Adrian J Bravo, Angelina Pilatti, Generós Ortet, Manuel I Ibáñez
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has shown that personality traits and gaming motives are important predictors for explaining regular and disordered gaming. However, the mediating role of gaming motives in the relation between personality traits and video game outcomes (e.g., time spent gaming or disordered gaming) has been scarcely studied and limited cross-national studies have addressed this issue. The present study aimed to examine the direct and indirect effects of the Big Five personality traits on weekly gaming and disordered gaming via gaming motives across seven countries...
May 1, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
Benjamin K C Wong, Scott Veldhuizen, Nadia Minian, Laurie Zawertailo, Peter Selby
INTRODUCTION: Concurrent users of tobacco and alcohol are at greater risk of harm than use of either substance alone. It remains unclear how concurrent tobacco and alcohol use affects smoking cessation across levels of alcohol use and related problems. This study assessed the relationship between smoking cessation and levels of alcohol use problems. METHODS: 59,018 participants received nicotine replacement therapy through a smoking cessation program. Alcohol use and related symptoms were assessed using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT-10) and the AUDIT-Concise (AUDIT-C)...
April 28, 2024: Addictive Behaviors
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