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Child: Care, Health and Development

Runhao Lu, Yuyang Zhou, Qian Wu, Xiaoxue Peng, Jing Dong, Zhi Zhu, Wei Xu
BACKGROUND: The population of left-behind children is growing rapidly in China in recent years. Without parents' company, left-behind children may develop severe emotional problems, which can trigger extreme behaviors such as self-harm and suicide. Previous literature suggests that mindfulness-based intervention could effectively alleviate a variety of sufferings such as anxiety and suicide ideation. The current study sought to examine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based intervention on suicide ideation among left-behind children in China...
February 12, 2019: Child: Care, Health and Development
Luis Anunciação, Jane Squires, Jantina Clifford, J Landeira-Fernandez
BACKGROUND: In Brazil, large-scale governmental programs have been implemented to evaluate the development of all children who are enrolled in public daycare centers and preschools using the Brazilian Ages and Stages Questionnaires: Social-emotional (ASQ:SE) as a screening tool. However, in the Brazilian context, there is a lack of studies that have investigated the clinical utility of the ASQ:SE, and only a few studies have partially investigated the psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of this scale...
February 12, 2019: Child: Care, Health and Development
Alice E Martin, Antonia J Beringer
BACKGROUND: Advanced planning for end of life care (EOLC) is an essential component of care for children with life-limiting and life threatening (LLLT) conditions. We report the findings of a follow-up study (R2) completed five years after the initial review (R1). Documented advanced care planning (ACP) was measured against published children's palliative care standards. THE PURPOSE: to compare how planning has developed over the five years across a range of children's health care services in a single UK city...
January 29, 2019: Child: Care, Health and Development
Judith Chew, John Carpenter, Anne M Haase
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews of quantitative research on the effects of childhood epilepsy have established its association with higher levels of psychiatric diagnosis, externalising and internalising problems, lower health-related quality of life, social competence and poorer academic achievements, compared to their peers. However, much less is known about young people's experiences of living with epilepsy and its impact on their development from their own perspectives. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 young people aged between 13 and 16 years...
January 28, 2019: Child: Care, Health and Development
Lanyan Ding, Lok-Wa Yuen, Eric S Buhs, Ian M Newman
BACKGROUND: In China there are approximately 70 million children, nearly 25% of the child population, who are left-behind in the care of other family members when their parents migrate to urban areas, for increased economic opportunities. This paper presents a systematic review and a meta-analysis of studies that have examined the phenomenon of depression among these left-behind children (LBC). METHODS: A total of 603 papers published between 2000-2017 were retrieved from five databases (CNKI, WF, VIP, PM, WS)...
January 28, 2019: Child: Care, Health and Development
Anette Hauskov Graungaard, Christina Roested Bendixen, Ole Rikard Haavet, Tone Smith-Sivertsen, Marjukka Mäkelä
BACKGROUND: This systematic review explored the occurrence and types of somatic symptoms in children (0-20 years) who have experienced parental cancer. METHODS: We complemented a systematic literature search from PubMed and PsycInfo with a reference search. We identified 1694 articles, which were independently screened by two authors; they further evaluated potentially relevant papers for quality and extracted the data. We found nine relevant studies (10 publications) on altogether 672 children with a parent who had cancer; four studies included a control group...
January 28, 2019: Child: Care, Health and Development
Anushka Mantri-Langeveldt, Shakila Dada, Kobie Boshoff
BACKGROUND: The benefits of social support for caregivers raising a child with a disability have been identified in the literature. These benefits include the improvement of the mental and physical well-being of the caregivers, improvement in caregiving styles, and overall improvement of family quality of life. Whilst the benefits of social support are widely reported, the definitions and measures of social support in the literature are varied. METHOD: A scoping review was therefore undertaken to identify and describe the tools used to measure social support of primary caregivers (i...
January 28, 2019: Child: Care, Health and Development
Ruth Nightingale, Gretl McHugh, Susan Kirk, Veronica Swallow
BACKGROUND: Children and young people with long-term conditions (LTCs) are usually dependent on, or share management with their families and are expected to develop self-management skills as they mature. However, during adolescence young people can find it challenging to follow prescribed treatment regimens resulting in poor clinical outcomes. Though reviews have looked at children's and parents' experiences of self-management, none have explicitly examined the parent-to-child transfer of self-management responsibility...
January 28, 2019: Child: Care, Health and Development
Matthew Snelling, Andrew Dawes, Linda Biersteker, Elizabeth Girdwood, Colin Tredoux
BACKGROUND: Assessment of early childhood development programme effectiveness in South Africa is hampered by a lack of suitable measures that account for variations in cultural and socio-economic backgrounds, and can be administered by non-professionals. This contribution reports the standardisation of the South African Early Learning Outcomes Measure (ELOM), an instrument designed for population level monitoring of the developmental status of children aged 50-69 months, and for evaluation of early learning programmes...
January 25, 2019: Child: Care, Health and Development
Ritu Mitra, Matthew Hodes
As increasing numbers of Unaccompanied Refugee Minors (URM) are arriving in Europe, there is a need to investigate which factors promote psychological resilience and improve their mental health. This review aims to identify preventive post settlement influences, including living arrangements, access to mental health services and effective treatments that may improve mental health outcomes. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted of published papers in any language for children (<18 years) entering a host country, unaccompanied and seeking asylum...
January 20, 2019: Child: Care, Health and Development
S Kendall, A Nash, A Braun, G Bastug, E Rougeaux, H Bedford
BACKGROUND: The Healthy Child Programme is the universal public health system in England to assess and monitor child health from 0-19. Following a review of measures for closer monitoring at ages two years, the Department of Health for England implemented the Ages & Stages Questionnaires®, Third Edition (ASQ-3™) (Hereon, ASQ-3). AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the acceptability and understanding of the ASQ-3 in England by health professionals and parents...
January 20, 2019: Child: Care, Health and Development
Susan Kirk, Denise Hinton
BACKGROUND: Childhood long-term conditions are usually diagnosed in infancy or early childhood. Little is known about the particular experiences and needs of young people who receive a chronic illness diagnosis during adolescence or late childhood. This paper will examine this experience in relation to Multiple Sclerosis (MS) which is increasingly being diagnosed before adulthood. AIMS: To explore how young people experience an MS diagnosis. METHODS: Qualitative study using a grounded theory approach...
January 16, 2019: Child: Care, Health and Development
Aideen Naughton, Lucinda Perkins, Bethan McMinn, Alison Kemp
BACKGROUND: Emotional maltreatment (EM) has profound effects on the developing brain but is hardest to identify in infancy. Early observations of parent-infant interactions may provide opportunities to identify babies at risk of neglect and EM. This prospective study tests, in the first fortnight of life, the feasibility of using an observation tool previously validated for use at 2 to 7 months of age. METHODS: Women awaiting induction of labour were recruited in South Wales in July 2016...
December 26, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Gemma Kelly, Carolyn Dunford, Rob Forsyth, Alja Kavcic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Laura Nabors, Melissa Liddle, Myia L Graves, Allison Kamphaus, JaLisa Elkins
BACKGROUND: Children living with chronic illnesses may rely on family for social support during hospitalization. Understanding child and parent perspectives about the nature of the sibling and family relationships during hospitalization will provide information about these relationships during a stressful period. METHODS: English speaking children diagnosed with chronic illnesses, siblings, and parents participated. They were residing at a Ronald McDonald House...
November 26, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Manuel E Jimenez, Shawna V Hudson, Daniel Lima, Alan L Mendelsohn, Maria Pellerano, Benjamin F Crabtree
BACKGROUND: Pediatric professionals promote shared reading to facilitate school readiness yet relatively few studies examine how parents from underserved communities consider this issue in their daily lives. We sought to understand shared reading within the broader context of parenting among Latino parents. METHODS: We conducted in-depth interviews, purposively sampling Spanish-speaking, Latina mothers of children age ≤ 3 years from an urban Federally Qualified Health Center...
November 24, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Marcus Gurtner, Ryan Gage, George Thomson, Richard Jaine, James Stanley, Moira Smith, Michelle Barr, Tim Chambers, Louise Signal
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence available on the nature of children's exposure to smoking and smoking paraphernalia in private spaces (homes and cars). We aimed to evaluate the extent and nature of children's exposure to smoking in these settings using image data captured by wearable cameras. METHODS: One-hundred and sixty-eight children wore wearable cameras for 4 days that automatically took pictures every 7 s. Images captured in private spaces (n = 140,818) by children living in households with a smoker (n = 34) were screened for instances of smoking and smoking paraphernalia...
November 22, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Claudio Longobardi, Laura E Prino, Matteo A Fabris, Michele Settanni
BACKGROUND: Hospitals can cause anxiety, pain, and fear in children perceiving medical procedures as intrusive and painful. Among the nonpharmacological strategies, distraction techniques have proved to be effective in the management of pain and distress. METHODS: The aim of the present study is to assess the effectiveness of soap bubbles as a distraction technique for the management of anxiety, fear, and pain in children waiting for a medical examination at the paediatric emergency room...
November 22, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Sherri Adams, David Nicholas, Sanjay Mahant, Natalie Weiser, Ronik Kanani, Katherine Boydell, Eyal Cohen
INTRODUCTION: The support of families in the care of children with medical complexity (CMC) requires the integration of health care providers' (HCPs') medical knowledge and family experience. Care plans largely represent HCP information, and care maps demonstrate the family experience. Understanding the intersection between a care plan and a care map is critical, as it may provide solutions to the widely recognized tension between HCP-directed care and patient- and family-centered care (PFCC)...
January 2019: Child: Care, Health and Development
Xiaoyun Chai, Xiaoyan Li, Zhi Ye, Yuxuan Li, Danhua Lin
BACKGROUND: The plight of left-behind children affected by parental migration has aroused widespread public concern in China. However, limited research has been conducted on the positive aspects of the development (e.g., subjective well-being) among left-behind children. Recently, a new means to investigating the mechanisms of positive development in left-behind children emerged from the positive youth development (PYD) approach. Grounded in the framework of PYD, this study was designed to examine how ecological assets (i...
November 15, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
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