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Journal of Religion and Health

Jelena Čvorović
The present paper offers an account of how self-reported health varies with religious affiliation and reproductive effort among Serbian Roma women. Data were collected in 2014-2018 in two Roma semi-urban settlements in central Serbia. The sample consisted of 177 Christian and 127 Muslim women, averaging 54 years of age. In addition to religious affiliation (Christianity/Islam), demographic data, reproductive histories, data on self-reported and children's health were collected, along with height and weight, and smoking status...
May 16, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
Mehmet Dogan, Fevziye Cetinkaya, Vesile Senol, Melis Nacar
Religious beliefs and attitudes contribute to a healthy life by helping individuals avoiding negative behaviors that can affect health. In this respect, clergymen can play an important role in smoking control by being models for the society. This study was conducted to evaluate smoking situations and views on cigarette use by Erciyes University, Faculty of Theology students. In this cross-sectional descriptive research, a questionnaire was conducted with the first and last year students studying in the Faculty of Theology (305)...
May 16, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
Francesco Corallo, Lilla Bonanno, Caterina Formica, Federica Corallo, Simona De Salvo, Viviana Lo Buono, Marcella Di Cara, Antonella Alagna, Carmela Rifici, Placido Bramanti, Silvia Marino
Caregivers play a crucial role in physical and psychological management in terms of assistance. For this reason, it is important for caregivers to find better coping strategies to minimize a possible physical and emotional burden. The aim of our study is to demonstrate how the religious coping can influence the burden of caregivers about health care of patients with severe brain injuries. Caregivers were, respectively, divided into two groups: 31 religious believers and 20 unbelievers. We submitted the questionnaires to participants, which investigate the caregiver burden, presence of depressive symptoms and kind of coping strategies adopted...
May 16, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
Benaouda Bensaid
The argument inherent in this paper is that the religious beliefs and values system deeply shape Muslims' breastfeeding culture and that mapping the religious ideals of Islam is essential given the potential inroads it offers toward enhanced neonatal, prenatal and pediatric practices, as well as the mitigation of malpractice or cultural inhibitors. This paper discusses the Muslim religious, moral and spiritual understanding of breastfeeding as a basic natural right while exploring the peculiar perspectives of Islamic law and ethics on the matter, in an effort to present a relevant coherent overview...
May 15, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
Aminollah Vasigh, Asma Tarjoman, Milad Borji
In recent years, the prevalence of chronic diseases has had a growing trend, which has resulted in many health problems. Level of belief in God is effective on people's attitudes to life concepts, social deviations and psychological disorders, and improves them. Therefore, the present research was conducted with the aim of determining the relationship between spiritual health (SH) and pain self-efficacy (PSE) in Ilam City in 2018. This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study in the group of patients with chronic pain (CP)...
May 13, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
Meguellati Achour, Asmawati Muhamad, Abdul Halim Syihab, Mohd Roslan Mohd Nor, Mohd Yakub Zulkifli Mohd Yusoff
This study examines how Salat (prayer) in Islam moderates the relationship between job stress and life satisfaction among Muslim nursing staff. The researchers sampled 335 nursing staff employed at the University of Malaya Medical Centre in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Their ages ranged from 21 to 60 years. The findings indicate the job stress was associated negatively with life satisfaction; there is a strong positive and significant correlation, respectively, between Salat and life satisfaction and that Salat reduces stress and increases the life satisfaction of Muslim nurses...
May 11, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
Mansooreh Fateh, Seyed Abbas Mousavi, Mohammad Bagher Sohrabi, Mohsen Arabi, Mohammad Hassan Emamian
Hajj is a spiritual journey and religious ritual which is performed every year. Here, we evaluate the psychological effect of the Hajj. Using General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) questionnaire with 28 questions, the mental health of the pilgrims was assessed before and after the journey. A total of 154 people were questioned, 72 pilgrims (47%) were male. The mean GHQ score of participants before the journey was 50.1 and after the journey was 49.5 (P = 0.248). The results of analysis of variance and generalized estimating equation indicated that the GHQ scores had no significant difference before and after the journey...
May 9, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
Mohammad Farris Iman Leong Bin Abdullah, Mohd Afifuddin Mohamad, Noor Naemah Abdul Rahman
This paper aimed to summarize kratom's psychological effects on users and the Islamic views on kratom use. A literature survey of published kratom studies, teachings based on the holy Qur'an, the Sunnah, and views of several Islamic scholars based on qualitative methodology through text analysis was conducted. The results demonstrated that despite its beneficial therapeutic effects, the harm induced by kratom outweighs its benefits. We concluded that kratom use for medicinal purposes is only warranted if useful constituent mitragynine can be extracted and used on its own, and if more rigorous human studies demonstrated good safety profile and efficacy of mitragynine for therapeutic purposes...
May 8, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
Ross W May, Ashley N Cooper, Frank D Fincham
This study examined daily partner-focused petitionary prayer (PFPP) on relationship communication and quality as well as novel indices of cardiovascular functioning in a sample of 90 adults. PFPP was compared to waitlist and meditation conditions over a 4-week period. Aortic hemodynamics via pulse wave analysis were assessed before and after the intervention. Factorial repeated measures analyses indicated that for those in the prayer condition, there were significant improvements in coronary perfusion, decreased left ventricular work, and increased coronary blood flow...
May 7, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
Hazel Bağcı, Şebnem Çınar Yücel
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of therapeutic touch on sleep quality in the elderly people living in the nursing homes. The study is a randomized controlled experimental study (pretest-posttest control group). The sample of the research consisted of 25 elderly people. As a result of the study, although there was a significant increase (p < 0.05) in the sleep quality of each group, no significant difference was found between the groups (p > 0.05). Therapeutic touch is an effective method of improving the sleep quality of the elders living at a nursing home...
May 6, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
Sharon T Smith, Carol Dawson-Rose, Jennifer Blanchard, Derrick Butler
Acceptance among family, friends, and within the community is a critical developmental milestone during adolescence. Having a diagnosis of HIV may hinder or impede one's ability to develop socially. The purpose of our original study was to describe the role spirituality may play in HIV-infected adolescents and emerging adults. We interviewed 21 Christian-identified males using constructivist grounded theory methodology. The theory of the church not embracing HIV-infected youth was generated. The theme "unwelcoming" describes young people's attempts to connect with the church...
May 4, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
Seyed Abbas Zahabi
This paper elucidates how Islamic philosophy is associated with health and illness. Avicenna (980-1037) as the most important physician and philosopher in the Islamic world has undoubtedly affected various fields of thought and science in Islamic civilization. The basis and infrastructure of his understanding of medicine derive from his philosophical and religious views. According to Avicenna, the soul and body are two intertwined substances from which all human beings are composed. This reciprocal interaction between soul and body is essential in analyzing his medical concepts related to "health" and "sickness...
May 4, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
John Brewer Eberly
A third-year medical student reflects on the role of creative meditation in the life of the clinician. Through three patient encounters, he suggests that the "honey-making" of reflection gives therapeutic power to the clinical encounter, for both provider and patient.
May 4, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
Krzysztof Kielkiewicz, Ciarán Ó Mathúna, Christopher McLaughlin
Until this research, correlation of Rosenberg's (1965) self-esteem scale (RSES), with religious and spiritual values, was never investigated using the measure as a twofold construct instead of the monolithic form. This research paper explores the prediction of RSES by spiritual values using a twofold structure of: self-esteem-positive (SEP) and self-esteem-negative (SEN), to specify individual and fragmented correlations with spirituality, which until now was unobtainable. Confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modelling were applied to analyse the data...
May 3, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
Talita Prado Simão Miranda, Sílvia Caldeira, Harley Francisco de Oliveira, Denise Hollanda Iunes, Denismar Alves Nogueira, Erika de Cássia Lopes Chaves, Emília Campos de Carvalho
The goal of this study was to assess the effect of intercessory prayer in the psychological, spiritual and biological scores of breast cancer patients who are undergoing radiotherapy. Double-blind RCT comprising a sample of 31 participants (15 in the Control Group and 16 in the Intervention Group). Data collection was performed in three time points (T0 , T1 and T2 ). Significant changes have been identified in the intra-group analysis, concerning the decrease in spiritual distress score; negative religious/spiritual coping prevailed, while the total religious/spiritual coping increased between the posttest T2 to T0 ...
May 3, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
Engin Şenel
Scientometrics is a popular statistical application providing data revealing publication trends and patterns in a certain academic field. A quite limited number of studies investigating scientometric features of health and religion literature have been reported in academic literature. The present study aims to present a holistic analysis of health literature related to Shamanism, Paganism and Spirituality. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study in this field. All data of this analysis were yielded from Web of Science databases...
April 30, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
Dede Kossiwa Teteh, Jerry W Lee, Susanne B Montgomery, Colwick M Wilson
This study examined the relationships of perceived discrimination and religious coping with hypertension in a sample of Black and White Seventh-day Adventists. Data come from a community-based sample of 6128 White American, 2253 African American and 927 Caribbean American adults (67% women; mean age = 62.9 years). Results indicate lifetime unfair treatment was significantly associated with hypertension regardless of race/ethnicity. Positive religious coping was associated with lower odds of hypertension and did not interact with unfair treatment...
April 24, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
Iman Permana, Paula Ormandy, Anya Ahmed
The lingering culture among Javanese people cannot be separated from religion, influencing how they perceive any factors that might play a role in managing any health condition. This present study aimed in exploring the perceptions and experiences of religion and culture in performing daily self-care among Javanese Muslim with type 2 diabetes. A qualitative study with thematic content analysis method utilizing in-depth semi-structured interviews was undertaken to explore the perceptions and experiences of Javanese Muslim with diabetes managing their daily self-care activity...
April 22, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
Harold G Koenig, Nagy A Youssef, Donna Ames, Rev John P Oliver, Fred Volk, Ellen J Teng, Terrence D Hill
We examined multiple dimensions of religiosity and their relationship to the four DSM-5 PTSD symptom clusters among US Veterans and Active Duty Military (ADM), hypothesizing that religiosity would be most strongly inversely related to negative cognitions/emotions (Criterion D symptoms) and less strongly to neurobiologically based symptom clusters (B, C, and E). This cross-sectional multisite study involved 591 Veterans and ADM from across the southern USA. Inclusion criteria were having served in a combat theater and the presence of PTSD symptoms...
April 15, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
Şebnem Çınar Yücel, Gamze Goke Arslan, Hazel Bagci
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of hand massage and therapeutic touch on comfort and anxiety in the elderly living in nursing homes. The study was designed as a randomized controlled, experimental study (with a pre- and posttest control group). The study population comprised 255 older people aged 65-89 living in a nursing home in Izmir, a province in Turkey. The study sample included 30 older patients, who were assigned to hand massage (HM) (n = 10), therapeutic touch (TT) (n = 10) and control (C) (n = 10) groups...
April 13, 2019: Journal of Religion and Health
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