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Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

Kerstin G van der Mark-Reeuwijk, Rianne M Weggemans, Ute Bültmann, Alex Burdorf, Dorly Jh Deeg, Goedele A Geuskens, Kène Cjim Henkens, IJmert Kant, Annet de Lange, Maarten Lindeboom, Willem van Rhenen, Allard J van der Beek
Objective This opinion paper summarizes the main findings and recommendations of an advisory report on health and prolonging working life, which was requested by the Dutch Minister of Social Affairs and Employment. Methods The advisory report was compiled by a multidisciplinary committee of ten scientists appointed by the Health Council of The Netherlands. The committee`s aims were to (i) describe the health of the ageing population, (ii) describe how prolonging working life influences health, (iii) describe determinants, besides health, for prolonging working lives, and (iv) review the literature on interventions aimed at retaining or improving employability of older workers...
May 9, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Gerben Hulsegge, Bette Loef, Tessa Benda, Allard J van der Beek, Karin I Proper
Objective Unfavorable eating patterns might contribute to the adverse health effects of shift work. Our objective was to examine differences in meal and snack frequency, as well as the quality of snacks, between shift and day workers and between different types of shifts. Methods Cross-sectional data from 485 healthcare workers aged 18-65 years of the Klokwerk+ cohort study was used. Dietary intake was assessed using 3-day food diaries, and meals and snacks were classified by the food-based classification of eating episodes method...
May 2, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Pieter Coenen, SvendErik Mathiassen, Allard J van der Beek, David M Hallman
Objective Emerging evidence suggests that excessive sitting has negative health effects. However, this evidence largely relies on research using self-reported sitting time, which is known to be biased. To correct this bias, we aimed at developing a calibration model estimating "true" sitting from self-reported sitting. Methods Occupational sitting time was estimated by self-reports (the International Physical Activity Questionnaire) and objective measurements (thigh-worn accelerometer) among 99 Swedish office workers at a governmental agency, at baseline and 3 and 12 months afterwards...
April 23, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Taina Leinonen, Eira Viikari-Juntura, Kirsti Husgafvel-Pursiainen, Pirjo Juvonen-Posti, Mikko Laaksonen, Svetlana Solovieva
Objective Research on the effectiveness of vocational rehabilitation has focused on small and selected groups, lacked proper controls, or not captured dynamic changes in work participation. Using rich nationwide data on vocational rehabilitees and matched controls, long-term changes in work participation before and after vocational rehabilitation were examined to assess its effectiveness. Methods Representative Finnish register data were used to examine 3199 recently employed individuals aged 30-55 years with histories of musculoskeletal- and mental-related work disability starting vocational rehabilitation in 2008-2010 (intervention group), and 3199 propensity score matched non-rehabilitees (control group)...
April 12, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
BongKyoo Choi
I read with great interest the paper by Hanvold et al (1) about the construction and evaluation of a gender-specific job exposure matrix (JEM) of mechanical and psychosocial work exposures using a Norwegian national survey data. I have found one significant methodological issue in the paper. In addition, I would like to discuss an important knowledge gap in the literature that the paper by Hanvold et al exposes. The authors said that "…Earlier studies recommend 10 subjects in each group to achieve a reliable estimation of exposures, however, we used a minimum of 19 in each occupational group to increase the reliability of the estimates...
April 12, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Gunnar Johanson, Håkan Tinnerberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Cecilia Videnros, Jenny Selander, Pernilla Wiebert, Maria Albin, Nils Plato, Signe Borgquist, Jonas Manjer, Per Gustavsson
Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate if exposure to chemicals in the workplace was associated with an increased risk of postmenopausal breast cancer. Methods The study comprised women born 1923-1950 living in Malmö city, Sweden, 1991-1996, and enrolled for a prospective population cohort study. Occupational exposure to various chemicals was assessed from job-exposure matrices. An extensive set of individual data on hormonal breast cancer risk factors were collected via a baseline questionnaire and used for confounding control...
April 8, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Mark Lidegaard, Kirsten B Olsen, Stephen J Legg, Jeroen Douwes
Objective National guidelines for moving and handling of people (MHP) were introduced in New Zealand in 2012 to reduce MHP-related injuries in the healthcare sector. This study assessed the effectiveness of this on MHP-related injury claims. Methods MHP-related injury claims were identified from the national injury claims database, which included 118 755 accepted claims for 2005-2016 across 14 industries. Interrupted time-series analysis was used to assess temporal changes in MHP-related claims rates, costs, and causes for the period before (2005-2012) and following (2013-2016) the introduction of the national guidelines...
April 4, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Knar Sagherian, Jeanne Geiger-Brown, Valerie E Rogers, Emilie Ludeman
Objectives Fatigue, a common complaint in workers, has been related to sickness absence (SA). The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the prospective association between fatigue and SA in the working population. Methods An electronic literature search was conducted in five databases: PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, Psyc-INFO and Cochrane CENTRAL. Longitudinal studies were selected that focused on fatigue and future SA in workers. Random-effects meta-analyses were conducted and pooled estimates [95% confidence intervals (CI)] were obtained for the association between fatigue and risk of long-term SA in total and by sex...
April 2, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Jin-Ha Yoon, Cheol-In Yoo, Yeon-Soon Ahn
Objective There is limited epidemiological evidence of carcinogenicity on exposure of N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF). This study aimed to identify the possible association between cancer mortality and DMF exposure. Methods A cohort of 11 953 workers exposed to DMF between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2004 was studied. A urinary metabolite of DMF, N-methylformamide level (UNMFL), was used for exposure assessment. This cohort was matched with the mortality data of the Korean National Statistical Office and followed up for cancer mortality between 2000 and 2011...
March 24, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Björg Helgadóttir, Jurgita Narusyte, Annina Ropponen, Gunnar Bergström, Lisa Mather, Victoria Blom, Pia Svedberg
Objectives The aim of this study was to examine the association between long-term sickness absence (LTSA) due to mental disorders and musculoskeletal disorders and all-cause disability pension (DP) among blue- and white-collar workers. A secondary objective was to examine the influence of familial factors on the associations. Methods This was a prospective twin cohort study of 42 984 individuals (21-64 years at baseline), 3017 of whom had a new LTSA spell (>14 days) due to mental or musculoskeletal disorders in 2005-2006...
March 20, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Shojiro Yasui
In response to the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi atomic power plant in 2011, the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare issued an exemption ordinance to increase the dose limits for emergency workers temporarily from 100 mSv to 250 mSv from 14 March to 16 December 2011. However, there were many problems with setting and applying the dose limits as well as radiation protection. Based on the lessons learned, in 2015, the Government of Japan deliberated setting emergency radiation protection standards to ensure preparedness for future nuclear emergencies...
March 18, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Savi Ioannou, Solon Ioannou, Xanthi D Andrianou, Pantelis Charisiadis, George Yiasoumi, Costas A Christophi, Konstantinos C Makris
Objectives A cross-sectional study was designed in two hospitals of Cyprus to: (i) examine the possible association between exposure to disinfectants/trihalomethanes (THM) with point of care glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels among active nurses, and (ii) identify the main determinants of pre-diabetes metabolic risk among active nurses in Cyprus. Methods In total, 179 nurses from two public hospitals in Cyprus were recruited excluding pregnant or nurses working <5 years (participation rate ~25.6%). End-of-shift urine samples were used to measure exposures to THM, and questionnaire items were used to construct improved exposure classification matrices, ie, the job exposure matrix (JEM) and the job-task exposure matrix (JTEM)...
March 14, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Miriam M Calkins, David Bonauto, Anjum Hajat, Max Lieblich, Noah Seixas, Lianne Sheppard, June T Spector
Objectives The primary objective of this study was to assess the relationship between heat exposure and occupational traumatic injuries among construction workers. Methods We assessed the relationship between humidex, a measure of apparent temperature, and Washington State Fund workers' compensation injuries among outdoor construction workers using a case-crossover design with time-stratified referent selection. Warm month (March-October) adult outdoor construction traumatic injury claims from 2000-2012 were spatiotemporally joined with high-resolution meteorological data...
March 14, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Viktoria Wahlström, Frida Bergman, Fredrik Öhberg, Therese Eskilsson, Tommy Olsson, Lisbeth Slunga Järvholm
Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate effects of a multicomponent program promoting physical activity on sedentary behavior, physical activity, and body measures, when relocating from cell offices to either a flex or cell office. Methods The Active Office Design (AOD) study is a longitudinal non-randomized controlled study performed in a municipality in northern Sweden. A subsample of 86 participants were randomly recruited from the AOD study to objectively measure sedentary behavior and physical activity, using ActivPAL and ActiGraph, before and after relocation to the two different office types...
March 12, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Philip Tucker, Mikko Härmä, Anneli Ojajärvi, Mika Kivimäki, Constanze Leineweber, Tuula Oksanen, Paula Salo, Jussi Vahtera
Objective This study examined the associations between shift work and use of antihypertensive, lipid-lowering, and antidiabetic medications. Methods Survey data from two cohorts of Finnish men (N=11 998) and women (N=49 944) working in multiple occupations where shift work was used were linked to national Drug Prescription Register data, with up to 11 years of follow-up. In each cohort, age-stratified Cox proportional hazard regression models were computed to examine any incident use of prescription medication for each of the three medical conditions, separately comparing each of two groups of rotating shift workers (those whose schedules included night shifts, and those whose schedules did not include night shifts) with day workers who worked in a similar range of occupations...
March 8, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Julie Volk, Julia E Heck, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Johnni Hansen
Objectives Parental exposures and offspring's risk of cancer have been studied with inconsistent results. We investigated parental employment in painting and printing industries and risk of childhood leukemia, central nervous system (CNS) cancers, and prenatal cancers (acute lymphoblastic leukemia, Wilms tumor, medulloblastoma, neuroblastoma, retinoblastoma, and hepatoblastoma). Methods Using Danish registries, children aged ≤19 years diagnosed from 1968-2015 with leukemia (N=1999), CNS cancers (N=1111) or prenatal cancers (N=2704) were linked to parents and their employment history one year before birth to birth for fathers, and one year before birth to one year after for mothers...
March 6, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Hanne Krage Carlsen, Thor Aspelund, Haraldur Briem, Thorarinn Gislason, Thorsteinn Jóhannsson, Unnur Valdimarsdóttir, Thorolfur Gudnason
Objective The Holuhraun eruption of fall and winter 2014-15 produced large amounts of sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ). The aim of this study was to determine if exposure to extreme SO 2 levels affected the health of individuals working at the eruption site. Methods During January‒March 2015, earth scientists, technicians, and law enforcement personnel who were about to work at the eruption site were invited to a respiratory health examination. Symptom reports and lung function measures, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV 1 ) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were collected before and after an eruption site visit...
March 5, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Kyoung Kon Kim, Kyu Rae Lee, Heuy Sun Suh, Ki Dong Ko, In Cheol Hwang
Objective Studies on the relationship between shift work and suicidal ideation are scarce. This study aimed to investigate the impact of shift work on suicidal ideation using a nationwide representative sample from the Korean working population. Methods The association between shift work and suicidal ideation was determined using data in 17 756 Korean workers over 19 years of age with fixed work schedules. These data were collected from the nationwide cross-sectional Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2008-2016)...
March 4, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Jose H Alfonso, Håkon A Johannessen
Objectives This study aimed to assess whether the occurrence of skin problems in 2006 (baseline) was associated with response frequency, quitting a job due to health problems, and change in occupational skin exposures in 2009. Methods We conducted a three-year prospective study of the general working population of Norway. Associations between baseline indicators (sex, age, education, occupation), and occurrence of skin problems with response frequency at follow-up were assessed with Chi-square test and unconditional logistic regression...
March 3, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
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