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JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736650/is-pelvis-x-ray-essential-in-stable-trauma-patients-step-towards-lowering-the-treatment-cost
#1
Muhammad Asad Moosa, Roger Christopher Gill, Iqra Jangda, Raza Hasnain Sayyed, Hasnain Zafar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of clinical examination in detecting pelvic fractures in patients with blunt trauma.. Methods: The cross-sectional prospective study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from January to June 2015, and comprised alert, awake blunt-trauma patients. Pelvis examination findings were compared to routine pelvic X-rays. SPSS 19 was used for data analysis.. Results: Of the 133 patients, 122 (92%) were males...
March 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30697016/is-pelvis-x-ray-essential-in-stable-trauma-patients-step-towards-lowering-the-treatment-cost
#2
Muhammad Asad Moosa, Roger Christopher Gill, Iqra Jangda, Raza Hasnain Sayyed, Hasnain Zafar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of clinical examination in detecting pelvic fractures in patients with blunt trauma.. Methods: The cross-sectional prospective study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from January to June 2015, and comprised alert, awake blunt-trauma patients. Pelvis examination findings were compared to routine pelvic X-rays. SPSS 19 was used for data analysis.. Results: Of the 133 patients, 122 (92%) were males...
March 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736667/developing-a-low-budget-trauma-registry
#3
Muhammad Asad Moosa, Ahmad Jawad, Iqra Jangda, Hasnain Zafar
Trauma registry plays an essential role in collecting epidemiological injury data which is used in quality care improvement and research. This paper was planned toshare our experience of having developed a low-budget user-friendly trauma registry with the help of Microsoft Access. This was used because of its ease of use, quickdevelopment style, and support for relational database d esign. Var iable i nc lud ed in our registr y were demographics, description of injury, International Classification of Disease 9 Clinical Modification (ICD9- CM) external injury classification codes, date and time of arrival, length of hospital stay, referral to and from hospital, physiological assessment along with scores for assessing the injury severity...
February 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736666/global-perspective-of-paediatric-surgery-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#4
Saqib Hamid Qazi, Sohail Asghar Dogar, Samie Asghar Dogar, Tamara Fitzgerald, Ayesha Saleem, Jai K Das
There is huge burden of paediatric surgical diseases in low and middle income countries. Issues behind such a scenario include lack of trained paediatric surgeons, higher mortality due to infections, and poor postoperative care. The possible solution is improvement in the existing structure, which is government hospitals, because they are the most prevalent form of healthcare delivery in such countries. Proper coding system, research and identification of paediatric bellwether procedures can improve the existing health system...
February 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736665/inflammatory-arthritis-and-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection-a-diagnostic-and-management-challenge-for-knee-arthroplasty-in-endemic-areas
#5
Obada Hasan, Shahryar Noordin, Riaz Lakdawala, Vickash Kumar, Faisal Mahmood
Tuberculosis continues to be one of the most challenging health problems more prevalent in developing countries. Pakistan ranks 5th in tuberculosis prevalence among the high-burden countries. Prosthetic joint infection of the knee by acid fast bacilli is a rare and distressing complication, occurring in nearly 1% of primary joint arthroplasties requiring prolonged medical treatment and multiple surgeries. A recent publication extensively reviewed English literature from 1952 to 2016, and repor ted only 64 prosthetic joint infec tion with tuberculosis, of which 27 cases involved the knee...
February 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736664/a-case-for-global-surgery-in-pakistan-implementation-through-multi-disciplinary-engagement
#6
Rafeh Ahmed, Asad Iqbal Mian
The increasing disparity in healthcare access in Pakistan requires immediate intervention in the form of informed policy and appropriate implementation of such a policy. The implementation of a global surgery framework in Pakistan has the potential to improve healthcare access and parity in rural areas. Benefitting from the lessons learned through previous attempts at implementing centrally planned health programmes, This paper makes the case for a decentralised approach in facilitating the implementation of a Global Surgery framework in Pakistan...
February 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736663/surgery-s-role-in-addressing-population-health-needs
#7
Charles Mock
There is a large and unacceptable burden of death and disability from conditions that are treatable by surgery. Several global efforts to address this burden have included the World Health Assembly resolution (WHA68.15) on emergency and essential surgical care, the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery, and the Disease Control Priorities project. On a country level, progress can be made in almost any location by taking a logical approach that includes defining the most costeffective surgical interventions that can and should be made available to anyone in a given country, identifying and addressing the barriers to such care that often include finding ways to address financial barriers, and developing monitoring mechanisms to ensure that access to quality care is indeed being achieved...
February 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736662/global-surgery-building-healthy-surgical-systems
#8
Taylor Leposa, Bria Johnston, Sohail Dogar, Henry Rice, Tamara Fitzgerald
Global Surgery (GS) is a movement that advocates access of every individual to safe and affordable surgery despite geographic location or socioeconomic status. It has recently received increased attention within the global health arena, but many patients are still without access to care because of geographical, social and economic disparities. Due to the multi-disciplinary nature of surgical services, GS requires that a worldwide network of healthy surgical systems be developed and sustained. Healthy surgical systems have many components, and this paper will briefly address 3 of those components: Improved access to care, safety and quality, and multidisciplinary strengthening...
February 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736661/global-surgery-could-systems-thinking-be-the-key-to-success
#9
Amber Mehmood
Surgery and anaesthesia care is progressively making its way into the Global Public Health arena, which was d omi na ted by ma ter nal an d c hild h e al th an d communicable diseases in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). Global Surgery (GS) could potentially make an impact on survival and quality of life in all age groups for a variety of disease conditions. After success in highlighting knowledge, policy and advocacy gaps, Global Surgery is transitioning from problem identification to designing and implementing solutions...
February 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736660/primary-trauma-care-a-training-course-for-healthcare-providers-in-developing-countries
#10
Saqib Kamran Bakhshi, Rashid Jooma
Outcomes of injury in low and middle income countries may be compromised by skill deficiencies of healthcare providers. Short subspecialty training courses can be a useful solution to skill-deficits. We report on the Primary Trauma Care programme, a 2-day course designed to train frontline health workers in resuscitation and early management of the injured with limited resources and equipment. Developed for use in weak health systems and now conducted in over 70 countries, the programme is cost-efficient with built-in design sustainability by way of early transfer of ownership to local partners to effect a cascade of trauma courses in their communities...
February 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736659/when-surgeons-are-rarer-than-resources-our-experience-with-improving-access-to-thoracic-surgery-in-an-urban-setting-a-special-report
#11
Mohammad Bin Pervez, Shiraz Hashmi, Mehnaz Jabeen, Saulat Hasnain Fatimi
With progressive globalisation enabled by technology, there is an increased interest in finding viable solutions to the myriad health problems faced by developing countries. In countries like Pakistan, occasionally the challenge is not a dearth of material resources but rather unavailability of expertise. The current paper was planned to share a model that was successfully implemented in the urban setting of Karachi, Pakistan, from 2012 onwards which significantly improved access to thoracic surgery for underprivileged individuals...
February 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736658/low-cost-reconstructive-options-after-musculoskeletal-tumour-resection-in-developing-countries-affordable-effective-and-durable-alternatives
#12
Arif Ali, Obada Hasan, Ahmed Habib, Masood Umer
Over the last two, three decades, the overall survival rates for non-metastatic malignant tumours of the bone have dramatically improved. This has become possible due to the recent advances and multidisciplinary approach towards these diseases, specifically the advent of multi-agent chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Limb salvage has now become the norm in the treatment of musculoskeletal tumours without compromising on the overall survival and recurrence of the disease. In the era of metal, prosthetic reconstruction has become the standard procedure specifically in the large tumours which involve the joints as this method of reconstruction helps in joint mobility and early weight-bearing...
February 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736657/telesurgery-prospects-in-delivering-healthcare-in-remote-areas
#13
Noman Shahzad, Tabish Chawla, Tanzeela Gala
Feasibility and safety of performing remote surgery was first established by performing surgeries on pigs in later part of the 20th century. The first tele-robotic remote surgical system was set up in Canada in 2003 between two hospitals 400 kilometres away. The current review was planned to have a look at the current state of robotic surgery and its use in telesurgery. Literature search was conducted for articles related to "Robotic Surgery" and "Tele-Surgery". Our search included articles published in English literature, including case studies and review articles...
February 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736656/the-need-for-simulation-in-surgical-education-in-developing-countries-the-wind-of-change-review-article
#14
Obada Hasan, Ahmed Ayaz, Muneeba Jessar, Charles Docherty, Pervaiz Hashmi
Operative skills are the heart and soul of surgical practice. An extensive amount of literature has been devoted to the art and science of acquiring these skills which start by mastering basic skills until automaticity has been achieved. The current model of surgical education is purely based on sheer volume of patients, restrictions in the maximum number of working hours for trainees and increased pressures of operating room efficiency. This leads to limited teaching time. Adding to the scenario is the emphasis on patient safety and greater awareness of medico-legal consequences following medical errors...
February 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736655/cost-effectiveness-of-glove-endobag-in-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-review-of-the-available-literature
#15
Saleema Begum, Muhammad Rizwan Khan, Roger Christopher Gill
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the most common procedure performed worldwide and remains the gold standard for symptomatic gallstones. The most common complication obser ved during this procedure is gallbladder perforation resulting in spillage of stones and bile into peritoneal cavity. In order to avoid such complications, gallbladder is commonly extracted in an endobag. The current literature review was conducted to assess the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of glove endobags. PubMed and Google Scholar databses were searched to find relevant studies from January 1990 to December 2017...
February 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736654/affecting-the-global-burden-of-surgical-disease-incorporating-surgical-training-into-international-missions-a-systematic-review
#16
Kimberly Washington
The global burden of surgical disease is immense. Increasingly in the past several decades, international humanitarian medical missions have become more popular as a method of managing the sheer volume of patients requiring medical care worldwide. Medical education programmes have also had an increase in interest amongst medical students and surgical residents to participate in missions during training. The current review was planned to present the current body of literature on international experiences in residency training programmes...
February 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736653/application-of-3d-printing-in-orthopaedic-surgery-a-new-affordable-horizon-for-cost-conscious-care
#17
Obada Hasan, Muhammad Atif, Mir Muzamil Jessar, Pervaiz Hashmi
Application of three-dimensional (3D) printing facilities in orthopaedic surgery is getting popular in resourceconstrained countries. It is cost- and resource-efficient to assist in planning and increasing orthopaedic procedures efficienc y. Furthermore, it improves educational training and provides cheaper prosthesis and creation of customised implants for special cases. Moreover, 3D models of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data play a helpful rule for a more hands-on approach for the surgeon...
February 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736652/does-pin-tract-infection-after-external-fixator-limits-its-advantage-as-a-cost-effective-solution-for-open-fractures-in-low-middle-income-countries-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Faaiz Ali Shah, Mian Amjad Ali, Vickash Kumar, Waqar Alam, Obada Hasan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of pin tract infection in external fixator tibia and its effects on the definite fracture fixation and bone healing. Methods: The prospective study was conducted at Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan, from August 2017 to July 2018, and comprised patients regardless of age and gender with open fracture tibia Gustillo-Anderson type II and type IIIA. Pin tract infection was assessed following the application of locally made external fixation of tibia open fractures...
February 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736651/geospatial-mapping-of-patients-presenting-for-emergency-laparotomy-to-a-private-sector-tertiary-care-hospital-in-pakistan
#19
Muhammad Sohaib Khan, Syed Arish Haider, Areeb Ashfaq, Sadaf Khan, Amir Hafeez Shariff
Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from July 1, 2015, to June 30, 2018, and comprised patients who underwent emergency laparotomy. Demographic characteristics of all patients were recorded. Google Maps was used to measure the distance from their home locality to the hospital. Results: Of the 259 patients, 184(71%) presented from within the city and 75(29%) were from outside. The overall mean age was 50±20...
February 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736649/amoebic-liver-abscess-outcomes-of-percutaneous-needle-aspiration-vs-drain-placement-in-paediatric-population
#20
Areej Salim, Sarah Masroor Jeelani, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Waseem Mirza
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of percutaneous catheter drain placement with percutaneous needle aspiration in terms of hospital stay, time to resolution of symptoms and cost of intervention performed. Methods: The retrospective cohort study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised data of patients with amoebic liver abscess from, January 2006 to December 2016 which was collected using non-probability purposeful sampling. Primary outcome included length of hospital stay, time to resolution of symptoms and cost of intervention...
February 2019: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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