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Journals Journal of the American Optome...

Journal of the American Optometric Association

https://read.qxmd.com/read/10506816/cat-scratch-neuroretinitis
#41
JOURNAL ARTICLE
J Lombardo
BACKGROUND: Cat-scratch disease is a subacute regional lymphadenitis, usually preceded by a history of a cat scratch or exposure to kittens. The disease is caused by Bartonella henselae, and possibly Bartonella quintana, pleomorphic gram-negative rods formerly known as Rochalimaea henselae and Rochalimaea quintana. Ocular involvement is rare and typically manifests as either Parinaud's oculoglandular syndrome or neuroretinitis. Patients with neuroretinitis resulting from cat-scratch disease may be asymptomatic or experience mild-to-severe vision loss...
August 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10506815/one-year-results-from-the-phase-iii-investigation-of-the-keravision-intacs
#42
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
M D Twa, P M Karpecki, B J King, S H Linn, D S Durrie, D J Schanzlin
BACKGROUND: Limitations of the surgical correction for myopia include inaccuracy, instability, treatment of the central optical zone, and lack of reversibility. KeraVision Intacs offer an alternative that addresses these shortcomings. METHODS: We present 1 year of follow-up information on 95 subjects enrolled in the United States Food and Drug Administration Phase III clinical trials. RESULTS: At 1 year, 99% of patients (89 of 90) had 20/40 uncorrected vision or better...
August 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10506814/the-effect-of-diclofenac-sodium-on-the-initial-comfort-of-rgp-contact-lenses-a-pilot-study
#43
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
A Gordon, J D Bartlett, M Lin
BACKGROUND: We conducted a pilot study to assess the effect of 0.1% diclofenac sodium eyedrops on the initial comfort of rigid gas permeable (RGP) contact lenses. METHODS: A double-masked, placebo-controlled, crossover trial was performed on 20 unadapted subjects. In Phase I, subjects used either 0.1% diclofenac or placebo eyedrops four times per day for 3 days before RGP lenses were dispensed. Contact lenses were inserted on Day 4 and worn for 8 continuous hours...
August 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10506813/relationship-between-age-and-presbyopic-addition-using-a-sample-of-3-645-examinations-from-a-single-private-practice
#44
JOURNAL ARTICLE
P A Blystone
BACKGROUND: This study uses information collected in a private optometric practice to describe the relationship between age and the add power needed to correct presbyopia. METHODS: Computer-assisted data analysis with a database management program, Q&A, and Microsoft Excel was used to assess the relationship between age and presbyopic addition. Data collected from 3,645 examinations by one practitioner in a single private practice--over a period of approximately 23 years--were entered into the database...
August 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10506812/differential-diagnosis-of-common-etiologies-of-photopsia
#45
REVIEW
J F Amos
BACKGROUND: Photopsia is a relatively common symptom reported by patients in primary eye care settings. Although there are many possible etiologies, photopsia (light flashes) is usually associated with one of the following: (1) posterior vitreous detachment, (2) migraine with aura, (3) migraine aura without headache, and (4) retinal break or detachment. Each of these clinical conditions has symptoms and physical findings that will usually render the diagnosis apparent. METHODS: It is important from a clinicolegal standpoint that specific procedures be performed to differentially diagnose the responsible condition and deliver appropriate follow-up care...
August 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10506811/be-aware-of-what-we-have
#46
EDITORIAL
P B Freeman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10485178/availability-of-eye-care-services-in-missouri-nursing-homes
#47
COMPARATIVE STUDY
T A Wingert, W H McAlister
PURPOSE: Residents of nursing homes do not have the same access to health care as do other elderly persons. Some sources have indicated that only 20% of nursing home residents in the United States ever receive eye care services in the nursing home. We sought to determine the availability of eye care services in Missouri nursing homes. METHOD: A survey was mailed to all licensed nursing homes in the State of Missouri (1,199). The survey inquired about the type of nursing facility, their location, and types of medical care and eye care provided at their institution...
July 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10485177/vision-screening-of-abused-and-neglected-children-by-the-ucla-mobile-eye-clinic
#48
COMPARATIVE STUDY
R Yoo, S Logani, M Mahat, N C Wheeler, D A Lee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study was to present descriptive findings of ocular abnormalities in vision screening examinations of abused and neglected children. We compared the prevalence and the nature of eye diseases and refractive error between abused and neglected boys staying at the Hathaway Home, a residential facility for abused children, and boys from neighboring Boys and Girls clubs. METHODS: The children in the study received vision screening examinations through the UCLA Mobile Eye Clinic following a standard format...
July 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10485176/ocular-physiology-and-artificial-tears
#49
COMPARATIVE STUDY
A López-Alemany, R Montés-Micó, M García-Valldecabres
BACKGROUND: In this study, we evaluated the pH value of nine artificial tears solutions in order to investigate whether their pH changed over time. These solutions are designed to have a pH value within the ocular comfort range and to come close to the physiological tears' pH. METHODS: Fifteen bottles of each solution were randomly chosen from different production lots. Increments of 0.05 ml were taken daily from each bottle and measured daily, using a micropH 2002 Crison pH-meter over a period of 60 days...
July 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10485175/floppy-eyelid-syndrome-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#50
JOURNAL ARTICLE
M A Dufek, D L Shechtman
BACKGROUND: Floppy eyelid syndrome may be the underlining cause of papillary keratoconjunctivitis. Patients initially report a nonspecific irritation, redness, or a foreign body sensation. METHODS: As a result of its vague presentation, floppy eyelid syndrome is frequently misdiagnosed. A careful slit-lamp evaluation and a complete history aids in the diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: The most distinctive feature of floppy eye syndrome is a pliant upper tarsus that is easily everted without excess manipulation...
July 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10485174/unilateral-proptosis-resulting-from-giant-cell-arteritis
#51
JOURNAL ARTICLE
B D Looney
BACKGROUND: Giant-cell arteritis (GCA) is a systemic, inflammatory vasculopathy that affects small- to medium-sized arteries. Arterial wall inflammation results in reduction of blood flow and subsequent ischemia. Arteries of the head and neck are particularly susceptible, including the ophthalmic and posterior ciliary arteries. The eye care provider is in a position to assist with the ultimate diagnosis of GCA. CASE REPORT: A 79-year-old black man was referred to the eye clinic for evaluation of exophthalmos of the left eye...
July 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10485170/eye-movements-and-speed-reading
#52
COMPARATIVE STUDY
H A Solan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10485169/vision-therapy-information-for-health-care-and-other-allied-professionals-a-joint-organizational-policy-statement-of-the-american-academy-of-optometry-and-the-american-optometric-association
#53
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
Vision therapy is prescribed to treat diagnosed conditions of the visual system. Effective therapy requires visual skills to be developed until they are integrated with other systems and become automatic, enabling individuals to achieve their full potential. The goals of a prescribed vision therapy treatment regimen are to achieve desired visual outcomes, alleviate the signs and symptoms, meet the patient's needs, and improve the patient's quality of life.
July 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10485168/strategic-plan
#54
REVIEW
V J Connors, J P Cummings, T Madden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10485167/does-optometry-need-fellowship-education
#55
JOURNAL ARTICLE
J F Amos, W D Sullins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10437342/efficacy-of-treatment-modalities-in-refractive-amblyopia
#56
COMPARATIVE STUDY
I Krumholtz, D FitzGerald
BACKGROUND: The pediatric clinic of the State College of Optometry/University Optometric Center develops a yearly quality management plan to monitor patient care. One of the areas retrospectively reviewed for all outcomes is refractive amblyopia. METHODS: A retrospective review of records was performed on patients diagnosed with refractive amblyopia. With the use of a prescribed protocol, each patient's progress was tracked for a period of 6 months. Major emphasis was placed on outcome as related to treatment modality...
June 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10437341/central-serous-chorioretinopathy-and-hiv
#57
JOURNAL ARTICLE
J M Spalding
BACKGROUND: Patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) have sudden-onset, painless, uniocular blur that is typically diagnosed via fundus and fluorescein angiographic appearance. The etiology and pathophysiology are not fully understood; however, there may be an association with an infectious etiology. This article presents two cases of HIV-positive patients in whom central serous chorioretinopathy developed and discusses the possible relationship between the two cases. The differential diagnosis, clinical features, angiographic appearance, management options, and proposed etiologies of CSC will be presented...
June 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10437340/sarcoidosis-related-anterior-uveitis-in-a-patient-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#58
JOURNAL ARTICLE
A K Lee, C L Chronister
BACKGROUND: This is the first ophthalmic report--to our knowledge--of an anterior uveitis secondary to sarcoidosis in a patient infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Other reported causes of uveitis in HIV-infected patients have included HIV, herpes zoster, tuberculosis, syphilis, toxoplasmosis, cryptococcus, rifabutin prophylaxis for mycobacterium, and protease inhibitors such as ritonavir and indinavir. Uveitis secondary to sarcoidosis in the non-HIV population is classically seen in young, female, African-American patients...
June 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10437339/antiretroviral-therapy-for-hiv-infection-a-review-of-current-medications-and-therapies
#59
REVIEW
D C Bright
BACKGROUND: Management of HIV infection has been revolutionized in the past 3 years by the introduction of drugs significantly more potent than those previously available. Simultaneously revelations about dynamics of HIV infection and viral replication have altered concepts about HIV disease, as well as the need for therapeutic interventions. METHODS: A literature search was conducted of journals listed in the Index Medicus, as well as abstracts from annual meetings of the American Society for Microbiology, the Infectious Disease Society of America (Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections), and the International Conferences on AIDS...
June 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10457709/the-national-eye-institute-outlines-eye-research-goals
#60
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1999: Journal of the American Optometric Association
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