Carla Liria Sánchez-Lafuente, Laura Martinez-Verbo, Jenessa N Johnston, Jennifer Floyd, Manel Esteller, Lisa E Kalynchuk, Juan Ausió, Hector J Caruncho
Women are disproportionately affected by stress-related disorders like depression. In our prior research, we discovered that females exhibit lower basal hypothalamic reelin levels, and these levels are differentially influenced by chronic stress induced through repeated corticosterone (CORT) injections. Although epigenetic mechanisms involving DNA methylation and the formation of repressor complexes by DNA methyl-transferases (DNMTs) and Methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2) have been recognized as regulators of reelin expression in vitro, there is limited understanding of the impact of stress on the epigenetic regulation of reelin in vivo and whether sex differences exist in these mechanisms...
April 12, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
Xiyong Xiang, Siyu Xia, Shan Li, Yirong Zeng, Lixuan Wang, Yan Zhou
The occurrence and development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is closely related to neuronal loss, inflammatory response, cholinergic imbalance, and Tau protein hyperphosphorylation. Previous studies have confirmed that Streptozotocin (STZ) can be used to establish a rat model of AD by injecting it into the rat brain via the lateral ventricle. Our previous research showed that Danshentone IIA (Tan IIA) can improve cognitive dysfunction in rats caused by CC chemokine ligand 2, and network pharmacology results show that Tan IIA is very likely to improve AD symptoms through the cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element binding protein (CREB), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and tyrosine kinase receptor protein (TrkB) pathway...
April 12, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
Xinyu Gong, Bohua Hu, Senrong Liao, Bingxin Qi, Liang Wang, Qinghua He, Ling-Xiang Xia
BACKGROUND: Aggression outcome expectation is an important cognitive factor of aggression. Discovering the neural mechanism of aggression outcome expectation is conducive to developing aggression research. However, the neural correlates underlying aggression outcome expectation and its effect remain elusive. METHODS: We utilized voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to unravel the neural architecture of aggression outcome expectation measured by the Social Emotional Information Processing Assessment for Adults and its relationship with aggression measured by the Buss Perry Aggression Questionnaire in a sample of 185 university students (114 female; mean age = 19...
April 9, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
Behrang Keshavarz, Meaghan Adams, Grace Gabriel, Lauren E Sergio, Jennifer L Campos
Concussion can lead to various symptoms such as balance problems, memory impairments, dizziness, and/or headaches. It has been previously suggested that during self-motion relevant tasks, individuals with concussion may rely heavily on visual information to compensate for potentially less reliable vestibular inputs and/or problems with multisensory integration. As such, concussed individuals may also be more sensitive to other visually-driven sensations such as visually induced motion sickness (VIMS). To investigate whether concussed individuals are at elevated risk of experiencing VIMS, we exposed participants with concussion (n = 16) and healthy controls (n = 15) to a virtual scene depicting visual self-motion down a grocery store isle at different speeds...
April 8, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
Waleed Ibrahim, Jeonghyun An, Yanghong Yang, Kelly P Cosgrove, David Matuskey
INTRODUCTION: The neuroimmune system performs a wide range of functions in the brain and the central nervous system. The microglial translocator protein (TSPO) has an established role as a cell marker in identification of the neuroimmune system. Previously, human studies have shown TSPO differences in neuropsychiatric disorders. Seasonal variability has also been demonstrated in multiple systems of healthy individuals. Therefore, in this study, we attempt to understand whether seasonal changes affect brain TSPO levels using [11 C]PBR28 positron emission tomography (PET) imaging...
April 5, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
Yongjin Zhang, Fangping Wu
BACKGROUND: To explore the diagnostic role and potential mechanism of serum lncRNA UCA1 in Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: UCA1 concentration was determined using quantitative PCR. The receiver operating characteristic curve was plotted to assess the diagnostic value. Cell viability and apoptotic capacity were assessed by Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and flow cytometry. Water maze experiments were used to test cognitive function in mice. The target genes of UCA1 were identified with a dual luciferase reporter...
April 5, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
B G Sunila, T Dhanushkumar, K R Dasegowda, Karthick Vasudevan, Majji Rambabu
BACKGROUND: Ataxia Telangiectasia (AT) is a genetic disorder characterized by compromised DNA repair, cerebellar degeneration, and immune dysfunction. Understanding the molecular mechanisms driving AT pathology is crucial for developing targeted therapies. METHODS: In this study, we conducted a comprehensive analysis to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying AT pathology. Using publicly available RNA-seq datasets comparing control and AT samples, we employed in silico transcriptomics to identify potential genes and pathways...
April 4, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
Carlo Cristini, Laura Colautti, Annamaria Della Vedova, Alessandro Antonietti
In the paper the possible links between creative thinking and humor are sketched and their role in promoting well-being in the elderly is taken into account. The specific features of creative thinking in older people and its developmental trend in aging are outlined. The changes in humor which occur during aging are considered as well. The connections between creative thinking and humor are analysed, by highlighting the cognitive mechanisms which are shared and the alleged common neural underpinnings. The functions which creativity and humor can play to promote well-being in late adulthood are discussed...
April 2, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
T V Kozyreva, I V Orlov, A R Boyarskaya, I P Voronova
The role of the hypothalamic cold-sensitive ion channels - transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8) and transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) in homeostatic systems of thermoregulation and water-salt balance - is not clear. The interaction of homeostatic systems of thermoregulation and water-salt balance without additional temperature load did not receive due attention, too. On the models of water-balance disturbance, we tried to elucidate some aspect of these problems. Body temperature (Tbody ), O2 consumption, CO2 excretion, electrical muscle activity (EMA), temperature of tail skin (Ttail ), plasma osmolality, as well as gene expression of hypothalamic TRPM8 and TRPA1 have been registered in rats of 3 groups: control; water-deprived (3 days under dry-eating); and hyperhydrated (6 days without dry food, drinking liquid 4 % sucrose)...
April 2, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
Vincent J Coppola, Holden R Scribner, Caillie Barnett, Kaylyn A S Flanigan, Victoria R Riesgo, Verner P Bingman
While studies have identified age-related cognitive impairment in pigeons (Columba livia), no study has detected the brain atrophy which typically accompanies cognitive impairment in older mammals. Instead, Coppola and Bingman (Aging is associated with larger brain mass and volume in homing pigeons (Columba livia), Neurosci. Letters 698 (2019) 39-43) reported increased whole brain mass and telencephalon volume in older, compared to younger, homing pigeons. One reason for this unexpected finding might be that the older pigeons studied were not old enough to display age-related brain atrophy...
March 29, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
Yunxuan Huang, Xiaoyu Zhang, Wei Li
The primary somatosensory cortex (S1) is responsible for processing information related to tactile stimulation, motor learning and control. Despite its significance, the connection between S1 and the primary motor cortex (M1), as well as its role in motor learning, remains a topic of ongoing exploration. In the present study, we silenced S1 by the GABA receptor agonist muscimol to study the potential roles of S1 in motor learning and task execution. Our results show that the inhibition of S1 leads to an immediate impairment in performance during the training session and also a substantial reduction in performance improvement during post-test session on the subsequent day...
March 28, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
Beydolah Shahouzehi, Yaser Masoumi-Ardakani, Hossein Fallah, Soheil Aminizadeh
BACKGROUND: Exercise training showed beneficial effects on brain. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the effect of six weeks of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and Endurance training (ET) with calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonist on the expression of genes involved in mitochondrial dynamics and apoptosis in hippocampal tissue of male Wistar rats. METHODS: In this study, forty-two healthymale Wistar rats (8-week) were randomly divided into 6 groups (n = 7) as follow; 1) Control; 2) HIIT which performed 6 weeks of HIIT; 3) ET which performed 6 weeks of endurance training; 4) CGRPi received 10 mg/kg CGRP receptor antagonist every day at the last 2 weeks; 5) CGRPi-HIIT performed HIIT and received CGRP receptor antagonist; 6) CGRPi-ET performed ET and received CGRP receptor antagonist...
March 27, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
Milan R Stojiljkovic, Christian Schmeer, Otto W Witte
Microglia, the resident immune cells of the central nervous system, are critically involved in maintaining brain homeostasis. With age, microglia display morphological and functional alterations that have been associated with cognitive decline and neurodegeneration. Although microglia seem to participate in an increasing number of biological processes which require a high energy demand, little is known about their metabolic regulation under physiological and pathophysiological conditions and during aging/senescence...
March 26, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
Suat Sari, Sibel Yurtoğlu, Merve Zengin, Monika Marcinkowska, Agata Siwek, Selma Saraç
Azoles such as nafimidone, denzimol and loreclezole are known for their clinical efficacy against epilepsy, and loreclezole acts by potentiating γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic currents. In the current study, we report a series of azole derivatives in alcohol ester and oxime ester structure showing promising anticonvulsant effects in 6 Hz and maximal electro shock (MES) models with minimal toxicity. The most promising of the series, 5f, was active in both 6 Hz and MES tests with a median effective dose (ED50 ) of 118...
March 26, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
G G Knyazev, A N Savostyanov, A V Bocharov, A E Saprigyn
Much evidence links the Big Five's agreeableness to a propensity for cooperation and aggressiveness to a propensity for competition. However, the neural basis for these associations is unknown. In this functional magnetic resonance imaging study, using multivariate pattern analysis of data recorded during a computer game in which participants were required to construct target patterns either in cooperation or in competition with another person, we sought to determine how individual differences in neural representations of cooperative and competitive behavior relate to individual differences in agreeableness and aggressiveness...
March 21, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
Long Sun, Shan Liang, Shilong Yu, Jibo He
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to explore the effects of sleep deprivation on young novice drivers' cognitive neural processing of different hazard types. METHOD: A 2 (sleep deprivation group, control group) × 3 (no hazard, covert hazard, overt hazard) mixed experimental design was used. Twenty-eight young drivers were sleep-deprived (no sleep within the past 24 h), while 28 drivers were in the control group (maintaining a normal schedule throughout the week)...
March 21, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
T Lee Gilman, Jeremy R Canfield, Travis J Worst, Jon E Sprague
New psychoactive substances (NPS) are typically synthesized in clandestine laboratories in an attempt to chemically modify already federally regulated drugs in an effort to circumvent the law. Drugs derived from a phenethylamine pharmacophore, such as 4-chloroamphetamine and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), reliably induce thermogenesis and serotonergic deficits in the striatum and hippocampus of rodents. 4-methylamphetamine (4-MA), a relative newcomer to the NPS scene, was originally investigated in the mid-1900 s as a potential anorexigenic agent...
March 21, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
Mohammad Abbaszadeh, Zohreh Ghotbeddin, Mohammad Reza Tabandeh, Kaveh Rahimi
Itaconate has been found to have potent anti-inflammatory effects and is being explored as a potential treatment for inflammatory diseases. However, its ability to relieve nociception and the mechanisms behind it are not yet understood. Our research aims to investigate the nociception-relieving properties of dimethyl itaconate (DMI) in the formalin test and writhing test. In male Wistar rats, Itaconic acid was injected intraperitoneally (i.p.). The formalin test and writhing test were conducted to determine the nociceptive behaviors...
March 21, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
Safiye Çavdar, Damlasu Altınöz, Tevriz Dilan Demir, İlke Ali Gürses, Gülnihal Özcan
Extracranial waste transport from the brain interstitial fluid to the deep cervical lymph node (dCLN) is not extensively understood. The present study aims to show the cranial nerves that have a role in the transport of brain lymphatics vessels (LVs), their localization, diameter, and number using podoplanin (PDPN) and CD31 immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blotting. Cranial nerve samples from 6 human cases (3 cadavers, and 3 autopsies) were evaluated for IHC and 3 autopsies for Western blotting. The IHC staining showed LVs along the optic, olfactory, oculomotor, trigeminal, facial, glossopharyngeal, accessory, and vagus nerves...
March 20, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
Zihan Li, Jun Liu, Xinxin Miao, Shaoyun Ge, Jun Shen, Shaohua Jin, Zhengxue Gu, Yongfeng Jia, Kezhong Zhang, Jianwei Wang, Min Wang
The Postural Instability/Gait Difficulty (PIGD) subtype of Parkinson's disease (PD) has a faster disease progression, a higher risk of cognitive and motor decline, yet the alterations of structural topological organization remain unknown. Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) and 3D-TI scanning were conducted on 31 PD patients with PIGD (PD-PIGD), 30 PD patients without PIGD (PD-non-PIGD) and 35 Healthy Controls (HCs). Structural networks were constructed using DTI brain white matter fiber tractography. A graph theory approach was applied to characterize the topological properties of complex structural networks, and the relationships between significantly different network metrics and motor deficits were analyzed within the PD-PIGD group...
March 19, 2024: Neuroscience Letters
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