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Journals Scandinavian Journal of Work, ...

Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38739907/occupational-psychosocial-exposures-and-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alexander Jahn, Johan Hviid Andersen, Andreas Seidler, David Høyrup Christiansen, Annett Dalbøge
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the association between occupational psychosocial exposures and chronic low-back pain (LBP) by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: The research protocol was registered in PROSPERO. A systematic literature search was performed in six databases, identifying articles complying with predefined inclusion criteria. In our PECOS, we defined outcome as chronic LBP ≥3 months, exposures as occupational psychosocial exposures, and restricted study design to case-control and cohort studies...
May 13, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38727681/occupational-exposure-to-benzene-and-mortality-risk-of-lymphohaematopoietic-cancers-in-the-swiss-national-cohort
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Calvin Ge, Adrian Spoerri, Matthias Egger, Nathaniel Rothman, Qing Lan, Anke Huss, Roel Vermeulen
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies established a causal relationship between occupational benzene exposure and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, mixed results have been reported for associations between benzene exposure and other myeloid and lymphoid malignancies. Our work examined whether occupational benzene exposure is associated with increased mortality from overall lymphohaematopoietic (LH) cancer and major subtypes. METHODS: Mortality records were linked to a Swiss census-based cohort from two national censuses in 1990 and 2000...
May 10, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38606624/climate-emergency-and-decent-work
#3
EDITORIAL
Fernando G Benavides, George L Delclos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38597023/occupational-exposure-to-organic-solvents-and-the-risk-of-developing-testicular-germ-cell-tumors-testis-study-effect-of-combined-exposure-assessment-on-risk-estimation
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Margot Guth, Corinne Pilorget, Marie Lefevre, Astrid Coste, Aurélie Danjou, Brigitte Dananché, Delphine Praud, Olivia Pérol, Myriam Daudin, Marie-Ange Clarotti, Stéphanie Lattes, Céline Bouillon, Adèle Paul, Joachim Schüz, Louis Bujan, Ann Olsson, Béatrice Fervers, Barbara Charbotel
OBJECTIVES: Etiological factors of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT) remain largely unknown, but a causal role of occupational exposures to solvents has been suggested. Previous studies analyzing these exposures reported discordant results, potentially related to exposure assessment methods. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of occupational exposure to solvents on the risk of developing TGCT among young men. METHODS: This study examined occupational exposures to solvents and TGCT risk based on the lifetime work histories of 454 cases and 670 controls, aged 18-45 years, of the French national TESTIS case-control study...
April 10, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38577971/the-asbestos-asbestosis-exposure-response-relationship-a-cohort-study-of-the-general-working-population
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Inge Brosbøl Iversen, Jesper Medom Vestergaard, Johan Ohlander, Susan Peters, Elisabeth Bendstrup, Jens Peter E Bonde, Vivi Schlünssen, Jakob H Bønløkke, Finn Rasmussen, Zara A Stokholm, Michael B Andersen, Hans Kromhout, Henrik A Kolstad
OBJECTIVES: The association between asbestos exposure and asbestosis in high-exposed industrial cohorts is well-known, but there is a lack of knowledge about the exposure-response relationship for asbestosis in a general working population setting. We examined the exposure-response relationship between occupational asbestos exposure and asbestosis in asbestos-exposed workers of the Danish general working population. METHODS: We followed all asbestos-exposed workers from 1979 to 2015 and identified incident cases of asbestosis using the Danish National Patient Register...
April 5, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38573826/associations-between-precarious-employment-trajectories-and-mental-health-among-older-workers-in-germany-vertical-and-horizontal-inequalities
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Max Rohrbacher, Hans Martin Hasselhorn, Nuria Matilla-Santander
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the longitudinal association between multi-dimensionally measured precarious employment (PE) trajectories and mental health among older employees in Germany. METHODS: Current data from the German lidA study was used, including panel cases, who participated in all four survey waves (2011, 2014, 2018, 2022). The study comprised 1636 subjects, aged 46 and 52 years at baseline. Group-based trajectory modelling was used to model PE trajectories based on a score combining multiple items from the dimensions employment insecurity and income inadequacy...
April 4, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38567910/impaired-kidney-function-among-young-healthcare-workers-with-long-working-hours-and-night-work
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wan-Chin Chen, Hsiao-Yu Yang
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the association between long working hours, night work, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) among young healthcare workers. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study among healthcare workers in a tertiary medical center in Taiwan from 2002 to 2021. Other than physicians, all hospital employees aged 20-65 years with documented yearly working hours and an annual blood test including creatinine were eligible. We excluded participants with eGFR <60 ml/min/1...
April 3, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38536000/the-role-of-working-conditions-in-educational-differences-in-all-cause-and-ischemic-heart-disease-mortality-among-swedish-men
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Melody Almroth, Tomas Hemmingsson, Daniel Falkstedt, Katarina Kjellberg, Emma Carlsson, Kuan-Yu Pan, Karin Berglund, Emelie Thern
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the extent to which low job control and heavy physical workload in middle age explain educational differences in all-cause and ischemic heart disease (IHD) mortality while accounting for important confounding factors. METHODS: The study is based on a register-linked cohort of men who were conscripted into the Swedish military at around the age of 18 in 1969/1970 and were alive and registered in Sweden in 2005 (N=46 565)...
March 27, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38527330/does-country-of-resettlement-influence-the-risk-of-labor-market-marginalization-among-refugees-a-cohort-study-in-sweden-and-norway
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ridwanul Amin, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Karina Undem, Ingrid Sivesind Mehlum, Rachel Louise Hasting
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the risk of labor market marginalization among refugees across different host countries of resettlement and examine the moderating role of birth country and length of stay on these associations. METHODS: Cohorts of refugees and native-born individuals aged 19-60 in Sweden (N=3 605 949, 3.5% refugees) and Norway (N=1 784 861, 1.7% refugees) were followed during 2010-2016. Rates (per 1000 person-years) of long-term unemployment, long-term sickness absence, and disability pension were estimated for refugees and the host populations...
March 25, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38522097/can-psychosocial-risk-factors-mediate-the-association-between-precarious-employment-and-mental-health-problems-in-sweden-results-from-a-register-based-study
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fabrizio Méndez-Rivero, Nuria Matilla-Santander, Virginia Gunn, David H Wegman, Julio C Hernando-Rodriguez, Signild Kvart, Mireia Julià, Bertina Kreshpaj, Theo Bodin, Tomas Hemmingsson, Carles Muntaner, Eva Padrosa, Melody Almroth
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the mediating effect of the psychosocial work environment on the association between precarious employment (PE) and increased risk of common mental disorders (CMD), substance use disorders and suicide attempts. METHODS: This longitudinal register-study was based on the working population of Sweden, aged 25-60 years in 2005 (N=2 552 589). Mediation analyses based on a decomposition of counterfactual effects were used to estimate the indirect effect of psychosocial risk factors (PRF) (mediators, measured in 2005) on the association between PE (exposure, measured in 2005) and the first diagnosis of CMD, substance use disorders, and suicide attempts occurring over 2006-2017...
March 24, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38497926/working-hours-and-health-key-research-topics-in-the-past-and-future
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mikko Härmä, Göran Kecklund, Philip Tucker
OBJECTIVE: This paper discusses the past and present highlights of working hours and health research and identifies key research needs for the future. METHOD: We analyzed over 220 original articles and reviews on working hours and health in the Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health published during the last 50 years. Key publications from other journals were also included. RESULTS: The majority of identified articles focussed on the effects of shift and night work, with fewer studying long and reduced working hours and work time control...
March 18, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38497842/working-hours-and-cardiovascular-disease
#12
EDITORIAL
Reiner Rugulies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38497505/relationship-between-long-working-hours-and-smoking-behaviors-evidence-from-population-based-cohort-studies-in-korea
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Seong-Uk Baek, Myeong-Hun Lim, Taeyeon Kim, Yu-Min Lee, Jong-Uk Won, Jin-Ha Yoon
OBJECTIVES: Long working hours and overwork are growing public health concerns in the Western-Pacific region. We explored the relationship between working hours and smoking behaviors of Korean workers. METHODS: This study included 284 782 observations (50 508 workers) from four nationwide cohort studies in Korea. Using generalized estimating equations, we estimated the associations of working hours with current smoking status, smoking initiation, and smoking cessation within each cohort...
March 18, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38483328/successful-prevention-of-organic-solvent-induced-disorders-history-and-lessons
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maria Albin, Gunnar Johanson, Christer Hogstedt
In this discussion paper, we describe the history of the science and societal action resulting in the mitigation of neurotoxic disorders from exposure to organic solvents at the workplaces in Sweden. When alkyd paints were introduced in large scale in construction painting in the 1960s and 1970s, Scandinavian unions voiced increasing concern as members reported symptoms like headache and vertigo, supported by participatory studies and case studies. Although acute and chronic neurotoxic effects were established for some specific solvents such as carbon disulphide, this was not the case for those used in the new paints...
March 14, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38483209/hip-osteoarthritis-and-occupational-mechanical-exposures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alexander Jahn, Johan Hviid Andersen, Andreas Seidler, David Høyrup Christiansen, Annett Dalbøge
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis investigating the association between occupational mechanical exposures and hip osteoarthritis. METHODS: The study was registered in PROSPERO. A systematic literature search was conducted in six databases to identify relevant articles. Two authors independently excluded articles, extracted data, assessed the risk of bias of each included article, and graded the level of evidence. We conducted a meta-analysis using random-effects model and performed a sensitivity analysis stratifying articles based on the risk of bias assessment, study design, and the outcome measurement...
March 14, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38477898/perceived-work-stressors-and-the-transition-to-burnout-among-nurses-in-response-to-the-pandemic-implications-for-healthcare-organizations
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Emanuele Maria Giusti, Marco Mario Ferrario, Giovanni Veronesi, Alessia D'Amato, Francesco Gianfagna, Licia Iacoviello
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the associations of pre-pandemic perceived work stressors and work satisfaction among nurses, including nurse assistants, with burnout profiles and their transitions in response to the pandemic. METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-seven nurses working in an Italian University hospital participated in a longitudinal study including a survey in August 2019 investigating perceived work stressors (assessed using the HSE Indicator Tool), work satisfaction (Work Satisfaction Scale), and burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory), and a second survey in December 2020 assessing burnout...
March 13, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38466615/change-in-employment-status-and-its-causal-effect-on-suicidal-ideation-and-depressive-symptoms-a-marginal-structural-model-with-machine-learning-algorithms
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jaehong Yoon, Ji-Hwan Kim, Yeonseung Chung, Jinsu Park, Ja-Ho Leigh, Seung-Sup Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the causal effect of a change in employment status on suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms by applying marginal structural models (MSM) with machine-learning (ML) algorithms. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 8-15th waves (2013-2020) of the Korean Welfare Panel Study, a nationally representative longitudinal dataset. Our analysis included 13 294 observations from 3621 participants who had standard employment at baseline (2013-2019)...
March 10, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38445410/the-adequacy-of-workplace-accommodation-and-the-incidence-of-permanent-employment-separations-after-a-disabling-work-injury-or-illness
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cameron A Mustard, Christa Orchard, Kathleen G Dobson, Nancy Carnide, Peter M Smith
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to estimate the influence of the adequacy of employer accommodations of health impairments in predicting permanent separation from the employment relationship in a cohort of workers disabled by a work-related injury or illness. METHODS: The study used data from a retrospective, observational cohort of 1793 Ontario workers who participated in an interviewer-administered survey 18 months following a disabling injury or illness. The relative risks (RR) of a permanent employment separation associated with inadequate employer accommodations were estimated using inverse probability of treatment weights to reduce confounding...
March 6, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38436676/effectiveness-of-a-goldilocks-work-intervention-in-childcare-workers-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kathrine Greby Schmidt, Anders Fritz Lerche, Marie Raunkjær Christensen, Charlotte Lund Rasmussen, Leon Straker, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Andreas Holtermann
OBJECTIVE: Poor cardiorespiratory fitness and health is common among childcare workers. We designed the `Goldilocks-games` according to the Goldilocks Work principle to provide high-intensity physical activity for childcare workers. We investigated the effectiveness of this Goldilocks Work intervention in increasing occupational high-intensity physical activity and improving work-related health. METHODS: In a two-arm cluster randomized trial, 16 childcare institutions with 142 workers were randomly allocated to either an 8-week Goldilocks Work intervention or a control group...
March 4, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38346224/education-and-pandemic-sars-cov-2-infections-in-the-german-working-population-the-mediating-role-of-working-from-home
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Benjamin Wachtler, Florian Beese, Ibrahim Demirer, Sebastian Haller, Timo-Kolja Pförtner, Morten Wahrendorf, Markus M Grabka, Jens Hoebel
OBJECTIVES: SARS-CoV-2 infections were unequally distributed during the pandemic, with those in disadvantaged socioeconomic positions being at higher risk. Little is known about the underlying mechanism of this association. This study assessed to what extent educational differences in SARS-CoV-2 infections were mediated by working from home. METHODS: We used data of the German working population derived from the seroepidemiological study "Corona Monitoring Nationwide - Wave 2 (RKI-SOEP-2)" (N=6826)...
February 12, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
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