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Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772838/spatio-temporal-analysis-of-colorectal-cancer-using-a-geographic-information-system-in-the-iranian-military-community-during-the-period-2007-2016
#1
Alireza Khoshdel, M Alimohammadi, M Sepandi, Y Alimohamadi, P Jalali, M Janani
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most prevalent cancers among Iranian people. The study of spatio-temporal distribution of disease has an important role in the design of disease prevention programmes. The purpose of the current study was to describe the spatio-temporal distribution of CRC in the Iranian military community as a sample of the Iranian population. METHODS: In the current ecological study, all registered cancer cases in the Iranian military community during the period 2007-2016 were considered...
February 16, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30765610/militaries-and-the-duty-of-care-to-enhanced-veterans
#2
Adam Henschke
This article argues that there is a duty of care held by the State to military veterans who have been technologically enhanced as part of their military service. It suggests that enhancements may be permanent, persistent or protracted and demonstrates how enhancements generate additional moral responsibilities from the chain of command. The paper concludes by demonstrating how this institutional duty of care relates to issues such as informed consent.
February 13, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30765609/a-nurse-s-view-of-project-lazarus
#3
Helen Marshall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30765608/dietary-patterns-in-relation-to-inflammation-in-shift-workers
#4
Reihane Khorasaniha, F Siassi, F Khajehnasiri, M Qorbani, G Sotoudeh
INTRODUCTION: Rotational shift work has a considerable effect on immune function and cause inflammation. In addition, it may lead to unhealthy dietary intake. No earlier study has examined the association between dietary patterns and inflammation in rotational shift workers. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the association between dietary patterns and circulating proinflammatory cytokines among shift workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 257 male shift workers...
February 13, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755471/running-to-breaking-point-the-relationship-between-1-5-mile-run-time-and-injury-risk-in-female-recruits-during-british-army-basic-training
#5
Rosalie Heller, H Stammers
INTRODUCTION: The 1.5-mile best-effort run is used in the British Army to assess the fitness of all recruits and trained service personnel by means of the physical fitness assessment (PFA). The 1.5-mile run is a basic measure of fitness and slower times have been associated with an increased risk of musculoskeletal injury (MSkI), particularly during this early stage of training. The aim of this study was to establish whether 1.5-mile run times were associated with subsequent MSkIs among female recruits during their 14-week basic training...
February 12, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755470/unhealthy-dietary-patterns-are-related-to-low-ceruloplasmin-in-female-nurses
#6
Karolin Abashzadeh, M Abshirini, F Siassi, M Qorbani, F Koohdani, N Farasati, G Sotoudeh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined the relationship between dietary patterns and antioxidant status. We aimed to explore the association between major dietary patterns and oxidative stress biomarkers including serum protein carbonyl (PC), ceruloplasmin and total antioxidant capacity (TAC). METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, we randomly selected 320 female nurses aged 20-45 years. General information of participants was collected by trained interviewers...
February 12, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30737257/optimising-pelvic-fracture-stabilisation-in-obese-victims
#7
Paul Patrick Rega, B Fink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30728172/bleeding-control-in-combat-fields-with-extreme-transfer-time
#8
Amila Sanjiva Ratnayake, T J Worlton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30728171/penthrox-a-breath-of-phec-air-for-the-military
#9
Hugo M L Cohen, R Wolstenholme
Prehospital analgesia is vital to good clinical care and inhaled methoxyflurane (Penthrox) would be a valuable addition to the armed forces medical armoury. Penthrox would provide strong, fast-acting, self-administered and safe analgesia to patients with moderate to severe injuries. In addition, it would provide an option for strong analgesia which would not be subject to the regulations that govern controlled or accountable drugs which gives it a unique position as the military moves its focus from large enduring operations to small short-term training teams supported by lone combat medics in remote locations across the globe...
February 6, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30711924/systematic-review-of-prehospital-haemostatic-dressings
#10
Matthew Welch, J Barratt, A Peters, C Wright
INTRODUCTION: Haemorrhage is one of the leading causes of battlefield and prehospital death. Haemostatic dressings are an effective method of limiting the extent of bleeding and are used by military forces extensively. A systematic review was conducted with the aim of collating the evidence on current haemostatic products and to assess whether one product was more effective than others. METHODS: A systematic search and assessment of the literature was conducted using 13 health research databases including MEDLINE and CINAHL, and a grey literature search...
February 2, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30711923/here-there-and-everywhere-psychologists-and-the-training-of-british-army-officers-at-the-royal-military-academy-sandhurst
#11
A Michael Rennie
The Department of Communication and Applied Behavioural Science is one of the three departments in the academic faculty at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. The aim of the Department is to equip officer cadets with the skills, knowledge and personal qualities in order for them to develop their own potential, as both individuals and leaders in the British Army. The members of the Department have a range of backgrounds, with most having served in various capacities across UK Defence, both in uniformed and/or civilian crown servant contexts...
February 2, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30711922/20-armoured-infantry-brigade-downgrade-study-epidemiology-of-principal-conditions-and-plugging-leaks-in-the-rehabilitation-pipeline
#12
James Papworth, L Osborne, M A Shimmings, C C S Roberts
INTRODUCTION: In April 2017, 22% of Army Full-time Trade Trained Strength was downgraded, reducing fully deployable strength to 60 546, against a target of 82 000. In June 2017, Commander 20 Armoured Infantry Brigade (20 AI Bde) initiated a study to look at the principal conditions causing medical downgrading, as a stepping stone to finding ways of reducing injury, enhancing rehabilitation and improving deployability. METHOD: The Defence Medical Information Capability Programme medical records for every downgraded soldier in 20 AI Bde and supporting units were scrutinised to identify their Medical Deployment Standard and the primary condition causing downgrading...
February 2, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30709924/hierarchical-process-using-brier-score-metrics-for-lower-leg-injury-risk-curves-in-vertical-impact
#13
Nicholas DeVogel, N Yoganandan, A Banerjee, F A Pintar
INTRODUCTION: Parametric survival models are used to develop injury risk curves (IRCs) from impact tests using postmortem human surrogates (PMHS). Through the consideration of different output variables, input parameters and censoring, different IRCs could be created. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of the Brier Score Metric (BSM) to determine the optimal IRCs and derive them from lower leg impact tests. METHODS: Two series of tests of axial impacts to PMHS foot-ankle complex were used in the study...
January 31, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30709923/relationship-between-obesity-and-health-problems-in-help-seeking-military-veterans
#14
Victoria Williamson, A Rossetto, D Murphy
BACKGROUND: UK Armed Forces (UK AF) veterans may be particularly vulnerable to obesity and its comorbid physical and mental health problems. AIM: To examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI), physical health problems, mental health disorders and sociodemographic characteristics in UK AF veterans engaged in psychological treatment. METHODS: Information regarding veteran BMI, demographic characteristics, physical health conditions and mental health problems was collected and analysed using univariate and multivariate regression analyses...
January 31, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30709922/artificial-intelligence-and-the-radiologist-the-future-in-the-armed-forces-medical-services
#15
Debraj Sen, R Chakrabarti, S Chatterjee, D S Grewal, K Manrai
Artificial intelligence (AI) involves computational networks (neural networks) that simulate human intelligence. The incorporation of AI in radiology will help in dealing with the tedious, repetitive, time-consuming job of detecting relevant findings in diagnostic imaging and segmenting the detected images into smaller data. It would also help in identifying details that are oblivious to the human eye. AI will have an immense impact in populations with deficiency of radiologists and in screening programmes...
January 31, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30683802/us-military-medical-ethics-in-the-war-on-terror
#16
George J Annas, S Crosby
Military medical ethics has been challenged by the post-11 September 2001 ' War on Terror '. Two recurrent questions are whether military physicians are officers first or physicians first, and whether military physicians need a separate code of ethics. In this article, we focus on how the War on Terror has affected the way we have addressed these questions since 2001. Two examples frame this discussion: the use of military physicians to force-feed hunger strikers held in Guantanamo Bay prison camp, and the uncertain fate of the Department of Defense's report on ' Ethical Guidelines and Practices for US Military Medical Professionals '...
January 24, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30683801/ready-for-anything-considerations-in-emergency-preparedness
#17
Piers R J Page, C G Moran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30683800/in-vehicle-noise-exposure-among-military-personnel-depending-on-type-of-vehicle-riding-compartment-and-road-surface
#18
Assar Luha, E Merisalu, M Reinvee, S Kinnas, R Jõgeva, H Orru
INTRODUCTION: Noise-induced hearing loss is one of the most common health problems among military service personnel. Exposure to noise in military vehicles constitutes a large proportion of total noise exposure. This pilot study aimed to evaluate in-vehicle noise levels depending on the type of vehicle, riding compartment and road surface. METHOD: Noise levels were measured in armoured personnel carriers and heavy all-terrain trucks, in the cab and rear passenger compartment, while driving on paved or off-road surfaces...
January 24, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30679182/-male-psychosexual-therapy-in-the-uk-military
#19
Clair Clifford, M McCauley
Military personnel can experience psychosexual difficulties for a variety of reasons. Problems can arise because of psychological trauma, physical injury, consequences arising from pharmacological and surgical complications and social or emotional concerns relating to intrapersonal and interpersonal relationship dynamics. Such individuals might seek to minimise or avoid resolving their pertinent difficulties, while others can experience cultural, personal or organisational barriers to accessing professional help...
January 23, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30674559/preparing-to-serve-as-a-uniformed-clinical-psychologist-in-the-british-army-a-personal-reflection
#20
Rebecca N Collins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2019: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
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