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Journal of Fluency Disorders

Nelly Penttilä, Anna-Maija Korpijaakko-Huuhka, Raymond D Kent
PURPOSE: Analyze the characteristics and rate of disfluency clusters in adults with and without neurogenic stuttering after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHOD: Twenty adults with TBI participated in this study, including 10 with neurogenic stuttering (Group B) and 10 without -stuttering (Group A). Disfluency clusters in speech samples were classified into three types: Stuttering-like (SLD), other (OD), and mixed (MIX). RESULTS: Speakers with and without neurogenic stuttering produced the same mean number of disfluency clusters...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Jennifer A Scheurich, Deborah C Beidel, Martine Vanryckeghem
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a debilitating condition, and approximately half of adults who stutter have SAD. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has shown promise in decreasing social anxiety symptoms among adults who stutter, but exposure, arguably the essential component for successful CBT for SAD, has been understudied and underemphasized. Aims of this study were to develop an exposure therapy protocol designed specifically for people who stutter and have SAD and evaluate its potential efficacy in reducing social anxiety and stuttering severity using a multiple baseline design...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Hamid Karimi, Mark Onslow, Mark Jones, Sue O'Brian, Ann Packman, Ross Menzies, Sheena Reilly, Martin Sommer, Suzana Jelčić-Jakšić
PURPOSE: The Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement strongly suggests one primary outcome for clinical trials, yet the outcomes of stuttering treatments span numerous behavioral and psychosocial domains. That presents a roadblock to eventual meta-analysis of clinical trials for adults who stutter. METHOD: We propose a simple and convenient outcome measure for clinical trials of stuttering treatment for adults that spans whatever behavioral and psychosocial factors might impel clients to seek treatment: a nine-point scale of Satisfaction with Communication in Everyday Speaking Situations (SCESS)...
December 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Michael P Boyle, Kathryn M Milewski, Carolina Beita-Ell
PURPOSE: This study investigated the disclosure practices of people who stutter, and the relationship between disclosure of stuttering and quality of life. METHOD: Participants were 322 adults who stutter recruited from speech-language pathologists and support group leaders. Participants completed a survey that contained items measuring level of disclosure of stuttering, as well as a global measure of self-rated quality of life. Participants were grouped into low, average, and high quality of life subgroups...
December 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
G Nandhini Devi, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, S Valarmathi, N P Karthikeyen, C R Srikumari Srisailapathy
PURPOSE: Stuttering is a fluency disorder with a worldwide prevalence of 1%. Reports on the epidemiology of stuttering in India are limited. Our primary goal was to examine the prevalence of the disorder among school children. The study also aimed to examine risk factors associated with severity and the impact of parental consanguinity in stuttering. METHOD: Children from 97 schools in the State of Tamil Nadu, India were screened. Extensive speech characterization, epidemiological details and three-generational pedigrees were collected for 180 probands...
December 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Marie-Christine J P Franken, Simone P C Koenraads, Carike E M Holtmaat, Marc P van der Schroeff
PURPOSE: The first purpose was to define the recovery rate in children who stutter in a clinical sample, adding self-report to validate recovery status. The second purpose was to explore whether children who were judged to be recovered showed subjective experiences that might be interpreted as coping behaviors used to control speech fluency. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, preschool-age children whose parents consulted a speech-language pathologist about stuttering were followed for 9 years...
December 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Megann McGill, Jordan Siegel, Denise Nguyen, Sulema Rodriguez
PURPOSE: To (1) analyze verbatim wording used by adults who stutter (AWS) to self-disclose stuttering, (2) determine contexts in which AWS may self-disclose, (3) examine the use of self-disclosure by AWS about other aspects of their identity, and (4) investigate the ways in which speech-language pathologists (SLPs) develop self-disclosure statements with AWS. METHOD: Web-based questionnaires were administered to AWS (N = 42) and SLPs (N = 33) who work with AWS...
December 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Andrew Bowers, Lisa M Bowers, Daniel Hudock, Heather L Ramsdell-Hudock
The current review examines how neurobiological models of language and cognition could shed light on the role of phonological working memory (PWM) in developmental stuttering (DS). Toward that aim, we review Baddeley's influential multicomponent model of PWM and evidence for load-dependent differences between children and adults who stutter and typically fluent speakers in nonword repetition and dual-task paradigms. We suggest that, while nonword repetition and dual-task findings implicate processes related to PWM, it is unclear from behavioral studies alone what mechanisms are involved...
December 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Deepthi Dechamma, Santosh Maruthy
PURPOSE: A longstanding finding in persons who stutter is that stuttering frequency significantly reduces during choral reading when compared to the solo reading condition. Here, we tested the hypothesis that this decrease in stuttering frequency may be because speech of the normal speaker dictates the speech rhythm of a person who stutters. We used an automated, sensitive acoustic technique-Envelope Modulation Spectral (EMS) analysis- that allowed us to document speech rhythm. METHOD: Seventeen adults who stutter (AWS) read sentences under two conditions: solo reading and choral reading...
December 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Alessandro Dinoto, Pierpaolo Busan, Emanuela Formaggio, Claudio Bertolotti, Alina Menichelli, David Stokelj, Paolo Manganotti
PURPOSE: Neurogenic stuttering may be evident after a lesion/dysfunction of wider neural networks. Here we present a case of acquired stuttering as the consequence of immune-mediated encephalitis. METHODS: The case of a 71-year old male who complained about the progressive onset of stuttering and disequilibrium as the consequence of immune-mediated encephalitis, is here reported. Administration of corticosteroid methylprednisolone was useful to recover from impairments...
December 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Pei-Tzu Tsai
PURPOSE: The study examined the relationship between word-form similarity network (phonological neighborhood) and stuttering occurrence in spontaneous speech in adults. The study asked whether neighborhood characteristics, including the number of neighbors (neighborhood density) and the average word frequency among neighbors (neighborhood frequency), differentiate stuttered from fluent words within spontaneous speech samples, and more specifically, whether neighborhood characteristics facilitate speech fluency in adults who stutter...
December 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Dale F Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Ofer Amir, Yair Shapira, Liron Mick, J Scott Yaruss
PURPOSE: This study is a preliminary attempt to evaluate a new speech fluency measure, the Speech Efficiency Score (SES), in comparison with subjective stuttering severity rating scales and stuttered syllable counts (%SS). METHODS: 277 listeners (92 naïve, 39 speech-language pathology (SLP) students, 124 practicing SLPs, and 22 SLPs who specialize in stuttering) evaluated short recordings of speech on an 11-point scale. Recordings were obtained from 56 adults, of whom 20 were people who stutter, 16 were people who stutter who were using fluency-shaping techniques, and 20 were speakers who do not stutter...
December 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
James M Mancinelli
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of self-disclosure on the self-perception of stuttering severity, comfort, cognitive effort, and anxiety in a structured conversational interaction with a normally fluent speaker. The benefit of self-disclosure from the perspective of the person who stutters in a self-disclosed and in a non-disclosed condition was also studied. The total syllables produced and percent syllables stuttered were measured in both experimental conditions in order to evaluate the effects on the amount of speech produced and verbal fluency...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Haley L Glover, Kenneth O St Louis, Mary E Weidner
BACKGROUND: Theories relating to young children's social cognitive maturity and their prevailing social groups play important roles in the acquisition of attitudes. Previous research has shown that preschool and kindergarten children's stuttering attitudes are characterized by stronger negative beliefs and self reactions than those of parents. By contrast, 12 year-old children's stuttering attitudes have been shown to be similar to their parents' attitudes. Other research indicates that parental stuttering attitudes are no different from attitudes of adults who are not parents...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Kerianne Druker, Neville Hennessey, Trevor Mazzucchelli, Janet Beilby
PURPOSE: This study described the proportion of children who stutter who exhibit Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms, manifesting in inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive behaviours. Children who stutter with these challenging behaviours may not respond as quickly and successfully to stuttering treatment. A preliminary exploration of differences in treatment responsiveness for children with and without ADHD symptoms was undertaken. METHOD: Participants were 185 preschool children who stutter who had completed stuttering therapy within 3 months prior to study commencement...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Laura W Plexico, Stephen Erath, Hannah Shores, Embry Burrus
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate self-acceptance and satisfaction with life with people who stutter and the influence of coping and resilience on the two factors. METHOD: Forty-seven people who stutter (PWS) and 47 people who do not stutter (PWNS) participated in an online survey. Participants completed a survey assessing 6 main areas: (a) background information, (b) satisfaction with life, (c) coping, (d) avoidance, (e) self-acceptance, and resilience...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Tedra A Walden, Taylor A Lesner
PURPOSE: This study assessed implicit and explicit attitudes toward people who stutter among typically-fluent young adults. METHOD: Participants completed an Implicit Association Test, a measure of implicit attitudes, to assess the strength of association between stuttered vs. fluent speech and positive vs. negative evaluative words. Participants also completed self-report ratings of their attitudes toward people who do and do not stutter (explicit attitude scales)...
September 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Shriya Basu, Robert S Schlauch, Jayanthi Sasisekaran
PURPOSE: There is evidence of an auditory-perceptual component of stuttering, and backward masking (BM) is a task to explore that role. Prior research reported poorer thresholds for BM tones in a group of children who persisted in stuttering compared to those for a group that did not persist. This study examined BM for adults who stutter for tones and for speech, which tests a phonetic aspect of hearing. METHOD: Eight persons who stutter (PWS) were closely matched with eight controls (PNS) in terms of phonological abilities, verbal span tasks, age, sex and non-verbal intelligence...
September 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
Debora Freud, Ruth Ezrati-Vinacour, Ofer Amir
PURPOSE: Speech rate convergence has been reported previously as a phenomenon in which one's speech rate is influenced by his/her partner's speech rate. This phenomenon has been demonstrated in artificial settings, and to some extent, in mother-child interactions. The purpose of this study was to explore speech rate adjustment in a quasi-natural adult-adult conversation. METHODS: An A-B-A-B paradigm was used, in which ten adults conversed on a given topic with two experimenters...
September 2018: Journal of Fluency Disorders
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