Journals Annals of the New York Academy...

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Sandra L Restrepo-Mesa, Nathalia Correa Guzmán, Luz M Manjarrés Correa, Luz Duque Franco, Gilles Bergeron
Nutritional imbalance in adolescent girls causes alterations in health, reproductive cycles, and fetal outcomes of future generations. To evaluate the dietary pattern and prevalence of inadequate nutrient intake, a 24-hour multi-step food recall was carried out among 793 adolescent women (14-20 years old) from Medellin, Colombia. Their dietary pattern was characterized by lower than recommended intakes of fruits and vegetables (CRI 0.4, AMD 0.2), dairy (CRI 0.5, AMD 0.2), and proteins (CRI 0.8, AMD 0.3), while starches (CRI 1...
September 18, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Miguel Andres-Martin, Cesar Azorin-Molina, Cheng Shen, José C Fernández-Alvarez, Luis Gimeno, Sergio M Vicente-Serrano, Jinlin Zha
This study assessed the projected near-surface wind speed (SWS) changes and variability over the Iberian Peninsula for the 21st century. Here, we compared Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 global climate models (GCMs) with a higher spatial resolution regional climate model (RCM; ∼20 km), known as WRF-CESM2, which was created by a dynamic downscaling of the Community Earth System Model version 2 (CESM2) using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Our analysis found that the GCMs tended to overestimate observed SWS for 1985-2014, while the higher spatial resolution of the WRF-CESM2 did not improve the accuracy and underestimated the SWS magnitude...
September 16, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Daniel Lopez de Romaña, Alison Mildon, Jenna Golan, Maria Elena D Jefferds, Lisa M Rogers, Mandana Arabi
Anemia remains a major public health problem, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The World Health Organization recommends several interventions to prevent and manage anemia in vulnerable population groups, including young children, menstruating adolescent girls and women, and pregnant and postpartum women. Daily iron supplementation reduces the risk of anemia in infants, children, and pregnant women, and intermittent iron supplementation reduces anemia risk in menstruating girls and women. Micronutrient powders reduce the risk of anemia in children...
September 8, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Mohammad Hassan Hodroj, Ali Taher
Thalassemia management has undergone significant development with the advancement in iron chelation therapy, which has led to a prolonged life expectancy. This has been accompanied by the emergence of several new morbidities and chronic diseases, including cancer. Over the years, multiple cases of solid and hematologic malignancies in thalassemia patients have been reported in the literature, with no clear mechanism for the development of cancer in these patients despite a number of potential mechanisms. However, the results of many studies have been contradictory regarding the risk of development of malignancies in thalassemia...
September 7, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Yanan Zhang, Miao Lu, Yang Zhang, Xulei Yuan, Mengjiao Zhou, Xiaohui Xu, Tingwei Zhang, Jinlin Song
The gut microbiota is a bridge linking periodontitis and systemic diseases, such as diabetes mellitus (DM). The probiotic Clostridium butyricum MIYAIRI 588 (CBM588) is reportedly an effective therapeutic approach for gut dysbiosis. Here, in a mouse model, we explored the therapeutic effect of CBM588 on periodontal bone destruction in DM and DM-associated periodontitis (DMP), as well as the underlying mechanism. Micro-computed tomography revealed that DM and DMP both aggravated periodontal bone destruction, which was alleviated by intragastric supplementation with CBM588...
September 2, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Mihai Bostan, Chi Li, Yin Ci Sim, Inna Bujor, Damon Wong, Bingyao Tan, Munirah Binte Ismail, Gerhard Garhöfer, Cristina Tiu, Ruxandra Pirvulescu, Leopold Schmetterer, Alina Popa-Cherecheanu, Jacqueline Chua
Data on how retinal structural and vascular parameters jointly influence the diagnostic performance of detection of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients without optic neuritis (MSNON) are lacking. To investigate the diagnostic performance of structural and vascular changes to detect MSNON from controls, we performed a cross-sectional study of 76 eyes from 51 MS participants and 117 eyes from 71 healthy controls. Retinal macular ganglion cell complex (GCC), retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thicknesses, and capillary densities from the superficial (SCP) and deep capillary plexuses (DCP) were obtained from the Cirrus AngioPlex...
September 1, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Valeriy G Narushin, Stefan T Orszulik, Michael N Romanov, Darren K Griffin
Developing a geometric formulation of any biological object has a number of justifications and applications. Recently, we developed a universal geometric figure for describing a bird's egg in any of the possible basic shapes: spherical, ellipsoidal, ovoid, and pyriform. The formulation proved widely applicable but had a number of drawbacks, including a very obvious join between two parts of the egg. To correct this, we developed the Main Axiom of the universal mathematical formula. This essentially involved making the ordinate of the extremum of the function correspond to half the maximum egg breadth (B), and the abscissa to the reciprocal of the parameter w that reflects the shift of the vertical axis to its coincidence with B...
August 29, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Dori M Grijseels, Brendan J Prendergast, Julia C Gorman, Cory T Miller
An increasingly popular animal model for studying the neural basis of social behavior, cognition, and communication is the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). Interest in this New World primate across neuroscience is now being driven by their proclivity for prosociality across their repertoire, high volubility, and rapid development, as well as their amenability to naturalistic testing paradigms and freely moving neural recording and imaging technologies. The complement of these characteristics set marmosets up to be a powerful model of the primate social brain in the years to come...
August 24, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
James H Kryklywy, Preeti Vyas, Karon E Maclean, Rebecca M Todd
An emerging view in cognitive neuroscience holds that the extraction of emotional relevance from sensory experience extends beyond the centralized appraisal of sensation in associative brain regions, including frontal and medial-temporal cortices. This view holds that sensory information can be emotionally valenced from the point of contact with the world. This view is supported by recent research characterizing the human affiliative touch system, which carries signals of soft, stroking touch to the central nervous system and is mediated by dedicated C-tactile afferent receptors...
August 19, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Yesim Aydinok
Combination chelation therapies are considered in transfusion-dependent thalassemia patients for whom monotherapy regimens have failed to achieve iron balance or intensification of iron chelation therapy is required for the rapid reduction of excess iron to avoid permanent organ damage. Combination chelation may provide a more flexible approach for individualizing chelation therapy, thereby improving tolerability, adherence, and quality of life. In principle, iron chelators can be combined with an infinite number of dosing regimens; these involve simultaneous or sequential exposure to the chelators on the same day or alternating the drugs on different days...
August 18, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
María Camila Correa-Madrid, Nathalia Correa-Guzmán, Gilles Bergeron, Sandra L Restrepo-Mesa, Gustavo Cediel
Ultra-processed foods (UPFs) are associated with deterioration in dietary quality and the development of chronic diseases. The NOVA score, developed in Brazil to assess UPF consumption quickly and inexpensively, is adapted and validated here using a sample of 203 young women from Medellín, Colombia. Food consumption was evaluated using 24-hour dietary recall and with the NOVA-UPF score. Food items were classified using the NOVA categories. The energy consumed from UPFs and its percentage of the total energy consumed was estimated...
August 17, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Frances Knight, Sabrina Kuri, Claudia Damu, Carla Mejia, Nathalia Correa-Guzmán, Gilles Bergeron, Sandra Lucia Restrepo-Mesa
During adolescence, many young people gain greater food choice agency but also become increasingly exposed and susceptible to environmental pressures that influence their food choices. This coincides with increased nutritional needs, especially for girls. In urban Colombia, adolescent diets are often high in undesirable foods and low in nutritious foods, contributing to overweight and micronutrient deficiencies. This study aimed to explore the potential of improving diet quality using food-based recommendations (FBRs) within the parameters of local food systems and adolescents' existing dietary patterns to inform context-specific programmatic responses to malnutrition...
August 17, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Matan Sorek, Shelley L Berger
Eusocial insects exemplify a remarkable system of division of labor within the same colony. This behavioral range, which is sometimes accompanied by morphological or physiological differences, provides an opportunity to study the relationship between complex behaviors and their underlying molecular mechanisms. This is especially true in ants because certain genera have an elaborate caste system and can dramatically change their stereotypical behavior over their lifetime. Recent studies experimentally alter ant behavior over short times, thus opening the study of underlying plasticity pathways...
August 15, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Ai Ping Yow, Jacqueline Chua, Bingyao Tan, Rachel Chong, Monisha E Nongpiur, Preeti Gupta, Ecosse Lamoureux, Rahat Husain, Leopold Schmetterer, Damon Wong
The imaging data of one eye from 154 healthy and 143 glaucoma participants were acquired to evaluate the contributions of the neuronal and vascular components within the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) for detecting glaucoma and modeling visual field loss through the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography. The neuronal and vascular components within the circumpapillary RNFL were independently evaluated. In healthy eyes, the neuronal component showed a stronger association with age (r = -0...
August 12, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Lan Mai Tran, Nga Thu Hoang, Megan Deitchler, Mourad Moursi, Gilles Bergeron
The Global Diet Quality Score (GDQS) has been recommended as a simple diet quality metric that is reflective of both nutrient adequacy and noncommunicable disease outcomes. It has been validated among women of reproductive age (15-49 years) in diverse settings but not specifically among younger women. This paper examines the relationship between the GDQS and nutrient adequacy, anthropometric outcomes, and depressive symptoms among 1001 Vietnamese young women aged 16-22 years. In energy-adjusted models, the GDQS was significantly (p < 0...
August 11, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Gilles Bergeron, Phuong Hong Nguyen, Nathalia Correa-Guzman, Lan Mai Tran, Nga Thu Hoang, Sandra Restrepo-Mesa
Adolescent and young women face grave nutrition challenges, but limited evidence exists on solutions to improve their diets. Action-research was done over 3 years (2020-2022) in secondary cities of Colombia (Medellin) and Vietnam (Thai Nguyen) to identify nutrient deficits in adolescent and young women diets; elaborate food-based recommendations to improve their nutritional status using Optifood linear programming; and engage respondents in incorporating suggested recommendations to their diet using a Social Innovation Challenge approach...
August 10, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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August 10, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Shannon Weiman, Jennifer Cable, Walter Greenleaf, Felix Rundel, Kate E Whitfield, Lory Wingate, Richard Gallagher, Jennifer Pesanelli, Dereck Orr, Thale C Jarvis, Raluca Cadar, Matthew D' Uva, Dylan Ruediger, Robert Vaez, Adam Frisby, Sami Ahmed, Dorit Donoviel, Judith Klinman, Debbie Johnson
Scientific conferences play an important role in advancing research, scholarship, and the careers of emerging scientists. The COVID-19 pandemic offered meeting organizers and researchers alike an opportunity to reimagine what scientific conferences could look like. Virtual conferences can increase inclusivity and accessibility while decreasing costs and carbon emissions. However, it is generally perceived that the digital world fails to adequately recapitulate many of the benefits of in-person face-to-face interactions; these include socializing, and collaborative environments that can forge new research directions and provide critical career development opportunities...
August 3, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Jeanne Boudreaux
This review describes the current challenges and recommendations in the transfusion management of thalassemia patients. In addition, it reviews the components of blood safety and blood product modification in special populations. Adverse transfusion reactions are described as are some of the newer technologies being utilized to reduce potential transfusion-associated pathogens. Lastly, research in blood storage and in manufactured blood is briefly described.
August 2, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Ze-Hua Xu, Hang Zhang, Chang-Jun Zhang, Si-Jian Yu, Jing Yuan, Kangxin Jin, Zi-Bing Jin
With the increased use of artificial light and the prolonged use of optoelectronic products, light damage (LD) to the human retina has been identified as a global vision-threatening problem. While there is evidence of a significant correlation between light-induced retinal damage and age-related vision impairment in age-related macular degeneration, it is unclear how light-induced retinal degeneration manifests itself and whether there are agents capable of preventing the development of LD in the retina. This study investigated a mechanism by which blue light leads to photoreceptor death...
August 2, 2023: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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