Journals Scandinavian Journal of Work, ...

Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Sophie van der Feltz, Vivi Schlünssen, Ioannis Basinas, Luise M Begtrup, Alex Burdorf, Jens P E Bonde, Esben M Flachs, Susan Peters, Anjoeka Pronk, Zara A Stokholm, Martie van Tongeren, Karin van Veldhoven, Karen M Oude Hengel, Henrik A Kolstad
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the associations between the Danish version of a job exposure matrix for COVID-19 (COVID-19-JEM) and Danish register-based SARS-CoV-2 infection information across three waves of the pandemic. The COVID-19-JEM consists of four dimensions on transmission: two on mitigation measures, and two on precarious work characteristics. METHODS: The study comprised 2 021 309 persons from the Danish working population between 26 February 2020 and 15 December 2021...
May 11, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Birgit Aust, Jeppe Lykke Møller, Mads Nordentoft, Karen Bo Frydendall, Elizabeth Bengtsen, Andreas Brøgger Jensen, Anne Helene Garde, Michiel Kompier, Norbert Semmer, Reiner Rugulies, Sofie Østergaard Jaspers
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to systematically review the effectiveness of organizational-level interventions in improving the psychosocial work environment and workers' health and retention. METHODS: We conducted an overview of systematic reviews on organizational-level interventions published between 2000 and 2020. We systematically searched academic databases, screened reference lists, and contacted experts, yielding 27 736 records. Of the 76 eligible reviews, 24 of weak quality were excluded, yielding 52 reviews of moderate (N=32) or strong (N=20) quality, covering 957 primary studies...
May 9, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Melissa Hachem, Lynda Bensefa-Colas, Isabelle Momas
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the short-term associations between in-vehicle ultrafine particles (UFP) and black carbon (BC) concentrations and irritation symptoms and lung parameters of taxi drivers, pre- and post-lockdown. METHODS: As part of PUF-TAXI project, 33 taxi drivers were followed up during two typical working days. In-vehicle UFP and BC were continuously measured by monitoring instruments. Irritation symptoms during the working day were reported via an auto-questionnaire and lung function was assessed by a portable spirometer, pre- and post- work shift...
May 7, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Kathleen G Dobson, Cameron A Mustard, Nancy Carnide, Andrea D Furlan, Peter M Smith
OBJECTIVES: In a cohort of workers disabled by a work-related injury or illness, this study aimed to: (i) compare pre-injury prevalence estimates for common chronic conditions to chronic condition prevalence in a representative sample of working adults; (ii) calculate the incidence of chronic conditions post-injury; and (iii) estimate the association between persistent pain symptoms and the incidence of common chronic conditions. METHODS: Eighteen months post-injury, 1832 workers disabled by a work-related injury or illness in Ontario, Canada, completed an interviewer-administered survey...
April 30, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Liisa Ukkola-Vuoti, Antti Karlsson, Samuli Tuominen, Mariann I Lassenius, Jaakko Aaltonen, Martta Ranta, Mikko Kosunen, Mari Renlund, Anne Lehtonen, Kari Puolakka
OBJECTIVES: Patients with idiopathic inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IIRD) often have decreased working capacity resulting in indirect costs. However, data on patients' short-term sick leave has been limited. This retrospective cohort study evaluated the number and length of sick leave, including short-term leave, and occupational healthcare resource utilization (HCRU) of the working-aged patients with IIRD compared to controls. METHODS: The data on sick leave and occupational HCRU were gathered from the electronic medical records of the largest occupational healthcare provider in Finland from January 2012 to December 2019...
April 24, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Sarah Beale, Alexei Yavlinsky, Susan Hoskins, Vincent Nguyen, Thomas Byrne, Wing Lam Erica Fong, Jana Kovar, Martie Van Tongeren, Robert W Aldridge, Andrew Hayward
OBJECTIVES: COVID-19 mitigations have had a profound impact on workplaces, however, multisectoral comparisons of how work-related mitigations were applied are limited. This study aimed to investigate (i) occupational differences in the usage of key work-related mitigations over time and (ii) workers' perceptions of these mitigations. METHODS: Employed/self-employed Virus Watch study participants (N=6279) responded to a mitigation-related online survey covering the periods of December 2020-February 2022...
April 17, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Wilmar B Schaufeli, Hans De Witte, Jari J Hakanen, Janne Kaltiainen, Robin Kok
OBJECTIVE: Despite decades of burnout research, clinical validated cut-off scores that discriminate between those who suffer from burnout and those who don't are still lacking. To establish such cut-off scores, the current study uses a newly developed questionnaire, the Burnout Assessment Tool (BAT) that consists of four subscales (exhaustion, mental distancing, and emotional and cognitive impairment). Separate cut-offs were computed for those at risk for burnout and those suffering from severe burnout for the original BAT-23 as well as for the shortened BAT-12...
April 12, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Alex Burdorf, Reiner Rugulies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Alex Waddell, Breanne Kunstler, Alyse Lennox, Loyal Pattuwage, Emily A C Grundy, Diki Tsering, Patrick Olivier, Peter Bragge
OBJECTIVES: Mental well-being is critical to quality of life. Workplace mental well-being is crucial to ensure employee health, satisfaction, and performance. Mental ill-health is a global challenge, costing workplaces $17 billion per year. Workplaces have realized the need for investment in interventions to promote mental health and well-being in their workforce. However, given their limited resources, workplace personnel responsible for program implementation need evidence-based guidance on which interventions influence which outcomes...
March 22, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Iris Eekhout, Martie van Tongeren, Neil Pearce, Karen M Oude Hengel
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of occupational exposures on the risk of a positive COVID-19 test, and whether this differed across pandemic waves. METHODS: Data from 207 034 workers from The Netherlands with test data on COVID-19 from June 2020 until August 2021 were available. Occupational exposure was estimated by using the eight dimensions of a COVID-19 job exposure matrix (JEM). Personal characteristics, household composition and residence area were derived from Statistics Netherlands...
March 13, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Helena Breth Nielsen, Jonas Kirchheiner-Rasmussen, Johnny Dyreborg, Ann Dyreborg Larsen, Ida Elisabeth Huitfeldt Madsen, Jacob Pedersen, Anne Helene Garde
OBJECTIVES: Working few hours a week, known as marginal part-time work, may increase both job and income insecurity, which have been linked to the risk of depression. This study examines the association between marginal part-time work and depression and the mediating role of job and income insecurity. METHODS: We included 30 523 respondents of the Danish Labor Force Survey (DLFS) between 2010 and 2017 and linked them to register-based information on weekly working hours, which was used to identify full-time workers and model group-based trajectories of marginal part-time...
May 1, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Emelie Thern, Nuria Matilla-Santander, Theo Bodin, Tomas Hemmingsson
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to investigate the association between exposure to precarious employment three years after graduation and the risk of labor market marginalization (LMM) ten years later. METHODS: A registered-linked cohort study based on the Swedish Work, Illness, and Labor-market Participation (SWIP) cohort was conducted among all individuals born between 1973 and 1976, who were registered in Sweden the year they turned 27 years old (N=365 702)...
April 1, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Alexis Descatha, Bradley A Evanoff, Marc Fadel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Rúni Bláfoss, Sebastian Venge Skovlund, Sebastian Skals, Emil Sundstrup, Rubén López-Bueno, Joaquin Calatayud, Lars Louis Andersen
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the prospective association of lifting duration and lifting load with the risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA). METHODS: We followed manual workers with occupational lifting (N=45 346) from the Work Environment and Health in Denmark Study (2012-2018) for two years in a high-quality national register on social transfer payments (DREAM). Cox regressions with model-assisted weights were employed to estimate the risk of LTSA from lifting duration and loads...
March 7, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Andreas Hoff, Rie Mandrup Poulsen, Jonas Peter Fisker, Carsten Hjorthøj, Merete Nordentoft, Anders Bo Bojesen, Lene Falgaard Eplov
OBJECTIVES: Integrating vocational rehabilitation and mental healthcare has shown effects on vocational outcomes during sick leave with common mental disorders. In a previous paper, we showed that a Danish integrated healthcare and vocational rehabilitation intervention (INT) had a surprisingly negative impact on vocational outcomes compared to service as usual (SAU) at 6- and 12-month follow-up. That was also the case with a mental healthcare intervention (MHC) tested in the same study...
March 5, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Jeppe K Sørensen, Jacob Pedersen, Hermann Burr, Anders Holm, Tea Lallukka, Thomas Lund, Maria Melchior, Naja H Rod, Reiner Rugulies, Børge Sivertsen, Stephen Stansfeld, Karl B Christensen, Ida E H Madsen
OBJECTIVE: Previous literature has established associations between psychosocial working conditions and sickness absence (SA), but only few studies have examined associations among younger employees. This study aimed to investigate associations between psychosocial working conditions and SA among employees, aged 15-30 years, who entered the labor market in Denmark between 2010 and 2018. METHOD: We followed 301 185 younger employees in registers for on average 2...
February 19, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Alice Hinchliffe, Manolis Kogevinas, Antonio J Molina, Victor Moreno, Nuria Aragonés, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, José Juan Jiménez Moleón, Inés Gómez Acebo, María Ederra, Pilar Amiano, Ana Molina-Barceló, Guillermo Fernandez-Tardon, Juan Alguacil, María-Dolores Chirlaque, Natalia Hernández-Segura, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Marina Pollan, Michelle C Turner
OBJECTIVE: Heat exposure and heat stress/strain is a concern for many workers. There is increasing interest in potential chronic health effects of occupational heat exposure, including cancer risk. We examined potential associations of occupational heat exposure and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk in a large Spanish multi-case--control study. METHODS: We analyzed data on 1198 histologically confirmed CRC cases and 2690 frequency-matched controls. The Spanish job-exposure matrix, MatEmEsp, was used to assign heat exposure estimates to the lifetime occupations of participants...
February 19, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Jens Peter Ellekilde Bonde, Luise Mølenberg Begtrup, David Coggon, Johan Høy Jensen, Esben Meulengracht Flachs, Kristina Jakobsson, Christel Nielsen, Kerstin Nilsson, Lars Rylander, Andreas Vilhelmsson, Kajsa Ugelvig Petersen, Sandra Søgaard Tøttenborg
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to quantify the risk of COVID-19-related hospital admission in spouses living with partners in at-risk occupations in Denmark during 2020-21. METHODS: Within a registry-based cohort of all Danish employees (N=2 451 542), we identified cohabiting couples, in which at least one member (spouse) held a job that according to a job exposure matrix entailed low risk of occupational exposure to SARS-CoV-2 (N=192 807 employees, 316 COVID-19 hospital admissions)...
February 7, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
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