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Bulletin of the World Health Organization

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30728624/finance-data-and-technology-initiatives-for-noncommunicable-disease-control
#1
Meri Tuulikki Koivusalo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30728623/systems-approaches-to-global-and-national-physical-activity-plans
#2
Harry Rutter, Nick Cavill, Adrian Bauman, Fiona Bull
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30728622/climate-change-air-pollution-and-noncommunicable-diseases
#3
Diarmid Campbell-Lendrum, Annette Prüss-Ustün
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30728621/development-of-a-sweetened-beverage-tax-philippines
#4
Frances Claire C Onagan, Beverly Lorraine C Ho, Karl Kendrick T Chua
Problem: Both sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and the incidence of obesity have increased in the Philippines in recent years. Approach: A proposal to tax sugar-sweetened beverages was introduced in the House of Representatives and merged into a proposed comprehensive Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion (TRAIN) Bill to increase the likelihood of acceptance. The health department and finance department recommended a policy that would maximize benefits to both public health and government revenue...
February 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30728620/integrating-noncommunicable-disease-services-into-primary-health-care-botswana
#5
Neo M Tapela, Gontse Tshisimogo, Bame P Shatera, Virginia Letsatsi, Moagi Gaborone, Tebogo Madidimalo, Martins Ovberedjo, Haruna B Jibril, Billy Tsima, Oathokwa Nkomazana, Scott Dryden-Peterson, Shahin Lockman, Tiny Masupe, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Shenaaz El Halabi
Despite the rising burden of noncommunicable diseases, access to quality decentralized noncommunicable disease services remain limited in many low- and middle-income countries. Here we describe the strategies we employed to drive the process from adaptation to national endorsement and implementation of the 2016 Botswana primary healthcare guidelines for adults . The strategies included detailed multilevel assessment with broad stakeholder inputs and in-depth analysis of local data; leveraging academic partnerships; facilitating development of supporting policy instruments; and embedding noncommunicable disease guidelines within broader primary health-care guidelines in keeping with the health ministry strategic direction...
February 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30728619/implementation-of-national-action-plans-on-noncommunicable-diseases-bhutan-cambodia-indonesia-philippines-sri-lanka-thailand-and-viet-nam
#6
Titiporn Tuangratananon, Sangay Wangmo, Nimali Widanapathirana, Suladda Pongutta, Shaheda Viriyathorn, Walaiporn Patcharanarumol, Kouland Thin, Somil Nagpal, Christian Edward L Nuevo, Retna Siwi Padmawati, Maria Elizabeth Puyat-Murga, Laksono Trisnantoro, Kinzang Wangmo, Nalinda Wellappuli, Phuong Hoang Thi, Tuan Khuong Anh, Thinley Zangmo, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
By 2016, Member States of the World Health Organization (WHO) had developed and implemented national action plans on noncommunicable diseases in line with the Global action plan for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases (2013-2020). In 2018, we assessed the implementation status of the recommended best-buy noncommunicable diseases interventions in seven Asian countries: Bhutan, Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam. We gathered data from a range of published reports and directly from health ministries...
February 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30728618/the-palm-oil-industry-and-noncommunicable-diseases
#7
Sowmya Kadandale, Robert Marten, Richard Smith
Large-scale industries do not operate in isolation, but have tangible impacts on human and planetary health. An often overlooked actor in the fight against noncommunicable diseases is the palm oil industry. The dominance of palm oil in the food processing industry makes it the world's most widely produced vegetable oil. We applied the commercial determinants of health framework to analyse the palm oil industry. We highlight the industry's mutually profitable relationship with the processed food industry and its impact on human and planetary health, including detrimental cultivation practices that are linked to respiratory illnesses, deforestation, loss of biodiversity and pollution...
February 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30728617/legal-capacities-required-for-prevention-and-control-of-noncommunicable-diseases
#8
Roger S Magnusson, Benn McGrady, Lawrence Gostin, David Patterson, Hala Abou Taleb
Law lies at the centre of successful national strategies for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases. By law we mean international agreements, national and subnational legislation, regulations and other executive instruments, and decisions of courts and tribunals. However, the vital role of law in global health development is often poorly understood, and eclipsed by other disciplines such as medicine, public health and economics. This paper identifies key areas of intersection between law and noncommunicable diseases, beginning with the role of law as a tool for implementing policies for prevention and control of leading risk factors...
February 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30728616/modelling-the-impact-of-a-tax-on-sweetened-beverages-in-the-philippines-an-extended-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#9
Akshar Saxena, Adam D Koon, Leizel Lagrada-Rombaua, Imelda Angeles-Agdeppa, Benjamin Johns, Mario Capanzana
Objective: To assess the potential impact of a new tax on sweetened beverages on premature deaths associated with noncommunicable diseases in the Philippines. Methods: In January 2018, the Philippines began imposing a tax of 6 Philippine pesos per litre (around 13%) on sweetened beverages to curb the obesity burden. Using national data sources, we conducted an extended cost-effectiveness analysis to estimate the effect of the tax on the numbers of premature deaths averted attributed to type 2 diabetes mellitus, ischaemic heart disease and stroke, across income quintiles over the period 2018-2037...
February 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30728615/world-trade-organization-membership-and-changes-in-noncommunicable-disease-risk-factors-a-comparative-interrupted-time-series-analysis-1980-2013
#10
Krycia Cowling, Elizabeth A Stuart, Roni A Neff, Daniel Magraw, Jon Vernick, Keshia Pollack Porter
Objective: To investigate the relationship between joining the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the availability of several commodities with both harmful and protective effects for the development of noncommunicable diseases. Methods: We used a natural experiment design to compare trends in the domestic supply of tobacco, alcohol and seven food groups, between 1980 and 2013, in 21 countries or territories joining WTO after 1995 and 26 non-member countries, using propensity score weights...
February 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30728614/kalpana-balakrishnan-the-power-of-data-to-drive-positive-change
#11
(no author information available yet)
Gary Humphreys talks to Kalpana Balakrishnan about her background in biophysics and how science has informed her public health work.
February 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30728613/air-pollution-in-mongolia
#12
(no author information available yet)
Starting in May, the government of Mongolia will introduce a coal burning ban in the capital, Ulaanbaatar, as part of efforts to clean up the city's air. Implementing the ban is going to be a challenge, but reducing air pollution is of fundamental importance to improving population health. Sophie Cousins reports.
February 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30728612/public-health-round-up
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30728611/implications-of-self-care-for-health-service-provision
#14
EDITORIAL
Manjulaa Narasimhan, Mukesh Kapila
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30728610/actions-needed-to-prevent-noncommunicable-diseases-and-improve-mental-health
#15
EDITORIAL
Nicholas Banatvala, Svetlana Akselrod, Douglas Webb, Tim Sladden, David Hipgrave, Miriam Schneidman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30728609/overcoming-internal-challenges-and-external-threats-to-noncommunicable-disease-control
#16
EDITORIAL
Viroj Tangcharoensathien, Orana Chandrasiri, Orratai Waleewong, Nattadhanai Rajatanavin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30618467/guidelines-for-contributors
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30618466/indigenous-language-and-inequitable-maternal-health-care-guatemala-mexico-peru-and-the-plurinational-state-of-bolivia
#18
Nancy Armenta Paulino, María Sandín Vázquez, Francisco Bolúmar
Latin America and the Caribbean still have high maternal mortality rates and access to health care is very uneven in some countries. Indigenous women, in particular, have poorer maternal health outcomes than the majority of the population and are less likely to benefit from health-care services. Therefore, inequities in maternal health between different ethnic groups should be monitored to identify critical factors that could limit health-care coverage. In adopting the United Nations' sustainable development goals, governments have committed to providing equitable and universal health coverage...
January 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30618465/canine-rabies-control-and-human-exposure-1951-2015-guangzhou-china
#19
Yuehong Wei, Xiaoning Liu, Dapeng Li, Shouyi Chen, Jianmin Xu, Kuncai Chen, Zhicong Yang
Objective: To describe changes in rabies surveillance and management in Guangzhou, China between 1951 and 2015, and to analyse human rabies cases over that period. Methods: Rabies control policies and strategies implemented by the Guangzhou government were reviewed for three periods: 1951 to 1978, 1979 to 2000 and 2001 to 2015. Data on human rabies deaths and exposure were obtained from Guangzhou and national health and disease records. The demographic characteristics of human cases are reported using descriptive statistics...
January 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30618464/national-age-of-consent-laws-and-adolescent-hiv-testing-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-propensity-score-matched-study
#20
Britt McKinnon, Ashley Vandermorris
Objective: To estimate the association between legal age of consent and coverage of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing among adolescents in countries with high HIV-burden. Methods: We analysed data from adolescents aged 15-18 years, who participated in Demographic and Health Surveys or AIDS Indicator Surveys between 2011 and 2016, in 15 sub-Saharan African countries. To improve balance in the distribution of measured individual- and country-level characteristics, we used propensity score matching between adolescents in countries with more versus less restrictive age-of-consent laws (≤ 15 years versus ≥ 16 years)...
January 1, 2019: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
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