Journals Journal of the National Medica...

Journal of the National Medical Association
Hina Tabassum, Muhammad Mutahir Iqbal, Zafar Mahmood, Maqsooda Parveen, Irfan Ullah
The decision tree used a generating set of rules based on various correlated variables for developing an algorithm from the target variable. Using the training dataset this paper used boosting tree algorithm for gender classification from twenty-five anthropometric measurements and extract twelve significant variables chest diameter, waist girth, biacromial, wrist diameter, ankle diameter, forearm girth, thigh girth, chest depth, bicep girth, shoulder girth, elbow girth and the hip girth with an accuracy rate of 98...
March 11, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
Danielle J Daly, Utibe R Essien, Marcela G Del Carmen, Benjamin Scirica, Adam N Berman, Jennifer Searl Como, Jason H Wasfy
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent arrhythmia in the United States and is responsible for 1 in 7 ischemic strokes. While anticoagulation is effective at preventing strokes, prior work has highlighted significant disparities in anticoagulation prescribing. Furthermore, racial, ethnic, sex, and socioeconomic disparities in AF outcomes have been described. As such, we aimed to review recent data on disparities with respect to anticoagulation for AF published between January 2018 and February 2021. The search string consisted of 7 phrases that combined AF, anticoagulation, and disparities involving sex, race, ethnicity, income, socioeconomic status (SES), and access to care and identified 13 relevant articles...
March 5, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
Daniel Laroche, Kara Rickford, José Sinon, Aaron Brown, Chester Ng, Sohail Sakkari
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this report is to demonstrate the patient education ability and benefits in treating glaucoma and preventing blindness with the NIDEK GS-1 Gonioscope and earlier surgical intervention with cataract surgery/lensectomy and microinvasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS). METHODS: This data was collected using a NIDEK GS-1 Gonioscope. Informed consent was obtained from all participants following explanation of possible risks. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: NIDEK GS-1 automated gonioscopy offers many advantages, including (1) the ability to capture high quality, 360-degree chromatic documentation of the iridocorneal angle and trabecular meshwork, (2) improved patient education on the condition at hand through images; and (3) visualization of the change in the angle and trabecular meshwork before and after surgical intervention in patients with glaucoma...
February 23, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
Marwa Ayyash, Mariam Ayyash, Fatima Saad, Mona Alaouie, R Alexander Blackwood
Most research on autism has targeted White Americans. Although challenges and coping mechanisms are present for all parents, some aspects are influenced by culture. This study aims to compare the experiences, challenges and coping strategies for parents of children with autism residing in the US and Arab countries. A survey, available in both English and Arabic, was posted electronically on social media support groups for parents of children with autism in Arab countries and the US. The survey covered experiences, challenges and coping strategies for raising a child with autism spectrum disorder...
February 22, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
Lucile L Adams-Campbell, Jennifer Hicks, Kepher Makambi, Pamela Randolph-Jackson, Mary Mills, Claudine Isaacs, Chiranjeev Dash
BACKGROUND: Cancer treatment related fatigue (CTRF) is one of the most debilitating side effects of adjuvant radiation therapy (RT). Several studies have found that physical activity (PA) may be an effective intervention to decrease fatigue and enhance QOL in cancer survivors. The primary objective of the PEDLAR study is to test the feasibility of an easily administered 8-week structured moderate-intensity PA intervention, delivered concurrently with RT, in reducing CTRF and improving health-related QOL among African-American breast cancer patients...
February 22, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
Jayne Rice, Beverlin Rosario-Williams, Francois Williams, Lauren West-Livingston, Dasha Savage, Jadyn A Wilensky, Alden Landry
OBJECTIVES: Impostor syndrome (IS) is prevalent in medical professionals. However, little is known about the prevalence of IS among medical trainees and those who are underrepresented in medicine (UiM). Even less is known about the experiences of UiM students at predominantly white institutions (PWIs) and historically black colleges/universities (HBCUs) relative to their non-UiM peers. The purpose of this study is to investigate differences in impostor syndrome among UiM and non-UiM medical students at a PWI and a HBCU...
February 20, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
Guettchina Telisnor, David L DeRemer, Esther Frimpong, Edward Agyare, John Allen, Luisel Ricks-Santi, Bo Han, Thomas George, Sherise C Rogers
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is currently the third leading cause of cancer mortality and the incidence is projected to increase by 2030. Despite recent advances in its treatment, African Americans have a 50-60% higher incidence and 30% higher mortality rate when compared to European Americans possibly resulting from differences in socioeconomic status, access to healthcare, and genetics. Genetics plays a role in cancer predisposition, response to cancer therapeutics (pharmacogenetics), and in tumor behavior, making some genes targets for oncologic therapeutics...
February 17, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
Laura C Hawks, Rebekah J Walker, Leonard E Egede
BACKGROUND: Black Americans have a higher prevalence of diabetes compared to White Americans and have higher rates of complications and death. Exposure to the criminal legal system (CLS) is a social risk factor for chronic disease morbidity and mortality with significant overlap with populations most likely to experience poor diabetes outcomes. However, little is known about the association between CLS exposure and healthcare utilization patterns among U.S. adults with diabetes. METHODS: Using data from the National Survey of Drug Use and Health (2015-2018) a cross-sectional, nationally representative sample of U...
February 16, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
Chien-Ching Li, Alicia K Matthews, Xiaojun Gao, Krystal Cheung
OBJECTIVES: To examine the acceptability of a culturally targeted lung cancer screening decision aid developed for older Chinese Americans with a smoking history and primary care providers serving this patient population. METHODS: Study participants reviewed a web-based decision aid (DA) for lung cancer screening named "Lung Decisions Coaching Tool (LDC-T)." Participants completed a baseline survey and were invited to join an interview. During the interview, participants engaged with the Lung Decisions Coaching Tool and then completed standardized measures of acceptability, usability, and satisfaction...
February 16, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
Michael Siegel, Emma Wiklund
AIMS: While several studies have examined the impact of individual indicators of structural racism on single health outcomes, few have explicitly modeled racial disparities in a wide range of health outcomes using a multidimensional, composite structural racism index. This paper builds on the previous research by examining the relationship between state-level structural racism and a wider array of health outcomes, focusing on racial disparities in mortality from firearm homicide, infant mortality, stroke, diabetes, hypertension, asthma, HIV, obesity, and kidney disease...
February 15, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
Molly M Jacobs, Elizabeth Evans, Charles Ellis
BACKGROUND: The pandemic has highlighted and exacerbated health inequities in both acute coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and its longer-term sequelae. Given the heterogeneity in definitions of long COVID and the lack of centralized registries of patients with the disease, little is known about the differential prevalence among racial, ethnic, and sex subgroups. This study examines long COVID among Black, White, Asian, and Hispanic Americans and evaluates differences in the associated cognitive symptomology...
February 13, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
Latha Ganti, Masra Shameem, Jessica Houck, Thor S Stead, Tej G Stead, Taylor Cesarz, Amber Mirajkar
OBJECTIVE: To determine what if any differences in presentation exist between men and women who present with acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) to the emergency department (ED). METHODS: This was an IRB approved prospective cohort study of ED patients presenting with acute intracerebral hemorrhage. Statistical analyses were performed in JMP 14.1. Non parametric methods were used for skewed variables. The study was conducted in a comprehensive stroke center. The independent variable was the ICH score, and the dependent variable of interest was ultimate disposition (death or hospice vs...
February 12, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
Keyonna M King, Tatiana Tchouankam, Ron Shope, Regina Idoate, Martina Clarke, Dejun Su, Patrik Johansson
The purpose of our study is to examine the barriers and facilitators for urban African American students interested in pursuing health professions careers in the Midwest. In our analysis of the key informant interviews and focus groups, we identified four barriers (lack of preparation, lack of funding, lack of support/isolation, and perceived discrimination) and three facilitators (early preparation, support/mentorship, funding). We provide recommendations for how to leverage these facilitators and address the barriers to increase the representation of African Americans in the healthcare workforce...
February 10, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
Mohammadreza Panahian, Tahereh Yavari, Fahimeh Tafti, Mahboobeh Faridi
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a behavioral and modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We aimed to assess the association of walking or moderate to vigorous physical activity of various durations with cardiovascular risk in age and sex groups of the adult general population. METHODS: This research was a secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from a Brazilian cohort study (2009 to 2014) on the general population in an urban area. Overall, 1208 patients (48...
January 28, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
Lt Derrick Knox, Cdr Witzard Seide
The number of black male applicants to US medical schools has remained stagnant over the last 30 years. The etiology behind the lack of applicants is multifaceted and involves greater systemic barriers, specifically, educational and social barriers. The lack of representation of black males in medicine also has downstream implications for the health of the African American/black community. African Americans exhibit some of the lowest levels of trust in the healthcare system, have less access to care than their non-minority peers, and have, comparatively, poorer healthcare outcomes than other populations in the US...
January 28, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
Amelia F Drake, William A Sollecito, Kathryn E Horneffer, Joy B Martin, Lauren M Westervelt, Bryant A Murphy, Anna P Schenck, Lori Carter-Edwards
As healthcare systems become more complex, medical education needs to adapt in many ways. There is a growing need for more formal leadership learning for healthcare providers, including greater attention to health disparities. An important challenge in addressing health disparities is ensuring inclusive excellence in the leadership of healthcare systems and medical education. Women and those who are underrepresented in medicine (URMs) have historically had fewer opportunities for leadership development and are less likely to hold leadership roles and receive promotions...
January 25, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
Okeoma Mmeje, Marcia Perry, Patricia Andreski, Adrianne Haggins, David J Brown
BACKGROUND: Recruiting a diverse group of medical students, house officers, and faculty in medicine is challenging-particularly for predominantly white, midwest institutions that may not be racially or ethnically diverse. PURPOSE: To evaluate a novel clinical simulation program, SiMfest, for recruiting house officers from historically marginalized populations to our institution to demonstrate our leadership's commitment to high-quality education and recruitment of these students to enhance diversity in academic medicine...
January 25, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
Ché Matthew Harris, Scott Mitchell Wright
OBJECTIVE: Comparisons between Black and White patients with obesity hospitalized with COVID-19 have not been fully studied. We sought to determine outcomes differences between these two groups. METHODS: National Inpatient Sample database year 2020 was studied using multivariable regression to compare Black and White patients with obesity and COVID-19 infection. Outcomes were in-hospital mortality, length of stay, and hospital charges. RESULTS: 205,365 Black and White patients with obesity were hospitalized for COVID-19...
January 20, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
Abdurrahman Kaya, Sibel Yıldız Kaya, Azat Abul, Neslihan Fener, Ali Can, Ali Mert
In this paper, we reported a 37-year-old man who developed several lymphadenopathies after using the second dose of Pfizer-BioNtech vaccination against SARS-CoV-2. The excisional lymph node biopsy showed eosinophil-rich inflammation with micro-abscesses. Although eosinophilic dermatosis and eosinophilic myocarditis have been described previously following COVID-19 vaccinations, eosinophilic lymph node abscess was not reported in the literature. In our case, all lesions were completely recovered with steroid treatment...
January 13, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
LeChauncy Woodard, Lauren Gilbert, Ben King, Omolola E Adepoju, Marino A Bruce, Leon McDougle, Aisha Morris Moultry, Bettina M Beech
OBJECTIVES: Recognizing that the voice delivering the message is as important as the information being shared, we examined vaccine perceptions and willingness to encourage patients to obtain COVID-19 vaccinations among Black and Hispanic healthcare providers. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, online survey of Black and Hispanic healthcare providers who were members of the National Medical Association (NMA), National Hispanic Medical Association (NHMA), and National Pharmaceutical Association (NPhA) between January 11 - March 3, 2021, shortly after emergency use authorization (EUA) for the Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines...
January 5, 2023: Journal of the National Medical Association
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.