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Journal of Personality

Patrick Luyten, Chloe Campbell, Peter Fonagy
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a relatively highly prevalent psychiatric disorder that is associated with very high personal and socioeconomic costs. This paper provides a state-of-the art review of the relationship between complex trauma and key features of BPD, with a focus on problems with self-coherence and self-continuity. We first review evidence for the high prevalence of complex trauma in BPD patients. This is followed by a discussion of emerging knowledge concerning the biobehavioral mechanisms involved in problems related to self and identity in BPD...
May 7, 2019: Journal of Personality
Andreas Pöge
OBJECTIVE: Many researchers agree that a person's values are formed during the first two decades of one's life span. But little is known about the exact formation process and the typical development of values during youth. In this article, we investigate the question of intra-individual stability and changes in values during the so-called formative years. METHOD: We used the dataset of a German panel study that took place in seven waves, from 2002 to 2008 (t1 to t7 ), which contained responses obtained from 2,957 boys and girls ages 13 to 19...
May 7, 2019: Journal of Personality
Naemi D Brandt, Clemens M Lechner, Julia Tetzner, Beatrice Rammstedt
AIM: Personality traits and cognitive ability are well-established predictors of academic performance. Yet, how consistent and generalizable are the associations between personality, cognitive ability, and performance? Building on theoretical arguments that trait-performance relations should vary depending on the demands and opportunities for trait expression in the learning environment, we investigated whether the associations of personality (Big Five) and cognitive ability (fluid intelligence) with academic performance (grades and tests scores) vary across school subjects (German and math) and across ability-grouped school tracks (academic, intermediate, vocational)...
April 22, 2019: Journal of Personality
Sarah Schnitker, Madison Kawakami Gilbertson, Benjamin Houltberg, Sam A Hardy, Nathaniel Fernandez
OBJECTIVE: To understand how health, prosocial, and spiritual motivations correspond to changes in the virtues of self-control, patience, and interpersonal generosity among adolescents and emerging adults. METHOD: Participants included adolescent and emerging adult athletes (N = 396; 12-22 years, M = 18.42, SD = 2.03) on marathon training teams fundraising for a faith-based charity. Participants completed self-report questionnaires four times over six months. Participants were 63% female and identified as 61% Caucasian, 17% Latino/a, 10% African American, and 6% Asian American...
April 15, 2019: Journal of Personality
Marianne Hannuschke, Mario Gollwitzer, Katharina Geukes, Mitja Back, Steffen Nestler
OBJECTIVE: Personality dispositions predict how individuals perceive, interpret, and react to social interactions with others. A still unresolved question is (1) whether these personality-congruent interpersonal perceptions reflect perception biases, which occur when perceivers' dispositions systematically predict deviations between perceivers' and other people's perceptions of the same interaction, and/or selection effects, which occur when perceivers' dispositions predict their selection of interaction partners, and (2) whether these effects feed back into perceivers' personality...
April 15, 2019: Journal of Personality
Tanja Bipp, Ad Kleingeld, Chris Snijders
OBJECTIVE: In a longitudinal field study, we investigated the predictive associations between six aberrant personality tendencies (antisocial, narcissistic, borderline, schizotypal, obsessive-compulsive, avoidant) and academic success of STEM students. METHOD: Bachelor students of Industrial Engineering at a Dutch technical university (N = 432, Mage  = 18.45; 87.3% male) filled out the NEO-PI-R and aberrant tendencies were operationalized by the five-factor model compound technique...
April 15, 2019: Journal of Personality
Gordon Pennycook, David G Rand
OBJECTIVE: Fake news represents a particularly egregious and direct avenue by which inaccurate beliefs have been propagated via social media. We investigate the psychological profile of individuals who fall prey to fake news. METHOD: We recruited 1,606 participants from Amazon's Mechanical Turk for three online surveys. RESULTS: The tendency to ascribe profundity to randomly generated sentences - pseudo-profound bullshit receptivity - correlates positively with perceptions of fake news accuracy, and negatively with the ability to differentiate between fake and real news (media truth discernment)...
March 31, 2019: Journal of Personality
Emily C Willroth, Jayde A M Flett, Iris B Mauss
OBJECTIVE: The present research aimed to better understand deficits in emotion differentiation that accompany depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms have been associated with more undifferentiated negative emotion experiences-experiencing multiple negative emotions simultaneously. We extend previous research by asking: 1) Are depressive symptoms and negative and positive emotion differentiation related above and beyond emotion intensity? 2) Are deficits in negative emotion differentiation specific to distinct categories of negative emotions (sadness, guilt, anger, and anxiety)? and 3) Do age or gender predict emotion differentiation or its associations with depressive symptoms?...
March 30, 2019: Journal of Personality
Patrick Boyd, Jamie L Goldenberg, Kasey Lynn Morris, Curtis Puryear
OBJECTIVE: We examine if individuals low in openness cope with death reminders (i.e., mortality salience) by becoming less open and more avoidant of death. METHOD: In Study 1, openness was measured before and after a mortality salience manipulation (N = 128; Mage = 35.82; 54.7% male; 85.2% Caucasian). In Study 2, we measured openness, manipulated mortality salience, and measured implicit avoidance of death-related words using a lexical decision task (N = 162; Mage = 20...
March 25, 2019: Journal of Personality
Kostas A Papageorgiou, Elena Benini, Delfina Bilello, Foteini-Maria Gianniou, Peter J Clough, Giulio Costantini
OBJECTIVE: We employed the network methodology to explore the connections between the Dark Triad (DT) traits with Mental Toughness (MT) and the degree to which they account for perceived stress beyond the Big Five (B5). METHOD: Network analyses were undertaken to explore connections between the DT, MT and perceived stress, independently in two samples, and in the combined dataset; and whether B5 factors are responsible for the connections that emerged in the original network...
March 10, 2019: Journal of Personality
Liat Levontin, Ora Nakash, Shai Danziger
OBJECTIVE: We tested the prediction that incremental theorists are more likely to facilitate others' self-disclosure than are entity theorists. METHOD: We conducted three studies: (1) a field study that examined client's self-disclosure (N = 122; Mage = 41.9, 67.8% woman; Israelis) during an intake interview with a professional therapist (N = 38; Mage = 46.2, 84.20% woman; Israelis), (2) a survey of adults (N = 120; Mage = 37.14, 57.6% female) who reported self-perceptions and behaviors during conversations and their perceptions of others' self-disclosure...
March 10, 2019: Journal of Personality
Jocelyn J Bélanger, Birga M Schumpe, Noëmie Nociti, Manuel Moyano, Stéphane Dandeneau, Pier-Eric Chamberland, Robert J Vallerand
OBJECTIVE: Four studies examined the relationship between motivational imbalance - the degree to which a goal dominates other goals - and political activism. METHOD: Based on the dualistic model of passion (Vallerand, 2015) and recent theorizing on violent extremism (Kruglanski, Jasko, Chernikova, Dugas, & Webber, 2017), we predicted that obsessive passion, which facilitates alternative goal suppression, would increase support for violent political behaviors...
February 25, 2019: Journal of Personality
Robert J Klein, Michael D Robinson
OBJECTIVE: Prominent theories of neuroticism emphasize its potential link to threat- or punishment-sensitivity processes. Even in the absence of external threats, though, neuroticism may predispose people to a sort of "mental noise", or cognitive instability, that creates problems for ongoing efforts after control. If this is the case, cognitive views of neuroticism might be needed to complement the primarily emotion-related views that currently exist. METHOD: In a four study program of research (total N = 541), momentary forms of monitoring and control were assessed using variants of a continuous tracking task...
February 25, 2019: Journal of Personality
Larry Davidson
OBJECTIVE: Diverse theoretical orientations on psychopathology, including most recently phenomenological and neuroscientific approaches, consistently have viewed a core component of schizophrenia to be the loss, or distortion, of a person's sense of self as an effective agent in a shared, social world. How such a sense of self becomes lost or distorted, and the questions of whether or not, and if so, how it can be recovered have received considerably less attention. These questions are taken up in the present paper...
February 23, 2019: Journal of Personality
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2019: Journal of Personality
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2019: Journal of Personality
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2019: Journal of Personality
Madison S O'Meara, Susan C South
OBJECTIVE: The Big Five Model (BFM) of personality domains are significantly related to romantic relationship outcomes, particularly marital satisfaction. Few studies to date, however, have examined the BFM domains and relationship outcomes longitudinally. METHOD: We used latent growth curve modeling to estimate initial levels (intercept) and rate of change (slope) in the BFM domains and marital satisfaction and determine if change in one construct was associated with change in the other...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Personality
John H Riskind, Esther Calvete
A more dynamic perspective of threats to the self may contribute to an enhanced understanding of the processes that develop and maintain anxiety and thus, potentially inform psychological interventions. This article presents the looming vulnerability of anxiety, which stresses the threat or risk prospection and dynamic mental simulation of the course of threat. Individuals do not become anxious simply because they picture distant or static possible threats that represent threats to the self. Rather, their anxiety results from interpreting potential threats as dynamic, growing and approaching...
February 17, 2019: Journal of Personality
Hongjian Cao, Xiaomin Li, Peilian Chi, Hongfei Du, Qinglu Wu, Yue Liang, Nan Zhou, Mark A Fine
OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to understand the ways in which spouses' gender-related attitudes are configured within couples and how such configurations are linked to marital satisfaction in Chinese marriage. METHOD: Latent profile analysis was conducted using dyadic data from a nationwide large sample of Chinese couples from the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) (N = 7,257 couples; M years of marriage = 28.36, SD = 12.84; M age for wives = 52.38, SD = 12.63; M age for husbands = 50...
February 16, 2019: Journal of Personality
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