Journals American Journal of Drug and A...

American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Christopher Cappelli, James Russell Pike, Bin Xie, Alyssa Jenna Michaels, Alan W Stacy
Background: Past year, month, and lifetime adolescent e-cigarette use rates remain persistently high, despite falling cigarette use rates. Previous investigations have noted a strong relationship between an individual's positive and negative cognitions related to a behavior, and subsequent initiation of that behavior. Objective: This investigation was conducted to determine the impact positive and negative explicit and implicit cigarette-related cognitions may have on the use of cigarettes and e-cigarettes among at-risk, cigarette-naive adolescents...
May 20, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Sarah J Marks, Huyen Pham, Neil McCray, Jennifer Palazzolo, Ashley Harrell, Jason Lowe, Chethan Bachireddy, Lauren Guerra, Peter J Cunningham, Andrew J Barnes
Background: Payers are increasingly interested in quality improvement for opioid use disorder (OUD) treatment, including incorporating patient experiences. Medicaid is the largest payer for OUD treatment, yet we know little about the treatment benefits Medicaid members report, how these vary across members, or changed with the COVID-19 pandemic. Objective: To examine Medicaid members' report of outpatient treatment benefits, employment, and housing outcomes before and during the pandemic. Methods: A representative sample of 1,032 Virginia Medicaid members (52% women) receiving OUD treatment completed a survey of treatment benefits, health status and social needs...
May 17, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Elizabeth Mostofsky, Julie E Buring, Kenneth J Mukamal
Background: There is a yet unmet opportunity to utilize data on taxes and individual behaviors to yield insight for analyzing studies involving alcohol and cigarette use. Objectives: To inform the direction and strength of their mutual associations by leveraging the fact that taxation can affect individual consumption, but individual consumption cannot affect taxation. Methods: We linked state-level data on cigarette and beer taxes in 2009-2020 with individual-level data on self-reported current cigarette and alcohol use from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a telephone survey by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that is representative of the population of each state in the United States...
May 3, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Emily Pasman, Guijin Lee, Samantha Singer, Nick Burson, Elizabeth Agius, Stella M Resko
Background: Peer recovery specialists (PRSs) are substance use service providers with lived experience in recovery. Although a large body of research demonstrates the efficacy of medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD), emerging research suggests PRSs' attitudes toward MOUD are ambivalent or mixed. Few studies have quantitatively assessed factors influencing PRSs' attitudes. Objectives: This study identifies personal and professional characteristics associated with attitudes toward MOUD among PRSs. Methods: PRSs working at publicly funded agencies in Michigan completed a self-administered web-based survey ( N  = 266, 60...
April 19, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Ofir Livne, Alan Budney, Jacob Borodovsky, Dvora Shmulewitz, Claire Walsh, Cara A Struble, Mohammad Habib, Efrat Aharonovich, Deborah S Hasin
Background: Cannabis use is increasing among middle-aged and older US adults, populations that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of cannabis. Risks for adverse effects differ by cannabis use patterns, which have become increasingly heterogeneous. Nevertheless, little is known about age differences in such patterns. Objective: To investigate age differences in cannabis use patterns, comparing younger (age 18-49), middle-aged (age 50-64), and older adults (age ≥65). Methods: A total of 4,151 US adults with past 7-day cannabis consumption completed an online survey (35...
April 19, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Luis Antonio Díaz, Juan Pablo Arab, Lorenzo Leggio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Bess F Bloomer, Eric R Larson, Rachel L Tullar, Emma N Herms, Amanda R Bolbecker, Brian F O'Donnell, William P Hetrick, Krista M Wisner
Background: Cannabis use is associated with altered processing of external (exteroceptive) and internal (interoceptive) sensory stimuli. However, little research exists on whether subjective experiences of these processes are altered in people who frequently use cannabis. Altered exteroception may influence externally oriented attention, whereas interoceptive differences have implications for intoxication, craving, and withdrawal states. Objectives: The goal of the current study was to investigate subjective experiences of exteroceptive sensory gating and interoception in people frequently using cannabis...
April 2, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Vivian H Lyons, Matthew G Myers, Rebecca M Cunningham, Marc A Zimmerman, Patrick M Carter, Maureen A Walton, Jason Goldstick
Background: Although experiencing violence is a risk factor for substance use among youth, its association with same-day use of multiple substances (a form of polysubstance use) and mitigating factors is less well understood. Objectives: To identify whether prosocial factors modified the effect of experiencing violence on the frequency of same-day use, and examine gender-specific risk/protective factors for same-day use. Methods: We analyzed longitudinal data from a cohort of youth who use drugs aged 14-24 ( n  = 599; 58% male) presenting to an urban emergency department between 2009-2011 and assessed biannually for two years...
April 2, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Paul D Drew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Jodi M Sutherland Charvis, Chrystal Vergara-Lopez, Evelyn M Hernandez Valencia, Mary Ellen Fernandez, William Rozum, Hector I Lopez-Vergara
Background: Research utilizing experimental tasks usually does not report estimates of internal reliability of measurement. However, modern measurement theories conceptualize reliability as sample, dependent indicating that reliability should be empirically demonstrated in the samples used to make inferences. Objectives: Test whether confirmatory factor analytic (CFA) estimates of reliability can be applied to a commonly used task measuring response inhibition (the Stop Signal Task) to predict substance use (alcohol and cannabis) and mental health symptoms...
April 1, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Michael Sklar, Susan Doyle, Michael Kidorf
Background: Opioid treatment programs (OTPs) permit patients to ingest daily methadone doses unsupervised and away from the clinic, a strategy that enhances treatment access and convenience but has the potential for mismanagement. Objective: This retrospective review, conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic (5/2020-1/2022), evaluates the feasibility and acceptability of a commercially available electronic pillbox to safely administer methadone take-home tablets in a large community-based OTP (census >500 people)...
April 1, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Marc Galanter, William L White, Brooke Hunter, Jag Khalsa
Background: A Zoom-based website was developed in 2020 that offers continuous access to online Narcotics Anonymous (NA) meetings for the first time. This website provides immediate access for persons with substance use disorder to support abstinence from substance-related addictive disorders. Objectives: This study is designed to characterize attendees employing this online format; to evaluate their experiences for gaining support to maintain abstinence; and to compare the 24/7 experience to face-to-face (FF) meetings they attend...
April 1, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Robert J Kohler, Simon Zhornitsky, Marc N Potenza, Sarah W Yip, Patrick Worhunsky, Gustavo A Angarita
Background: Individual differences in gray-matter morphometry in the limbic system and frontal cortex have been linked to clinical features of cocaine use disorder (CUD). Self-administration paradigms can provide more direct measurements of the relationship between the regulation of cocaine use and gray-matter morphometry when compared to self-report assessments. Objectives: Our goal was to investigate associations with self-administration behavior in subcortical and cortical brain regions. We hypothesized the number of cocaine infusions self-administered would be correlated with gray-matter volumes (GMVs) in the striatum, amygdala, and hippocampus...
March 29, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Nae Y Won, Brittney Jabot, Anna Wang, Joseph J Palamar, Linda B Cottler
Background: Hair provision for drug testing can provide secondary measurement to complement self-reported drug use data, thereby providing a more accurate representation of an individual's drug use. Understanding factors associated with hair provision offers valuable insights into recruitment methods. Objective: To identify demographic and drug-related correlates of providing hair samples in a multi-site venue-intercept study. Methods: We utilized venue-intercept sampling for our Rapid Street Reporting study across 12 US cities between January and November 2022...
March 28, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Orman Trent Hall, Michael Vilensky, Julie E Teater, Craig Bryan, Kara Rood, Julie Niedermier, Parker Entrup, Stephanie Gorka, Anthony King, David A Williams, K Luan Phan
Background: Discovery of modifiable factors influencing subjective withdrawal experience might advance opioid use disorder (OUD) research and precision treatment. This study explores one factor - withdrawal catastrophizing - a negative cognitive and emotional orientation toward withdrawal characterized by excessive fear, worry or inability to divert attention from withdrawal symptoms. Objectives: We define a novel concept - withdrawal catastrophizing - and present an initial evaluation of the Withdrawal Catastrophizing Scale (WCS)...
March 19, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Nae Y Won, Andrew J McCabe, Linda B Cottler
Background: Information on recent alcohol-related non-fatal motor vehicle crash (MVC) injuries is limited. Objectives: To analyze alcohol-related non-fatal MVC injuries, 2019-2022, considering COVID-19 and Stay-at-Home policies. Methods: State-level counts of alcohol-related non-fatal MVC injuries (involving individuals age 15+) from Emergency Medical Services data in 18 US states, chosen for comprehensive coverage, were analyzed for the annual rate. The total non-fatal MVC injury count in each state served as the denominator...
March 15, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Silvi C Goldstein, Noam G Newberger, Melissa R Schick, Jewelia J Ferguson, Susan E Collins, Angela M Haeny, Nicole H Weiss
Background: Minoritized racial/ethnic and sex assigned at birth/gender groups experience disproportionate substance-related harm. Focusing on reducing substance-related harm without requiring abstinence is a promising approach. Objectives: The purpose of this meta-epidemiologic systematic review was to examine inclusion of racial/ethnic and sex assigned at birth/gender in published studies of nonabstinence-inclusive interventions for substance use. Methods: We systematically searched databases (PubMed and PsycINFO) on May 26, 2022 following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) criteria...
February 27, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Joseph G Pickard, Carissa van den Berk-Clark, Sharon D Johnson, Miriam Taylor
Background: While human ecosystem disruptions have happened in the past, the COVID-19 pandemic is the first situation to warrant such a large, world-wide transition to online education. The pandemic has increased the need for intervention with people in varying stages of substance use disorders. Objectives: In response to the need for more evidence-based, online educational and training options to address this need, this study used pre-posttest evaluations to determine the efficacy of an online training for a specific evidence-based intervention, Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Services (SBIRT)...
February 26, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Janna Ataiants, Carolyn F Wong, Omolola A Odejimi, Ekaterina V Fedorova, Bridgid M Conn, Stephen E Lankenau
Background: In 2016, California transitioned from legalized medical cannabis use to adult-use. Little is known about how this policy change affected medicinal cannabis use among young adults. Objectives: To identify longitudinal groups of medicinal cannabis users and concurrent changes in health- and cannabis use-related characteristics among young adults in Los Angeles between 2014 and 2021. Methods: Cannabis users (210 patients and 156 non-patients; 34% female; ages 18-26 at baseline) were surveyed annually across six waves...
February 26, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Ling Yang, ZhiChen Chen, LiJuan Qi, HanBing Yang, Yang Zhang
Background: Numerous studies have highlighted the pivotal role of alterations in the monetary reward system in the development and maintenance of substance use disorder (SUD). Although these alterations have been well documented in various forms of SUD, the electrophysiological mechanisms specific to opioid use disorder (OUD) remain underexplored. Understanding these mechanisms is critical for developing targeted interventions and advancing theories of addiction specific to opioid use. Objectives: To explore abnormalities in monetary reward outcome processing in males with OUD...
February 22, 2024: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
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