Qi Liu, Li-Lin Chen, Lin-Lin Wang, Yue Sun, Yu-Ying Lai, Na-Dang Long, Yi-Han Shi, Li-Fei Quan, Wan-Qiu Feng, Gui-Mei Liang, Jia-Lin Zhao, Zi-Qin Zhou
In this study, we compared the growth, development, and fecundity of Arma chinensis (Fallou) reared on pupae of the geometrid Ectropis grisescens Warren fed on tea shoots during different seasons of the year. The raw data on life history were analyzed using the age-stage, 2-sex life table. When reared on spring or winter geometrid pupae, the duration of the immature stage of A. chinensis was significantly longer than in those produced during the summer or autumn. The survival rate of immature A. chinensis reared on autumn geometrid pupae was significantly lower compared to other treatments...
April 16, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
Weliton D Silva, Lawrence M Hanks, José Mauricio S Bento, Yunfan Zou, Jocelyn G Millar
3-Hydroxyhexan-2-one (3-C6-ketol) has emerged as the most conserved pheromone structure within the beetle family Cerambycidae. In this study, we report the sex-specific production of this compound by males of 12 species of South American cerambycid beetles. Males of Chrysoprasis chalybea Redtenbacher and Mallosoma zonatum (Sahlberg) (Tribe Dichophyiini), and Ambonus lippus (Germar), Eurysthea hirta (Kirby), Pantonyssus nigriceps Bates, Stizocera plicicollis (Germar), and Stizocera tristis (Guérin-Méneville) (Elaphidiini) produced 3R-C6-ketol as a single component, whereas males of Neoclytus pusillus (Laporte & Gory) (Clytini), Aglaoschema concolor (Gounelle), Orthostoma abdominale (Gyllenhal) (Compsocerini), Dorcacerus barbatus (Olivier), and Retrachydes thoracicus thoracicus (Olivier) (Trachyderini) produced 3R-C6-ketol, along with lesser amounts of other compounds...
April 16, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
Shao-Hung Lee, John So, Gregory S Kund, Jun-Yin Lum, Ethan Trinh, Emily L Ta, Rattanan Chungsawat, Dong-Hwan Choe, David L Cox, Michael K Rust, Chow-Yang Lee
Isocycloseram is a new insecticide in the isoxazoline class that targets insect GABA-gated chloride channels. In this study, we evaluated a cockroach gel bait formulation containing 1% isocycloseram against a susceptible strain (UCR) and 5 field-collected strains (WM, RG386, Ryan, CDR, and SY) of the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.) (Blattodea: Ectobiidae), and compared it with several commercial insecticide baits in the laboratory. Using the Ebeling choice box method, we also tested a residual deposit of an SC formulation of isocycloseram against the UCR, RG386, and Ryan strains...
April 16, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
David Hernández-Teixidor, Sónia Duarte, Ahmed Taheri, Paulo A V Borges, Lina Nunes
Despite providing important ecosystem services, termites are also serious pests of wooden structures. Termites are highly adaptive organisms that cause concern as an invasive species. Predictions of the future spread of their distribution range due to factors such as climate change, urban growth, and global trade present new challenges to our capacity to protect our wood and wood-based materials and structures effectively. Reticulitermes grassei Clément, 1978 (Blattodea: Rhinotermitidae) is a subterranean termite native to the Iberian Peninsula and France, whose global distribution has widened over recent years...
April 14, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
Madlen Kratz, Robert Manning, Kenneth Dods, Boris Baer, Dominique Blache
Nutrition has been identified as a key driver of colony health and productivity. Yet, in honey bees, relatively little is known about how the vast variety of natural pollen sources impact larval development. The impact of the nutritional quality of 4 naturally occurring pollen sources, of importance to the Western Australian beekeeping industry, was tested on honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) development. Bee packages consisting of 800 g of bees and a mated sister queen were assigned to 40 nucleus hives and randomly allocated to one of the 4 feed treatments (10 colonies each) of marri (Corymbia calophylla Lindl...
April 12, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
Yves Carrière, Bruce E Tabashnik
Transgenic crops producing Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxins are commonly used for controlling insect pests. Nearby refuges of non-Bt host plants play a central role in delaying the evolution of resistance to Bt toxins by pests. Pervasive fitness costs associated with resistance, which entail lower fitness of resistant than susceptible individuals in refuges, can increase the ability of refuges to delay resistance. Moreover, these costs are affected  by environmental factors such as host plant suitability, implying that manipulating refuge plant suitability could improve the success of the refuge strategy...
April 11, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
Yi-Han Li, Jing Peng, Qing-Jun Wu, Jing-Chen Sun, Peng-Jun Zhang, Bao-Li Qiu
Whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) is a destructive insect pest of many crops. Rickettsia infection in different cryptic species of B. tabaci has been observed worldwide. Understanding the interactions between these 2 organisms is critical to developing Rickettsia-based strategies to control B. tabaci and thereby reduce the transmission of related vector-borne viruses. In this study, we investigated the effects of Rickettsia infection on the biological characteristics of the Middle East Asia Minor 1 (MEAM1) strain of B...
April 11, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
James K Danso, George N Mbata, Raegan L Holton
On-farm losses of peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L., Fabales: Fabaceae) pose a persistent threat to the sustainable production and value of peanuts in the United States. This study presents empirical data on the spatial distribution of subterranean insect pests and various quality aspects of peanuts. Surveys were conducted in 20 randomly selected peanut fields in 10 counties in Northeast, Southeast, and Southwest Georgia. The primary insect pests found in Georgia's peanut production counties were Pangaeus bilineatus (Say), Elasmopalpus lignosellus (Zeller), and Diabrotica undecimpunctata Howardi...
April 11, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
Kylie Lennon, Marina Querejeta, Bhabesh Dutta, Caroll Johnson, Jason M Schmidt
Weed management is challenging for vegetable crops that are highly sensitive to weed competition, such as onions. Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) are major insect pests of onions, causing damage through feeding, and vectoring bacterial pathogens causing bulb rot. Both thrips and their associated pathogens are known to survive on many weed species in onion growing regions. Combining weeding with biopesticides may synergistically manage thrips and reduce disease prevalence. However, disturbances from weeding may negatively impact natural enemies...
April 10, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
Xinyu Yang, Mei Wang, Yifan Gu, Wensu Han, Xiaoyu Li, Xiang Li, Yihai Zhong, Jinglin Gao
Given the rapid spread and potential harm caused by the small hive beetle, Aethina tumida (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) in China, it has become imperative to comprehend the developmental biology of this invasive species. Currently, there is limited knowledge regarding the impact of A. tumida female oviposition site preference on larval growth and development. To examine this, we investigated the ovipositional preference of adult female A. tumida on bee pupae, beebread, banana, and honey through a free choice test...
April 9, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
Menghong Wang, Ye Tian, Neng Zhang, Xiangqun Nong, Xiongbing Tu, Zehua Zhang, Yaxi Huang, Yi Wang, Ling Zhuang, Gan Cha, Tinghui Liu, Guangjun Wang
Metarhizium anisopliae is an important class of entomopathogenic fungi used for the biocontrol of insects, but its virulence is affected by insect immunity. We identified a novel FK506 binding protein gene that was differentially expressed between control and Metarhizium-treated Locusta migratoria manilensis. We hypothesized that this protein played an important role in Metarhizium infection of L. migratoria and could provide new insights for developing highly efficient entomopathogenic fungi. We, therefore, cloned the specific gene and obtained its purified protein...
April 5, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
Melissa A Johnson, Nicholas C Manoukis
A major challenge to area-wide management of coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei Ferrari) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) is understanding how a heterogeneous coffee-growing landscape affects coffee berry borer population dynamics across temporal and spatial scales. We examined coffee phenology, weather, coffee berry borer flight activity, infestation, coffee berry borer position within the fruit, and management across 14 commercial coffee farms from 2016 to 2018 on Hawaii Island to characterize variation among districts and elevations...
April 5, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
Xiaohua Hu, Zhenying Wang, Kanglai He, Haicui Xie, Yueqin Wang
Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenée) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), a highly destructive pest in Asia, poses a significant threat to maize production by causing substantial yield losses. However, there is a lack of information regarding the impact of temperature variations on its population dynamics and the age-stage and two-sex life table. This study aimed to investigate the impact of 4 temperatures (20 °C, 24 °C, 28 °C, 32 °C) on the development, reproduction, and survival of O. furnacalis under controlled laboratory conditions...
April 4, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
Mahmoud G S El-Sayad, Mohamed M A El-Maghraby, Kamel A A Hammad, Khairiah M Alwutayd, Mariam S Al-Ghamdi, Mohammed A I Youssif
In this study, we investigated the biological aspects and predation efficiency of 3 aphidophagous ladybird beetles, Coccinella novemnotata, Hippodamia variegata, and Coccinella septempunctata, on the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii, reared on cucumber plants (Cucumis sativus L. cultivar barracuda) under laboratory conditions. The developmental periods of C. novemnotata, H. variegata, and C. septempunctata were observed to be 16.00 ± 0.25, 16.00 ± 0.25, and 20.58 ± 0...
April 3, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
Thomas G Paul, Angus L Catchot, Tyler B Towles, Samuel F Ward
For non-native insects that are economically damaging, understanding the drivers of range expansions and contractions is important for forecasting pest pressure. The invasion of the redbanded stink bug, Piezodorus guildinii (Westwood) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), reached Louisiana, United States, in 2000, after which the northern range limits of this species have fluctuated annually. Low winter temperatures have been implicated as a major driver of this pattern, but the importance of cold temperatures-or other abiotic factors-for the persistence of this pest over large geographic scales are incompletely understood...
April 3, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
Trevor M Volp, Myron P Zalucki, Michael J Furlong
Helicoverpa armigera Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae; Hübner) is the major insect pest of pigeon pea [Cajanus cajan; Fabales: Fabaceae; (L.) Millspaugh] worldwide. Research to develop pest management strategies for H. armigera in pigeon pea has focused heavily on developing less susceptible cultivars, with limited practical success. We examined how pigeon pea crop stage influences plant susceptibility to H. armigera using a combination of glasshouse and laboratory experiments. Plant phenology significantly affected oviposition with moths laying more eggs on flowering and podding plants but only a few on vegetative plants...
April 2, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
Marlin E Rice, Yunfan Zou, Jocelyn G Millar, Lawrence M Hanks
Male cerambycid beetles of the large subfamilies Cerambycinae and Lamiinae produce aggregation-sex pheromones that attract both sexes. The pheromones of many species are conserved among both closely related species (e.g., congeners) and more distantly related species (e.g., different subfamilies), including those endemic to different continents. This parsimony in pheromone structures suggests that multiple species may be attracted to traps baited with blends of pheromones, and such blends are finding use in delineating geographic ranges of native species and in surveillance programs for incursions of exotic species...
March 31, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
Xiaodan Pan, Changlu Wang
The Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), is a very common stored-product pest. The mature larvae wander around searching for suitable places to pupate, offering an opportunity to control this pest. We evaluated the efficacy of 5 insecticide dusts: Alpine (0.25% dinotefuran, 95% diatomaceous earth [DE]), CimeXa (92.1% amorphous silica gel), DX13 (100% DE), Tempo (1% cyfluthrin), and Tri-Die (1% pyrethrin, 10% piperonyl butoxide, 40% amorphous silica) against P. interpunctella wandering larvae by allowing larvae to pass 1-inch treated band, expose to treated vinyl tiles for 5 min, and expose to treated harborage (with or without the presence of an untreated harborage)...
March 31, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
Brian T Sullivan, Holly L Munro, Brittany F Barnes, Bailey H McNichol, William P Shepherd, Kamal J K Gandhi
The southern pine beetle, Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmermann is an important mortality agent of Pinus in the eastern United States of America where it commonly shares hosts with the black turpentine beetle, Dendroctonus terebrans (Olivier), which infrequently kills trees. Unlike D. frontalis, which must kill its hosts to become established in the bark and reproduce, D. terebrans can occupy living hosts as a parasite. Olfactory mechanisms whereby D. frontalis initially locates hosts have not been demonstrated, whereas D...
March 31, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
Nicholas J Dietschler, Tonya D Bittner, Marshall Bigler Lefebvre, Jasmine Schmidt, Carrie S Jubb, Aryanna James, Scott M Salom, Mark C Whitmore
Increasing efficiency of data gathering at the landscape scale on the growing number of pests and pathogens threatening forests worldwide has potential to improve management outcomes. Citizen science is expanding, with growing support and utility in environmental and conservation fields. We present a case study showing how citizen science observations can be used to inform research and management of a devastating forest pest. Hemlock woolly adelgid, Adelges tsugae Annand (Hemiptera: Adelgidae), was introduced to eastern North America, leading to decline and mortality of eastern [Tsuga canadensis (L...
March 28, 2024: Journal of Economic Entomology
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