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Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774147/migraine-tension-type-headache-and-depression-among-saudi-female-students-in-taif-university
#1
Dalia E Desouky, Hany A Zaid, Azza A Taha
Background: Studies done in Saudi Arabia showed a high prevalence of headache among university students. Limited research was done to assess the relationship between headache and psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and association between migraine, tension-type headache, and depression among Saudi female students in Taif University. Participants and methods: A cross-sectional study using self-administered questionnaires about headache and depression was conducted at the Taif University on 1340 female students in the academic year 2016-2017...
2019: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774146/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-warts-in-primary-school-children-in-tema-district-sohag-governorate-egypt
#2
Nagwa Essa, Medhat A Saleh, Rasha M Mostafa, Emad A Taha, Taghreed A Ismail
Background: Warts are one of the most common, persistent, and frustrating cutaneous problems encountered in dermatology clinical practice especially in younger generations. Objective: To determine the prevalence of warts in primary school children in Tema District, Sohag, Egypt, and to determine possible factors associated with transmission. Participants and methods: A school-based cross-sectional (prevalence) study was carried out during the academic year 2015-2016 in six primary schools in Tema District, Sohag Governorate, Egypt...
2019: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713347/the-use-of-multiplex-pcr-for-the-detection-of-atypical-pathogens-in-egyptian-children-with-cap-a-high-rate-of-bordetella-pertussis-in-early-infancy
#3
Noussa R El Basha, Hala H Shaaban, Hassan A El Atroush, May M Sherif, Amani A El Kholy
Background: Atypical pathogen infections played an important role in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children. Pathogen-specific clinical symptoms are often lacking, and it is difficult to detect atypical pathogens by culture methods. The use of multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods enables testing for many pathogens simultaneously in a single analysis. Aim: To determine the role of atypical pathogens in children hospitalized with CAP. Patients and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted throughout a 2-year period from August 2015 to September 2017...
2019: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686832/evaluation-of-antibiotic-susceptibility-test-results-how-guilty-a-laboratory-could-be
#4
Mohamed S M Nassar, Walaa A Hazzah, Wafaa M K Bakr
Background: The selection of an appropriate antimicrobial is a challenging task for clinicians. The Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method is one of the most widely practiced antimicrobial susceptibility tests (AST). It is affected by many factors among which are the media used. Mueller-Hinton agar (MHA) is the standard medium recommended in guidelines. However, these guidelines are not strictly adhered to in some developing countries. Objectives: Validation of AST results on nutrient agar (NA) medium used as a substitute for MHA by some microbiology laboratories in Alexandria, Egypt...
2019: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686831/pattern-and-risk-factors-of-congenital-anomalies-in-a-pediatric-university-hospital-alexandria-egypt
#5
Marwa Shawky Mohammed Abdou, Aida Ali Reda Sherif, Iman Mohamed Helmy Wahdan, Khaled Saad El Din Ashour
Background: Congenital anomalies (CAs) are structural, functional, or metabolic anomalies that originate during intrauterine life and can interfere with the body functions. In Egypt, the prevalence of CAs is increasing. The study aimed to estimate the frequency, describe the types, and identify the possible risk factors of CAs among infants attending the Pediatric University Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt. Methods: A retrospective case series and a case-control study were conducted...
2019: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686830/seroprevalence-of-varicella-zoster-virus-among-pregnant-women-in-fayoum-governorate-egypt
#6
Enas G Ibrahim, Wafaa Y Abdel Wahed, Hanaa M Eid, Wessam S Deeb
Background: Chickenpox infection acquired during pregnancy is a serious condition. There may be congenital malformations and neonatal varicella syndrome with significant morbidity and mortality. Egypt has no routine varicella-zoster vaccination program. Objective: To assess the immune status against varicella-zoster virus (VZV) antibodies among a group of pregnant women and to study the relationship between VZV seroprevalence and some sociodemographic characteristics...
2019: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30679877/the-impact-of-theory-based-educational-intervention-on-improving-helmet-use-behavior-among-workers-of-cement-factory-iran
#7
Hamid Jafaralilou, Iraj Zareban, Mohammad Hajaghazadeh, Habibeh Matin, Alireza Didarloo
Background: The occurrence of occupational accidents is a serious public health issue in industrial workers and may impose life jeopardizing complications. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of a training intervention based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) on helmet use of workers in cement factories in Khoy and Urmia, Northwest of Iran. Materials and methods: This study was a controlled quasi-experimental investigation (before and after) which was conducted on 170 workers employed in Khoy and Urmia cement factories, Northwest of Iran...
2019: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30612384/knowledge-and-misconceptions-of-saudi-women-about-sexually-transmitted-infections
#8
Amal Balbeesi, Saad Mohizea
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are increasingly becoming one of the most important health challenges , especially among women, as they bear long-term consequences such as infertility and cervical cancer owing to STIs. This study aimed to assess the knowledge and misconceptions of Saudi women about STIs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted among adult women attending the dermatology clinic at King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, for reasons other than STIs...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30612383/prevalence-health-and-social-hazards-and-attitude-toward-early-marriage-in-ever-married-women-sohag-upper-egypt
#9
Ahmed Hamed, Fouad Yousef
BACKGROUND: Early marriage is associated with many social, physical, and health problems and it is common in many developing countries including Egypt. Many factors affect the decision of the timing of marriage. In this study, we aim to estimate the prevalence, social and health hazards and to identify the attitudes and factors that affect attitudes toward early marriage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was done in Sohag, Upper Egypt. Random samples of ever-married women aged 20-60 years were taken from six districts...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30612382/unmet-healthcare-needs-for-older-people-attending-the-outpatients-clinics-of-a-university-hospital-in-cairo-egypt-a-qualitative-study
#10
Shaimaa Abd El-Fatah
BACKGROUND: Egypt is experiencing significant changes in age structure mostly among the older population, which is expected to quadruple over the period 2010-2050. There is no easy, quick-fix recipe for elders' health needs assessment. Qualitative methods are required to explain what is already known. This study aimed to assess the unmet healthcare needs of the elders attending the outpatients' clinics of the Cairo University Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative design with a thematic content analysis of semistructured interviews was used to assess the unmet healthcare needs of elders above 60 years of age, attending the outpatients' clinics of Cairo University Hospital...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30612381/health-related-quality-of-life-in-healthy-children-and-adolescents-of-hiv-infected-parents-in-alexandria-egypt
#11
Mona Ashry, Hany Ziady, Maha Hameed, Fatma Mohammed
BACKGROUND: Egypt as part of the Eastern Mediterranean region is facing a growing HIV epidemic. Developments in the National HIV Program are associated with an increase in survival of HIV-positive persons. This study aimed to assess health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of healthy children/adolescents of HIV-positive parents compared with healthy children/adolescents of healthy HIV-negative parents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional comparative study was conducted...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30612380/prevalence-and-associated-factors-related-to-arm-neck-and-shoulder-complaints-in-a-selected-sample-of-computer-office-workers
#12
Noha Elshaer
BACKGROUND: Globally, there is an expansion in computer-related work, which may have contributed to an increased burden of complaints of the arm, neck and/or shoulder (CANS). The study was conducted to determine the prevalence and factors associated with CANS among computer office workers (OWs) in Alexandria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computer OWs at four banks and two telecommunication companies (n=211) were included in a cross-sectional study in 2016. Data were collected using the self-administered Musculoskeletal Upper Extremity Questionnaire-Arabic version...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30341998/work-related-and-ergonomic-risk-factors-associated-with-low-back-pain-among-bus-drivers
#13
Sally Hakim, Amira Mohsen
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is the most common form of work-related musculoskeletal disorders, which cause huge economic losses to individuals as well as to the community. Bus drivers have been found to be at an increased risk of LBP owing to several factors associated with physical and occupational circumstances. There is scant knowledge on the problems of LBP among bus drivers in Egypt. AIM: To identify the prevalence of LBP among bus drivers and to determine the ergonomic and occupational risk factors associated with this problem...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30341997/prematurity-is-a-significant-predictor-of-worse-outcomes-in-viral-bronchiolitis-a-comparative-study-in-infancy
#14
Noussa El Basha, Huda Marzouk, May Sherif, Amani El Kholy
BACKGROUND: The rate of admissions to hospital with bronchiolitis has increased over the past years. The reasons for this are likely to be multifactorial including improved survival of preterm infants. AIM: To assess the severity of viral bronchiolitis in preterm compared with term infants admitted at a tertiary hospital in Cairo, Egypt, based on the outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was conducted throughout a 3-year period from September 2011 to October 2014...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30341996/bacteriological-assessment-of-some-vegetables-and-ready-to-eat-salads-in-alexandria-egypt
#15
Amani Abaza
BACKGROUND: Fresh vegetables and ready-to-eat salads (RTES) are essential components of human diet. Despite their benefits, they remain a major public health concern, because they have been implicated in foodborne illness outbreaks in numerous countries. AIM: The present study aimed to assess the bacteriological quality of some fresh vegetables and RTES in Alexandria, Egypt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 121 samples of vegetables and RTES that were randomly purchased from different markets, restaurants, and street vendors in three districts in Alexandria...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30341995/pattern-and-correlates-of-tobacco-smoking-among-mentally-ill-male-patients-in-el-mamoura-psychiatric-hospital-alexandria-egypt
#16
Mervat Abu Nazel, Heba Elkady, Sherif Abd Allah, Riham Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread concern in public health regarding the increasing prevalence and burden of smoking and mental disorders, little is known about the double burden of these problems in Arab countries. AIM: To describe pattern and identify determinants of smoking among mentally ill male patients in El-Mamoura Psychiatric Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 300 randomly selected adult male outpatients receiving formal diagnosis of one or more mental disorders according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV criteria by a senior psychiatrist...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30341994/screening-of-malnutrition-and-its-correlates-among-a-sample-of-rural-elderly-in-qalyobeya-governorate-egypt
#17
Rasha El-Desouky, Hala Abed
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a multifactorial problem that contributes to many health problems, as a cause or as a consequence. In elderly, it is a major health problem as it leads to progressive decline in physical and cognitive health, increased utilization of health services, and increased mortality. AIM: To screen the elderly persons for malnutrition and to detect the underlying factors of this problem. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 320 elderly persons...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30341993/adverse-health-effects-among-nurses-and-clinical-pharmacists-handling-antineoplastic-drugs-adherence-to-exposure-control-methods
#18
Noha Elshaer
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to antineoplastic drugs (ADs) may result in reproductive, liver, renal, lung, and cardiac toxicity. Moreover, bone marrow suppression, mucosal ulcers, and cancer may develop. In developing countries, adverse health effects owing to occupational exposure to ADs and adherence to safe handling guidelines are not well documented. AIM: This study was conducted to determine the health effect of occupational exposure to ADs and evaluate adherence to control methods...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30341992/injured-coliforms-in-swimming-pools-how-big-a-threat
#19
Mahmoud Ghanem, Laila El-Attar, Amira Amine
BACKGROUND: A swimming pool is an important leisure facility, but it can harbor injured cells creating potential health hazards. Disinfection of swimming pools can cause bacterial injury, when cells are exposed to a suboptimal concentration of disinfectants. Possible pathogenic bacteria can enter into an injured state, for example, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp, and Enterococcus faecalis. Injured bacteria can retain their pathogenicity and virulence and they may recover causing diseases...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30184410/assessment-of-respirable-particulates-in-two-residential-areas-of-kuwait-state-during-dusty-and-nondusty-storms-a-time-series-comparative-study
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Gehan Zaki, Ahmed Issa, Adel Refaat, Wafaa Eid, Abdel-Aziz Abdel-Aziz
BACKGROUND: Kuwait State is branded by the recurrent dust storms and high pollution level. It has the highest dust concentration and surface temperature in Peninsula. The aim of the present study was to assess the respirable particulates during days with and without dust storms in two residential areas in Kuwait State. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This time-series comparative study was accomplished during the period from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2013. It was conducted by recording the local meteorological data in the two sampling stations at Mansoria (A) and Ali Sabah Al-Salem (B) residential areas, in addition to the sampling and analysis of respirable particulates (PM10) using the SOP-10 High-Volume PM10 Samplers' Standard Method...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
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