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Social Indicators Research

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30294065/family-structure-and-child-food-insecurity-evidence-from-the-current-population-survey
#1
Kelly Stamper Balistreri
Food insecurity-the lack of consistent access to adequate amounts of food-remains a reality for many American families. Although children are usually protected from reductions in food intake even in households with low food security, about 8 percent of all households with children also experienced reduced food intake and disrupted eating patterns. The research on child food insecurity and family structure is limited and the findings are mixed. Given the increasing complexity of families in the U.S., combined with sustained high levels of food insecurity during the last decade, a closer examination of this relationship is warranted...
August 2018: Social Indicators Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30166770/social-capital-associated-with-quality-of-life-mediated-by-employment-experiences-evidence-from-a-random-sample-of-rural-to-urban-migrants-in-china
#2
Xinguang Chen, Bin Yu, Jie Gong, Peigang Wang, Amy L Elliott
Working-age migrants need to possess adequate social capital in order to secure a stable and satisfactory job so that they can pursue a better quality of life (QOL). The positive relationship between social capital and vocational experiences, including successful employment, has been well established. In this study we focused on testing a multi-step mediation model linking social capital with employment experiences, and further to QOL. Survey data from rural-to-urban migrants randomly selected from Wuhan, China were analyzed...
August 2018: Social Indicators Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29755178/experiential-wellbeing-data-from-the-american-time-use-survey-comparisons-with-other-methods-and-analytic-illustrations-with-age-and-income
#3
Arthur A Stone, Stefan Schneider, Alan Krueger, Joseph E Schwartz, Angus Deaton
There has been a recent upsurge of interest in self-reported measures of wellbeing by official statisticians and by researchers in the social sciences. This paper considers data from a wellbeing supplement to the American Time Use Survey (ATUS), which parsed the previous day into episodes. Respondents provided ratings of five experiential wellbeing adjectives (happiness, stress, tiredness, sadness, and pain) for each of three randomly selected episodes. Because the ATUS Well-being module has not received very much attention, in this paper we provide the reader with details about the features of these data and our approach to analyzing the data (e...
February 2018: Social Indicators Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30524159/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-social-indices-to-measure-the-prevalence-of-social-isolation-in-neighbourhoods-a-qualitative-sense-check-of-an-index-in-a-northern-english-city
#4
Andrea Wigfield, Sarah Alden
Tackling the many negative health effects of social isolation has been identified as a policy priority in the UK and consequently many local authorities are developing strategies to ascertain its prevalence through the development of social indices. This paper provides a novel assessment of the emerging approach of developing indices to identify social isolation. It provides an overview of a selection of indices being developed by local authorities across England; considers the validity of such quantitative indices; and explores the extent to which more in-depth qualitative data collected at a neighbourhood level is additionally required...
2018: Social Indicators Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30464360/convergence-or-divergence-life-expectancy-patterns-in-post-communist-countries-1959-2010
#5
Christopher J Gerry, Yulia Raskina, Daria Tsyplakova
In the 1960s and 1970s, the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union experienced an unanticipated stagnation in the process of mortality reduction that was accelerating in the west. This was followed by even starker fluctuations and overall declines in life expectancy during the 1980s and 1990s. We identify statistically the extent to which, since the 1990s, the countries of the post-communist region have converged as a group towards other regional or cross-regional geopolitical blocks, or whether there are now multiple steady-states ('convergence clubs') emerging among these countries...
2018: Social Indicators Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30459481/a-dignified-standard-of-living-in-mexico-results-of-a-pilot-study-of-the-minimum-income-standard-approach
#6
Laura Valadez-Martínez, Matt Padley, María Fernanda Torres Penagos
This paper explores the ways in which consensually-defined, socially-constructed living standards could be helpful in providing new ways of understanding living standards in Mexico. A pilot study formulating a "Minimum Income Standard", carried out in the country in 2016, asked members of Mexican society what they consider to be necessary to achieve a dignified standard of living in urban Mexico today. Participants discussed the meaning of a dignified standard of living and translated such definition into concrete items in a hypothetical living room and in leisure time...
2018: Social Indicators Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319167/does-intergenerational-educational-mobility-shape-the-well-being-of-young-europeans-evidence-from-the-european-social-survey
#7
Bettina Schuck, Nadia Steiber
Using pooled European Social Survey data (Rounds 4-7, 2008-2014), we investigate the relationship between intergenerational educational mobility and subjective well-being (SWB) for young Europeans (N = 16,050 individuals aged 25-34 from 18 countries). Previous research has been struggling with inconclusive results due to the methodological challenge of disentangling the independent (i.e., 'net') effect of social mobility over and above the effects of social origin and destination. We contribute to this line of research by contrasting mobility effects estimated in a conventional linear regression framework with net mobility effects estimated by (non-linear) diagonal mobility models (DMM)...
2018: Social Indicators Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319166/the-social-norm-to-work-and-the-well-being-of-the-short-and-long-term-unemployed
#8
Karlijn L A Roex, Jesper J Rözer
Why are the unemployed particularly unhappy in some societies? According to the social norm theory of unemployment, the well-being of the non-employed is lower in countries with a strong social norm to work because of the greater stigma attached to unemployment. In this study, a social norm to work has been defined as the extent to which people expect others to work: do people think the unemployed should take any job they are offered, or should they have a right to refuse? The combined world and European values study and the European social survey were used to test the theory...
2018: Social Indicators Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30147219/conditions-for-maintaining-the-sustainable-development-level-of-eu-member-states
#9
Anna Bluszcz
For years we have been observing the exponential trend of the economic growth, energy consumption, mineral resources use and greenhouse gas emissions. The human population is exerting an increasing pressure on the environment, which in the highly industrialised regions has lost its natural ability for bio-capacity. The measurement of the member states' progress in achieving the sustainable development is an integral part of the European Union strategy. The article deals with methods of measuring the level of sustainable development and presents diversification of the EU member states according to the synthetic indicators, such as: domestic material consumption, import dependency, risky external energy supply, diversity index, ecological footprint and total carbon intensity...
2018: Social Indicators Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30147218/the-paradox-of-rising-ethnic-prejudice-in-times-of-educational-expansion-and-secularization-in-the-netherlands-1985-2011
#10
Paula Thijs, Manfred Te Grotenhuis, Peer Scheepers
We aim to clarify a puzzling paradox: while shares of highly educated and non-religious individuals-who generally hold less prejudice-have increased in the Netherlands, levels of prejudice against ethnic minorities have yet risen over time. To solve the paradox, we use cross-sectional data from 1985 to 2011 in counterfactual analyses. In these analyses we simulate that levels of ethnic prejudice within categories of education, church membership, and church attendance are kept constant at the 1985 level and a new simulated trend in prejudice is estimated for the 1985-2011 period...
2018: Social Indicators Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29983479/differences-between-household-income-from-surveys-and-registers-and-how-these-affect-the-poverty-headcount-evidence-from-the-austrian-silc
#11
Stefan Angel, Richard Heuberger, Nadja Lamei
We take advantage of the fact that for the Austrian SILC 2008-2011, two data sources are available in parallel for the same households: register-based and survey-based income data. Thus, we aim to explain which households tend to under- or over-report their household income by estimating multinomial logit and OLS models with covariates referring to the interview situation, employment status and socio-demographic household characteristics. Furthermore, we analyze source-specific differences in the distribution of household income and how these differences affect aggregate poverty indicators based on household income...
2018: Social Indicators Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29962656/comparing-life-satisfaction-of-immigrants-and-natives-across-europe-the-role-of-social-contacts
#12
Bruno Arpino, Helga de Valk
Research on immigrants' assimilation is widespread both in the U.S. and Europe. While it has been extensively studied how immigrants fare compared to natives on socio-economic indicators, few studies have focussed on immigrants' perception of their position. In this paper we focus on comparing life satisfaction of immigrants and natives across Europe and on the role of social embeddedness. Using data from the first six rounds (2002-2012) of the European Social Survey, a repeated cross-sectional survey, we find that life satisfaction among immigrants is lower than among natives even though differences diminish over generations...
2018: Social Indicators Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29962655/job-insecurity-differential-effects-of-subjective-and-objective-measures-on-life-satisfaction-trajectories-of-workers-aged-27-30-in-germany
#13
Laura Helbling, Shireen Kanji
Job insecurity has become increasingly evident in European countries in recent years. In Germany, legislation has increased insecurity through erosion of the standard employment relationship. Fixed-term contracts are central to definitions of insecurity based on atypical or precarious work but there is still limited understanding of what creates insecurity and how it affects workers. Drawing on Bourdieu's thesis that "insecurity is everywhere", the relationships between subjective and objective measures of insecurity are examined for their impact on the 5-year trajectories of life satisfaction of men and women in the age group 27-30...
2018: Social Indicators Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29950753/social-quality-and-health-examining-individual-and-neighbourhood-contextual-effects-using-a-multilevel-modelling-approach
#14
Daniel Holman, Alan Walker
Social quality focusses on the nature of 'the social', arguing that people are realised as social beings through interacting with a range of collectives, both from the formal world of systems and the informal lifeworld. Four conditional factors are necessary for this to occur, which at the same time are assumed to influence health and well-being: socio-economic security, social cohesion, social inclusion and social empowerment. In this paper we test the utility of social quality in explaining self-rated health as a response to arguments that the social determinants of health (SDH) framework often lacks a theoretical basis...
2018: Social Indicators Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29950752/decent-living-standards-material-prerequisites-for-human-wellbeing
#15
Narasimha D Rao, Jihoon Min
We define a set of universal, irreducible and essential set of material conditions for achieving basic human wellbeing, along with indicators and quantitative thresholds, which can be operationalized for societies based on local customs and preferences. We draw support for this decent living standard (DLS) from different accounts of basic justice, including the capability approach and basic needs. The DLS goes beyond existing multidimensional poverty indicators by comprehensively addressing living conditions and the means of social participation...
2018: Social Indicators Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29899593/constructing-well-being-and-poverty-dimensions-on-political-grounds
#16
Francesco Burchi, Pasquale De Muro, Eszter Kollar
The paper addresses the problem of justifying ethically sound dimensions of poverty or well-being for use in a multidimensional framework. We combine Sen's capability approach and Rawls' method of political constructivism and argue that the constitution and its interpretative practice can serve as an ethically suitable informational basis for selecting dimensions, under certain conditions. We illustrate our Constitutional Approach by deriving a set of well-being dimensions from an analysis of the Italian Constitution...
2018: Social Indicators Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29651193/using-new-technologies-for-time-diary-data-collection-instrument-design-and-data-quality-findings-from-a-mixed-mode-pilot-survey
#17
Stella Chatzitheochari, Kimberly Fisher, Emily Gilbert, Lisa Calderwood, Tom Huskinson, Andrew Cleary, Jonathan Gershuny
Recent years have witnessed a steady growth of time-use research, driven by the increased research and policy interest in population activity patterns and their associations with long-term outcomes. There is recent interest in moving beyond traditional paper-administered time diaries to use new technologies for data collection in order to reduce respondent burden and administration costs, and to improve data quality. This paper presents two novel diary instruments that were employed by a large-scale multi-disciplinary cohort study in order to obtain information on the time allocation of adolescents in the United Kingdom...
2018: Social Indicators Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29563661/weight-constrained-dea-measurement-of-the-quality-of-life-in-spanish-municipalities-in-2011
#18
Eduardo González, Ana Cárcaba, Juan Ventura
This paper measures quality of life (QoL) in the 393 largest Spanish municipalities in 2011. We follow recent descriptions of QoL dimensions to propose an integrated framework composed of eight dimensions: material living conditions, health, education, environment, economic and physical safety, governance and political voice, social interaction, and personal activities. Using different sources of information we construct 16 indicators, two per each of the QoL dimensions considered. Weight constrained data envelopment analysis (DEA) is then used to estimate a composite indicator of the QoL of each municipality...
2018: Social Indicators Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29563660/ethnic-diversity-inter-group-attitudes-and-countervailing-pathways-of-positive-and-negative-inter-group-contact-an-analysis-across-workplaces-and-neighbourhoods
#19
James Laurence, Katharina Schmid, Miles Hewstone
This study advances the current literature investigating the relationship between contextual out-group exposure, inter-group attitudes and the role of inter-group contact. Firstly, it introduces the concept of contact-valence into this relationship; that is, whether contact is experienced positively or negatively. Secondly, it presents a comparative analysis of how processes of out-group exposure and frequency of (valenced) contact affect prejudice across both neighbourhoods and workplaces. Applying path analysis modelling to a nationally-representative sample of white British individuals in England, we demonstrate, across both contexts, that increasing out-group exposure is associated with higher rates of both positively- and negatively-valenced contact...
2018: Social Indicators Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29563659/what-s-left-of-the-left-right-dimension-why-the-economic-policy-positions-of-europeans-do-not-fit-the-left-right-dimension
#20
Simon Otjes
In political science the economic left-right dimension plays a central role. A growing body of evidence shows that the economic policy preferences of a large segment of citizens do not scale sufficiently. Using Mokken scale analysis, this study determines the causes of this phenomenon. Differences in the extent to which the economic policy preferences of citizens fit the left-right dimension can be explained in terms of the interaction between individual level and political system-level variables: citizens who spend more attention to politicians with views that conform to the left-right dimension, have views that conform to the left-right dimension...
2018: Social Indicators Research
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