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Journal of Dairy Research

Christopher H Knight
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Qinghua Deng, Dehui Ma, Guoquan Sun, Xue Yuan, Zhe Wang, Guowen Liu
Dairy cows with fatty liver or ketosis display decreased insulin sensitivity and defects in the insulin receptor substrate (IRS)/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) is a well-known tumor suppressor and also a negative regulator of insulin signaling and peripheral insulin sensitivity. We investigated the hypothesis that PTEN may affect the insulin pathway-mediated hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism in dairy cows. Adenovirus vectors that over-express and silence PTEN were constructed, and then transfected into hepatocytes isolated from calves to investigate the effect of PTEN on PI3K/AKT signaling pathway...
March 1, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Dafna Eluk, Roberto Ceruti, Orlando Nagel, Rafael Althaus
The objective of the studies reported in this research communication was to investigate the use of whey contaminated with antibiotics such as cephalosporins, quinolones and tetracyclines as a nutrient medium for the growth of Kluyveromyces marxianus with particular attention to the effect of thermal treatment used to overcome the inhibitory effects of antibiotic concentrations close to the Maximum Residue Limits. The heat treatments at 120 °C for 40 min, 120 °C for 83 min, and 120 °C for 91 min caused total inactivation of cephalosporins, tetracyclines and quinolone residues in whey respectively...
February 26, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Victor Bloch, Harel Levit, Ilan Halachmi
We address the hypothesis that individual cow feed intake can be measured in commercial farms through the use of a photogrammetry method. Feed intake and feed efficiency have a significant economic value for the farmer. A common method for measuring feed mass in research is a feed mass weighing system, which is excessively expensive for commercial farms. However, feed mass can be estimated by its volume, which can be measured by photogrammetry. Photogrammetry applies cameras along the feed-lane, photographing the feed before and after the cow visits the feed-lane, and calculating the feed volume...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Daria Reczyńska, Bożena Witek, Justyna Jarczak, Michał Czopowicz, Marcin Mickiewicz, Jarosław Kaba, Lech Zwierzchowski, Emilia Bagnicka
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of diet supplemented with selenized yeast (Se-yeast) on milk yield and milk composition of goats and expression of casein and mammary-gland-immune system genes in milk somatic cells (MSC). Twenty-four dairy goats in their second to fourth lactations were divided into control and experimental groups, balanced according to lactation number and breed (Polish White or Fawn Improved). Morning milk and blood samples were collected four times during lactation (on the 21st, 70th, 120th, 180th day after kidding)...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Marcos Jun-Iti Yokoo, Leonardo de Oliveira Seno, Luiza Corrêa Oliveira, Pedro U N da Costa, Gustavo M da Silva, Renata W Suñé, Fernando Flores Cardoso
This study aimed to calculate economic values (EVs) and economic selection indices for milk production systems in small rural properties. The traits 305-d milk yield in kg (MY), fat (FP) and protein (PP) percentage, daily fat (FY) and protein (PY) yield, cow live weight in kg (LW), calving interval (CI), and logarithm of daily somatic cell count (SCC) in milk were considered the goals and selection criteria. The production systems were identified from 29 commercial properties based on the inventory of revenues and costs and of zootechnical field data...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Maria Soonberg, Tanel Kaart, David Richard Arney
In a system in which cows are grouped and given differential access to feeding bins with different rations, and where these groups change over time, it is important to find out how a change in the ration (and hence feeding bin) affects the cow's feeding behaviour. Monitoring the locomotion of cows can be used to predict oestrus and improve health (lameness diagnosis), but activity monitors can also be used to estimate both activity and numbers of feeding visits by cows. Ice tag activity monitors were attached to the right hind legs of ten cows...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Zhicheng Peng, Xiaobing Li, Zhe Wang, Guowen Liu, Xinwei Li
Dairy cows with ketosis display severe oxidative stress as well as high blood concentrations of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB). Cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) plays an important role in the induction of oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to investigate CYP2E1 expression and activity in the liver of clinically ketotic cows (in vivo) and the effects of NEFA and BHB on CYP2E1 expression and activity in hepatocytes (in vitro). Dairy cows with clinical ketosis exhibited a low blood concentration of glucose but high concentrations of NEFA and BHB...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Jacopo Guccione, Luigi D'Andrea, Maher Alsaaod, Giuliano Borriello, Adrian Steiner, Paolo Ciaramella
This research communication addresses the goal of validating an algorithm to monitor natural occurrence of feeding behaviours in dairy Mediterranean buffalo based on the output of a noseband pressure sensor (RumiWatch®, halter). Several characteristics of the feeding behaviour were detected with a very high (ruminating boluses), high (chews per bolus) and moderate degree of correlation (chews per minute) with video analyses (gold standard). All of them were associated with a low mean difference with the gold standard, and the mean relative measurement error ranged between low (ruminating boluses) and moderate (chews per bolus and chews per minute)...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Hossein Naeemipour Younesi, Mohammad Mahdi Shariati, Saeed Zerehdaran, Mehdi Jabbari Nooghabi, Peter Løvendahl
The main objective of this study was to compare the performance of different 'nonlinear quantile regression' models evaluated at the τth quantile (0·25, 0·50, and 0·75) of milk production traits and somatic cell score (SCS) in Iranian Holstein dairy cows. Data were collected by the Animal Breeding Center of Iran from 1991 to 2011, comprising 101 051 monthly milk production traits and SCS records of 13 977 cows in 183 herds. Incomplete gamma (Wood), exponential (Wilmink), Dijkstra and polynomial (Ali & Schaeffer) functions were implemented in the quantile regression...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Antonella Santillo, Lucia Figliola, Mariangela Caroprese, Rosaria Marino, Maria dʼApolito, Ida Giardino, Marzia Albenzio
We evaluated the effect of in vitro digested milk on mature adipocytes 3T3-L1, paying particular attention to its fatty acid composition, and comparing human (HM), donkey (DM), bovine (BM), ovine (OM), caprine (CM) and formula (FM) milk. Cellular viability, apoptosis, oxidative response and gene expression levels of NF-κB p65, HMGB1, SREBP-1c and FAS were evaluated. Digested milk treatments significantly reduced 3T3-L1 mature adipocytes viability and caspase activity compared with control group, but no significant differences were observed among different sources of digested milk...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Piotr Micek, Zygmunt M Kowalski, Marek Sady, Jolanta Oprządek, Jacek Domagała, Patrycja Wanat
This research paper addresses the hypothesis that calcium salts combined with whole linseed and heat-treated rapeseed cake in one feed additive may efficiently stimulate the productivity of dairy cows and have a positive effect on the functional (health-promoting) properties of milk fat. The article proposes the composition of such an additive (EFA) and evaluates its nutritional effect in the diet of mid-lactation dairy cows. Forty multiparous Polish Holstein-Friesian (PHF) dairy cows were allocated to one of four treatments (10 cows/treatment) and fed a TMR diet without EFA or with EFA in the amount of 1, 2 or 3 kg/d per head for a 63-d-period...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Facundo Cuffia, Carina Viviana Bergamini, Irma Verónica Wolf, Erica Ruth Hynes, María Cristina Perotti
The aim of this work was to evaluate the impact of two factors on the ripening profiles of hard cooked cheeses: (F1) the growth medium for the primary and adjunct cultures, constituted by autochthonous strains: Lactobacillus helveticus 209 (Lh209) and Lactobacillus paracasei 90 (Lp90), respectively, and (F2) the addition of L. paracasei Lp90 as adjunct culture. Four types of cheeses were made: W and M cheeses in which only Lh209 was added after its growth in whey and MRS, respectively; Wa and Ma cheeses in which both strains (Lh209 and Lp90) were added after their growth in whey and MRS, respectively...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Ye Lin, He Lv, Minghui Jiang, Jinyu Zhou, Shuyuan Song, Xiaoming Hou
In this research communication we used digital gene expression (DGE) analysis to identify differences in gene expression in the mammary glands of dairy cows between early lactation and the mid-dry period. A total of 741 genes were identified as being differentially expressed by DGE analysis. Compared with their expression in dry cows, 214 genes were up-regulated and 527 genes were down-regulated in lactating cow mammary glands. Gene Ontology analysis showed that lactation was supported by increased gene expression related to metabolic processes and nutrient transport and was associated with decreased gene expression related to cell proliferation...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Katarina Lisak Jakopović, Seronei Chelulei Cheison, Ulrich Kulozik, Rajka Božanić
The experiments reported in this research paper examine the potential of digestion using acidic enzymes Protease A and Protease M to selectively hydrolyse α-lactalbumin (α-La) whilst leaving β-lactoglobulin (β-Lg) relatively intact. Both enzymes were compared with pepsin hydrolysis since its selectivity to different whey proteins is known. Analysis of the hydrolysis environment showed that the pH and temperature play a significant role in determining the best conditions for achievement of hydrolysis, irrespective of which enzyme was used...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Bochao Liu, Jinhong Si, Fang Zhao, Qi Wang, Yu Wang, Jinfeng Li, Chengyao Li, Tingting Li
Current available methods to detect cow milk adulteration or accidental contamination of goat milk are both laborious and time consuming. The aim of this technical research communication was to develop a simple, rapid, specific and sensitive method for quantitative detection of cow milk in goat milk. A competitive lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) strip was developed using a specific monoclonal antibody (mAb) labeled with colloidal gold nanoparticles (GNPs) for specifically binding to cow milk casein. The detection limit of this rapid detection was 0...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Ruth Rodríguez-Bermúdez, Marta Miranda, Javier Baudracco, Ramiro Fouz, Victor Pereira, Marta López-Alonso
Organic farming is believed by many to be an environmentally friendly production system that promotes the use of local forage while strongly limiting the input of chemicals, including allopathic treatments. As organic dairy farming has grown, farmers have realised that many available conventional breeds of cow are not well adapted to the new situations and that more 'robust' cows, able to function well in the constraining organic environment, are needed to yield acceptable longevity and productivity. In this review paper, the current breed diversity in organic dairy farming is analysed with the aim of identifying the types of cow that would best fulfil organic breeding goals...
February 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Ramona Möller, Dirk Dannenberger, Gerd Nürnberg, Eva-Maria Strucken, Gudrun A Brockmann
We hypothesised that a relationship would exist between hair fatty acids, especially C12:0, C14:0 and C16:0, and parameters of energy metabolism such as energy intake, energy mobilisation, and energy requirement for maintenance and milk performance. For this study, 11 primiparous German Holstein cows were available from which hair samples at weeks 6 and 8 of lactation were analysed. The average body weight of these animals was 558 ± 27 kg at calving and milk yield at 100-days in milk was 3,537 ± 529 kg. Feed intake and milk yield were measured daily...
December 18, 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
Sabine Ferneborg, Måns Thulin, Sigrid Agenäs, Kerstin Svennersten-Sjaunja, Peter Krawczel, Emma Ternman
This research communication describes how different detachment levels (0.48, 0.3 and 0.06 kg milk/min) at the quarter-level affect milk flow profiles and overall milking efficiency in automatic milking systems. We hypothesized a higher detachment level would result in greater mean flow rates without affecting the volume of harvested milk per cow during 24 h compared to lower detachment levels. The data suggest milk flow decreased to a rate below the overmilking limit within the 6-s delay time required for termination in all treatments, but the duration of overmilking was shorter for the greatest detachment level compared to the other treatments...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
Rekha Sharma, Sonika Ahlawat, Himani Sharma, R A K Aggarwal, Vivek Sharma, M S Tantia
The aim of this Research Communication was to contribute to the knowledge of milk sialic acid concentration of bovines with specific focus on India. Sialic acids (SA) are important constituents of mammalian milks. Buffaloes are the main milk producing species in India, therefore, our research focused on both cow and buffalo. Two Indian cattle (Bos indicus) breeds (Sahiwal, Tharparkar), one cross bred cattle - Karan Fries (Tharparkar × Holstein Friesian) and a buffalo breed (Murrah) were selected. Systematic comparisons of the total, free and bound form of SA and also its distribution over the course of lactation- colostrums and mature milk (120-140 d) was generated...
December 6, 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
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