journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584412/congenital-hyperinsulinism-notes-for-the-general-pediatrician
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maria Salomon Estebanez, Chris Worth, Indraneel Banerjee
Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is a rare condition but is a common cause of severe and persistent hypoglycemia in early life. Prompt recognition of CHI is critical to prevent the impact of neuroglycopenia and consequent lifelong neurodisability. It is important to be alert to the possibility of CHI in newborn babies with recurrent hypoglycemia associated with high glucose requirements. Pediatricians are advised to mitigate the risk of hypoglycemia by early treatment with high concentration dextrose and intravenous glucagon infusions...
April 5, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584411/spectrum-of-genital-and-extragenital-anomalies-in-malformation-syndromes-associated-with-46-xy-disorders-of-sex-development-a-single-center-experience
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shaymaa Raafat, Yasmine Abdelmeguid, Mostafa Kotb, Ahmed Oshiba
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at integrating the clinical and phenotypic characteristics, hormonal profile and genetic diagnosis of children with malformation syndromes associated with XY disorders of sex development (DSD) in a single-center in Egypt. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients with syndromic XY DSD recruited from the Pediatric Endocrinology and Surgery units at Alexandria University Children's hospital (AUCH), Alexandria, Egypt, during the period between 2018 and 2023...
April 5, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584410/effect-of-antenatal-oral-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-serum-25-oh-d-concentration-in-exclusively-breastfed-infants-at-6-months-of-age-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Prashant Prabhakar, M M A Faridi, Anju Aggarwal, Rachna Aggarwal, S V Madhu, Rajeev Malhotra
OBJECTIVE: To compare the proportion of exclusively breastfed (EBF) infants having severe vitamin D deficiency (25(OH)D concentration <11 ng/mL) at 6 months of age when mothers were supplemented with 300,000 IU Vitamin D3 or placebo during the third trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: In this randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial, we recruited 100 pregnant women who were willing to exclusively breastfeed their babies for 6 months at 30-32 weeks gestation and the infants born to them...
April 5, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584409/diagnostic-accuracy-of-waist-circumference-and-waist-to-height-ratio-for-moderate-and-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-under-5-children
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Vaishali Sharma, Sumaira Khalil, Dheeraj Shah, Piyush Gupta
OBJECTIVE: To determine the most appropriate cut-off values of Waist Circumference (WC) and Waist-to-Height Ratio (WHtR) for diagnosing moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in under-five children. METHODS: This cross-sectional diagnostic accuracy study was conducted between January 2021 and August 2022 in the Department of Pediatrics of a tertiary hospital in Delhi. Children aged 6 months to 5 years attending the outpatient or emergency services were included in the study...
April 5, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584408/peer-assisted-learning-versus-faculty-led-teaching-of-interviewing-skills-a-comparative-study
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sameerah Abdulrahman, Nazdar Ezzaddin Alkhateeb, Samir Mahmood Othman
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of peer-assisted learning (PAL) on students' proficiency in patient interviewing skills and to explore medical students' perception on peer tutors in educational setting. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was performed in the College of Medicine, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq between September 2021 and November 2021. The participants included second year medical students who were attending the Integrated Basic Sciences (IBS) module...
April 5, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584407/necessity-of-improvised-antenatal-testing-for-rh-isoimmunization-exploring-from-a-case-series
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Suman Sudha Routray, Nirupama Sahoo, Sukanta Tripathy, Jyochnamayi Panda, Santosh Kumar Panda
The study was conducted to compare the incidence and severity of dehydration in newborns admitted during warmer and cooler months. 55 out of 941 (5.8%) neonates were admitted with dehydration during the study duration. Dehydration warranting medical support was common in both cooler and warmer months of the year. 26 (47.2%) neonates were admitted in the cooler months and 29 (52.7%) in the warmer months. The severity of dehydration was marginally higher in warmer months (P = 0.09).
April 5, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584406/zoonoses-presenting-as-head-and-neck-swellings
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elizabeth Kandathil Eapen, Reshma Maya, Silpa Rani Sekhar, Ajayakumar Munduveliparambil Kuttappan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584405/cobalamin-c-deficiency-an-uncommon-cause-of-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kanika Singh, Mukul Pandey, Rajiv Uttam, Sidharth Kumar Sethi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584404/physical-activity-of-school-going-adolescents-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-a-natural-experiment-study
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Supriya Thapar, J S Thakur, Onno C P van Schayck, Maartje Willeboordse, Bjorn Winkens, Anita Vreugdenhil
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic associated governmental restrictions on physical activity and sedentary behavior of school-going adolescents in India and its effect on nutrition and health status. METHODS: This was a before-after natural experiment study that recorded paired data of 449 (206 boys) school-going adolescents. COVID-19 related governmental measures (March 24, 2020 till February 2021) were taken as the natural experiment. The change in proportion of adolescents who met the recommended amount of physical activity guidelines and change in sedentary and dietary behaviors and body mass index (BMI) were compared...
April 5, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584403/acute-encephalitis-syndrome-in-children-and-adolescents-a-five-year-descriptive-study-from-south-india
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Betsy Rebecca, Maya Thomas, Asha Mary Abraham, Sangeetha Yoganathan, Ebor Jacob, Sathish Kumar, Anna Simon, Anitha Jasper, Winsley Rose
OBJECTIVE: Acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) in children results in significant neurocognitive deficits or mortality. It is pertinent to study the AES patterns periodically to identify the changes in the etiological trends and outcomes. Our objective was to find the etiological agents of AES, mode of diagnosis, treatment given, and outcomes. METHODS: We reviewed the electronic records of children aged 1 month to 15 years who were admitted with AES in our centre from January 2015 to December 2019...
April 5, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38554008/impact-of-seasonal-variation-in-temperature-on-dehydration-in-neonates
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sushma Krishnegowda, Deepti Thandaveshwara, Srinivasa Murthy Doreswamy
The study was conducted to compare the incidence and severity of dehydration in newborns admitted during warmer and cooler months. 55 out of 941 (5.8%) neonates were admitted with dehydration during the study duration. Dehydration warranting medical support was common in both cooler and warmer months of the year. 26 (47.2%) neonates were admitted in the cooler months and 29 (52.7%) in the warmer months. The severity of dehydration was marginally higher in warmer months (P = 0.09).
March 27, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38554007/an-unusual-etiology-for-intense-pruritus-os-odontoideum-with-atlantoaxial-dislocation
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lokesh Saini, Pradeep Kumar Gunasekaran, Sarbesh Tiwari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38554006/hypohidrotic-ectodermal-dysplasia-classical-clinical-features
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pratibha Gupta, Sonia Agrawal, Chander Grover
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38554005/clinical-outcome-and-its-predictors-in-children-with-newly-diagnosed-immune-thrombocytopenia
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Parameswary Singaravadivelu, Jaikumar Govindaswamy Ramamoorthy, C G Delhi Kumar
OBJECTIVES: To determine the predictors for chronic and/or persistent ITP among children with newly diagnosed ITP. METHODS: Ours was a mixed-design study (prospective: January 2020 to March 2022 and retrospective: January 2014 to December 2019), wherein we enrolled children, aged 1 month to 18 years presenting with newly diagnosed ITP. RESULTS: Of the 64 enrolled participants, 58 were followed up for atleast 1-year duration and 6 children were followed up for 3 to 12 months' duration...
March 27, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38554004/translation-and-validation-of-hindi-version-of-adolescent-peer-relation-instrument-for-bullying-victimization
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Priyanka Choudhary, Amit Kumar Mital, Rajat Gupta, Neha Suri, R B Jain, Sujata Sethi, Sudhansu Sekhar Baral
OBJECTIVES: To translate and validate Hindi version of Adolescent Peer Relation Instrument (APRI) and to evaluate burden of bullying victimization among school-going adolescents. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was performed from July 2021 to June 2022 on 9th-12thclass students. Adolescent peer relation instrument was used to evaluate bullying victimization. Reliability and validity of tool, prevalence and strength of association was analyzed by appropriate statistical methods...
March 27, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38517008/isolated-severe-congenital-penile-torsion-of-180-degrees
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Carlos Delgado-Miguel, Ricardo Díez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38517003/plasma-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-2-0-index-a-precise-and-sensitive-predictor-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-children-undergoing-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hanan El-Halaby, Mohammed A El-Bayoumi, Mohamed El-Assmy, Angi A Al-Wakeel, Ahmed ElHusseiny, Hala Elmarsafawy, Mohamed A Elgamal, Ahmed Noaman
OBJECTIVES: Children undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) are at risk of acute kidney injury (AKI). Rise in serum creatinine occurs slowly and late, hence other markers are crucially needed to recognize AKI early. The aim of the study is to detect the efficacy of Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in the early prediction of AKI. METHODS: A prospective observational study with enrollment of 174 patients, aged 6 months to 60 months, with congenital heart disease, undergoing CPB...
March 22, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38517007/neurosonographic-findings-in-infants-with-rhesus-hemolytic-disease-of-newborn-a-prospective-observational-study
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Swapna Bayye, Jogender Kumar, Subhas Chandra Saha, Sourabh Dutta, Praveen Kumar
We estimated the incidence of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and/or periventricular leukomalacia/echogenicity (PVL/E) in Rhesus isoimmunized infants. Seventy-one infants underwent cranial ultrasound within the first 3 days of life or discharge, whichever was earlier. Of these, 27(38%) infants had IVH/ PVL/E. On multivariate analysis, lower gestational age (P = 0.035), small for gestational age [aOR (95% CI) 10.6 (1.9, 58.9)], and sepsis [aOR (95% CI) 4.5 (1.1, 18.4)] were ndependently associated with IVH/PVL...
March 19, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38517006/compensation-in-neonatal-clinical-trials-a-perspective
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Apoorva Mathur, Dilip Raja, Anju Sinha, Subodh S Gupta, Y K Gupta, Anand S Kawade, Ramesh Poluru
Well conducted clinical trials are the mainstay for generating evidence on preferred treatments. In order to adequately protect the interests of the trial participants, the Central Licensing Authority of India has formulated guidelines to determine the quantum of compensation in cases of regulatory clinical trial related injury or death. However, these guidelines do not address the nuances of trials recruiting children aged under 16 years, within which, neonates are the most vulnerable population. Thus, there is a need for addressing this lacuna in the current guidelines...
March 19, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38517005/the-indian-academy-of-pediatrics-and-directorate-general-of-health-services-government-of-india-white-paper-on-transition-of-care-for-youth-with-special-health-care-needs
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jagdish Chandra, Mamta Manglani, Satinder Aneja, K P Vinayan, Aditi Sinha, Piali Mandal, Devendra Mishra, Rajeev Seth, Upendra Kinjawadekar
Over the years, survival of children with chronic diseases has significantly improved and a large proportion of them now are entering into adult hood. Transition of Care (ToC) of such patients with having childhood onset of chronic diseases to the adult health care system is well organized in developed countries, although it is an emerging concept in India. In situations where the systems for ToC are not in place, such cases are fraught with unsatisfactory health outcomes. With proper ToC in place, these patients are likely to receive uninterrupted care by the adult care physicians and hence reach their full potential...
March 19, 2024: Indian Pediatrics
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