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Jornal de Pediatria

Hongmei Guo, Xiaolan Ji, Guang Yang, Yu Jin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differential expression of the thymic stromal lymphopoietin isoforms, short and long, and discern their biological implications under eosinophilic gastroenteritis. METHODS: The expression of thymic stromal lymphopoietin and its two isoforms in tissues was assessed by quantitative RT-PCR in healthy controls (n=24) and patients with eosinophilic gastroenteritis (n=17). RESULTS: Thymic stromal lymphopoietin mRNA was significantly reduced in eosinophilic gastroenteritis when compared with healthy controls (p<0...
February 11, 2019: Jornal de Pediatria
Aline Silva Santos Sena, Alex Sandro Rolland de Souza, Vivianne de Oliveira Barros, Maria do Carmo Pinto Lima, Adriana Suely Oliveira Melo, Melania Maria Ramos de Amorim
OBJECTIVE: To assess fetal visceral adiposity and associated factors during pregnancy. METHODS: Secondary analysis of prospective cohort data with 172 pairs (pregnant woman/fetus) treated at public health units. Anthropometric data, metabolic (glucose, glycated hemoglobin, insulin, insulin resistance, total cholesterol and fractions, triglycerides) measures, fetal biometry, and visceral and subcutaneous adiposity in the binomial (pregnant woman/fetus) were evaluated at the 16th, 28th and 36th gestational weeks by ultrasonography...
February 8, 2019: Jornal de Pediatria
Carlos Alberto Velasco-Benítez, Herney Andrés García-Perdomo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2019: Jornal de Pediatria
Mariana de Santis Filgueiras, Fernanda Martins de Albuquerque, Ana Paula Pereira Castro, Naruna Pereira Rocha, Luana Cupertino Milagres, Juliana Farias de Novaes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of neck circumference to identify excess android fat and to propose cutoff points for Brazilian children. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study with 376 children aged 8 and 9 years enrolled in public and private schools in the urban area of the municipality of Viçosa-MG. A semi-structured questionnaire containing sociodemographic and lifestyle information was applied. The following were collected: neck circumference, weight, and height for the calculation of body mass index...
February 4, 2019: Jornal de Pediatria
Mariana S Vieira, Priscila de C Francisco, Ana Luiza L C Hallal, Maria Goretti M G Penido, Nilzete L Bresolin
OBJECTIVE: To describe the dietary patterns and occurrence of metabolic disorders in children and adolescents with urolithiasis treatment at a referral hospital in southern Brazil in order to learn the features of urolithiasis in this population to better develop preventive actions. METHODS: Descriptive study conducted between 2016 and 2017 in a tertiary care referral hospital. Fourty patients aged 2-19 years old with urolithiasis proven by imaging were included...
February 4, 2019: Jornal de Pediatria
Denise M Mota, Alicia Matijasevich, Iná S Santos, Sandra Petresco, Laís Marques Mota
OBJECTIVE: Enuresis may have a negative impact on the self-image in childhood and adolescence. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between enuresis and psychiatric disorders at 6 and 11 years of age. METHOD: 3,356 children of a birth cohort were evaluated. A standard questionnaire on urinary habits and mental health (Development and Well-Being Assessment [DAWBA]), was used. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders pursuant to the existence of enuresis and its subtypes (monosymptomatic and non-monosymptomatic), stratified by sex, was described...
February 3, 2019: Jornal de Pediatria
Mauro Batista de Morais, Giselia Alves Pontes da Silva
OBJECTIVE: To describe the current indicators of environmental enteric dysfunction and its association with linear growth deficit and the height-for-age anthropometric indicator. DATA SOURCES: Narrative review with articles identified in PubMed and Scopus databases using combinations of the following words: environmental, enteric, dysfunction, enteropathy, and growth, as well as the authors' personal records. DATA SYNTHESIS: In the last 15 years, new non-invasive markers have been investigated to characterize environmental enteric dysfunction; however, the best tests to be used have not yet been identified...
January 7, 2019: Jornal de Pediatria
Mario Morais-Almeida, Gustavo Falbo Wandalsen, Dirceu Solé
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between mouth breathing and growth disorders among children and teenagers. DATA SOURCE: Search on MEDLINE database, over the last 10 years, by using the following terms: "mouth breathing", "adenotonsilar hypertrophy", "allergic rhinitis", "sleep disturbance" AND "growth impairment", "growth hormone", "failure to thrive", "short stature", or "failure to thrive"...
January 3, 2019: Jornal de Pediatria
Flávia Jacqueline Almeida, Cristiane Kochi, Marco Aurélio Palazzi Sáfadi
OBJECTIVE: Weight and height growth impairment is one of the most frequent manifestations in HIV-infected children and may be the first sign of disease, being considered a marker of disease progression and an independent risk factor for death. The aim of this review is to evaluate the influence of antiretroviral therapy on the growth pattern of children and adolescents living with HIV/AIDS. SOURCE OF DATA: A non-systematic review was carried out in the PubMed database, with the terms "HIV", "Weight and height growth", "ART" and "children"...
December 27, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani
OBJECTIVE: To address the growth of full-term children in the first 6 months of life in exclusive breastfeeding. SOURCE OF DATA: A non-systematic review was carried out by searching the MEDLINE/PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases and the World Health Organization website for articles and documents on the growth of exclusively breastfed infants and their monitoring. Those documents considered to be the most relevant by the author were selected...
December 27, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Deborah Salvo, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Alejandra Jauregui, Andrea Ramirez Varela
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Ekaterini Simões Goudouris, Gesmar Rodrigues Silva Segundo, Cecilia Poli
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to review the literature on the repercussions of the different inborn errors of immunity on growth, drawing attention to the diagnosis of this group of diseases in patients with growth disorders, as well as to enable the identification of the different causes of growth disorders in patients with inborn errors of immunity, which can help in its treatment. DATA SOURCES: Non-systematic review of the literature, searching articles since 2000 in PubMed with the terms "growth", "growth disorders", "failure to thrive", or "short stature" AND "immunologic deficiency syndromes", "immune deficiency disease", or "immune deficiency" NOT HIV...
December 26, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
João Guilherme Bezerra Alves, Guilherme Victor Alves
OBJECTIVE: To describe the current scientific knowledge on the effects of physical exercise on the growth of children and adolescents since intrauterine life. SOURCE OF DATA: A search was carried out in the Medline, Embase, Scielo, and Cochrane databases of studies published from 1990 to 2018. The authors included studies with different designs: clinical trials, cohort, cross-sectional and review studies. SYNTHESIS OF DATA: Studies that addressed the subject of physical exercise or physical activity, and weight-height growth or bone or muscle tissue growth were identified...
December 26, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Renato S Procianoy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Arnaldo Prata-Barbosa, Marlos Melo Martins, Andreia Bittencourt Guastavino, Antônio José Ledo Alves da Cunha
OBJECTIVES: To present the currently available evidence of the effects of congenital Zika virus infection on infant growth, to discuss possible intervening factors, and to describe preliminary data on this growth in a cohort of exposed children. SOURCE OF DATA: Non-systematic review in PubMed, BVS, CAPES, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane and Google Scholar databases in the last 5 years, using the terms infection/disease by Zika virus and growth/nutrition/nutritional status/infant nutrition and nutritional needs...
December 26, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Jason E Lang, Monica Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 24, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Ivanice Fernandes Barcellos Gemelli, Edson Dos Santos Farias, Poli Mara Spritzer
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between age at menarche and variables of body composition in girls from the Northern region of Brazil, the Brazilian Legal Amazon. METHOD: The sample was composed of 926 school girls, aged between 8 and 18 years, divided into two groups, those who had (G1; n=727; 72.5%) and had not undergone menarche (G2; n=199; 21.5%), from public and private schools, using the stratified random proportional sampling technique. Weight, fat weight, muscle weight, and body mass index were measured using bioimpedance analysis...
December 18, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Paloma Velez de Andrade Lima Simões Ferreira, André de Souza Cavalcanti, Giselia Alves Pontes da Silva
OBJECTIVE: To review the pathophysiology and evaluation methods of linear growth and bone mineral density in children and adolescents diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease. SOURCE OF DATA: Narrative review carried out in the PubMed and Scopus databases through an active search of the terms: inflammatory bowel disease, growth, failure to thrive, bone health, bone mineral density, and children and adolescents, related to the last ten years, searching in the title, abstract, or keyword fields...
December 15, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Daniella Gregoria Bomfim Prado da Silva, Flávia Jacqueline Almeida, Mariana Volpe Arnoni, Marco Aurélio Palazzi Sáfadi, Marcelo Jenne Mimica, Daniel Jarovsky, Gabriela Pereira de Almeida Rossetti, Mauricio Magalhães, Danielle Bruna Leal de Oliveira, Luciano Matsumiya Thomazelli, Thais Cristina Colmanetti, Edison Luiz Durigon, Eitan Naaman Berezin
OBJECTIVE: Respiratory syncytial virus is a pathogen frequently involved in nosocomial outbreaks. Although several studies have reported nosocomial outbreaks in neonatal intensive care units, molecular epidemiology data are scarce. Here, the authors describe two consecutive respiratory syncytial virus outbreaks caused by genotypes ON-1 and NA-2 in a neonatal intensive care unit in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: A prospective search for respiratory syncytial virus was performed after diagnosing the index case and four other symptomatic newborns in the neonatal intensive care unit...
December 12, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Rafael González, Jesús López-Herce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
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