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Journal of Dairy Research

Sigrid Agenäs, Idamaria Lundström, Kjell Holtenius
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 17β-estradiol on mammary tight junctions in cows in late lactation. The experiment included five non-pregnant cows around day 290 in lactation. The cows received injections of 17β-estradiol for six days. The effect of exogenous 17β-estradiol on milk yield, milk composition and lactose in plasma and lactose in urine was investigated before, during and after the treatment. Milk yield decreased after 17β-estradiol injections and lactose in plasma and urine increased, showing an effect on the integrity of the mammary tight junctions...
May 23, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Viktor Jurkovich, László Könyves, Mikolt Bakony
This research communication describes the possible association between feed sorting and the risk of metabolic disorders in dairy cows. Feed sorting, that is selecting smaller size TMR particles over longer length fibers, can lead to imbalanced energy input. In addition, sorting can lead to lower nutritive value of leftover TMR. To detect a possible relationship between TMR sorting and the occurrence of metabolic disorders in large-scale herds, TMR separation and metabolic profile tests were performed in 22 Hungarian dairies...
May 22, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Martin Ptáček, Michal Milerski, Jaromír Ducháček, Jitka Schmidová, Vladimír Tančin, Michal Uhrinčať, Luděk Stádník, Tereza Michlová
In this Research Communication we evaluate the fatty acid (FA) profile of Wallachian sheep milk. The study was performed on 38 ewes in Beskydy Mountains. Samples were collected 4 times during the lactation, at monthly intervals. FA profile as well as groups of saturated, monounsaturated (MUFA), and polyunsaturated (PUFA) FAs were investigated. Considerable increase over the lactation was detected for lauric, myristic, myristoleic and palmitic acids, while stearic acid showed the opposed tendency. Variability, supported by significant differences among particular days of milk collection, was demonstrated for oleic acid; its highest distribution occurred at the beginning and at the end of the trial...
April 30, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Mélissa Duplessis, Débora E Santschi, Sabrina Plante, Camille Bergeron, Daniel M Lefebvre, Jean Durocher, Roger I Cue
Analysis of milk BHB concentration by Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometry more frequently than regular milk testing could help dairy producers in decision making, particularly if it would be possible to use small hand-stripped samples (hereinafter simply called samples) taken between dairy herd improvement (DHI) test-samples analysed using DHI algorithms. The aim of this Research Communication was to evaluate milk BHB concentration and the prevalence of elevated milk BHB concentration analysed by FTIR spectrometry compared with flow-injection analysis (SKALAR) from samples taken at different times relative to the milking...
April 30, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Jacqueline P Kurz, Mark P Richards, Matthew Garcia, Zhongde Wang
This Research Communication addresses the hypothesis that exogenously administered phospholipase A2 (PLA2) affects the inflammatory responses of bovine mammary epithelial cells (bMEC) in vitro with the aim of providing preliminary justification of investigation into the uses of exogenously administered PLA2 to manage or treat bovine mastitis. Primary bMEC lines from 11 lactating Holstein dairy cows were established and the expression of 14 pro-inflammatory genes compared under unchallenged and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged conditions, with and without concurrent treatment with bovine pancreatic PLA2G1B, a secreted form of PLA2...
April 30, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Lorenzo Fraile, Antonio Arcas, Luis M Jiménez, Josep Mallo, Ramon Armengol
This Research Communication describes the efficacy of etamsylate to reduce haemolactia in dairy cows. A dairy cow with haemolactia produces milk that is reddish or pinkish due to the presence of blood. Haemolactia causes economic loss because bloody milk is rejected by the industry and the consumers. A total of 58 dairy cows with haemolactia were included in the study and randomly divided into treated (n = 31) and control (n = 27) groups. Treatment consisted of three consecutive daily doses of etamsylate at 15 mg/kg, delivered intramuscularly...
April 30, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Lars Wiking, Martin Bjerring, Mette Marie Løkke, P Løvendahl, T Kristensen
Free fatty acid (FFA) concentrations can be elevated in raw milk due to improper handling and management at the dairy farm, and high concentrations of FFA can lead to off flavors in milk. This study aimed to describe how the herd production system, milking system, feeding and technological factors impact on FFA concentrations in bulk tank milk. FFA concentrations in bulk milk samples from 259 organic and 3326 conventional herds were analyzed by FT-IR during one year. The FFA content was significantly lower in bulk milk from organic than conventional herds...
April 30, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Gianfranco Cosenza, Rosalba Mauriello, Giuseppina Garro, Barbara Auzino, Marco Iannaccone, Angela Costanzo, Lina Chianese, Alfredo Pauciullo
The amount of the four caseins (αs1, αs2, β and κ-CN) in donkey milk was evaluated by Urea-PAGE analysis at pH 8.6, followed by immuno-detection with polyclonal antibodies, coupled to densitometric analysis. The results showed the percentage of each casein in decreasing order: β (54.28) > αs1 (35.59) > αs2 (7.19) > κ-CN (2.79). The mRNA quantification of donkey casein transcripts, carried out by RT-qPCR, showed that the average percentage of corresponding gene transcripts (CSN2, CSN1S1, CSN1S2 I and CSN3) was 70...
April 30, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Laura Molina, Estrella Agüera, Francisco Maroto-Molina, Carlos Carmelo Pérez-Marín
In this Research Communication we analyse the animal welfare status of dairy farms located in southern Spain and test the hypothesis that monitoring of wellbeing could increase the profitability of dairy herds by improving indices of reproduction. Twenty dairy farms were visited and a total of 1650 cows were assessed using the Welfare Quality® (WQ) protocol to determine their welfare status. These farms were selected as representatives of the main types of dairy farms found in the south of Spain. No farms attained a welfare status of 'excellent', but all obtained an adequate score for most parameters...
April 30, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Geoff Jones, Olaf Bork, Scott A Ferguson, Andrew Bates
The performance of a new point-of-care diagnostic (Mastatest), an on-farm test designed to identify bacteria and provide antibiotic sensitivity testing information from milk samples, was compared with standard microbiological culture methods. A total of 292 milk samples from clinical mastitis cases in dairy cows on New Zealand dairy farms were examined, and latent class analysis was used to estimate the performance characteristics of both tests. Two hundred and fifty-six samples (87.7%) demonstrated bacterial infection in standard culture, and 269 (92...
April 30, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Efstathia Tsakali, Arhontoula Chatzilazarou, Dimitra Houhoula, Spiridon Koulouris, John Tsaknis, Jan Van Impe
This Research Communication describes the adaptation and testing of an RP-HPLC method, previously tested for the determination of lactoferrin (LF) in whey, for its applicability to determine milk lactoferrin content. Milk samples of various species, namely, ovine, caprine, bovine, donkey and human milk, were tested. The advantage of this RP-HPLC method includes speed and convenience, as it does not include extensive pretreatment or separation steps. A simple pre-treatment step was added in order to remove fat and proteins of the casein family and the samples were tested...
April 30, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Christopher H Knight
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Qinghua Deng, Dehui Ma, Guoquan Sun, Xue Yuan, Zhe Wang, Guowen Liu
Dairy cows with fatty liver or ketosis display decreased insulin sensitivity and defects in the insulin receptor substrate (IRS)/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) is a well-known tumor suppressor and also a negative regulator of insulin signaling and peripheral insulin sensitivity. We investigated the hypothesis that PTEN may affect the insulin pathway-mediated hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism in dairy cows. Adenovirus vectors that over-express and silence PTEN were constructed, and then transfected into hepatocytes isolated from calves to investigate the effect of PTEN on PI3K/AKT signaling pathway...
March 1, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Dafna Eluk, Roberto Ceruti, Orlando Nagel, Rafael Althaus
The objective of the studies reported in this research communication was to investigate the use of whey contaminated with antibiotics such as cephalosporins, quinolones and tetracyclines as a nutrient medium for the growth of Kluyveromyces marxianus with particular attention to the effect of thermal treatment used to overcome the inhibitory effects of antibiotic concentrations close to the Maximum Residue Limits. The heat treatments at 120 °C for 40 min, 120 °C for 83 min, and 120 °C for 91 min caused total inactivation of cephalosporins, tetracyclines and quinolone residues in whey respectively...
February 26, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Victor Bloch, Harel Levit, Ilan Halachmi
We address the hypothesis that individual cow feed intake can be measured in commercial farms through the use of a photogrammetry method. Feed intake and feed efficiency have a significant economic value for the farmer. A common method for measuring feed mass in research is a feed mass weighing system, which is excessively expensive for commercial farms. However, feed mass can be estimated by its volume, which can be measured by photogrammetry. Photogrammetry applies cameras along the feed-lane, photographing the feed before and after the cow visits the feed-lane, and calculating the feed volume...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Daria Reczyńska, Bożena Witek, Justyna Jarczak, Michał Czopowicz, Marcin Mickiewicz, Jarosław Kaba, Lech Zwierzchowski, Emilia Bagnicka
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of diet supplemented with selenized yeast (Se-yeast) on milk yield and milk composition of goats and expression of casein and mammary-gland-immune system genes in milk somatic cells (MSC). Twenty-four dairy goats in their second to fourth lactations were divided into control and experimental groups, balanced according to lactation number and breed (Polish White or Fawn Improved). Morning milk and blood samples were collected four times during lactation (on the 21st, 70th, 120th, 180th day after kidding)...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Marcos Jun-Iti Yokoo, Leonardo de Oliveira Seno, Luiza Corrêa Oliveira, Pedro U N da Costa, Gustavo M da Silva, Renata W Suñé, Fernando Flores Cardoso
This study aimed to calculate economic values (EVs) and economic selection indices for milk production systems in small rural properties. The traits 305-d milk yield in kg (MY), fat (FP) and protein (PP) percentage, daily fat (FY) and protein (PY) yield, cow live weight in kg (LW), calving interval (CI), and logarithm of daily somatic cell count (SCC) in milk were considered the goals and selection criteria. The production systems were identified from 29 commercial properties based on the inventory of revenues and costs and of zootechnical field data...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Maria Soonberg, Tanel Kaart, David Richard Arney
In a system in which cows are grouped and given differential access to feeding bins with different rations, and where these groups change over time, it is important to find out how a change in the ration (and hence feeding bin) affects the cow's feeding behaviour. Monitoring the locomotion of cows can be used to predict oestrus and improve health (lameness diagnosis), but activity monitors can also be used to estimate both activity and numbers of feeding visits by cows. Ice tag activity monitors were attached to the right hind legs of ten cows...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Zhicheng Peng, Xiaobing Li, Zhe Wang, Guowen Liu, Xinwei Li
Dairy cows with ketosis display severe oxidative stress as well as high blood concentrations of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB). Cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) plays an important role in the induction of oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to investigate CYP2E1 expression and activity in the liver of clinically ketotic cows (in vivo) and the effects of NEFA and BHB on CYP2E1 expression and activity in hepatocytes (in vitro). Dairy cows with clinical ketosis exhibited a low blood concentration of glucose but high concentrations of NEFA and BHB...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
Jacopo Guccione, Luigi D'Andrea, Maher Alsaaod, Giuliano Borriello, Adrian Steiner, Paolo Ciaramella
This research communication addresses the goal of validating an algorithm to monitor natural occurrence of feeding behaviours in dairy Mediterranean buffalo based on the output of a noseband pressure sensor (RumiWatch®, halter). Several characteristics of the feeding behaviour were detected with a very high (ruminating boluses), high (chews per bolus) and moderate degree of correlation (chews per minute) with video analyses (gold standard). All of them were associated with a low mean difference with the gold standard, and the mean relative measurement error ranged between low (ruminating boluses) and moderate (chews per bolus and chews per minute)...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Dairy Research
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