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Industrial Health

Sonia Díaz-Criollo, Marien Palma, Andrés A Monroy-García, Alvaro J Idrovo, David Combariza, Marcela E Varona-Uribe
This study explored the potential association between chronic exposure to pesticide mixtures including paraquat and respiratory outcomes among Colombian farmers. Sociodemographic and occupational data, respiratory symptoms and spirometric data were collected. Paraquat in spot urine samples were quantified with solid-phase extraction high-performance liquid chromatography. Multiple Poisson regressions with robust variance were used to determine factors associated with respiratory outcomes. Profiles of pesticide mixtures used were identified among 217 farmworkers, but profenofos and methamidophos-based mixtures were more frequent...
April 18, 2019: Industrial Health
Margo J VAN DEN Berg, T Leigh Signal, Philippa H Gander
Knowledge about cabin crew fatigue associated with ultra-long range (ULR) flights is still limited. Current ULR scheduling for cabin crew is therefore predominantly based on flight crew data. Cabin crews' views on fatigue, and their strategies for mitigating it, have seldom been sought. To better understand the causes and consequences of cabin crew fatigue, semi-structured focus group discussions were held. Thematic analysis was undertaken with data from 25 cabin crew. Participants indicated that the consequences of fatigue are twofold, affecting 1) cabin crew health and wellbeing and 2) safety (cabin, passenger and personal) and cabin service...
April 17, 2019: Industrial Health
Toshio Kawai, Haruhiko Sakurai, Masayuki Ikeda
The objective of the study is to establish exposure-excretion relationship between dichlorometane (DCM) in air (DCM-A) and in urine (DCM-U) in workplace to confirm a previous report. Male workers in a screen-printing plant participated in the study Time-weighted average DCM-A was measured by diffusive sampling followed by gas-chromatography (GC), and DCM in end-of-shift urine samples was by head-space GC. The data were subjected to regression and other statistical analyses. In practice, 30 sets of DCM-A and DCM-U values were available...
April 17, 2019: Industrial Health
Wen-Pei Chang, Yu-Pei Chang
This study was to investigate the impact of job satisfaction as the independent variable and the type of shift as the moderator variable on the sleep quality of female shift-working nurses. The Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ) short form and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were used as evaluation tools. The subjects in the study were female shift-working nurses from teaching hospitals in northern Taiwan. A total of 178 valid questionnaires were recovered. A hierarchical multiple regression (HMR) was used to test for the moderating effect of shift type...
March 30, 2019: Industrial Health
Yun-Sik Cho, Jae-Bum Park, Soojeong Kim, Kyungjong Lee
While the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders has recently increased among Korean workers employed in highly physically and psychologically demanding jobs, the relation among these domains remains relatively unexplored. We examined 2,037 subway workers in Seoul, that collected data via questionnaire survey on musculoskeletal symptoms and the work environment, administered in 2009, 2012, and 2015. Generalized estimating equation (GEE) analysis was used for statistical analysis. After conducting GEE analysis by adjusting for the sociodemographic and occupational characteristics, we found the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms significantly increased in cases with high Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS) scores compared with low DASS scores, especially on shift workers...
March 30, 2019: Industrial Health
Jaroslav A Hubacek, Daniela Pelclova, Dana Dlouha, Pavel Mikuska, Stepanka Dvorackova, Stepanka Vlckova, Zdenka Fenclova, Jakub Ondracek, Martin Kostejn, Jaroslav Schwarz, Alex Popov, Kamil Krumal, Vera Lanska, Pavel Coufalik, Sergej Zakharov, Vladimir Zdimal
The aim of this study was to ascertain whether long-term occupational exposure to nanoparticles would affect relative leukocyte telomere length (LrTL). We analysed occupational exposure to size-resolved aerosol particles, with special emphasis on nanoparticles at two workshops: i/ the production of nanocomposites containing metal oxides; ii/ laboratory to test experimental exposure of nano-CuO to rodents. Thirty-five exposed researchers (age 39.5 ± 12.6 yr; exposure duration 6.0 ± 3.7 yr) and 43 controls (40...
March 28, 2019: Industrial Health
Leonidas G Ioannou, Lydia Tsoutsoubi, Konstantinos Mantzios, Andreas D Flouris
Our primary objective in this study was to design and implement the FAME Lab PHS Calculator software (PHSFL ) (, a free tool to calculate the predicted heat strain of an individual based on ISO 7933:2018. Our secondary objective was to optimize the practicality of the PHSFL by incorporating knowledge from other ISO standards and published literature. The third objective of this study was to assess: (i) the criterion-related validity of the PHSFL by comparing its results against those obtained using the original ISO 7933:2018 code; and (ii) the construct validity of the PHSFL by comparing its results against those obtained via field experiments performed in human participants during work in the heat...
March 27, 2019: Industrial Health
Mitsuya Maeda, Ronald Filomeno, Yumi Kawata, Tomoyo Sato, Koutatsu Maruyama, Hiroo Wada, Ai Ikeda, Hiroyasu Iso, Takeshi Tanigawa
This study examined whether employment category was associated with insomnia-related symptoms (IRS). We analyzed the 2010 Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions in Japan. The anonymous data of 43,865 people ranging from 20-59 years of age were analyzed. We defined six employment categories: regularly employed, non-regularly employed, self-employed, others, unemployed and not in the labor force. Sex-specific odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of IRS were calculated using multivariable logistic regression analysis, adjusted for confounding factors...
March 27, 2019: Industrial Health
Janine Chapman, Anjum Naweed, Carlene Wilson, Jillian Dorrian
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in train drivers is associated with health conditions that can result in sudden incapacity. Drivers are at high risk on several CVD risk factors with research suggesting that sleep may predict CVD risk, however this relationship has not yet been explored. This study investigated the link between sleep and CVD risk, in relation to hours of work day and days off sleep. N=309 Australian drivers completed cross-sectional survey. A CVD risk score was calculated by summing scores from behavioural and biomedical risk factors...
March 5, 2019: Industrial Health
Antonella Mansi, Fabio Boccuni, Sergio Iavicoli
Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs) represent a frequent complication for hospitalized patients and more rarely for workers. In recent years, substantial scientific evidence has been reached regarding the role played by the inanimate surfaces, especially those touched in patient-care areas, in the transmission of nosocomial pathogens. Therefore, it is essential to find new collective protective measures to minimize microbial contamination in healthcare facilities, thereby preventing the spread of multi-drug resistant bacteria...
February 27, 2019: Industrial Health
Tim Vahle-Hinz
Workplace incivility is a low-intensity, counterproductive work behavior associated with negative health outcomes and organizational consequences (e.g., turnover intention). In the present study, I used a daily diary design to investigate the short-term within-person effects of workplace incivility on work-related rumination. Time pressure was included in the present study to underline the importance of workplace incivility for off-work ruminative thoughts beyond the known effects of a stressful workday. Additionally, I propose mood at the end of the workday as a mediator for the proposed relationships...
February 27, 2019: Industrial Health
Irina Guseva Canu, Olivia Mesot, Christina Györkös, Zakia Mediouni, Ingrid Sivesind Mehlum, Merete Drevvatne Bugge
Health practitioners and decision makers in the medical and insurance systems need knowledge on the work-relatedness of burnout. To gather the most reliable information regarding burnout diagnosis and recognition in Europe, we used an 8-item standard questionnaire sent by e-mail to occupational health specialists identified via the Network on the Coordination and Harmonization of European Occupational Cohorts (OMEGA-NET) within the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) Action. Participation rate was 100%, and the questionnaire was completed for 37 countries...
February 27, 2019: Industrial Health
Alfredo Copertaro, Massimo Bracci
The master clock of the biological rhythm, located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the anterior hypothalamus, synchronizes the molecular biological clock found in every cell of most peripheral tissues. The human circadian rhythm is largely based on the light-dark cycle. In night shift workers, alteration of the cycle and inversion of the sleep-wake rhythm can result in disruption of the biological clock and induce adverse health effects. This paper offers an overview of the main physiological mechanisms that regulate the circadian rhythm and of the health risks that are associated with its perturbation in shift and night workers...
February 22, 2019: Industrial Health
Takeyasu Kakamu, Tomoo Hidaka, Tomohiro Kumagai, Takanobu Jinnouchi, Sei Sato, Yusuke Masuishi, Shota Endo, Shinichi Nakano, Kikuo Koyama, Tetsuhito Fukushima
The aims of the present study were to investigate what kind of anxiety radiation decontamination workers have, and to analyze what factors are associated to presence or absence of their anxieties. A self-administered questionnaire was conducted, which included 10 anxiety items. A logistic regression model was then used to determine what factors were related to increased anxiety. Of 531 workers who completed the questionnaire, 477 (91.6%) complained of at least one of the 8 anxiety items. The most common anxiety item was job security (41...
February 22, 2019: Industrial Health
Ty Lees, Jaymen L Elliott, Simon Gunning, Phillip J Newton, Tapan Rai, Sara Lal
Law enforcement is inherently stressful, and police officers are particularly vulnerable to mental and physical disorders. As such, researchers are currently assessing intervention strategies that may combat or manage these psychological, physical and mental issues. To review most recent information regarding anxiety, PTSD, and sleepiness and fatigue and identify the interventions and treatments proposed to overcome work related stressors and associated mental illnesses inflicting law enforcement officers. The EMBASE, OVID MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases were canvassed for articles investigating anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, sleepiness, and fatigue...
February 13, 2019: Industrial Health
Goh Ichihara, Takehisa Matsukawa, Fumihiko Kitamura, Kazuhito Yokoyama
In Japan, the agricultural working environment has undergone significant changes from self-employment to enterprises and employees. As the structure of the agricultural industry changes, there has been a growing interest in occupational health and safety because agriculture is a hazardous industry. However, the public is not aware of the actual situation regarding occupational accidents in agricultural enterprises because most Japanese farmers are not necessarily required to report occupational accidents. The aim of this study is to explore the risk factors regarding occupational accidents for Japanese agricultural employees...
February 13, 2019: Industrial Health
Ami Nakayama, Toshihito Mitsui, Tomonori Nakata, Hiroyuki Mabuchi, Koichi Kawabata, Hiroki Yoshimatsu, Tomoyuki Ito, Kazuhiko Matsunaga, Masahiro Kosuge, Yoshi-Ichiro Kamijo, Fumihiro Tajima
Our aim was to determine differences in thermal comfort during simulated one-day parcel home delivery between summer and winter. Six young healthy males performed experiments in summer (~31˚C) and winter (~8˚C). After baseline measurement in a chamber, subjects drove a truck to a prespecified location for outside measurements. They performed 4 sets of 100-m walk with carrying 5-kg plate during the first 50-m walk at 100 m/min, separated by 7-min driving in each of the morning and the afternoon. Subjects could ingest water ad libitum in outside and set the cockpit temperature by themselves during driving...
February 1, 2019: Industrial Health
Arne Lowden, Gülcin Öztürk, Amy Reynolds, Bjørn Bjorvatn
Interventions and strategies to improve health through the management of circadian (re)adaptation have been explored in the field, and in both human and animal laboratory manipulations of shiftwork. As part of an initiative by the Working Time Society (WTS) and International Committee on Occupational Health (ICOH), this review summarises the literature on the management of circadian (re)adaption using bright light treatment. Recommendations to maximise circadian adaptation are summarised for practitioners based on a variety of shiftwork schedules...
January 31, 2019: Industrial Health
Kimberly A Honn, Hans P A VAN Dongen, Drew Dawson
Traditionally, working time arrangements to limit fatigue-related risk have taken a prescriptive approach, which sets maximum shift durations in order to prevent excessive buildup of fatigue (and the associated increased risk) within shifts and sets minimum break durations to allow adequate time for rest and recovery within and/or between shifts. Prescriptive rule sets can be successful when, from a fatigue-related risk standpoint, they classify safe work hours as permitted and unsafe work hours as not permitted...
January 31, 2019: Industrial Health
Johannes Gärtner, Roger R Rosa, Greg Roach, Tomohide Kubo, Masaya Takahashi
A large number of workers worldwide engage in shift work that can have significant influences upon the quality of working life. For most jurisdictions, setting and enforcing appropriate policies, regulations, and rules around shift work is considered essential to (a) prevent potentially negative consequences of shift work and (b) to improve worker health and well-being. However, the best ways to do this are often highly contested theoretical spaces and often culturally and historically bound. In this paper, we examine the regulatory approaches to regulating shift work in four different regions: Europe, North America, Australasia, and East Asia (Japan, China, and Korea)...
January 31, 2019: Industrial Health
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